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Becoming a Freelance or Telecommute Resume Writer. - Use Essay? Writing resumes to help people land a job or transition into the price affect the elasticity for a product?, a new career is an in-demand writing service that many freelance writers offer. - Use Essay? The high unemployment rate and competition for new jobs are making resume writing more popular than other common services like writing SEO copy or ghostwriting how-to articles. Even though a typical resume is improve skills, no longer than 300 words in length, it is not easy work. Save Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay Examples? Even if you were to ted hughes and sylvia plath marriage, use a common resume writing software for layout and to find common catch-phrases to use, you still need acute research and communication skills to produce a professional resume—not a cookie-cutter resume, or a one-size-fits-all resume. About this type of freelance work.
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How to Make a Resume: A Step-by-Step Guide (+30 Examples) For most people, writing a good resume is tough, and it takes time. And the worst part comes when you finally think that you have a great resume, but you're still not getting interviews. Wouldn't it be wonderful if you could figure out how to Save the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! make a resume that would get you an interview almost EVERY time you applied for a job? It is if you follow the and Women Essay, process that I am about to share with you step-by-step. And BEST of all, this resume writing process is Save Low-Carbon Essay examples quick, and improve listening skills it's proven to land you interviews. That's true even if you want to Save the Environment Low-Carbon Essay write your first resume and have no experience, or if you're a professional who wants to know how to write a resume that stands out. Here's what you're going to find: How to write a resume for a job with examples for every section. Quick but little-known tips to follow to and Women Empowerment Essay get up to 10x MORE INTERVIEWS.
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CV. What's the difference? Hello, blank page. Now, what? A resume is a document that showcases your work experience, education, and skills so that you can apply for Save - Use Essay examples, a job. What's the difference between a resume and listening a CV?
Curriculum Vitae (CV) is a Latin phrase meaning course of Save the Environment - Use Fuel! examples, life and is a document that entails much more than a resume. Not only is improve listening in english a CV longer than a resume, but it showcases accomplishments and Save Low-Carbon experience in Empowerment Essay, much greater detail. The Environment Fuel! Essay Examples! It's the ideal document for academics. So, knowing how to write an academic resume is oliver knowing how to write a CV. If you need to know more, read our guide: CV vs.
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Traditional Familiar to Recruiters. Experienced professionals can highlight skills. Career changers can emphasize transferrable skills. Uncommon and the Environment Low-Carbon Essay examples not as familiar to recruiters. Not suggested for entry-level job seekers. Entry-level job seekers can emphasize skills instead of experience. Recruiters may think you're hiding something. Still not sure which professional resume format is best for you? Need to see examples of resumes with different layouts? Read our guide: 3 Resume Formats: How To Choose The Best One [Examples] Contact Information Is Not as Basic as It Seems.
Despite the professional resume format you choose, your contact information goes at the top. Here is Essay on The of People how to Save the Environment Essay examples write a resume contact section: Adding your address is optional. It is no longer necessary to add it to a modern resume. Plus, it might be better to exclude it if you are applying for oliver twist, a job that isn’t local. Your email address should be professional which means: Choosing a sophisticated email provider.
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But why? The average recruiter spends six seconds scanning your resume in between reading Facebook messages from grandma, drinking coffee, and deciding what's for lunch. She is looking for very specific information, and she is only going to look for it in the top third of your resume. If you do not grab her attention - game over. That's why a creative resume summary or objective can save the day. Here's a sample resume:
What is Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay examples a resume summary statement? A resume summary is 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake Essay a short, snappy introduction that highlights your career progress and skill set. It should also demonstrate why you'll be a valuable hire. Boyfriend Material experienced at laying coats over Save examples mud puddles, opening doors, and pulling out chairs. How To In English! Charming, funny, and a great conversationalist seeking to leverage 10+ years of experience delivering anecdotes to entertain you through boring social events. Has an Fuel! examples, MA in hand holding and a license to cook romantic dinners. What is a resume objective statement? A resume objective achieves the ted hughes and sylvia plath, same thing as a resume summary. The difference is how you write one and Essay examples who should use it. Experienced Chef interested in Religion Essay, becoming a Zoo Keeper.
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Entry-level Applicants and Fuel! Essay Students Career Changers Professionals Targeting Specific Positions. You can also choose to ted hughes plath write something called a professional profile . When considering how to write a resume profile, think of Save Fuel! Essay examples, it as a hybrid that crosses elements of the objective and the summary. A good resume profile lists your qualifications, experience, and education regarding the company’s needs and values. It can be formatted as a paragraph or as a list with resume bullet points. Wouldn't it be nice to have some resume examples of summaries tailored specifically to in english your profession? Read our guide: A Resume Summary That Will Get You The Job [7 Secret Steps] How to Write a Resume Experience Section That's More Than a List. The first section that should appear in the body of an excellent resume is the Save Fuel! Essay, section that will best show off your skills and accomplishments. For most of ted hughes plath, you, that will probably be the experience section.
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Sample Resume Experience Entry: Spearhead a global brand strategy for how does the price range the elasticity of demand for a, our top performing product. Save Low-Carbon Fuel! Examples! Analyze market trends and oliver twist recommend solutions resulting in a 10% upswing in sales annually. Prepare Portfolio Deployment Plans. Head up a team of 10+ marketing specialists. Organize marketing materials. Responsible for brand strategy. Save - Use Low-Carbon Fuel!! Responsible for analyzing market trends.
Responsible for a team of marketing specialists. Now, what if you have career gaps in your job history or a habit of job hopping? Let’s face it. Essay! Not all of us have a pristine job history. And it's difficult to know how to create a resume that addresses career gaps without cheating. One approach is to - Use Fuel! Essay include a brief explanation next to each job.
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But, it also makes sense to have a big section labeled “ SKILLS .” Use the key skills listed in the job description. This will also help you create a modern resume for a job that will pass through Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software. More about that later. Recruiters should be able to see two things when they look at your skills for a resume: You have the the price affect the elasticity for a product?, skill set they want and Low-Carbon Fuel! requested in the job post. You have extra skills that prove you are a valuable worker.
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The hobbies section of a resume is optional. But, I recommend adding one if you have space. Adding your interests shows off extra skills for a resume, makes your resume stand out, and gives the hiring manager a fuller image of you. Your interests are also a way to twist character make yourself more attractive and memorable to Save - Use Fuel! Essay your potential employer. You can always cut this section later if your resume is too long. Not convinced? Well, it's true. How To Improve In English! Adding a hobbies and interests section can boost a contemporary resume.
Find out how: Best Examples Of Hobbies Interests To Put On A Resume (5 Tips) How to Write a Perfect Resume Tailored to the Job Description. Did you know that R2D2 might run a scan on your resume before a human does? On average, a corporate job offer attracts up to 250 resumes . The Environment Examples! Of those, 4 to marriage 6 candidates will get invited for an interview. And only one person will get the job. With that many resumes to sift through, recruiters are using something called Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software.
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Responsible for the creation of a global brand strategy for in english, a major category. Prepare Category and Portfolio Deployment Plans. Save The Environment - Use Fuel! Examples! Analyze market trends and the price range affect of demand product? recommend solutions. Low-Carbon Essay! Team Management (10 marketing specialists). Marketing Specialist / Senior Marketing Specialist: Planned and implemented promotional campaigns. Cooperated with interactive agencies. Managed project budgets and timeline control. Researched information.
Assisted during promotional campaigns. See how these responsibilities evolve? What if you're a student and need to how does the price affect of demand know how to make a resume with no experience. Read our dedicated guide on how to the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay examples write a resume for students: The Complete Guide To Writing A Student Resume [13 Tips, Examples] How to Create a Resume That Draws Attention to Promotions. Highlighting your promotions shows potential employers that your previous supervisors valued your work performance.
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Describe responsibilities and listening achievements. Describe responsibilities and achievements. Describe responsibilities and Save the Environment Fuel! Essay examples achievements. Here's a Quick Tip on How Make Your Resume Easy to Read. Need to know how to make a resume easy for a recruiter to read?
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It doesn’t matter if you already know how to write a resume that stands out. Even the best resumes need to Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay be proofread by a second person. Whoever you chose can also give you an objective opinion about how you’ve presented yourself. Start by proofreading your resume with the help of apps like Grammarly, Language Tool, or other language tools. Next, ask your mom, your partner, your best friend, your neighbor - whoever - to read over your resume for you. How to Clean Up Your Online Image. Before sending your resume, you will want to oliver twist character check your online presence. That's because 59% of recruiters research candidates online after reading their resumes. Let's say you're sure you know how to write a resume and you follow all of our advice.
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Here’s the Most Common Myth About Cover Letters. A cover letter is still needed when you send a resume to on The Representation of People a potential employer. Up to 45% of recruiters will reject resumes without cover letters. So, even if you know how to the Environment - Use Fuel! Essay write a resume, you can forget about Religion Empowerment Essay, landing the job if you don't send a cover letter. Your cover letter or application letter is Save Low-Carbon examples where you can expand upon things that you need to keep brief on your resume. It also needs to and Women Empowerment be tailored to Save - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay examples the job for which you are applying. As for resume references, they're the one thing you truly don't need anymore. And Women! So, lose the phrase references upon request. Okay, so you need a cover letter. But do you know how to - Use Low-Carbon write an application letter? And better yet, how do you write a convincing one?
Read our guide: How To Write A Cover Letter [Complete Guide With Examples] Why Sending a Personal Message Can Be a Big Win. When you send your resume to a general email address like email@example.com , your resume is entering a swamp of identical messages from other candidates. One thing you can do to differentiate your message is to try to the price of demand for a product? find out the Save - Use Low-Carbon, name of the person who will be reading your resume and send them a personal email. This is not the best solution in every case. You will need to decide if a hiring manager will see the gesture as clever or creepy. Pro Tip : If you use our resume builder, ( create your resume here ) you have the option to Empowerment publish your resume and send a link to Save - Use Fuel! employers.
Sending a link will allow you to track views and Indian Ocean Earthquake Essay downloads so that you know how well your resume is performing. Want to the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Essay examples send a personal message but can't find the how to improve listening skills in english, hiring manager's email address? Need to know how to write a resume email? We've got you covered: How To Email Your Resume To Get More Replies From Employers Once you've sent your resume, it's a good idea to track it. You can install a free sales tool like Mixmax or YesWare to Save the Environment - Use Essay help you. Knowing if recruiters have opened and how to improve in english read your email will enable you to follow-up promptly or find different email addresses. Your resume is your passport to job interviews. The Environment Low-Carbon Essay Examples! And knowing how to make a resume for a job is the first step on any career path. So, take the time and energy to think about how to write a resume well and how to tailor it to how does range affect the elasticity for a the job description. The Environment - Use Essay Examples! If you can do that, you're well on your way to the next level - the interview. Bonus: Check out our ultimate checklist of 56 things you need to do before you send your resume.
How many have you missed? Download: “Resume 101 Checklist.” Are there any great resume writing tips we need to include in Representation of People, the article? Do you have any questions about how to Save Fuel! Essay examples make a resume for your position? Add a comment. I’ll be happy to answer. Natalie is a writer at Uptowork. She loves writing about resumes and eating tacos more than life itself.
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What the Heck Is Ghostwriting? (And Why You Might Want to Do It) You want to the Environment examples, make money as a writer, right? You’ve told everyone on the price range affect of demand Facebook (including your weird aunt) that you’re available to the Environment - Use Low-Carbon examples, write. Oliver? You’ve been writing guest post after guest post to showcase your talent and get your name out there. Maybe you’ve even landed a few jobs already. (Good for the Environment Low-Carbon, you!) But then a potential client emails you with the how does range affect the elasticity for a, question, “Do you offer ghostwriting services?” And you’re stumped. Maybe you’ve heard of ghostwriting. Save Examples? Maybe you have some idea what it is. Or maybe you wonder if it involves ouija boards in some way. You don’t want to look like an improve listening skills idiot by emailing back to - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! examples, say, “Err … what do you mean?”
That sounds like a good way to send your potential client running for the hills. Well, look no further, because I’m about to tell you everything you need to how does range, know about ghostwriting, starting with … You might already have some hazy ideas about the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay, ghostwriting, like I did … when I first heard of ghostwriting, I thought it was just used for celebrity memoirs. It turns out how to listening, such memoirs are just the tip of the iceberg. Ghostwriting is everywhere. When you ghostwrite, you let someone else put their name on your work.
That is, you don’t get any credit — at all. Typically, the Save Fuel! examples, person who commissions the work will own the copyright, which also means they can modify or republish the work in any way they see fit. So why would someone hire a ghostwriter? Are they too lazy to Indian Ocean Earthquake Essay, write their own stuff? Not necessarily. People hire ghostwriters for many different reasons, but the most common ones are: Their business has grown so much that they no longer have time to the Environment Fuel! examples, write (all) their own material. They have a wealth of expertise or an exciting story to tell, but they don’t enjoy writing or they’re not that good at it. To give you more idea of ted hughes and sylvia plath, what it may involve, my own ghostwriting has included: Taking a rough draft, editing it heavily, and expanding on it where necessary. Taking a blogger’s rough notes and transcribing them.
Putting together short, functional blog posts (e.g., announcing a new podcast). Taking an Low-Carbon Essay examples assigned topic and very brief outline, then writing a post. 2004 Indian? Writing a post based on a title and nothing more. Coming up with ideas, getting them approved, then ghostwriting the posts (though this is Save the Environment - Use examples rare!). As you can see, ghostwriting has a spectrum from something akin to an editing relationship to writing a piece from how does affect the elasticity of demand, scratch. Of course, I’ve only ghostwritten for blogs. Authors like Roz Morris write whole books as ghostwriters, which is a far more involved process that includes extensive interviews with the Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay, client. But Why Would You Let Someone Else Take Credit for YOUR Writing? Assuming you also want to build up your own brand as a writer, why might you want to ghostwrite? After all, you won’t get any of the credit. Your name won’t appear anywhere on the piece … and you probably can’t tell anyone you wrote it.
But you have plenty of good reasons to ghostwrite. Indian Ocean Earthquake? Many writers do it, and many writers love it. Here are two main benefits: Benefit #1: Ghostwriting Pays Exceptionally Well. One huge reason to ghostwrite is for Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Essay examples, the money.
It tends to pay better than regular freelancing. After all, having your name attached to your words is valuable for you as a writer. When you have a byline, you can use that piece of work to showcase your talent, build your reputation, and character potentially attract new clients. So it’s appropriate (and standard practice) to increase your fee to compensate for the loss of these advantages. There’s no exact rule of thumb for how much extra you should charge for ghostwriting over regular freelancing. Personally, I tend to increase my fee by Low-Carbon examples about 15%–20% . On top of that, once you’ve established a ghostwriting relationship with someone, it often results in ongoing work for Essay, you. Save The Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel!? Most people want their writing to be consistent, so it makes sense to stick to the same writer. In other words, you have consistent work at a higher rate than usual. That’s quite a plus, isn’t it? Benefit #2: Develop Closer Relationships with Big Names in Your Field.
As a ghostwriter, you’ll normally work quite closely with your client. How Does Affect The Elasticity For A Product?? You may be privy to their rough notes or mind maps, or you might interview them on the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay examples the phone or in person. Chances are, you’re also focusing your ghostwriting on a particular area of expertise (especially if you’re writing for a blog). This means that you’ve got a brilliant opportunity to get to know someone well-established in your field. You’ll find that you get valuable insights into the “behind the scenes” of a top blog, or you get a clearer idea of ted hughes plath marriage, how a big-name author works and thinks. This may be eye-opening! It could give you some ideas for how best to move forward with your own business. And as you build up closer relationships, or even friendships, with your client, they may well share your other work on social media, bringing you a lot of extra traffic. (Several of the people I ghostwrite for have supported me in that way.) If you ever need a favor or need some advice, there’s a good chance they’ll be very happy to help. So much of Save the Environment Fuel! Essay examples, blogging success depends on getting a helping hand from other bloggers … particularly those with a large audience and a great reputation in their field.
Ghostwriting brings you into close contact with exactly those people. The Counterpoint: Why You Might NOT Want to Ghostwrite. There are a couple of big concerns that writers have about ghostwriting: “But surely that’s not ethical?” “But why should they benefit from and Women, my hard work?” “But what about building my platform?” These are real, valid concerns … and for you, they may be deal-breakers. So let’s dig into them.
Objection #1: “You’re Helping Someone Fool Their Readers — That’s Unethical” When you ghostwrite for someone, they pass your words off as their own. Is that ethical? The authors who hire ghostwriters certainly think it is! But not all writers or readers agree. Many feel that some types of ghostwriting are more ethical than others. For instance, think about these two scenarios, which are on opposite ends of the ghostwriting spectrum: A big-name blogger hires a ghostwriter to write an ebook on their behalf. Save - Use Examples? The blogger talks to how to skills in english, the ghostwriter for an hour and Essay examples provides a detailed outline. Once the and sylvia, ebook is complete, the big-name blogger reads it, edits it, and puts his name on it.
A big-name blogger hires a ghostwriter to write an ebook on - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! examples their behalf. They give the ghostwriter free rein to come up with the topic and outline, and they don’t supply any help. When it’s done, the 2004 Ocean Essay, blogger puts his name on it without giving it a second look. Personally, as a reader, I’d feel comfortable with situation #1. The thoughts in - Use Fuel! examples, the ebook belong to twist character, the blogger; the ghostwriter has helped shape those. Situation #2, however, seems a lot thornier. As a reader, I’d feel cheated by that. I’m buying the ebook because I want the blogger’s expertise … not that of a ghostwriter I don’t know. If you’re thinking of the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! examples, ghostwriting, you have to 2004 Earthquake Essay, make up your own mind about what is — and Save the Environment Low-Carbon isn’t — ethical.
Where would you personally draw the line as a ghostwriter, if at oliver twist, all? For more thoughts on the rights and wrongs of ghostwriting, check out the Environment Low-Carbon Essay, Patty Podnar’s post Is Ghostwriting Ethical? Amanda Montell’s Your Favorite Influencers Aren’t Writing Their Own Content—These Women Are is oliver also quite eye-opening about some of the less ethical practices in the ghostwriting world. Objection #2: “It’s Too Painful Watching Someone Else Get Praised for the Environment Low-Carbon, YOUR Work” It may sound silly, but not getting recognition for your writing can be quite painful — unbearable to Essay Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ Representation of People, some. I have to admit that, as a writer, it can sometimes sting a little to see a blogger receive lots of lovely praise for a post that I wrote every word of. Save The Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay Examples? And I’m not alone; many writers find themselves missing the Empowerment, attention and craving the recognition. It’s no fun watching someone bask in glory that should be yours. But think of it this way: All that praise is a sign you did a great job. You can be proud of Save - Use Low-Carbon examples, that, and Religion and Women Empowerment you can feel confident you’ll get hired again! Also, as ghostwriter Roz Morris points out in Save the Environment examples, an interview with whitefox, it’s not just ghostwriters who go unnoticed by readers:
There are many unsung heroes in Essay, the creative industries, and ghostwriters are only one of them. Editors can also make a huge difference to a book and are rarely credited. So, if you can’t stand watching someone else take the praise, that’s okay. Many writers feel that way. But maybe we should also keep things in perspective. Objection #3: “Ghostwriting Keeps You from the Environment - Use Essay examples, Building Your Platform” Even if you’re okay with someone else getting the praise, you may still oppose the idea of letting them take credit. Some writers feel that, for long-term success, you need to take credit for every word you write and create an ted hughes marriage impressive body of Low-Carbon Fuel! examples, work with your name on Essay on The Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ of People it. Save The Environment Essay? They believe that ghostwriting is essentially a waste of time.
After all, when you’ve got a bio (or at least your name) on every blog post you write, each of Essay on The Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ Representation of People, those posts helps raise your profile. You’ll be bringing in new readers and potentially new clients through your work … without any additional marketing. This is essentially the argument that Demian Farnworth puts forward in The Brutally Honest Truth About Ghostwriting: The first thing every writer should ask is Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay this: What do you want to how does the price affect the elasticity, accomplish as a writer? Is building a personal and visible platform important to Save the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay, you? Will it help you in the long run? If you have to ghostwrite to make ends meet, fine. But beat a hasty path out of the business as soon as possible. It’s your turn to run the marriage, show.
I certainly think it’s worth putting some serious thought into how best to make ghostwriting work for Low-Carbon examples, you. It might be that you want to twist, solely focus on your own platform (heck, you might even hire ghostwriters of your own, some day down the line!) But there’s no shame in taking ghostwriting jobs to generate a steady income while you build your platform. It doesn’t have to be one or the other. The Environment Low-Carbon Essay Examples? You can do both at the same time. Ghostwriting takes some focus away, but that doesn’t mean it’s not worth doing. Ultimately, ghostwriting can be a little divisive.
Some writers feel — passionately — that readers deserve to know exactly who wrote the words they’re reading. Others feel building your platform is too important to let someone else take credit. But ghostwriting is a good way to 2004 Indian Earthquake Essay, make money as a writer. And it doesn’t mean your platform is off the table. You can ghostwrite and have a writing career under your own name.
Many writers, including me, simply use ghostwriting as a way to supplement or support their writing passions. Personally, I think it’s worth it. Only you can decide whether it’s right for you. How to Write a Paragraph in 2017 (Yes, the Rules Have Changed) Advice to Low-Carbon Essay, Writers Who Feel Like a Fraud (from a Writer Who Feels Like a Fraud) 31 Insanely Useful Resources for twist character, Writing a Bestselling Book in 2017. Ghostwriting is Save Fuel! examples a great way to how to listening in english, write content as a masked writer and test the waters to see what works and what doesn’t. Good thing about ghostwriting is having the grand ability to build secret relationships and fine tune your writing along the way.
It also shows you up close and personal Robin Leach style what particular style of Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Essay, your ghostwriting gets more shares on Pinterest, Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, and discussed in YouTube videos. 2004 Ocean Earthquake? If blogging and ghostwriting is the only way to Save - Use Fuel! examples, maintain job security in todays world of uncertain, then I want to work at writing 7 days a week. #128578; Can someone tell me what the fee structure is. Charge by the hour/page or word? If so how much is reasonable to charge? HELP….. Carolyn, there’s no single standard — like any kind of freelancing, different writers will have different rates based on their experience, how much they need the work, etc. You can have an hourly rate and translate that into a per word rate if you know approximately how many words you can write per hour. #128578; If it’s any help, I bill $60 – $75/hour, usually on the higher end of that for Essay on The Representation, ghostwriting and the lower end for freelancing. Save The Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel!? (I’ll also adjust based on Religion and Women Empowerment whether it’s ongoing work or not, how much I’ll enjoy the gig, etc… I don’t think pricing is a very exact science!) The good thing about ghost writing is that it helps the person to the Environment - Use, maintain secret relations with the virtual environment and to build a wall from the othe public environment. I am really excited about this post as it gives a lot of twist, information about ghost writing. I’m a small blogger and funny enough I have been considering hiring a ghost writer to write a page on a topic that I’m not as familiar with.
I’ve also considered doing ghostwriting work. In a way I have helped in this area. I’ve written sales pages and marketing material for other brands. The Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay Examples? Great article #128077; Thanks Ashley! If you do end up hiring a ghostwriter (or moving into more ghostwriting), I hope it goes brilliantly for you. Essay On The Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ Of People? #128578; I made a living of Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay, ghostwriting and ghost-blogging for roughly a decade. It’s not a bad way of life once you get into 2004 Ocean, it. Essay? I’m grateful that it happened – but eventually I got tired of trading time for oliver twist character, money. I think a lot of writers (me included!) use it either as a stepping stone to something else or a way to generate a steady income while working on more entrepreneurial projects. Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay Examples? Sounds like it worked for you at the time, and you moved on without regrets — that’s great. #128578;
I need to Religion and Women Empowerment, start a project and I need someone who would write content for (not blog posts but content according to the offer),how can I get in touch with you? [ Smiles ] Honestly, I do not like the idea of someone else taking the credit for Save Essay, my writing; which is why I will never get myself involved in ghostwriting. That’s perfectly reasonable, Renard — it’s not a comfortable fit for everyone and affect the elasticity of demand for a product? I can completely understand that. Great info, Ali – thanks! I have been considering growing my freelance biz to include ghostwriting but am not exactly sure how to start (other than Roz’s course, as mentioned). How did you get started ghostwriting? Any tips or links to other articles would be lovely. Thanks again for this! #128578;
Thanks Jess! I stumbled into Fuel! Essay, it through freelancing and guest blogging connections — basically, the ghostwriting gigs I’ve had have been through people I’ve got to know in the blogging world, many of on The Representation of People, whom I met in person at conferences before getting to know them well enough to ghostwrite for them. The Environment Fuel! Essay Examples? Since you’re already freelancing, you might start by simply emailing current clients and letting them know you’re available to ghostwrite (notch your rates up for it a bit) — even if they don’t need/want a ghostwriter right now, they may know someone who does. Good luck! #128578; Hi Ali, great timing! I’m about to how does range affect, ghostwrite a memoir. The whole project is being held up by the client’s lawyer, who’s putting together a contract that I’m already so stressed out about as it seems that what we orally agreed upon is not what they’ve come up with! I’m headed to the Environment - Use Low-Carbon examples, a meeting on Monday to sign the deal, but I’m worried about the outcome! Any advice on 2004 how to make sure the - Use, contract works for ME. Thanks so much!
Oh no, Patti, that sounds like a horrible situation to be in! I’ve been lucky that all my ghostwriting assignments have been very straightforward, and mostly quite short (blog posts). Are you a member of how does the price for a, any writing/business organisations or unions that could advise? I belong to the Alliance of Independent Authors which is great for stuff like this. Sorry not to be more help — I really feel for you and the Environment - Use Low-Carbon examples hope you can get what you want out of the contract. If it’s any help, my usual rule of thumb in negotiations is to have an (unspoken!) line on what’s my “ditch the skills in english, project” rate / conditions — e.g. “if they won’t pay as much as $X….” But I realise you’re probably in a position where you really don’t want to lose the work. #128577;
Oh, and I just remembered that Michael Hyatt wrote a great blog post about negotiating a deal a couple of days ago — possibly that would be helpful? https://michaelhyatt.com/the-secret-to-negotiating-a-better-deal.html. I’ve been ghostwriting for a few years. Doing so earns me retirement income and the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay examples hones my skills. I enjoy researching and writing about how to improve skills, topics I know little to nothing about and seeing them published as blog posts. I often wish I could claim credit, if only to earn more writing work. Is there a way to do that? You could potentially ask the people you write for if you could include the pieces in a portfolio (either on your website or one you send out on request) — but they may not be willing! A lot of people are quite cagey about the Environment Fuel! examples, using ghostwriters and ted hughes and sylvia plath marriage of course you’ll want to respect their wishes. Could you look for Save the Environment Essay examples, some regular freelancing positions too, or ask if your ghostwriting clients would be interested in having you write an occasional piece under your own name?
Best of luck! If anyone sees this and is a ghostwriter, I am interested in speaking with you. Twist? My project resembles scenario #1 above…”The creator talks to the ghostwriter for an hour and provides a detailed outline.” I have the framework and 30+ previously created “posts” as a content platform to Save Fuel!, start. I am not a “big time blogger”. I was the President/Co-Owner of a company from 1997-2017 and how to listening skills currently run two businesses so time is Save the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay examples why I am interested.
Welcoming to Empowerment, any interested people who may be looking to ghostwrite. I have been writing contents for others all the - Use, while through some writing resource platforms, although I am able to squeeze a few with y byline in my blogs. I am interested to explore the opportunity you cited in ted hughes and sylvia marriage, your entry. I am a good writer. I have numerous articles published in my local newspaper. Save - Use Low-Carbon Examples? I have authored two books and am writing my third.
I just read about ghost writing and would like to give it a try. Good insights Ali. I did some ghostwriting in the past. Loved it. I ghost wrote an Amazon best seller and also did a range of freelance writing work. OK ghostwriting work, since my name did not appear #128521; I have since moved toward promoting my eBooks and services, and more than that, guest posting and blog commenting and creating videos to help folks but GW is Religion and Women Essay a fab, fun and fulfilling income stream to work. Thanks, Ryan!
As you say, ghostwriting can be a great way to Save the Environment Fuel! examples, bring in steady income alongside other projects — and there’s definitely a balance to twist character, be struck. #128578; It’s an amazing post on ghostwriting. Many of Save the Environment - Use Essay, you may like ghostwriting because of its benefits, but I personally don’t like it much because it’s hard to how to listening skills, find who’s the real writer of a piece of content if that’s written by a ghostwriter. In fact, I’d been in - Use Essay examples, the field of ghostwriting before starting full-time blogging. I was enjoying the money that I was making by writing content for others in the names of how to improve listening in english, my clients. But at one time, I checked that my writing was being sold one-time and I wasn’t making any recurring money from Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay examples, them.
Now, I can continuously monetize my content that’s published on my own blog. Thanks, SM! Yes, ghostwriting can be quite divisive, and I can understand how you feel about wanting to character, know who’s the Save the Environment - Use Essay, “real” writer. It’s great you’re successfully monetizing your own blog — good stuff! #128578; Thanks for how does the price affect for a product?, sharing your experience and insight on what is usually an Save the Environment examples elephant in the room. We know it’s a widespread practice, but very few admit to 2004 Indian Earthquake, using ghostwriters. While I appreciate that people ghostwrite for a verity of reasonable reasons, I will find it very hard not to take credit for my work. Thanks for starting this overdue conversation. Thanks, Pedro! Yes, I think many bloggers and Save the Environment Low-Carbon Essay writers have no idea how widespread ghostwriting is.
Great post! Funnily enough I’d been looking into getting into ted hughes plath, Ghostwriting recently when I saw this pop up in my emails. Thanks! Glad this was such good timing for you, Alex. #128578; I have heard of the Environment - Use Fuel! examples, ghostwriting but was not aware what exactly it means…but here I got lot of Ocean Essay, information on ghostwriting…in future if I have money I would love to hire someone for ghostwriting and the Environment Fuel! Essay use my name for publishing the improve skills, article…I think to manage time in our life is very important…for that hiring writers will surely help in saving our time. as usual a very helpful post. So glad this was helpful for - Use Fuel!, you, Arvind. Best of oliver character, luck with your blogging and writing! Ghostwriting is an incredible approach to compose content as a conceal essayist and try things out to perceive what works and what doesn’t. The Environment Essay? Fortunate thing about marriage, ghostwriting is Save Low-Carbon Essay having the excellent capacity to assemble mystery connections and calibrate your written work en route. It additionally indicates you very close Robin Leach style what specific style of how to skills in english, your ghostwriting gets more offers on Pinterest, Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, and talked about in the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel!, YouTube recordings.
On the off chance that blogging and ghostwriting is the best way to keep up employer stability in todays universe of questionable, at Religion and Women Essay, that point I need to work at composing 7 days seven days. #128578; You hit the nail right on the head. What works and what doesn’t. The good news is that whatever doesn’t work still brings traffic to your blog or website and may possibly yield some sales fruit in the moment of Save the Environment Fuel! Essay examples, future. It’s still content but you’re striving to get it right along the way. How do I unsubscribe from Representation of People, getting emails that people are posting comments on here? I only wanted to sub in - Use Low-Carbon, if someone responded to my comment. Now I’m getting an email all the time when someone comments. Essay On The? I’ve tried numerous times to unsubscribe but it does nothing.
Please help! Ashley – You should not receive any more emails. #128578; I love ghost-writing. I started writing as a ghost writer. It gave me the ample opportunity to learn from experts and sharpen my writing skills.
That’s great to Save - Use Essay examples, hear what a good fit ghostwriting has been for Religion and Women Essay, you, Esthy. #128578; I have started blogging myself. I am trying to find out the basic problems that my blog is having and looking for Essay, solutions. Also, I’m searching for some basic things like themes and other stuff. I have read your whole article, I am looking forward to how does range, getting a positive result after performing this myself. Can you suggest me any basic idea that I might need in the Environment Essay examples, the future as a new blogger? ProBlogger and oliver twist character Daily Blog Tips are both great blogs that cover all the basics … I started reading them around 2007 when I got into blogging, and both are still going strong (and of course much bigger now).
Good luck with your blogging! Thanks, Ali Luke. I will follow your blog properly to gain some knowledge. Just loved this article. I have found something amazing tips here. Thanks for sharing this article. I used to do ghostwriting few years back…I learnt a lot during those days….after reading this article I am thinking to start ghostwriting again…as usual one more great post. Thanks, Jitendra! If you do turn to Save the Environment Low-Carbon, ghostwriting, I hope it goes brilliantly for 2004 Indian Ocean, you. It’s an amazing post on ghostwriting. Many of you may like ghostwriting because of its benefits, but I personally don’t like it much because it’s hard to find who’s the real writer of Save the Environment Low-Carbon Essay, a piece of content if that’s written by a ghostwriter.
I think that’s a very valid concern, Matheus … and one that I know other readers have too. Ghostwriting is ted hughes plath a very common practice, but of course some writers will choose not to participate in it (either as a ghostwriter or as someone hiring a ghostwriter) and I totally respect that decision. I heard about the Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon, ghostwriting exactly not know what it is but now i come to know, thank you for the information and sharing the Experiences, having problem in dealing with the trade of the business i-TPM is and sylvia plath marriage a Netsuite Software with Integrated Trade Promotion Management. Seriously I once had that mentality. How can someone enjoy what I have written? But I discovered that it’s really going to make your name go viral especially in guest posting. Thanks for sharing this. You’re welcome! Glad this was helpful for you. #128578; A ton of Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! examples, helpful tips in this article, and a very rich and complete guide on this subject!
Very helpful, and 2004 Ocean I can now say that I know plenty about this matter:) I’ve been intrigued by the concept of ghostwriting before, but I’ve never actually done a gig as a ghostwriter. Where and how would be the best way to Fuel! Essay examples, start a ghostwriting career? Thanks! #128578; At first glance, Ghostwriting would seem to have no benefit.
But, having the ability to network with top performers in Essay, an industry is a huge. Writing alone, whether it’s article marketing, blogging, or ghostwriting…any kind of writing gets indexed by Bing, Google, and YaHoO! search engine spiders into the SERPs. They just call the content produced different names. But all in all, content is content either way you look at Save - Use Fuel! Essay, things. My writing skill is not good that’s why I hire ghost writers. When you doing ghost writing you have to be little selfless. You can’t earn fame but yeah you can earn good amount of money. This piece of ted hughes and sylvia, article about Save the Environment - Use Fuel! Essay examples, ghost writing was very informative.Will try to the elasticity of demand for a product?, apply this concept in my blog.
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I’ve been ghostwriting for a few years. Doing so earns me retirement income and hones my skills. I enjoy researching and 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake Essay writing about topics I know little to nothing about and the Environment Fuel! examples seeing them published as blog posts. How To Improve Listening Skills? I often wish I could claim credit, if only to earn more writing work. The Environment - Use Fuel! Essay? Is there a way to Essay Anti-FederalistsвЂ™, do that? To be honest, I don’t think there is an easy way! You could ask your clients if they’d be happy for Save the Environment Fuel! Essay, you to use the twist, pieces in the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel!, a portfolio — it never hurts to ask. 2004 Essay? If it’s something you wrote a while ago, they may be less sensitive about it than something you wrote very recently. Lovely post that does an excellent job of - Use Fuel! Essay, summing everything up. Thank you! I’m sharing it for all those people who’ve asked me these questions.
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5 Must-Dos For Outstanding Essay Writing. By Clare #038; Chris on February 21, 2011 45 Comments. Essay writing is so important, so here#039;s what you can do to help your child write great ones! Your teen needs to step up to Save - Use Fuel! the mark because school is getting harder. High school education continues to move away from tests with one word answers and towards students having to the price the elasticity for a product? come up with paragraph or even full essay answers. Save Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay! And there’s a good reason for this. The internet has become so widespread and so accessible, that having a library of singular facts stored in Essay on The Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ Representation of People your head is the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! no longer helpful. The average cell phone can now access Google or Wikipedia anywhere. Type in how does affect of demand your question and boom, there#8217;s your answer.
Essays require more than just a memorization of facts. They require students to have an understanding of what they’re talking about. They also require students to know how to express themselves clearly and concisely in writing. Being able to communicate well is an absolute must in the real world. It#8217;s also necessary in all subject courses at university, and definitely in any professional capacity. - Use Low-Carbon Essay Examples! Essay writing is definitely a learnable skill, but not necessarily a straight forward one for a lot of students. Because we want your teen to the price range of demand master essay writing as much as they can during their time at high school, here are 5 tips that will significantly increase your teen’s essay marks. 1. Every essay must have a proper structure. An essay must be broken into paragraphs to the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! make it readable. It’s horrible reading a full page of solid text.
Breaking down an essay into different sections is what allows it to flow in a logical manner. At high school all essays should follow a simple formula. Your teen needs to learn this formula off by heart! Introduction: Tell #8217;em what you’re gonna tell ‘em. Introduce the topic and briefly outline the points you’re going to make in your essay in the order you#8217;re going to write about them. If the 2004 Indian Essay, essay is meant to argue a point, your teen should make it clear in the introduction what their argument/point of view is. Body Paragraphs: Tell ‘em.
At high school an essay will usually have 3-5 paragraphs. Each paragraph contains its own main point that contributes to Save Low-Carbon the overall theme or argument of the essay. (These paragraphs follow their own structure – see tip # 2) Conclusion: Tell ‘em what you told ‘em. Sum up what the essay was about. 2. Ted Hughes Marriage! Each body paragraph must have a proper structure. Not only does the Fuel! examples, essay as a whole need structure, each paragraph needs to meet certain requirements. S = Statement: This is the main point of the paragraph. What part of the film is being discussed and what did it mean to the film? What was important about an historical event and how did it affect later events? Basically, what’s the point you’re about to 2004 Indian Ocean Essay discuss in this paragraph. Save The Environment - Use Essay Examples! E = Explanation: Explain what you said in your statement. How To Improve Listening Skills In English! Tell the reader why your statement is true.
Why did the setting reflect how the main character was feeling? In what way did the weather affect the outcome of the battle? This part should make up the bulk of the paragraph. X = eXample Give an example! A quote, an example, a fact. Something concrete that gives evidence to your statement. I = Importance Why is the point you’ve made in this paragraph important? What does it mean to the story, or the the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! examples, film, or the event? Tell the reader why it matters. This one might not always be applicable, but if you can then go for it. 3. Empowerment! Every essay needs an essay plan.
You wouldn’t go on a road trip without a map and essays are just the Save - Use Fuel! Essay, same. Before your teen starts writing an essay they should make a quick plan of what they’re going to write about. Religion And Women Essay! An essay plan does not have to be a big thing. Not at all. It only takes a few minutes but will save your teen SO much time overall. Essay plans instantly give an essay structure, they prevent you from forgetting to include any important points, and they prevent you from losing your way as you write. - Use Low-Carbon Essay! An essay plan can be quickly scribbled in a margin, or the first page of an exam book that isn’t marked. Here is an marriage, example of the way I would do an essay plan before I started writing. (It#8217;s for the film The Matrix #8230;) Essay Plan Example.
Each of the the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Essay examples, three #8216;fingers#8217; coming off each paragraph make up #8216;SEXI#8217;. Oliver! I haven#8217;t done the Save Essay, #8216;I#8217; part, but within each paragraph I would try and emphasize why this point was important to the setting of the film. Every time your teen writes an essay, whether it#8217;s just for practise or in an exam, they need to jot down the points that are going to fill their ‘SEXI’ for each paragraph. The detail that they list here means they don’t have to how to in english worry about the Environment - Use Fuel! Essay examples, forgetting anything important while they’re writing. This depends on what situation the essay is being written in. Ted Hughes Plath! If it’s being written for homework and your teen doesn’t have the time pressure of an exam, it can be a good idea to go and do something else for a while once they’ve finished writing.
You know when you come back to look at something you’ve written and you see all the little mistakes you didn’t notice before? This is why. Your teen should check that the Save - Use examples, paragraphs are written in a logical order. Oliver Character! Simply put – does the essay make sense? Does each paragraph follows SEXI? Get them to read their essay aloud (or in the Environment - Use Low-Carbon examples their head) so they can see how it flows (or doesn’t as it may be). Ted Hughes And Sylvia Plath! If the essay is being written in an exam your teen won#8217;t have the Save Low-Carbon, luxury of time. So the number one rule here is: stay until the the price affect of demand for a, end! While it may seem like eternity to a high school student, exams aren’t actually that long. And a few minutes of proof reading can often make the difference between one grade and another.
It’s worth staying right to the end. Writing essays can be practised! Many students go through a whole year at Save - Use examples, school and only do one or two practice essays (that they were forced to do). They may know the on The Representation of People, subject backwards, but if they don’t know how to write a good essay then they’re screwed. Make sure your teen includes practice essays as part of their exam preparation.
Getting a hold of past exams and using them to practise is a great idea. The Environment - Use Low-Carbon Essay Examples! If you can then have a read of their work yourself that’s fantastic. They might need an adult eye to pick up something that’s not quite right. Even better, get your teen to ask their teacher to mark it. Most teachers would love an interested student to ask them to mark a practice essay!
If you think your teen would benefit from exam tips, including how to Essay of People write fantastic exam essays, it might be worth checking out Save Low-Carbon Fuel! examples, our Exam Survival Package. You can read what other parents have said about and Women, it here. Was this helpful? Similar articles: This is a great article! I love it for its succinctness and think it would make a great poster in Fuel! Essay examples a high school classroom! I forwarded it to all three of Religion and Women Empowerment Essay, my kids! i looooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooved this article. it really helped me making an essay in - Use Fuel! Essay examples my 5th grade class and Indian Ocean Earthquake Essay, guess what I got a 4 by just remebering these tips! I am in fifth grade And I have to write an essay in an hour and a half tomorrow. This really helped me understand and I will post my grade when I am informed of it. Thank you so much for the tips and I will be sure yo use them on my essay. Dear Clare and examples, Chris: I#8217;m a Mexican teacher of oliver character, English as a foreign language and I#8217;m constantly searching for the Environment examples guidance to improve my teaching. I teach a preparation course for the FCE by Cambridge.
I truly appreciate your generosity to share these great guidelines.. Religion! I live in Merida, Yucatan. That is the Yucatan peninsula, just 3 hour drive from the Environment Fuel! examples Cancun. I#8217;d love to be of Religion and Women Empowerment, any help if you ever plan on Low-Carbon, travelling down here. This article has helped me a lot because I#8217;ve been trying to write a 1000 word essay due at range affect the elasticity for a product?, school and hadn#8217;t started but I did an essay plan and that has helped me a lot. Thanks. - Use Low-Carbon Examples! tell em about 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake, sexi. The Study Gurus says. Thanks so much for your feedback Lisa! The whole idea of the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay examples, this article is to get students to realize there#8217;s a formula to essay writing they can apply every time. In a classroom is a great idea!
We#8217;ll definitely be getting in Essay on The touch with teachers we know about that one. I have to - Use Fuel! examples agree with Lisa this is a great summary of how to write an essay. And a great guide for parents wanting to help without getting caught up in cricising spelling or the whole thing. In an exam, I also jotted down the relevant points I could think of, added a relevant example/quote/fact then sorted into order for how to listening skills in english the essay. It really was effective in clarifying what to write when you can#8217;t cut and paste your work! And saved a lot of time as I had lots of time for writing rather than getting the ideas tumbling over the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay examples, each other. sania benazza says. hello!could you please display some model essays as revision purpose for #8216;A#8217; level. Hi im taking a state test tomorrow and Anti-FederalistsвЂ™, im having trouble with writing essays i hope this article will help. cool i also agree lisa. Low-Carbon Fuel! Examples! Really useful and clearly explained, thank you. I will forward to my thirteen year old.
Thanks Smidge I hope they find it useful! That#8217;s Clare for your valuable comments. i am a teen therteen year old teen and we do essys alot in oliver character school and your stuff helped me alot. Save - Use Fuel! Essay! Thank you Salma! That#8217;s fantastic, but it#8217;s you doing the work and studying hard, so good for you! Best of luck with your study this year #128578; jimbob cutia says. same im working do hard on 2004 Ocean Essay, mid term report i have to write a 5 page essay this helps alot.
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I really appreciate your effort in writing this. Good article #8230; SEXI. I loooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooved this it really helped me realize what an affect the elasticity of demand product?, essay is all about and the Environment - Use Fuel! Essay, i got a 4 on writing my essay so thanks! Well done Rachel that#8217;s fantastic!! Go you!! Israel Ryan says. This really helped. this is really helpful im gonna take the ela state test tomorrow my english teacher tells us tip but never really help us in writing. Paty Valdez says. You have saved me with this info! I was looking for something attractive and Essay on The Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ Representation, fun enough to Save - Use Low-Carbon Essay help me introduce essay writing and this works well!
Thank you! Thank you for this article. Its very useful to me. How Does The Price Product?! omg tysm for this! jasmeen sidhu says. SEXI really helped my essay in grade 7. This article is really helpful! Thank you. Now i understand what SEXI means in essay writing. Thanks fr the wonderful information. This is fantastic. My children, 12 and 9, found this very useful as booster for their previous knowledge. Thanks for the Environment - Use Fuel! examples this good work. Please continue.
But you do not get enough time to make a structure plan in marriage the exam#8230;. Is there any alternative for that#8230;?? I would be waiting for an example. Hi there, we hope that this article has given a few simple tips on how your son should do about writing a good essay. You can check out all of our posts on Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay, essay writing here. Our Exam Survival Package also has a great video on writing essays in oliver twist character exams.
Plus there are hundreds of Save the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel!, other tips all centered around getting fantastic exam results in the videos too! Check it out here. This is twist a great resource very informative and accessible! A small grammar gripe you misuse practice (noun)/practise (verb) throughout and Save Essay examples, the title doesn#8217;t need an apostrophe. Writing essays should be practised! Actually, the apostrophe is okay. Thank you for this outline.
Hi Erin, thanks for oliver twist your comments! Yes thank you for pointing out the practice/practise error. Examples! This article is a few years old now and I#8217;ve since been schooled on the difference between the two, but I don#8217;t believe they distinguish between the two in plath the US, so someone is always going to think that I am wrong #128578; [#8230;] While a school essay is not the the Environment - Use Fuel! Essay examples, same as writing for a business or website, I wanted to recommend this great blog post I just read about writing school essays. Essay Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ Representation! [#8230;] [#8230;] You can help your teen make their writing simpler and more like a straight-A student’s by helping them plan their essays. [#8230;] [#8230;] may not understand how to apply what they have learnt in class to the essay format, or how to structure an essay, or how to Save the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! examples structure paragraphs or sentences, or how to convey what they understand about the topic to the reader in a clear and concise [#8230;] Also get our free 2-week email course and study articles sent to your inbox. Everything we know about exam study in one digital package. Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ Of People! Does your teen struggle with math? We explain how to study high school's most hated subject. Motivation and Procrastination Package. Is a lack of motivation holding your teen back?
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college essay genres Literary Terms and Definitions: C. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted January 5, 2017. CACOPHONY (Greek, bad sound): The term in poetry refers to the use of Save the Environment, words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds. It is the opposite of euphony . CADEL (Dutch cadel and/or French cadeau , meaning a gift; a little something extra): A small addition or extra item added to an initial letter. Common cadels include pen-drawn faces or grotesques. Examples include the Essay, faces appearing in the initial letters of the Lansdowne 851 manuscript of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales . CADENCE : The melodic pattern just before the end of a sentence or phrase--for instance an interrogation or an exhortation. Save - Use Fuel!? More generally, the listening skills, natural rhythm of language depending on the position of stressed and unstressed syllables. Cadence is a major component of - Use Fuel! Essay examples, individual writers' styles.
A cadence group is a coherent group of 2004 Indian Earthquake, words spoken as a single rhythmical unit, such as a prepositional phrase, of Save the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay examples, parting day or a noun phrase, our inalienable rights. CADENCE GROUP : See discussion under cadence . CAESURA (plural: caesurae ): A pause separating phrases within lines of poetry--an important part of poetic rhythm . The term caesura comes from the Essay Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ Representation, Latin a cutting or a slicing. Some editors will indicate a caesura by inserting a slash (/) in the Environment Low-Carbon Essay the middle of a poetic line. Others insert extra space in this location. Others do not indicate the and Women Essay, caesura typographically at the Environment - Use Low-Carbon examples all. CALQUE : An expression formed by individually translating parts of a longer foreign expression and then combining them in a way that may or may not make literal sense in the new language. Algeo provides the example of the English phrase trial balloon , which is a calque for Essay Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ Representation, the French ballon d'essai (Algeo 323). CALLIGRAPHIC WORK : In medieval manuscripts, this is (as Kathleen Scott states), Decorative work, usually developing from or used to make up an the Environment Fuel! Essay examples important or introductory initial, or developing from ascenders at the top of the page and descenders at the bottom of the justified text; a series of strokes made by holding a quill constant at one angle to oliver character, produce broader and narrower lines, which in combination appear to overlap one another to form strap-work (Scott 370).
CANCEL : A bibliographical term referring to a leaf which is substituted for one removed by the Environment - Use Fuel! Essay examples, the printers because of an error. For instance, the first quarto of Shakespeare's Troilus and Cressida has a title page existing in both cancelled and uncancelled states, leaving modern readers in some doubt as to whether the play should be considered a comedy, history, or tragedy. CANON (from Grk kanon , meaning reed or measuring rod): Canon has three general meanings. (1) An approved or traditional collection of works. The Price Range Of Demand For A? Originally, the term canon applied to the list of books to be included as authentic biblical doctrine in Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay the Hebrew and Christian Bible, as opposed to apocryphal works (works of dubious, mysterious or uncertain origin). Click here for more information. (2) Today, literature students typically use the word canon to refer to those works in anthologies that have come to be considered standard or traditionally included in and sylvia the classroom and published textbooks. In this sense, the canon denotes the entire body of literature traditionally thought to the Environment, be suitable for admiration and study. (3) In addition, the the price range the elasticity of demand for a product?, word canon refers to the writings of an author that scholars generally accepted as genuine products of said author, such as the Chaucer canon or the - Use, Shakespeare canon. Chaucer's canon includes The Canterbury Tales , for instance, but it does not include the apocryphal work, The Plowman's Tale, which has been mistakenly attributed to him in Religion and Women Empowerment the past. Likewise, the Shakespearean canon has only two apocryphal plays ( Pericles and the Two Noble Kinsmen ) that have gained wide acceptance as authentic Shakespearean works beyond the thirty-six plays contained in the First Folio. NB : Do not confuse the spelling of cannon (the big gun) with canon (the official collection of literary works). The issue of canonical literature is a thorny one.
Traditionally, those works considered canonical are typically restricted to dead white European male authors. Many modern critics and - Use Low-Carbon examples teachers argue that women, minorities, and non-Western writers are left out Religion Empowerment Essay, of the literary canon unfairly. Save The Environment Low-Carbon? Additionally, the on The Representation, canon has always been determined in part by philosophical biases and political considerations. The Environment - Use Fuel! Essay Examples? In response, some critics suggest we do away with a canon altogether, while others advocate enlarging or expanding the existing canon to achieve a more representative sampling. CANTICLE : A hymn or religious song using words from and sylvia plath marriage any part of the Bible except the Psalms. CANTO : A sub-division of an epic or narrative poem comparable to a chapter in Save the Environment Fuel! Essay a novel. Examples include the divisions in Dante's Divine Comedy , Lord Byron's Childe Harold , or Spenser's Faerie Queene . Religion And Women? Cf. The Environment - Use Low-Carbon Essay? fit . CANZONE : In general, the Religion Essay, term has three meanings. (1) It refers generally to the words of a Provençal or Italian song. (2) More specifically, an Italian or Provençal song relating to love or the praise of Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon, beauty is a canzone. (3) Poems in English that bear some similarity to Provençal lyrics are called canzones --such as Auden's unrhymed poem titled Canzone, which uses the end words of the and Women, first twelve-line stanza in each of the following stanzas. CAPTIVITY NARRATIVE : A narrative, usually autobiographical in origin, concerning colonials or settlers who are captured by Save - Use examples, Amerindian or aboriginal tribes and live among them for some time before gaining freedom. An example would be Mary Rowlandson's A Narrative of the and sylvia plath, Captivity and Restauration of Mrs. Save - Use Essay? Mary Rowlandson , which details her Indian captivity among the Wampanoag tribe in the late seventeenth century.
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After Ovid was banished to Tomis by the Emperor in the year 8 AD, he wrote that his crime was carmen et error (a song and a mistake). This has led some scholars to Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon, wonder if his scandalous poem The Ars Amatoria (The Art of Love) may have invoked the wrath of ted hughes and sylvia, Emperor Augustus whose Julian Marian laws sought to curb adultery and illicit sexuality. CARPE DIEM : Literally, the Low-Carbon, phrase is Latin for seize the day, from carpere (to pluck, harvest, or grab) and the accusative form of die (day). The term refers to a common moral or theme in classical literature that the reader should make the most out of life and should enjoy it before it ends. Poetry or literature that illustrates this moral is often called poetry or literature of the ted hughes and sylvia plath marriage, carpe diem tradition. Examples include Marvell's To His Coy Mistress, and Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time. Cf.
Anacreontics , Roman Stoicism , Epicureanism , transitus mundi , and the ubi sunt motif. CASE : The inflectional form of a noun, pronoun, or (in some languages) adjective that shows how the word relates to the verb or to other nouns of the Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon, same clause. For instance, them is the objective case of they , and how to listening skills their is the possessive case of the Environment Essay, they . Common cases include the nominative, the accusative, the genitive, the dative, the ablative, the vocative, and oliver twist character the instrumental forms. Patterns of - Use Low-Carbon examples, particular endings added to words to indicate their case are called declensions . Click here for expanded information. CASTE DIALECT : A dialect spoken by Religion and Women Essay, specific hereditary classes in a society. - Use Essay Examples? Often the use of caste dialect marks the speaker as part of that particular class. For instance, a dalit or untouchable is the lowest caste in the Indian Hindu caste system while a brahmin is the highest caste. Although the two groups may frequently share a common language, they each also have specialized vocabulary and speech mannerisms that to a native speaker may quickly advertise their social background.
CATACHRESIS (Grk. misuse): A completely impossible figure of speech or an twist implied metaphor that results from combining other extreme figures of Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! examples, speech such as anthimeria , hyperbole , synaesthesia , and metonymy . The results in each case are so unique that it is hard to state a general figure of speech that embodies all of the possible results. It is far easier to give examples. For instance, Hamlet says of Gertrude, I will speak daggers to her. A man can speak words, but no one can literally speak daggers. In spite of that impossibility, readers know Shakespeare means Hamlet will address Gertrude in a painful, contemptuous way. In pop music from the 1980s, the performer Meatloaf tells a disappointed lover, There ain't no Coup de Ville hiding the how does product?, bottom of a crackerjack box. The image of a luxury car hidden as a prize in the bottom of a tiny cardboard candybox emphasizes how unlikely or impossible it is Save - Use Fuel! Essay his hopeful lover will find such a fantastic treasure in someone as cheap, common, and unworthy as the speaker in these lyrics. Sometimes the catachresis results from skills stacking one impossibility on top of another. Consider these examples: There existed a void inside that void within his mind. Joe will have kittens when he hears this!
I will sing victories for Save, you. A man that studies revenge keeps his own wounds green.--Bacon I do not ask much: / I beg cold comfort. --Shakespeare, ( King John 5.7.41) His complexion is perfect gallows--Shakespeare, ( Tempest 1.1.33) And that White Sustenance--Despair--Dickinson The Oriel Common Room stank of logic --Cardinal Newman O, I could lose all Father now--Ben Jonson, on the death of how does affect product?, his seven-year old son. The Environment - Use Low-Carbon Essay Examples? The voice of your eyes is deeper than all roses --e.e. Range The Elasticity Product?? cummings. For a more recent example, consider the disturbingly cheerful pop song by the Environment - Use examples, Foster the People, Pumped Up Kicks, which deals with a school shooting. How Does Affect For A? Here, the shooter/narrator thinks, I've waited for a long time. Yeah, the sleight of Save examples, my hand is now a quick-pull trigger. / I reason with my cigarette. One can reason with induction or deduction, but how does one reason with a cigarette?
Here, the catachresis might evoke the Essay Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ Representation, idea of the cool kid using personal style instead of Save Low-Carbon Fuel!, a persuasive argument, or it might evoke the imagery of Indian Ocean Earthquake Essay, torture--burning victims with a cigarette-butt to make one's point. This sort of evocative, almost nonsensical language is the heart of good catachresis. Other examples, in the Environment - Use Essay examples The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien uses catachresis to Indian Earthquake, describe Legolas's disgusted outburst at encountering an examples Orc by asserting, 'Yrch!' siad Legolas, falling into his own tongue.' One call fall into a pool of water or fall into on The Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ Representation a bed, but how does one fall into a language? As Milton so elegantly phrased it, catachresis is all about - Use Low-Carbon Essay examples, blind mouths. Such catachresis often results from hyperbole and synaesthesia . A special subtype of catachresis is abusio , a mixed metaphor that results when two metaphors collide. For instance, one U. S. senator learned of an unlikely political alliance. He is said to have exclaimed, Now that is a horse of a different feather. This abusio is the result of two metaphors. The first is the cliché metaphor comparing anything unusual to a horse of a different color. The second is the proverbial metaphor about how birds of a feather flock together. However, by Religion and Women Essay, taking the Low-Carbon Essay examples, two dead metaphors and combining them, the resulting image of of People, a horse of a different feather truly emphasizes how bizarre and the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Essay unlikely the resulting political alliance was.
Intentionally or not, the senator created an ungainly, unnatural animal that reflects the ungainly, unnatural coalition he condemned. Purists of twist character, languages often scrowl at abusio with good reason. Too commonly abusio is the result of sloppy writing, such as the history student who wrote the dreadful hand of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and growls at Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay examples its enemies. (It would have been better to stick with a single metaphor and state the eye of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and glares at its enemies. We should leave out the mixed imagery of improve in english, watchful hands growling at Save Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay people; it's just stupid and inconsistent.) However, when used intentionally for and Women Empowerment, a subtle effect, abusio and catachresis can be powerful tools for originality. CATALECTIC : In poetry, a catalectic line is a truncated line in which one or more unstressed syllables have been dropped, especially in the final metrical foot. Save Fuel! Examples? For instance, acephalous or headless lines are catalectic, containing one fewer syllable than would be normal for the line.
For instance, Babette Deutsche notes the second line in this couplet from A. E. Housman is catalectic: And if my ways are not as theirs, Let them mind their own affairs. On the other hand, in Religion and Women trochaic verse, the final syllable tends to be the truncated one, as Deutsche notes about the Low-Carbon Essay examples, first two lines of Shelley's stanza: Music, when soft voices die, Vibrates in the memory--
Odours, when sweet violets sicken, Live within the Indian Ocean Earthquake, senses they quicken. The term catalectic contrasts with an acatalectic line, which refers to Save the Environment Low-Carbon examples, a normal line of poetry containing the expected number of syllables in each line, or a hypercatalectic line, which has one or more extra syllables than would normally be expected. CATALEXIS : Truncation of a poetic line--i.e., in 2004 Ocean Essay poetry, a catalectic line is - Use examples shortened or truncated so that unstressed syllables drop from a line. The act of how to improve in english, such truncation is called catalexis.
If catalexis occurs at - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! the start of marriage, a line, that line is said to be acephalous or headless. See catalectic . CATALOGING : Creating long lists for Save, poetic or rhetorical effect. Twist Character? The technique is common in epic literature, where conventionally the poet would devise long lists of famous princes, aristocrats, warriors, and mythic heroes to be lined up in Low-Carbon Fuel! examples battle and slaughtered. The technique is also common in the practice of giving illustrious genealogies (and so-and-so begat so-and-so, or x, son of y, son of z etc.) for famous individuals. An example in Representation American literature is Whitman's multi-page catalog of Save Low-Carbon Essay, American types in affect the elasticity of demand for a product? section 15 of Song of Myself. An excerpt appears below: The pure contralto sings in the organ loft, The carpenter dresses his plank, the tongue of his foreplane whistles its wild ascending lisp, The married and Save Essay examples unmarried children ride home to their Thanksgiving dinner, The pilot seizes the king-pin, he heaves down with a strong arm,
The mate stands braced in the whale-boat, lance and how does the price affect the elasticity for a harpoon are ready, The duck-shooter walks by silent and cautious stretches, The deacons are ordained with crossed hands at the altar, The spinning-girl retreats and advances to the hum of the big wheel, The farmer stops by Save Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay, the bars as he walks on a First-day loaf and looks at the oats and rye, The lunatic is carried at last to the asylum a confirmed case. [etc.]
One of the more humorous examples of cataloging appears in the Welsh Mabinogion . In one tale, Culhwch and Olwen, the 2004 Earthquake, protagonist invokes in an oath all the names of King Arthur's companion-warriors, giving lists of their unusual attributes or abilities running to six pages. CATASTROPHE : The turning downward of the plot in a classical tragedy. By tradition, the catastrophe occurs in the Environment - Use Fuel! Essay the fourth act of the play after the climax. (See tragedy .) Freytag's pyramid illustrates visually the normal charting of the catastrophe in a plotline. CATCH : A lyric poem or song meant to be sung as a round, with the words arranged in each line so that the audience will hear a hidden (often humorous or ribald) message as the groups of singers sing their separate lyrics and Religion Empowerment Essay space out the Save - Use Essay examples, wording of the poem. For example, one might write a song in which the first line contained the words up, the word look appears in the middle of the third line, the word dress appears in the second line, and the word her appears in the middle of the Religion and Women Essay, fourth line. When the the Environment Low-Carbon examples, song or poem is sung as a round by four groups of singers, the word order and timing is arranged so that the singers create the hidden phrase look up her dress as they sing, to the amusement of the audience as they listen to an otherwise innocent set of lyrics.
Robert Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time is an example of a catch, and when William Lawes adapted the poem to music for Milton's masque Comus , it became one of the most popular drinking songs of the 1600s (Damrosche 844-45). CATCHWORD : This phrase comes from ted hughes printing; it refers to a trick printers would use to keep pages in their proper order. The printer would print a specific word below the text at the bottom of a page. This word would match the first word on the next page. A printer could thus check the - Use Low-Carbon examples, order by flipping quickly from oliver character one page to the next and Save the Environment - Use Fuel! Essay examples making sure the catchword matched appropriately. This trick has been valuable to modern codicologists because it allows us to note missing pages that have been lost, misplaced, or censored. CATHARSIS : An emotional discharge that brings about a moral or spiritual renewal or welcome relief from ted hughes and sylvia marriage tension and anxiety. According to Aristotle, catharsis is the marking feature and ultimate end of any tragic artistic work. He writes in his Poetics (c. 350 BCE): Tragedy is an imitation of an - Use examples action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; . . . through pity [ eleos ] and how does the price range affect of demand fear [ phobos ] effecting the proper purgation [ catharsis ] of these emotions (Book 6.2). (See tragedy .) Click here to download a pdf handout concerning this material. CAVALIER : A follower of Save Fuel! examples, Charles I of England (ruled c. 1625-49) in his struggles with the Religion and Women, Puritan-dominated parliament.
The term is used in Save the Environment - Use Fuel! Essay contrast with Roundheads , his Puritan opponents. Cavaliers were primarily wealthy aristocrats and Indian Ocean Earthquake Essay courtiers. They were famous for Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Essay, their long hair, fancy clothing, licentious or hedonistic behavior, and their support of the arts. See Cavalier drama and Cavalier poets , below. Ultimately, Cromwell led the Roundheads in a coup d'état and established a Puritan dictatorship in England, leading to the end of the English Renaissance and plath its artistic, scientific, and cultural achievements.
To see where Charles' reign fits in English history, you can download this PDF handout listing the reigns of English monarchs chronologically. CAVALIER DRAMA : A form of English drama comprising court plays that the Queen gave patronage to in the 1630s. Most critics have been underimpressed with these plays, given that they are mostly unoriginal and written in a ponderous style. The Puritan coup d'état and the later execution of King Charles mercifully terminated the Save the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel!, dramatic period, but unfortunately also ended their poetry, which was quite good in comparison. CAVALIER POETS : A group of Ocean Essay, Cavalier English lyric poets who supported King Charles I and wrote during his reign and who opposed the Fuel!, Puritans, his political enemies. The major Cavalier poets included Carew, Waller, Lovelace, Sir John Suckling, and Herrick. They largely abandoned the sonnet form favored for a century earlier, but they still focused on on The Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ Representation, the themes of love and sensuality and their work illustrates technical virtuosity as J. A. Cuddon put it (125). They show strong signs of Ben Jonson's influence. CAVE, THE : Not to be confused with Plato's allegorical cave , this term is a nickname for a gathering of Tolkien and fellow Oxford English scholars in the 1930s before the Inklings formed.
As Drout's J.R.R. Tolkien Encyclopedia summarizes the details, the name comes from Save Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay I Samuel 22:1-2, where the Cave of Adullam became the place for David's conpiracies against Religion and Women Empowerment King Saul, possibly implying that the members of the Cave at Oxford saw themselves as righteously subversive of the academic establishment. Members of the Cave included C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien, Neville Coghill, Hugh Dyson, and Cleanth Brooks. They were distinguished scholars of various fields. Eventually, in 1933, C.S.
Lewis's brother Warnie retired to Oxford after a bout with alcoholism and could not regularly make meetings at the Cave. C.S. Lewis took it upon himself to raid the Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay, Cave for similarly-minded scholars to become a part of the new Inklings group (Lobdell cited in Drout 88). And Women Essay? Cf. Inklings and Cave, Plato's below.
CAVE, PLATO'S : In Plato's Republic , Socrates, Plato, and Fuel! examples several of their fellows debate the nature of how to skills in english, ideal government. In the section on education in this ideal Republic, they argue about the purpose of education. As part of Socrates' argument, the discussion veers into an allegory in which human existence is being trapped in Save the Environment a cave of ignorance, chained in oliver place and - Use Essay unable to view anything except shadows cast on the wall. Some of how to skills in english, those shadows are vague outlines of actual unseen truths beyond the perception of the senses; others are false images deliberately designed to mislead the cave-dwellers, keeping them content and unquestioning. Save - Use Fuel! Examples? The purpose of education becomes freeing the imprisoned human and forcing him to leave the cave, to look at Earthquake Essay the actual objects that make the shadows. Cf.
Platonic Forms . While reading Plato's cave as an Save the Environment - Use Fuel! Essay allegory of education is a common interpretation, some philosophers (especially medieval readers) often took a more mystical approach to the Greek text, interpreting the and Women Empowerment, cave as the material or physical world, while the shadows were mere outline of a greater spiritual truths--hidden and eternal beyond the physical world. C. S. Lewis coopts this idea in The Last Battle , in Save - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay examples which the characters discover after death that Narnia has merely been a crude approximation of heaven, and the further they travel in the onion ring, the larger and Representation of People more beautiful and more true the inner rings become. CELLERAGE : The hollow area beneath a Renaissance stage--known in Renaissance slang as hell and entered through a trapdoor called a hellmouth . The voice of the ghost comes from this area in the Environment Low-Carbon Essay examples Hamlet , which has led to scholarly discussion concerning whether or not the ghost is really Hamlet's father or a demon in disguise. CELTIC : A branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Celtic includes Welsh and Breton. Celtic languages are geographically linked to Empowerment Essay, western Europe, and they come in two general flavors, goidelic (or Q-celtic) and Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay examples brythonic (or P-celtic). CELTIC REVIVAL : A literary movement involving increased interest in Welsh, Scottish, and Irish culture, myths, legends, and literature. It began in how to in english the late 1700s and continues to this day.
Thomas Gray's Pindaric ode The Bard (1757) and Ieuan Brydydd's publication of Some Specimens of the - Use examples, Poetry of the Ancient Welsh Bards (1764) mark its emergence, and Charlotte Guest's translation of The Mabinogion in 1839 marks its continued rise. Matthew Arnold's lectures on Celtic literature at Oxford helped promote the foundation of a Chair of Celtic at that school in 1877. Twist? The Celtic Revival influenced Thomas Love Peacock, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and W. B. Yeats, and probably led to Save - Use Low-Carbon Fuel!, the creation of the range affect of demand for a product?, Abbey Theatre . A continuing part of the Celtic Revival is the Irish Literary Renaissance , a surge of extraordinary Irish talent in the late nineteenth and twentieth century including Bram Stoker, James Joyce, William Butler Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, and Seamus Heaney. CENOTAPH : A carving on a tombstone or monument, often in the form of a verse poem, biblical passage, or literary allusion appearing after the deceased individual's name and - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! date of birth/death. Often used synonymously with epitaph . CENSORSHIP : The act of hiding, removing, altering or destroying copies of art or writing so that general public access to it is partially or completely limited. Contrast with bowdlerization. Click here to download a PDF handout discussing censorship in great detail. The term originates in an occupational position in the Roman government. After the fifth century BCE, Rome commissioned censors. These censors at on The Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ of People first were limited to conducting the the Environment - Use Fuel!, census for tax estimations, but in latter times, their job was to impose moral standards for citizenship, including the removal of unsavory literature. See also the in english, Censorship Ordinance of 1559 and the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENSORSHIP ORDINANCE OF 1559 : This law under Queen Elizabeth required the political censorship of public plays and all printed materials in matters of religion and the government.
The Master of Revels was appointed to monitor and control such material. All of Shakespeare's early works were written under this act. We can see signs of alteration in his early works to conform to the requirements of the Save the Environment examples, censors. Contrast with the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENTAUR MYTH : In mythology and improve literary use, a common motif is the centaur (a hybrid of horse-body with a human torso where the horse's head would be). This mythic creature has gone through a number of Save the Environment Low-Carbon examples, allegorical transformations in different literary periods. In classical Greek artwork and literature, centaurs were associated with sex and and sylvia violence. - Use Fuel!? Their lineage traces them to Centaurus, the range of demand product?, twin brother of King Lapithes. Both Centaurus and Lapithes were the offspring of Apollo and a river nymph named Stilbe. Stilbe gave birth to twins, with the elder Lapithes being strong, brave and handsome, but the younger twin Centaurus was ugly, brutish, and deformed. Unable to find a woman willing to Save the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel!, marry him, Centaurus engaged in bestiality with mares, who in turn gave birth to half-human, half-horse hybrids that terrorized the land, becoming the first centaurs.
Many Greek temples such as the Religion and Women Empowerment, Parthenon included a prominent carved scene called a centauromachia , which depicted the battle between Pirithous, a later king of the Lapith tribe, as he battled with centaurs who party-crashed his wedding and attempted to abduct the bride and bridesmaids. The scene was also popular in Greek pottery and Save - Use Essay examples wall-painting, and it helped cement the Greek idea that centaurs were generally loutish creatures symbolizing bestial natures--especially the lower passions of gluttony, rapine, and sexuality. Only a few exceptions (such as Chiron) were exceptions to this rule, and Greek heroes like Hercules spent a great deal of how to improve listening skills in english, time beating up centaurs who sought to kidnap their wives and lovers. Later, medieval bestiaries revisited and Christianized the the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! examples, centaur myth. One medieval bestiary/commentary used centaurs as symbols of hypocrisy.
After pews gradually become common in late medieval churches near the turn of the Indian Ocean Earthquake, Renaissance, such bestiaries depicted the centaur as standing in a pew so that only the human-looking upper half of the body was visible while the lower animal half was unseen. The commentators stated that even thus wicked people in churches would look virtuous in their public appearance, but their truly monstrous nature would remain concealed. By the Enlightenment, pastoral artwork and Save - Use Low-Carbon Essay paintings tended to depict centaurs more as frolicking, playful creatures--erasing earlier overtones of rape and evil, and by the late 19th-century, fantasy writers at the time of George MacDonald rehabilitated them, making them deuteragonists and tritagonists that heroes would encounter on Essay on The Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ of People, their quests. - Use Fuel! Essay Examples? Among the 2004 Ocean, Inklings of the 1940s, C.S. Lewis in particular become fascinated with idealizing centaurs as noble creatures and developed them into a private symbol for spiritual and bodily perfection. Lewis saw the Save the Environment - Use Essay examples, upward human half of a centaur as being an emblem of reason and nobility, and the lower half being an how to listening skills emblem of natural biological or animal passions. Thus, the centaur became his emblem for the healthy union of the Save the Environment Fuel! examples, material body and the intellectual/spiritual domains--an organism as God intended humans to be before the fall, or the perfect amalgamation of the chariot-driver, chariot, and the price the elasticity horses in the allegory of the charioteer that Plato retells in Save the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! examples Phaedrus . CENTUM LANGUAGE : One of the two main branches of Indo-European languages.
These centum languages are generally associated with western Indo-European languages and they often have a hard palatal /k/ sound rather than the sibilant sound found in equivalent satem words. See discussion under Indo-European . CHAIN OF BEING : An elaborate cosmological model of the twist, universe common in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. The Great Chain of Save the Environment Essay, Being was a permanently fixed hierarchy with the Judeo-Christian God at the top of the the price range the elasticity, chain and inanimate objects like stones and mud at the bottom. Intermediate beings and objects, such as angels, humans, animals, and plants, were arrayed in descending order of intelligence, authority, and Save Fuel! capability between these two extremes. The Chain of Being was seen as designed by God.
The idea of the Chain of Being resonates in art, politics, literature, cosmology, theology, and philosophy throughout the Middle Ages and how does affect the elasticity of demand product? Renaissance. The Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! Examples? It takes on particular complexity because different parts of the Chain were thought to correspond to each other. (See correspondences .) Click here for Religion, more information. CHANSON (French song): A love-song or French love-poem, especially one the Provençal troubadour poets created or performed. Conventionally, the chanson has five or six stanzas, all of identical structure, and an envoi or a tornada at the end. They were usually dedicated or devoted to Save the Environment Low-Carbon Essay, a lady or a mistress in the courtly love tradition. CHANSON DE GESTE (French, song of deeds): These chansons are lengthy Old French poems written between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries glorifying Carolingian noblemen and their feudal lords. The chansons de geste combine history and legend . They focus on religious aspects of chivalry rather than courtly love or the knightly quests so common in Earthquake the chivalric romance . The Environment Low-Carbon Essay Examples? Typical subject-matter involves (1) internal wars and intrigue among noble factions (2) external conflict with Saracens, and (3) rebellious vassals who rise up against their lords in acts of betrayal. Typical poetic structure involves ten-syllable lines marked by assonance and stanzas of varying length. The chansons de geste are in many ways comparable to epics . Over eighty texts survive, but The Song of of demand product?, Roland is by the Environment - Use Low-Carbon, far the most popular today.
CHANSON À PERSONNAGES (French, song to people): Old French songs or poems in dialogue form. Common subjects include quarrels between husbands and wives, meetings between a lone knight and a comely shepherdess, or romantic exchanges between lovers leaving each other in the morning. See aubade . CHARACTER : Any representation of an individual being presented in how to improve listening in english a dramatic or narrative work through extended dramatic or verbal representation. The reader can interpret characters as endowed with moral and dispositional qualities expressed in what they say ( dialogue ) and what they do ( action ). E. Save - Use Essay Examples? M. Forster describes characters as flat (i.e., built around a single idea or quality and unchanging over the course of the narrative) or round (complex in temperament and motivation; drawn with subtlety; capable of 2004 Indian Earthquake Essay, growth and change during the course of the narrative). The main character of a work of a fiction is typically called the protagonist ; the character against whom the protagonist struggles or contends (if there is Low-Carbon Essay examples one), is the antagonist . If a single secondary character aids the protagonist throughout the how does the price affect for a product?, narrative, that character is the deuteragonist (the hero's side-kick). A character of tertiary importance is a tritagonist . These terms originate in classical Greek drama, in which a tenor would be assigned the role of Save - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! examples, protagonist, a baritone the role of how does the price affect the elasticity of demand for a, deuteragonist, and the Environment - Use Essay examples a bass would play the tritagonist.
Compare flat characters with stock characters . CHARACTERIZATION : An author or poet's use of description, dialogue, dialect, and action to create in the reader an emotional or intellectual reaction to a character or to the price affect the elasticity of demand product?, make the character more vivid and realistic. Careful readers note each character's attitude and thoughts, actions and reaction, as well as any language that reveals geographic, social, or cultural background. CHARACTONYM : An evocative or symbolic name given to a character that conveys his or her inner psychology or allegorical nature. For instance, Shakespeare has a prostitute named Doll Tearsheet and a moody young man named Mercutio . Steinbeck has the sweet-natured Candy in Of Mice and Men . Spenser has a lawless knight named Sansloy (French, without law) and an arrogant giant named Orgoglio (Italian, pride). On a more physical level, Rabelais might name a giant Gargantua or C.S. Save - Use Low-Carbon? Lewis might call his talking lion Aslan (Turkish for lion). These names are all simple charactonyms. Character? Cf. eponym . CHASTUSHKA (plur. chastushki ): In 19th-century Russian literature, a short song, usually of four lines--usually epigrammatic and humorous and nature, commonly focusing on topics such as love and commonly associated with young artists. Chastushki on Save - Use examples, political topics became more common in the 20th century. Most modern examples rhyme and use regular trochaic meter, though in the price of demand the oldest examples, these features are less regular, with cadences that are feminine or dactylic (Harkins 121). CHAUCERISM : In the Renaissance, experimental revivals and new word formations that were consciously designed to imitate the sounds, the feel, and the Environment - Use verbal patterns from an older century--a verbal or grammatical anachronism . Spenser uses many Chaucerisms in The Fairie Queene . CHEKE SYSTEM : As summarized by listening skills in english, Baugh, a proposed method for indicating long vowels and the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay standardizing spelling first suggested by Sir John Cheke in Renaissance orthography.
Cheke would double vowels to indicate a long sound. For instance, mate would be spelled maat , lake would be spelled laak , and so on. Silent e 's would be removed, and the letter y would be abolished and an i used in its place (Baugh 209). It did not catch on. CHIASMUS (from Greek, cross or x): A literary scheme in which the author introduces words or concepts in a particular order, then later repeats those terms or similar ones in the price affect the elasticity of demand for a reversed or backwards order. It involves taking parallelism and deliberately turning it inside out, creating a crisscross pattern. For example, consider the chiasmus that follows: By day the frolic, and Save - Use Fuel! examples the dance by improve skills, night . If we draw the words as a chart, the words form an x (hence the word's Greek etymology, from chi meaning x): The sequence is typically a b b a or a b c c b a . I lead the life I love ; I love the Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay, life I lead . Naked I rose from the earth ; to the grave I fall clothed . Character? Biblical examples in the Greek can be found in Philippians 1:15-17 and Save the Environment - Use Fuel! Essay Colossians 3:11, though the artistry is often lost in English translation.
Chiasmus often overlaps with antimetabole . CHICANO / CHICANA LITERATURE : Twentieth- and twenty-first-century writings and Essay Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ poetry by Mexican-American immigrants or their children--usually in examples English with short sections or phrases in Spanish. Oliver Character? An example would be Sandra Cisneros' writings, such as The House on Mango Street or My Wicked Wicked Ways . Following the grammatical conventions for gender in Spanish, the adjective Chicano takes an -o suffix in reference to male authors and an -a suffix in reference to female authors. Cf. Latino Writing . CHIVALRY : An idealized code of military and social behavior for Save - Use, the aristocracy in the late medieval period. In English? The word chivalry comes from Old French cheval (horse), and chivalry literally means horsemanship. Normally, only rich nobility could afford the expensive armor, weaponry, and Save the Environment Low-Carbon warhorses necessary for mounted combat, so the act of becoming a knight was symbolically indicated by giving the knight silver spurs. The right to knighthood in the late medieval period was inherited through the father, but it could also be granted by the king or a lord as a reward for services.
The tenets of chivalry attempted to of People, civilize the brutal activity of warfare. The chivalric ideals involve sparing non-combatants such as women, children, and helpless prisoners; the Save, protection of the church; honesty in word and bravery in deeds; loyalty to one's liege; dignified behavior; and how does of demand for a single-combat between noble opponents who had a quarrel. Other matters associated with chivalry include gentlemanly contests in arms supervised by witnesses and heralds, behaving according to the manners of polite society, courtly love , brotherhood in arm s , and feudalism . See knight for additional information. This code became of great popular interest to British readers in the 1800s, leading to a surge of Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay, historical novels, poems, and paintings dealing with medieval matters. Examples of this nineteenth-century fascination include the Pre-Raphaelite Movement , William Morris's revival of medieval handcrafts, Scott's novels such as Ivanhoe , and the earnestly sympathetic (though unrealistic) depiction of knighthood in Tennyson's Idylls of the King . In Tennyson's poem Guinevere , King Arthur describes the ideals of knighthood thus: I made them lay their hands in mine and swear. To reverence the King, as if he were. Their conscience, and their conscience as their King.
To break the heathen and uphold the marriage, Christ, To ride abroad redressing human wrongs, To speak no slander, no, nor listen to it, To honor his own word as if his God's, To lead sweet lives in Save - Use Low-Carbon examples purest chastity, To love one maiden only, cleave to her, And worship her by Essay on The, years of noble deeds, Until they won her. For the best modern scholarly discussion of chivalry as a historic reality in Save - Use the Middle Ages, read Maurice H. Keen's Chivalry (Yale University Press, 1984).
CHORAGOS (often Latinized as choragus ): A sponsor or patron of a play in classical Greece. Often this sponsor was honored by serving as the leader of the chorus (see below). CHORIC FIGURE : Any character in any type of narrative literature that serves the same purpose as a chorus in drama by remaining detached from the main action and the price range affect the elasticity of demand for a commenting upon Fuel! Essay or explaining this action to the audience. See chorus , below. CHORUS : (1) A group of singers who stand alongside or off stage from the principal performers in a dramatic or musical performance. Twist Character? (2) The song or refrain that this group of singers sings. In ancient Greece, the chorus was originally a group of male singers and - Use Fuel! dancers ( choreuti ) who participated in religious festivals and dramatic performances by singing commenting on the deeds of the characters and interpreting the significance of the events within the play. This group contrasts with the actors (Greek hypocrites ). Shakespeare alters the traditional chorus by replacing the singers with a single figure--often allegorical in nature.
For instance, Time comes on stage in The Winter's Tale to explain the passing years. Likewise, Rumor appears in Henry IV, Part Two to summarize the gossip about Prince Hal. See also choragos and choric figure , above. CHRISTIAN NOVEL : A novel that focuses on Christianity, evangelism, or conversion stories. Sometimes the plots are overtly focused on this theme, but others are primarily allegorical or symbolic. Oliver Twist Character? Traditionally, most literary critics have rated these works as being of lower literary quality than the canon of great novels in Western civilization. Examples include Bodie Thoen's In My Father's House , Catherine Marshall's Christy , Par Lagerkvist's Barabbas , Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis , and Lloyd C. Douglas's The Robe . CHRISTOLOGICAL FIGURE : In theology, Christology is the study of Jesus' nature, i.e., whether Christ had both a human and divine nature, whether he had one sentient will alone or one human will and one divine will, whether he was theoretically capable of sin like humanity or perfectly righteous like the the Environment Fuel! examples, other persons in the trinity, whether he shared in the Father's omniscience or suffered from human afflictions like doubt or ignorance, whether he existed or not before his biological birth, whether he was equal in authority and power to the other persons in the trinity, and whether he actually had a physical body (the orthodox view) or was composed entirely of spirit (the Arian view). In literary studies, the term christological has been commandeered to refer to (1) an object, person, or figure that represents Christ allegorically or symbolically, or (2) any similar object, person, or figure with qualities generally reminiscent of Christ.
Examples of christological figures include the Old Man in Empowerment Essay Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea , who after his struggle with the fish ends up bleeding from his palms and lying on the floor in a cruciform pattern; the lion Aslan in C. S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia , who allows himself like the lion of the the Environment, tribe of Judah to be slain in order to redeem a traitorous child; and the unicorn in and Women Empowerment medieval bestiaries, which would lie down and place its phallic , ivory-horned meekly in a maiden's lap so that hunters might kill it--which medieval monks interpreted as an allegory of Christ allowing himself to enter the womb of the virgin Mary so that he might later be sacrificed. Zora Neale Hurston creates a christ-figure in Delia Jones, who in the short story Sweat suffers to - Use Essay examples, support her ungrateful husband and crawled over the earth in Gethsemane and up the how does the price range the elasticity of demand for a product?, rocks of Calvary many, many times . . . and Essay examples so on. CHRONICLE : A history or a record of events. It refers to any systematic account or narration of events that makes minimal attempt to interpret, question, or analyze that history. Because of this, chronicles often contain large amounts of folklore or other word-of-mouth legends the writer has heard. In biblical literature, the book of Chronicles is one example of a chronicle. How To Improve Listening Skills In English? Medieval chronicles include Joinville's account of the Crusades and Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain , a source for much Arthurian legend. In the Renaissance , Raphael Holinshed, Edward Hall, and the Environment Low-Carbon examples other chroniclers influenced Shakespeare.
Chronicles were popular in England after the Essay on The Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ of People, British defeated the Spanish Armada in - Use Fuel! 1588. The accompanying patriotic fervor increased the public's demand for plays about 2004 Earthquake Essay, English history. If Chronicles are written in the form of the Environment - Use examples, annual entries, they are also called annals . See also lepotis . CHRONOLOGICAL SNOBBERY : C. S. Lewis's term for what he describes as the uncritical acceptance of . . . the assumption that whatever has gone out of 2004 Ocean, date is on - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay examples, that account discredited, i.e., the unthinking belief that past ideas or literature are obsolete and that current or present ideas are superior to them, the myth that all change is beneficial progress. Lewis initially felt torn between his love of medieval literature and the sense that it made him a dinosaur out of touch with the 20th century, and he felt depressed to think the fictions of the past as beautiful lies. In a fierce philosophical debate ( The Great War ) with Owen Barfield, Barfield convinced him that such a view was wrong, and Lewis states Barfield made short work of my chronological snobbery (qtd. in Duriez 45).
CHRONOLOGY (Greek: logic of time): The order in which events happen, especially when emphasizing a cause-effect relationship in history or in a narrative. CHTHONIC : Related to ted hughes plath, the dead, the grave, the underworld, or the fertility of the earth. In Greek mythology, the Greeks venerated three categories of spirits: (1) the Olympian gods, who were worshipped in public ceremonies--often outdoors on the east side of large columned temples in the agora , (2) ancestral heroes like Theseus and Hercules, who were often worshipped only in local shrines or at the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay specific burial mounds, (3) chthonic spirits, which included (a) earth-gods and ted hughes and sylvia plath death-gods like Hades, Hecate, and Persephone; (b) lesser-known (and often nameless) spirits of the departed; (c) dark and bloody spirits of vengeance like the Furies and Nemesis, and (d) (especially in Minoan tradition) serpents, which were revered as intermediaries between the surface world of the living and the subterranean realm of the dead. This is why snakes were so prominent in the healing cults of Aesclepius. It became common in Greek to speak of the Olympian in contrast to the cthonioi (those belonging to the earth). See Burkert 199-203 for Save the Environment Low-Carbon, detailed discussion. CHURCH SUMMONER : Medieval law courts were divided into civil courts that tried public offenses and Essay Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ Representation of People ecclesiastical courts that tried offenses against the church. Summoners were minor church officials whose duties included summoning offenders to appear before the church and Save - Use Fuel! Essay examples receive sentence.
By the range, fourteenth century, the job became synonymous with extortion and corruption because many summoners would take bribes from the Save Fuel!, individuals summoned to court. Indian Earthquake Essay? Chaucer satirized a summoner in The Canterbury Tales . CINQUAIN : A five-line stanza with varied meter and rhyme scheme, possibly of the Environment Fuel! Essay, medieval origin but definitely influenced after 1909 by Japanese poetic forms such as the tanka . Most modern cinquains are now based on character, the form standardized by an American poet, Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1918), in which each unrhymed line has a fixed number of syllables--respectively two, four, six, eight, and two syllables in each line--for a rigid total of Save the Environment, 22 syllables. Here is probably the most famous example of a cinquain from Crapsey's The Complete Poems ; Three silent things: The falling snow. the hour. Before the dawn. the mouth of one. Perhaps under the and sylvia plath marriage, influence of diamante poems, many modern elementary school teachers have begun adding an additional set of conventions to the cinquain in - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! which each line has a specific structural requirement:
Line 1 - Consists of the plath, two-syllable title or subject for the poem. Line 2 - Consists of two adjectives totaling four syllables describing the subject or title. Line 3 - Consists of three verbs totaling six syllables describing the subject's actions. Line 4 - Consists of four words totaling eight syllables giving the writer's opinion of the subject. Line 5 - Consists of one two-syllable word, often a synonym for Save Low-Carbon Essay examples, the subject. These secondary conventions, however, are usually limited to children's poetic exercises, and professional poets do not generally follow these conventions. CIRCULAR STRUCTURE : A type of artistic structure in 2004 which a sense of completeness or closure does not originate in coming to a conclusion that breaks with the earlier story; instead, the Save - Use Low-Carbon Essay examples, sense of closure originates in the way the end of a piece returns to subject-matter, wording, or phrasing found at the beginning of the how does the price affect of demand product?, narrative, play, or poem. An example of Save the Environment Essay, circular structure might be The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, which ends with an ellipsis identical to the opening sequence, indicating that the middle-aged protagonist is twist engaging in yet another escapist fantasy. Low-Carbon Essay Examples? Leigh Hunt's poem Jenny Kissed Me is an twist character example of a circularly-structured poem, since it ends with the the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel!, same words that open the speaker's ecstatic, gossipy report. Langdon Smith's poem Evolution is in english circular in its concluding repetition of the opening phrase, When you were a tadpole, and I was a fish, but it is also thematically circular, in that it implies the Low-Carbon examples, cycle of reincarnated love will continue again and again in spite of death.
In many ways, the smaller tales within a larger frame narrative act as part of a circular structure, because each small tale begins by breaking the reader away from the larger, encompassing narrative and concludes by returning the reader to of demand for a product?, that larger frame-narrative. CITY DIONYSIA : See discussion under dionysia . CIVIC CRITICS : A school of 19th-century Russian literary scholars who judged the value of the Environment Fuel! Essay, writing primarily by its political context and progressive ideas. They commonly wrote in oposition to the aesthetic theories of the ted hughes and sylvia plath marriage, Parnassian Poets (Harkins 55). Example critics include Belinski (active in the 1840s), Dobrolyubov, and Chernyshevski. CLANG ASSOCIATION : A semantic change caused because one word sounds similar to another.
For instance, the word fruition in Middle English meant enjoyment. In Modern English, its meaning has changed to Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon, completion because it sounds like the word fruit --hence the idea of ripeness, of growing to full size, as Algeo notes (314). CLASSICAL : The term in Western culture is usually used in the price affect of demand for a reference to the art, architecture, drama, philosophy, literature, and history surrounding the Greeks and Romans between 1000 BCE and 410 BCE. Works created during the Greco-Roman period are often called classics . The Golden Age of Save Fuel! Essay examples, Classical Greek culture is oliver commonly held to be the fifth century BCE (especially 450-410 BCE). Save The Environment Essay? The term can be applied more generally to any ancient and revered writing or artwork from the price range of demand for a product? a specific culture; thus we refer to Classical Chinese, Classical Hebrew, and Classical Arabic works. For extended discussion, click here.
To download a PDF handout placing the periods of literary history in order, click here. CLASSICAL HAIKU : Another term for the hokku , the predecessor of the modern haiku . See hokku and haiku . CLAUSE : In grammatical terminology, a clause is any word-construction containing a nominative and a predicate, i.e., a subject doing a verb. The term clause contrasts with the term phrase . A phrase might contain nouns as appositives or objects, and it might contain verb-like words in the form of participles or gerunds, but it crucially lacks a subject doing a verb. Save The Environment Fuel! Examples? For example, consider this sentence: Joe left the Essay Representation, building after seeing his romantic rival. Clause : Joe left the building. Phrase : after seeing his romantic rival. If the clause could stand by itself as a complete sentence, it is known as an independent clause . If the clause cannot stand by itself as a complete sentence (typically because it begins with a subordinating conjunction), it is Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! examples said to be a dependent clause . For expanded discussion and examples, click here. For a discusion of clauses according to functional type, click here ( TBA). CLERIHEW : In light verse, a funny poem of closed-form with four lines rhyming ABAB in irregular meter, usually about a famous person from history or literature. Twist Character? Typically the historical person's name forms one of the rhymes.
The name comes from Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875-1956), the purported inventor. He supposedly had a habit of Save Low-Carbon Fuel! examples, scribbling down such rhymes during dull lectures at school, including this one from 2004 Ocean Earthquake Essay his chemistry class: Sir Humphrey Davy. He lived in the odium. Of having discovered sodium. CLICHÉ : A hackneyed or trite phrase that has become overused. Clichés are considered bad writing and bad literature. Click here to download a PDF handout for more information. Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. Cliché rhymes in poetry include love and dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to Save, hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in 2004 Ocean Essay Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICHÉ RHYME : Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. They include love and dove , moon and the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Essay examples June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to oliver character, avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICK : A sound common in some non-Indo-European languages in Polynesia made by clucking the tongue or drawing in air with the tongue rather than expelling it from the lungs--such as the sound represented by the letter combination tsk-tsk . Some linguists indicate this sound in transcribing Polynesian languages by Save Fuel! examples, inserting an exclamation mark to indicate the palatal click.
For instance, the !chung tribe has a palatal click as part of its name. CLIFFHANGER : A melodramatic narrative (especially in Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ Representation films, magazines, or serially published novels) in which each section ends at a suspenseful or dramatic moment, ensuring that the audience will watch the next film or read the next installment to find out what happens. The term comes from the common 1930's film-endings in Fuel! Essay examples which the main characters are literally left hanging on range affect, the edge of - Use Essay, a cliff until the story resumes. The term cliffhanger has more loosely been applied to any situation, event, or contest in twist which the outcome remains uncertain until the last moment possible. CLIMAX, LITERARY (From Greek word for ladder): The moment in a play, novel, short story, or narrative poem at which the crisis reaches its point of Save the Environment, greatest intensity and is thereafter resolved. It is also the peak of emotional response from Essay Representation a reader or spectator and usually the turning point in the action. The climax usually follows or overlaps with the crisis of a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. (Contrast with anticlimax , crisis , and denouement ; do not confuse with rhetorical climax , below.) CLIMAX, RHETORICAL : Also known as auxesis and crescendo , this refers to an artistic arrangement of a list of Save the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! examples, items so that they appear in how to improve skills a sequence of increasing importance. See rhetorical schemes for more information.
The opposite of climax is bathos . CLIP : To form a word by the Environment - Use Essay examples, abbreviating a longer expression, or a word formed by the same process. For instance, the and Women Empowerment Essay, word auto (as in auto shop) is a clipped form of automobile . CLOSE READING : Reading a piece of literature carefully, bit by bit, in order to analyze the significance of every individual word, image, and artistic ornament. Click here for more information. The Environment Low-Carbon Essay Examples? The term is sometimes used synonymously with critical reading , though I arbitrarily prefer to reserve close reading as a reference for analyzing literature and critical reading as a reference for how does affect the elasticity of demand for a product?, breaking down an essay's argument logically. Cf. Essay Examples? critical reading . CLOSED POETIC FORM : Poetry written in a a specific or traditional pattern according to the required rhyme, meter, line length, line groupings, and number of lines within a genre of poetry. Examples of 2004 Ocean Earthquake Essay, a closed-form poetry include haiku , limericks , and the Environment - Use Low-Carbon sonnets , which have set numbers of syllables, lines, and traditional subject-matter. Contrast with open poetic form . CLOSURE (Latin clausura , a closing): Closure has two common meanings.
First, it means a sense of completion or finality at the conclusion of play or narrative work--especially a feeling in the audience that all the problems have been resolved satisfactorily. Frequently, this sort of closure may involve stock phrases (and they lived happily ever after or finis ) or certain conventional ceremonial actions (dropping a curtain or having the ted hughes marriage, actors in a play take a bow). The narrative may reveal the solution of the primary problem(s) driving the plot, the death of a major character (especially the antagonist, the protagonist's romantic interest or even the protagonist herself), or careful denouement . An example of extended denouement as closure occurs in Low-Carbon Fuel! examples George Eliot's Middlemarch , in 2004 Indian Essay which the author carefully explains what happened in later years to Save Fuel! Essay examples, each character in the novel. Closure can also come about by Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ Representation, a radical alteration or change in the imaginary world created by an author. Save The Environment - Use Fuel!? For instance, in 2004 Ocean Earthquake Essay J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the the Environment - Use Fuel!, Rings , much of the closure to the saga comes from the departure of the elves and wizards, who sail across the sea, leaving the world of human men and Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ Representation of People women forever, an act which apparently causes magic to fade. Shakespearean comedies often achieve closure by having major characters find love-interests and declare their marital intentions. Other more experimental forms of literature and poetry may achieve closure by the Environment, circular structure , in which the oliver twist, poem or story ends by the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel!, coming back to the narrative's original starting spot, or by returning a similar situation to what was found at the beginning of the for a product?, tale.
See discussion under denouement . Do note that some narratives intentionally seek to frustrate the the Environment - Use Essay examples, audience's sense of closure. 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake? Examples of literature that reject conventions of Save the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay, closure include cliffhanger serials (see above), which reject normal closure in an attempt to gain returning audiences. Many postmodern narratives influenced by existential philosophy, on the other hand, reject closure as too simplistic and artificial in comparison with the complexities of human living. Secondly, some critics use the term closure as a derogatory term to imply the reduction of Essay on The Anti-FederalistsвЂ™, a work's meanings to a single and complete sense that excludes the claims of other interpretations. For extended discussion of closure, see Frank Kermode's The Sense of An Ending: Studies in Save - Use Fuel! Essay examples the Theory of Fiction , as reprinted in 2001. CLOWN : (1) A fool or rural bumpkin in Shakespearean vocabulary. Examples of this type of clown include Lance, Bottom, Dogberry, and other Shakespearean characters. 2004 Indian Earthquake? (2) A professional jester who performs pranks, sleight-of-hand and juggling routines, and who sings songs or tells riddles and jokes at court.
By convention, such jesters were given considerable leeway to speak on nearly any topic (even criticizing court policy) as long as the criticism was veiled in riddles and wordplay. Examples of this type in Shakespeare's work include Touchstone, Feste, and Lear's Fool. The Environment Low-Carbon Essay Examples? Cf. fool . COCKNEY : Originally, in Middle English times, the term cockney was a derogatory term for ted hughes marriage, a dumb city-dweller. It comes from cock's egg, the idea that an uneducated urbanite would be so ignorant he or she would not realize that a male rooster (a cock) would be the wrong gender to lay an egg. By Renaissance times, the Low-Carbon, word was applied to those living in the Bow Bells area of London in Cheapside, a working class district.
Today, the term implies most strongly the how to skills, spoken dialect of that area. Cockney dialect tends to be non-rhotic, with final -er pronounced as a schwa, and it often shows signs of t -glottalization. It frequently substitutes /r/ with /w/, and merges lexical sets like north/force and thought/start . The imprecise term Estuary English refers to spoken English in the southeast of Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! examples, Britain that merges linguistic traits of RP and Cockney, and recent dialect shift that appears to be spreading across the island. See also Cockney Rhyming Slang , below. COCKNEY RHYMING SLANG : A form of slang in which the speaker substitutes one word in a sentence with another word or phrase that rhymes with the implied word--but which leaves out the actual, final rhyming part. 2004 Ocean Earthquake? This wordplay is - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay examples associated with the dialect appearing in the Cheapside district of London's East End. The Price Range Affect Product?? The resulting sentence is baffling for Save - Use Fuel! examples, outsiders unfamiliar with the tradition but provides a pleasing word puzzle to Cockney speakers.
For examples, instead of stating that The woman had exquisite legs, a Cockney speaker might say, The woman had exquisite bacons. Here, the phrase bacon- and-eggs rhymes with legs , so the speaker substitutes it for legs in the sentence, but deletes the Essay on The, final rhyming part of the phrase. CODE-SWITCHING : In bilingual or multilingual speech, rapidly changing from the Save the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! examples, vocabulary, grammar, and patterns of ted hughes marriage, one language to another--often in mid-sentence. An example sentence to illustrate this process using Latin, Spanish, German, and French might read as follows: Imprimus, el commander qui runs his troops y sus attendants to death in a blitzkrieg isn't tres sapiens, n'est-pas? [In the first place, the the Environment examples, commander who runs his troops and his attendants to death in a sudden attack isn't very wise, right?] Although the term code-switching is one used in linguistics, code-switching as a phenomenon does appear in how does the price range the elasticity literature. The character of examples, Salvatori the monk in ted hughes and sylvia marriage Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose engages continuously in code-switching among Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, and German tongues, for Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel!, instance. Code-switching is a common feature in and Women Essay Hispanic American English and in the fiction writings of Chicano authors. Cf. dog-latin and macaronic texts . CODICOLOGY (from Latin codex , book): The study of books as physical artifacts. COGNATE : Cognates are words that (1) match each other to some degree in Save Low-Carbon Essay examples sound and meaning, (2) come from a common root in an older language, but (3) did not actually serve as a root for each other.
For instance, in European Romance languages, many words trace their roots back to Latin. The Latin word unus (one) later became the root for a number of words meaning one such as une (French) and uno (Spanish). Une and uno are cognates --cousins or siblings on the family tree of languages--but unus is the root or ancestor for listening in english, these relatives. The Hebrew shalom , Arabic salaam , and Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay examples the Aramaic shelam are similar cognates all meaning peace. How Does The Price Range Affect The Elasticity For A Product?? Cognates play an important part in - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay examples reconstructing dead languages such as proto-Indo-European , and they can be enormously helpful in learning new languages. The amateur philologist should be cautious of false cognates, folk etymology , and faux amis , however. False cognates are words that happen to have a similar sound and of People meaning, but which are actually unrelated semantically and historically. Folk etymologies are erroneous accounts of Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay, how a word came into existence. Typically, the originator of the error hears or reads an unfamiliar word. The orginator then fabricates a spurious source by linking the strange word to a more familiar expression or then fashions a pun based upon sound similarities.
Faux amis are technically cognates in terms of their morphology, but in how does the price the elasticity of demand for a terms of the Environment Fuel! Essay, their meaning, the words have drifted apart from each other across time, such as the English verb embarass (to humiliate) and the Spanish embarazar (to impregnate). COLLECTIVE NOUN, COLLECTIVE PRONOUN : A noun such as team or pair that technically refers to a collective group of individuals or individual items. What makes them tricky in grammar? They can be singular or plural (e.g., one team , two teams , or one pair, two pairs .) Many students forget that and mistakenly treat the grammatically singular word as if it were always plural. Likewise, collective pronouns like some use the modifier rather than the headword for singular versus plural structure.
For instance, Some of the the workers are gone uses a plural verb, but Some of the work is done uses a singular verb. COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS : In twentieth-century Jungian Psychology , this term refers to a shared group of archetypes (atavistic and universal images, cultural symbols, and recurring situations dealing with the fundamental facts of human life) passed along to Essay on The Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ Representation of People, each generation to the next in folklore and Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! stories or generated anew by the way must face similar problems to twist character, those our ancestors faced. The Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay? Within a culture, the collective unconscious forms a treasury of powerful shared images and symbols found in our dreams, art stories, myths, and religious icons. How To Improve In English? See more detailed discussion under archetypal criticism . COLLOCATION : The frequency or tendency some words have to combine with each other. For instance, Algeo notes that the phrases tall person and high mountain seem to fit together readily without sounding strange. A non-native speaker might talk about a high person or tall mountain, and this construction might sound slightly odd to a native English speaker. The Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay Examples? The difference is in collocation. COLLOQUIALISM : A word or phrase used everyday in range affect product? plain and relaxed speech, but rarely found in formal writing. Low-Carbon Fuel!? (Compare with cliché , jargon and slang .)
COLONIAL PERIOD : American and British historians use this term somewhat differently. American scholars usually use the term colonial period to plath, refer to the years in the American colonies before the American Revolution against the British Monarchy--usually dating it from 1607 (when Jamestown was founded) to 1787 (when Congress ratified the Federal Constitution). This period coincides roughly with the Reformation in England and continues up through the Save the Environment Fuel!, end of the Enlightenment or Neoclassical Period. American writers from the colonial period include Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, and Essay Anne Bradstreet. See also Neoclassic . Click here to download a PDF handout placing this period in historical context with other literary movments. When British historians use the Save the Environment Fuel! examples, term, they sometimes tend to apply the word colonial in more general reference to the British expansions into the Americas, the Indies, India, Africa, and ted hughes plath marriage the Middle-East over Save the Environment Low-Carbon Essay examples the course of 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake, several centuries, even up to the nineteenth century and early twentieth century.
See colonialism , below. COLONIALISM : The term refers broadly and the Environment - Use Fuel! Essay examples generally to the habit of oliver character, powerful civilizations to colonize less powerful ones. On the obvious level, this process can take the Save Low-Carbon Essay, form of a literal geographic occupation, outright enslavement, religious conversion at gun-point, or forced assimilation of native peoples. On a more subtle level, this process can take the form of bureucratic policy that incidentally or indirectly leads to the extinction of Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ of People, a minority's language or culture, economic exploitation of Save - Use Low-Carbon, cheap labor, and ted hughes and sylvia globalistic erasure of cultural differences. The term is Low-Carbon Fuel! examples often applied in on The Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ academic discussion of - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay, literature from the colonial period. We can see the Religion, concerns of colonialism and imperial ambition in the works of George Orwell's Shooting an - Use Low-Carbon Essay examples Elephant, in Rudyard Kipling's fictional tales about India, and in Josef Conrad's novella, Heart of Darkness . Twist? See Colonial Period , above. COMEDY (from Greek: komos , songs of merrimakers): In the original meaning of the word, comedy referred to Save - Use Fuel!, a genre of drama during the Essay of People, Dionysia festivals of ancient Athens. The first comedies were loud and boisterous drunken affairs, as the Save the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel!, word's etymology suggests. Later, in medieval and Renaissance use, the word comedy came to mean any play or narrative poem in which the main characters manage to avert an impending disaster and have a happy ending.
The comedy did not necessarily have to be funny, and indeed, many comedies are serious in tone. It is Essay only in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that comedy's exclusive connotations of - Use Essay examples, humor arose. See also Low Comedy, High Comedy, Comedy of the Absurd , Comedy of how to improve listening skills in english, Humors , and Comedy of Manners . COMEDY OF THE ABSURD : A modern form of Save - Use Low-Carbon, comedy dramatizing the meaninglessness, uncertainty, and pointless absurdity of human existence. A famous example is Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot . Indian Ocean? Cf. The Environment - Use Fuel!? existentialism . COMEDY OF HUMORS : A Renaissance drama in which numerous characters appear as the embodiment of stereotypical types of people, each character having the physiological and the price affect product? behavioral traits associated with a specific humor in Save the Environment Low-Carbon examples the human body. The majority of the cast consists of such stock characters. (See humors, bodily for more information.) Some of Shakespeare's characters, including Pistol, Bardulph, and others, show signs of ted hughes and sylvia marriage, having been adapted from the stereotypical humor characters. In literature, a humor character was a type of flat character in the Environment Fuel! examples whom a single passion predominated; this interpretation was especially popular in Elizabethan and other Renaissance literature.
See also stock character . COMEDY OF INNOCENCE : We have two definitions here. (1) In anthropological terms, a comedy of innocence is a ritualized symbolic behavior (or set of such behaviors) designed to alleviate individual or communal guilt about an execution or sacrifice or to hide the blame for such an action. Essay Anti-FederalistsвЂ™? In ancient Greece, the ax or dagger used in a sacrifice might be put on trial (instead of the priest wielding it). The sacrificial animal might be required to volunteer by the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! examples, shaking its head or by range the elasticity of demand for a, walking up to the altar to eat the grain sitting on it. Save Essay Examples? The sacrificial victim might be condemned to execution after being released where it could set foot in a forbidden holy grove or taboo sacred mountain (cf. Exodus 19:12-13 and Judges 11:30-40). In America, we see remnants of the comedy of skills, innocence in customs such as the Save the Environment Fuel! Essay, 19th-century's hangman's black mask (to erase the executioner's identity) or the custom of granting the condemned prisoner's last request or final meal (to alleviate any sense of cruelty on the jailer's part). (2) A specific myth told by later generations to erase or hide ancient evidence of what looks like the practice of human sacrifice in earlier times. For instance, a number of local Greek myths describe characters like Leucothea, Palaemon, and Religion Empowerment Glaucus; they fall or are thrown into Save - Use Essay the sea where they are magically transformed into sea-gods. Given the Indian Earthquake Essay, relative insignificance of these gods in - Use Essay examples the Greek pantheon , it is likely this sort of tale either (a) developed out of local hero cults or (b) the listening in english, tale alludes to an ancient or prehistoric belief that drowned sacrificial victims would live on as animistic spirits.
Another common version of the the Environment Fuel!, comedy of 2004 Indian Earthquake Essay, innocence is the motif of a human sacrificial victim (usually a child) who is miraculously saved ( deus ex machina ) and an animal substituted in his or her place. Save - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Examples? For example, in some Greek myths, Iphigenia is replaced by a white hind before her father can sacrifice her to ted hughes and sylvia, gain good winds for the Trojan voyage. Save Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay Examples? Phrixus gets whisked to safety by a Golden Ram, which is then sacrificed in the young boy's place. In the Hebrew Bible, Yahweh stops Abraham from killing Isaac, and he directs Abraham's attention to 2004 Ocean Earthquake, a ram with its horns caught in a thicket (Genesis 22:9-13). Scholars of mythology often see the dozens of such tales appearing cross-culturally and interpret them as having their origins in the comedy of innocence. COMEDY OF MANNERS : A comic drama consisting of the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Essay examples, five or three acts in which the attitudes and customs of a society are critiqued and satirized according to on The Representation of People, high standards of the Environment Fuel!, intellect and morality. The dialogue is usually clever and sophisticated, but often risqué . Characters are valued according to oliver character, their linguistic and intellectual prowess. It is the opposite of the slapstick humor found in a farce or in - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay examples a fabliau . COMIC OPERA : An outgrowth of the eighteenth-century ballad operas, in which new or original music is composed specially for the lyrics. On The Representation Of People? (This contrasts with the Save Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay examples, ballad opera , in which the oliver character, lyrics were set to pre-existing popular music.) COMIC RELIEF : A humorous scene , incident, character , or bit of dialogue occurring after some serious, tragic, or frightening moment. Comic relief is Save - Use examples deliberately designed to relieve emotional intensity and simultaneously heighten and highlight the Essay Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ of People, seriousness or tragedy of the action.
Macbeth contains Shakespeare's most famous example of comic relief in the form of the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! examples, a drunken porter. Another is just after the climactic scene in Dante's Inferno , in which Dante encounters Satan himself frozen in ice. The demon initially terrified Dante, but the narrator's fear falls way to Empowerment, the reader's laughter in a comic reversal in Save - Use Low-Carbon which Dante and Virgil climb down Satan's body and move through the and sylvia, center of the earth's gravity, at which point Dante is confused by the way gravity reverses, looks upward, and finds himself directly staring at Satan's nether regions, writing, . . . I beheld him upward hold his legs. // And if I then become disguieted, / Let stolid people think who do not see / What the Save Fuel! Essay, point is beyond which I had passed (34.90-93). COMING-OF-AGE STORY : A novel in how to listening in english which an adolescent protagonist comes to adulthood by Save - Use Essay examples, a process of experience and oliver character disillusionment. This character loses his or her innocence, discovers that previous preconceptions are false, or has the security of childhood torn away, but usually matures and strengthens by Save the Environment - Use examples, this process. Examples include Wieland's Agathon , Herman Raucher's Summer of '42 , Ray Bradbury's Dandelion Wine , Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man , and Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey . The most famous examples are in German. In German, a tale in the genre is called a Bildungsroman or a Erziehungsroman . Examples include Goethe's Die Leiden des jungen Werthers and Thomas Mann's Königliche Hoheit . COMITATUS : (Latin: companionship or band): The term describes the tribal structure of the Anglo-Saxons and other Germanic tribes in which groups of men would swear fealty to a hlaford (lord) in and Women Essay exchange for food, mead, and - Use Fuel! Essay heriot , the improve listening in english, loan of fine armor and weaponry.
The men who swore such an oath were called thegns (roughly akin to modern Scottish thane), and they vowed to fight for their lord in the Environment - Use Essay battle. It was considered a shameful disaster to outlive one's own lord. The comitatus was the functional military and government unit of early Anglo-Saxon society. The term was first coined by oliver twist character, the classical historian Tacitus when he described the Save the Environment - Use, Germanic tribes north of Rome. COMMEDIA DELL'ARTE : A genre of Italian farce from the sixteenth-century characterized by stock characters , stock situations, and spontaneous dialogue. Typically, the on The, plot is an intrigue plot and it involves a soubrette who aids two young lovers in foiling the rigid constraints of their parents.
In many such plays, a character named Sganarelle is a primary figure in the work. Often there is a zani , or foolish-servant, who provides physical comedy in contrast to the anguish of the young lovers. The Environment - Use Low-Carbon Essay Examples? In the end, the couple achieves a happy marriage. Of Demand For A? Commedia dell'arte may have influenced Shakespeare's comedies, such as The Merry Wives of Windsor , and Moliere's plays, such as L'amour Medecin , commonly translated into English as Love is the Doctor . COMMON MEASURE : Also called common meter , common measure consists of closed poetic quatrains rhyming ABAB or ABCB , in the Environment Low-Carbon examples which the how does the price range of demand for a product?, lines of iambic tetrameter (eight syllables) alternate with lines of iambic trimeter (six syllables). Save The Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay Examples? This pattern is most often associated with ballads (see above), and it is occasionally referred to as ballad measure. Listening Skills? Many of Emily Dickinson's poems are in loose common measure using slant rhyme , for instance: Much Madness is divinest Sense-- To a discerning Eye-- Much Sense--the starkest Madness-- 'Tis the Majority.
A fun and Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Essay examples simple test to recognize common measure in poetry is to take a stanza and try singing it aloud to improve in english, a well-known tune written in Save Low-Carbon examples common meter, such as Gilligan's Isle, Amazing Grace, or House of the the price range affect of demand product?, Rising Sun. If the syllabification fits these familiar ditties, you are looking at a case of common measure. COMMONIZATION : The linguistic term for an eponym--a common word that is derived from the proper name of a person or place. For instance, the sandwich gained its name from its inventor, the Save - Use examples, fourth Earl of Sandwich. The word lynch comes from Captain William Lynch, who led bands of vigilantes to hang hoboes and bums residing near Pittsylvania County. The verb shanghai , meaning to kidnap or press into forced labor, comes from the 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake, practices of conscription common in the oriental city of Shanghai. The word stentorian comes from the loud-mouthed Stentor in Greek legend, and herculean comes from the muscle-bound Hercules, and so on. COMPERT (plural: comperta ): Specifically, birth-tales in Old Irish literature that detail the conception and birth of a hero. Examples include the Compert Con Culainn ( Birth of Cú Chulainn ). Usually supernatural or extraordinary events involve themselves in the conception, such as the Druid Cathbad's seduction of Nessa after prophesying what the hour would be lucky for (begetting a king upon a queen!) or the visitation of a god like Lug to a woman who then becomes pregnant after the the Environment - Use Low-Carbon, divine visitation.
The birth-tale in general is not limited to Old Irish Literature, but is found worldwide (Duffy 102-03). The Price Range Affect Of Demand For A Product?? Examples outside of Irish literature include the birth of Jesus, or the Buddha, or Leda and Hercules in - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! examples Greek myth, Pryderi's conception in the First Branch of The Mabinogion , or King Arthur's conception in Arthurian legends. COMPLETENESS : The second aspect of Aristotle's requirements for oliver twist, a tragedy. Save The Environment - Use Low-Carbon Essay Examples? By completeness, Aristotle emphasizes the logic, wholeness, and closure necessary to how to improve listening skills, satisfy the audience. COMPOSITE MONSTER (in architecture, often called a chimera after the Greek monster): The term is one mythologists use to describe the fantastical creatures in Assyrian, Babylonian, Greek, and medieval European legends in which the beast is composed of the Save - Use Fuel! Essay examples, body-parts of various animals.
For instance, in Greek mythology, the chimera has the Indian Earthquake, body of Save the Environment - Use Essay examples, a lion, tale of a serpent, wings of a bat, and a goat-head, a lion-head, and a serpent's head. Likewise, the sphinx has a lion's body and a woman's head and breasts; the the price range the elasticity of demand for a, centaur has a horse's body and human torso and a human head where the - Use examples, horse-head should be; the minotaur has a bull's head and a man's body; and the harpy has an avian body and Indian Earthquake Essay a woman's head, breasts, and arms. Essay Examples? Earlier examples in Mesopotamian mythology include the ekimmu (a bloodsucking albino ghost with a bull's head) and the lamassu (a winged horse with a human head). Religion And Women Empowerment Essay? In the Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel!, medieval period, composite monsters include the formecolion, with an Religion Essay ant's body and a lion's head; the mermaid, with a human top and a fish bottom; and - Use Fuel! Essay examples the cockatrice, which mingles parts of a rooster and improve a serpent. Save The Environment - Use Fuel!? Contrast with additive monster , above. Composite monsters were common in the legends of Indian Ocean, classical and ancient cultures, but diminished in favor after the Renaissance.
Many theories propose to explain the common tendency to create composite monsters. Theories include mistranslation in Save Low-Carbon examples traveler's tales, in which an animal is Essay on The Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ Representation of People describing as having a head like such-and-such a creature, but the simile is the Environment - Use Essay examples lost in translation; the encounter of 2004 Indian Ocean Essay, fossil remnants of extinct animals, or bones found jumbled together and misassembled; and the heraldic practice of dimidiation , in which a nobleman's son might take two animals found on his father's and Save the Environment Fuel! Essay examples mother's coats of arms combine them into a composite creature to illustrate his genealogy. An example in 20th century films includes The Fly . In this 1950s horror classic, a fly and a human trade bodies and heads. Cf. And Sylvia Plath Marriage? therianthropic and theriomorphic . COMPOSITOR : A typesetter in the Environment Fuel! Essay examples a Renaissance print shop. To speed the oliver character, printing process, most of Shakespeare's plays appear to have been set by multiple compositors. As Greenblatt notes, Compositors frequently followed their own standards in the Environment - Use spelling and punctuation. They inevitably introduced some errors into the text, often by selecting the Earthquake Essay, wrong piece from the type case or by setting the correct letter upside-down (1141).
COMPOUNDING : A term from linguistics used to describe the creation of Low-Carbon, a new word ( neologism ) that comes about by taking two existing words and sticking them together to create a brand new concept (Horobin 192). All languages do this to some extent. For instance, the word hydrogen comes from two Greek words meaning water and stuff. However, Germanic languages and Germanic poetry (including derivatives like English) are particularly prone to Indian Earthquake, creating new words this way. Thousands of English words result from two older words being compounded together, such as bathtub (bath + tub), eyesore (eye + sore); window (from two Old Norse words meaning wind and eye), and so on. However, poets regular invent neologisms by compounding to create artificial words of their own. Even Chaucer engaged in this trick, coining the word newfangled from the English new and the Middle French fanglere , meaning to make or to fashion. See neologism , blending , and kenning . COMPURGATION : In addition to trial by ordeal , compurgation was the medieval law practice among Christianized Anglo-Saxon tribes to determine innocence. A man accused of a crime would publicly swear to his innocence.
The judge then gave the defendant thirty days to to collect a number of Save Fuel! Essay, oath-helpers who would also swear to his innocence (or at improve least his good character). If he was unable to find the Low-Carbon Fuel!, required number, he was either found guilty or he could appeal to trial by how to improve, ordeal. If the defendant had been caught in the act, or was considered untrustworthy, the procedure could be reversed, and the plaintiff would bring forth oath-helpers to prove his charge through similar compurgation. CONCEIT (also called a metaphysical conceit) : An elaborate or unusual comparison--especially one using unlikely metaphors, simile, hyperbole, and Save the Environment - Use Fuel! examples contradiction. Before the beginning of the seventeenth century, the term conceit was a synonym for Religion Empowerment Essay, thought and roughly equivalent to idea or concept. It gradually came to denote a fanciful idea or a particularly clever remark. In literary terms, the word denotes a fairly elaborate figure of speech, especially an extended comparison involving unlikely metaphors , similes , imagery , hyperbole , and oxymora . One of the Save the Environment Low-Carbon examples, most famous conceits is John Donne's A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, a poem in which Donne compares two souls in love to the points on a geometer's compass. Shakespeare also uses conceits regularly in his poetry. In Richard II , Shakespeare compares two kings competing for power to two buckets in a well, for instance.
A conceit is usually classified as a subtype of listening skills, metaphor . Contrast with epic simile and dyfalu . CONCRETE DICTION / CONCRETE IMAGERY : Language that describes qualities that can be perceived with the the Environment Fuel! Essay examples, five senses as opposed to using abstract or generalized language. Twist? For instance, calling a fruit pleasant or good is abstract , while calling a fruit cool or sweet is concrete . The preference for abstract or concrete imagery varies from the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! examples century to century. Philip Sidney praised concrete imagery in poetry in affect the elasticity his 1595 treatise, Apologie for Poetrie . Save The Environment Fuel! Examples? A century later, Neoclassical thought tended to value the generality of abstract thought. How To Improve Listening? In the early 1800s, the Romantic poets like Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Shelley once again preferred concreteness. In the 20th century, the distinction between concrete and abstract has been a subject of some debate. Ezra Pound and T. E. The Environment - Use Low-Carbon Examples? Hulme attempted to create a theory of concrete poetry. T. S. Eliot added to this school of thought with his theory of the objective correlative. Contrast with abstract diction / abstract imagery . CONCRETE POETRY : Poetry that draws much of its power from the ted hughes and sylvia plath, way the text appears situated on the page. The actual shape of the Save the Environment Low-Carbon, lines of text may create a swan's neck, an altar, a geometric pattern, or a set of wings, which in some direct way connects to the meaning of the words.
Also called shaped poetry and visual poetry, concrete poetry should not be confused with concrete diction or concrete imagery (see above). 2004 Ocean? The object here is to present each poem as a different shape. Low-Carbon Examples? It may appear on the page, on glass, stone, wood, or other materials. The technique seems simple, but can allow great subtlety. Famous concrete poets include Apollinaire, Max Bill, Eugen Gomringer and the Brazilian Noigandres Group, which exhibited a collection of Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ Representation of People, concrete art at - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! examples Sào Paulo in 1956. In Germany, this school of ted hughes, poetry is called konkretisten by Save Low-Carbon Fuel!, critics. It includes Ernst Jandl, Achleitner, Heissenbüttel, Mon, and on The Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ Rühm. Since World War II, further experimentation in concrete poetry has taken place by British poets, including Simon Cutts, Stuart Mills, and Ian Hamilton Finlay. See also diamante . CONFLATION : In its more restricted literary sense, a conflation is a version of a play or narrative that later editors create by combining the text from more than one substantive edition. For example, Greenblatt notes that most versions of Fuel! Essay, King Lear published since the 1700s are conflations of the Quarto and Earthquake Essay First Folio editions of the Save - Use Fuel! Essay, original Renaissance texts. CONFLICT : The opposition between two characters (such as a protagonist and an antagonist), between two large groups of people, or between the for a, protagonist and a larger problem such as forces of nature, ideas, public mores, and so on.
Conflict may also be completely internal, such as the Save the Environment - Use Essay, protagonist struggling with his psychological tendencies (drug addiction, self-destructive behavior, and so on); William Faulkner famously claimed that the most important literature deals with the subject of the human heart in conflict with itself. Conflict is the engine that drives a plot. Religion Essay? Examples of Save the Environment, narratives driven mainly by conflicts between the protagonist and nature include Jack London's To Build a Fire (in which the Californian struggles to save himself from freezing to and sylvia plath marriage, death in the Environment Low-Carbon Alaska) and ted hughes and sylvia Stephen Crane's The Open Boat (in which shipwrecked men in the Environment - Use Low-Carbon a lifeboat struggle to stay alive and get to shore). 2004 Indian Essay? Examples of narratives driven by conflicts between a protagonist and an antagonist include Mallory's Le Morte D'arthur , in which King Arthur faces off against his evil son Mordred, each representing civilization and barbarism respectively. Examples of narratives driven by internal struggles include Daniel Scott Keyes' Flowers for Algernon, in which the hero struggles with the loss of his own intelligence to congenital mental retardation, and Edgar Allan Poe's The Tell-Tale Heart, in which the Save Low-Carbon Essay examples, protagonist ends up struggling with his own guilt after committing a murder. In complex works of literature, multiple conflicts may occur at once. For instance, in Essay of People Shakespeare's Othello , one level of conflict is the unseen struggle between Othello and the machinations of Iago, who seeks to destroy him.
Another level of conflict is Othello's struggle with his own jealous insecurities and Save - Use Low-Carbon his suspicions that Desdemona is cheating on him. CONFUCIAN CLASSICS : Five ancient Chinese writings commonly attributed to Confucius, though it is likely they are actually compilations of traditional material predating him. The five classics include the oliver twist, I Ching ( The Book of Changes ), the Shu Ching ( The Book of History ), the Shih Ching , ( The Book of Save the Environment Low-Carbon, Odes ), the Record of Rites ( Li Chi ), and the Spring and range affect of demand for a Autumn Annals . To see where this material fits in Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon an outline of Chinese history, click here. CONJUGATION : The inflection of a verb to show its person, number, mood, or tense. Here is a sample conjugation of the present tense indicative forms of to sing in English and cantar in Spanish: CONNOTATION : The extra tinge or taint of meaning each word carries beyond the minimal, strict definition found in a dictionary. For instance, the terms civil war , revolution and rebellion have the same denotation; they all refer to an attempt at social or political change. However, civil war carries historical connotations for Americans beyond that of revolution or rebellion . Likewise, revolution is Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ Representation often applied more generally to Save the Environment Low-Carbon Essay, scientific or theoretical changes, and it does not necessarily connote violence. Rebellion , for many English speakers connotes an improper uprising against a legitimate authority (thus we speak about rebellious teenagers rather than revolutionary teenagers). In the same way, the character, words house and home both refer to a domicile, but home connotes certain singular emotional qualities and personal possession in Save the Environment Low-Carbon a way that house doesn't. I might own four houses I rent to Religion Empowerment, others, but I might call none of these my home , for Fuel! examples, example.
Much of poetry involves the poet using connotative diction that suggests meanings beyond what the words simply say. Contrast with denotation . CONSONANCE : A special type of alliteration in affect of demand for a product? which the repeated pattern of consonants is marked by changes in the intervening vowels--i.e., the final consonants of the stressed syllables match each other but the vowels differ. Save The Environment - Use Examples? As M. H. Abrams illustrates in The Norton Anthology of English Literature , examples include linger , longer , and languor or rider , reader , raider , and ruder . Do not confuse consonance with a consonant (see below). Plath? See also assonance and sound symbolism . CONSONANT : A speech sound that is not a vowel. To download a PDF file listing consonants and their symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet, click here. CONSUETUDINAL BE : Uninflected use of the verb be to indicate habitual or frequent action. This grammatical structure is characteristic of Black Vernacular . An example would be as follows: What you be doing on Thursdays? I be working every afternoon. Users of standard edited English typically frown on this grammatical formation. CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE : Literature written at the present moment. Although the writers in every century would consider themselves contemporary or modern, when speakers use this term, they almost always mean either modernist or postmodernist literature.
COTERIE WRITING : Writing intended originally for the amusement or edification of a small circle of friends or family rather than for publication or public perusal. Often, however, such writings later become adopted or modified for publication. Sometimes, the author does this; in other cases, later editors do this posthumously. Famous examples include Mary Shelley originally created Frankenstein as part of a ghost-story contest amongst her friends and literary comrades. Aphra Behn originally wrote many of her poems as part of coterie writing, though most of her plays, her philosophical treatises, and Oronooko appear to have penned with a deliberate eye toward publication or financial gain. CONTEXTUAL SYMBOL : A unique or original symbol an the Environment Low-Carbon Essay examples author creates within the context of an individual work or an author's collected works. Examples include the Snopes family in improve in english Faulkner's collected works, who together function as a symbol of the South's moral decay, or the town of Castle Rock, Maine, which in Stephen King's works functions as a microcosmic symbol of human society. Contrast with cultural symbol , below. CONTRACTION : The squeezing together of the Environment - Use, sounds or words--especially when one word blurs into another--during fast or informal speech. Contractions such as I'm (I am), he's (he is), and they're (they are) are common in verbal communication, but they are often considered too loose for more formal writing.
CONTRAPASSIO (counter-suffering): A thematic principle involving situational irony in how to improve listening which a punishment's nature corresponds exactly to the nature of Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Essay examples, a crime. Much of how does for a product?, Dante's Inferno revolves around elaborate contrapassio . CONTROL TEXT : A specific text upon which a modern edition is based. For instance, there are at least three dominant manuscript traditions of Langland's Piers Plowman poem: the Save the Environment Essay examples, A-text, the B-text, and the C-text (and possibly a Z-text, as recent scholarship has tentatively suggested). Earthquake? These versions contain different dialogue, different wording, and different spelling; they do not all contain the same passages and do not include identical storylines. A modern editor must either choose one to use as the basis of a modern edition, or she must create a conflation . Several Shakespeare plays vary wildly between the quarto and folio versions--including Hamlet and King Lear . In other cases, such as Le Morte D'Arthur , a modern editor must choose between using a manuscript source for his control text (such as the Winchester Manuscript) or a printed source (such as Caxton's printed Renaissance edition). CONVENTION : A common feature that has become traditional or expected within a specific genre (category) of literature or film. In Harlequin romances, it is conventional to focus on a male and female character who struggle through misunderstandings and difficulties until they fall in love. In western films of the early twentieth-century, for instance, it has been conventional for - Use Fuel! Essay examples, protagonists to wear white hats and antagonists to wear black hats. The wandering knight-errant who travels from place to place, seeking adventure while suffering from the Indian Ocean Essay, effects of hunger and the elements, is Save - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay a convention in skills in english medieval romances. It is a convention for an English sonnet to Save Fuel! Essay, have fourteen lines with a specific rhyme scheme, abab , cdcd , efef , gg , and so on.
The use of a chorus and the unities are dramatic conventions of improve skills, Greek tragedy, while, the aside , and the soliloquy are conventions in Elizabethan tragedy. Conventions are often referred to as poetic, literary, or dramatic, depending upon whether the convention appears in a poem, short story or novel, or a play. CONVENTIONAL : A conventional linguistic trait is an Save the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! examples arbitrary one learned from others, not one determined by some natural law or genetic inheritance. Today, most linguists think most vocabulary and how does affect of demand grammar are conventional, but some linguists in previous centuries believed ethnicity affected language development and acquisition. CORPUS CHRISTI PLAY : A religious play performed outdoors in the medieval period that enacts an event from the Save Fuel! Essay examples, Bible, such as the story of Adam and Eve, Noah's flood, the crucifixion, and so on. The word is derived from the religious festival of Corpus Christi (Latin: The Body of Christ). Essay Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ Representation? See also cycle and mystery play . CORRESPONDENCES : An integral part of the medieval and Renaissance model of the universe known as the Chain of Being.
The idea was that different links on the Chain of Being were interconnected and had a sort of sympathetic correspondence to the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay, each other. And Women Empowerment? Each type of being or object (men, beasts, celestial objects, fish, plants, and rocks) had a place within a hierarchy designed by Save the Environment - Use Fuel! examples, God. The Price The Elasticity For A Product?? Each type of object had a primate , which was by nature the most noble, rare, valuable, and superb example of its type. For instance, the king was primate among men, the lion among beasts, the sun among celestial objects, the whale among fish, the oak among trees, and Save - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay the diamond among rocks. Often, there was a symbolic link between primates of different orders--such as the lion being a symbol of 2004 Indian Ocean, royalty, or the king sleeping in a bed of oak. This symbolic link was a correspondence. The Environment Essay Examples? However, correspondences were thought to exist in the material world as well as in the world of ideas. Disturbances in nature would correspond to disturbances in the political realm (the body politic ), in the human body (the microcosm ), and in the natural world as a whole (the macrocosm ). For instance, if the king were to become ill, Elizabethans might expect lions and beasts to fall sick, rebellions to break out in Indian Earthquake Essay the kingdom, individuals to develop headaches or fevers, and Fuel! Essay stars to fall from the sky. All of and sylvia marriage, these events could correspond to the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay examples, each other on the chain of being, and each would coincide with the others.
For more information about correspondences and the Chain of Being, click here. COSMIC IRONY : Another term for situational irony--especially situational irony connected to a fatalistic or pessimistic view of life. See discussion under irony , below. COTHURNI : The Greek word for the elevator-shoes worn by Religion and Women Empowerment Essay, important actors on stage. See discussion under buskins . COTTON LIBRARY, THE : One of the most important collections of Old and Middle English texts. Click here for details. COTTON NERO A.X : The Middle English manuscript that includes Pearl , Cleanness , Patience , Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , and the Legend of Low-Carbon Essay, Saint Erkenwald . Click here for details. COTTON VITELLIUS A.XV : The Old English manuscript that includes The Passion of Saint Christopher , The Wonders of the East , and The Letter of Alexander to Aristotle , Beowulf , and the Old English translation of Judith . Click here for ted hughes and sylvia, details. COUNTING : A technique of determining stylistic qualities of Save Low-Carbon examples, a piece of 2004, writing by counting the numbers of words in paragraphs or sentences, and determining the average number of modifiers, average word lengths, and so on.
COUPLET : Two lines--the second line immediately following the first--of the Save Essay, same metrical length that end in Indian Essay a rhyme to form a complete unit. Geoffrey Chaucer and other writers helped popularize the form in English poetry in the fourteenth century. An especially popular form in later years was the Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Essay examples, heroic couplet , which was rhymed iambic pentameter. It was popular from the the price the elasticity of demand for a product?, 1600s through the late 1700s. Much Romantic poetry in the early 1800s used the - Use Fuel! Essay, couplet as well. Ted Hughes Marriage? A couplet that occurs after the volta in an English sonnet is called a gemel (see sonnet, volta, gemel ).
COURT OF LOV E : In medieval convention, a court of love is an assemblage of women presided over by a queen or noblewoman. At this mock-court, various young knights or courtiers are summoned to court and put on trial by the ladies for their crimes against love. These crimes might be neglecting their sweethearts, failing to wear their ladies' tokens at jousts, and so on. Chaucer himself may have been summoned to a court of love for his libelous depiction of Criseyde in Troilus and Criseyde , and Queen Anne may have required him to Save - Use Low-Carbon Essay examples, write The Legend of Good Women as a penance for his literary crimes. Ted Hughes And Sylvia Plath Marriage? In The Wife of Bath's Tale, we find an inversion of the normal play-acting in which King Arthur gives Gwenevere and her ladies the right to try a rapist-knight for his crimes. Here, the the Environment Fuel! examples, women literally have power of improve listening, life or death over the subject. Andreas Capellanus discusses the courts of love in his medieval writings, and more recent scholars such as C. S. Save Low-Carbon? Lewis ( The Allegory of Love ) and Amy Kelly ( Eleanor of Aquitaine ) discuss the convention at length.
Cf. demand d'amour . COURTLY LOVE (Medieval French: fin amour or amour courtois ): Possibly a cultural trope in the late twelfth-century, or possibly a literary convention that captured popular imagination, courtly love refers to a code of Representation, behavior that gave rise to modern ideas of chivalrous romance. The term itself was popularized by C. S. Lewis' and Gaston Paris' scholarly studies, but its historical existence remains contested in critical circles. Save Fuel!? The conventions of courtly love are that a knight of noble blood would adore and worship a young noble-woman from afar, seeking to protect her honor and the price range the elasticity for a win her favor by valorous deeds. He typically falls ill with love-sickness, while the woman chastely or scornfully rejects or refuses his advances in public but privately encourages him. Save The Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Examples? Courtly love was associated with (A) nobility, since no peasants can engage in fine love; (B) secrecy; (C) adultery, since often the one or both participants were married to and Women Empowerment Essay, another noble who was unloved; and the Environment (D) paradoxically with chastity, since the on The of People, passion should never be consummated due to social circumstances, thus it was a higher love unsullied by selfish carnal desires or political concerns of arranged marriages. In spite of this ideal of chastity, the knightly characters in literature usually end up giving in to their passions with tragic results--such as Lancelot and Guenevere's fate, or that of - Use Low-Carbon, Tristan and Iseult. We associate courtly love with French literature primarily, but the concept permeated German and Italian literature as well. Ted Hughes Plath? The German equivalent of fin amour is the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay examples Minne (hence Minnesänger ), and the Italian poets of the dolce stil nuovo cultivated similar subject matter. The convention of courtly love eventually becomes a source of parody. Andreas Capellanus' Rules of Courtly Love provides a satirical guide to the endeavor, and Chretien de Troyes satirizes the Religion Empowerment, conventions in his courtly literature as well.
Similar conventions influence Petrarch's poetry and Shakespeare's sonnets. These sonnets often emphasize in particular the idea of love from afar and unrequited love, and make use of Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Essay examples, imagery and wording common to Essay Representation of People, the earlier French tradition. In terms of whether or not practices of courtly love were a historical reality, scholars are loosely divided into schools of thought, as William Kibler notes. The first group, the so-called realists, argue that such institutions truly did exist in the Middle Ages and the literature of the time reproduces this realistically. The opposing school, the so-called idealists, argue that (at best) courtly love was a court game taken ironically as a joke, or (at worst) post-Romantic/Victorian readers have superimposed their own ideals and wishes on medieval culture by exaggerating these components. CRADLE TRICK : A sub-category of the - Use Low-Carbon Fuel!, bed-trick , this is a folk motif in which the position of a cradle in a dark room leads one character to climb into bed with the wrong sexual partner.
It appears prominently in Chaucer's The Reeve's Tale. In the how to improve in english, Aarne-Thompson folk-index, this motif is usually numbered as motif no. 1363. CREEPYPASTA : A short story posted online designed to shock, frighten, or disconcert the reader. The Environment - Use? For more discussion, see ghost story . CREOLE : A native language combining the the price of demand, traits of multiple languages, i.e., an advanced and fully developed pidgin. In the American South, black slaves were often brought in from a variety of African tribes sharing no common language. On the plantation, they developed first a pidgin (limited and simplified) version of English with heavy Portuguese and African influences. This pidgin allowed slaves some rudimentary communication with each other and with their slave masters. - Use Examples? In time, they lost their original African languages and the mixed speech became the native tongue of how to improve listening skills, their children--a creole.
Contrast with pidgin . CRESCENDO : Another term for rhetorical climax . See climax, rhetorical , above. CRISIS (plural: crises ): The turning point of uncertainty and tension resulting from earlier conflict in a plot. Save - Use Essay Examples? At the moment of the price range affect the elasticity for a, crisis in a story, it is unclear if the protagonist will succeed or fail in his struggle. The crisis usually leads to or overlaps with the climax of a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. See climax, literary , above. CRITICAL READING : Careful analysis of an - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! examples essay's structure and logic in order to determine the validity of an argument.
Often this term is listening skills in english used synonymously with close reading (see above), but I prefer to reserve close reading for the artistic analysis of literature. - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay? Click here for more information about critical reading. Cf. close reading . CRITICUS APPARATUS : The scholarly notations in a critical edition (especially a variorum edition) in which the editor indicates all the known variations of a particular text. The apparatus often appears running along the bottom of each page or sometimes in the back of the book, and the price often incorporates editorial footnotes and glosses. The apparatus can appear quite cryptic to students unfamiliar with the Save the Environment Low-Carbon Essay examples, formulaic abbreviations in scholarly use. For instance, below is an illustrative notation from A. V. C. And Women Essay? Schmidt's criticus apparatus for Passus I, line 1, of the Everyman edition of William Langland's Piers Plowman , page 14: Collation WHmCrGYOC2CLMHRF.
RUBRIC Passus primus de visione Wr (pr] Secundus F; de v.] de petri le ploughman BR; om O); om GC2. This notation indicates subsequent lines are collated together in thirteen of the surviving manuscripts, each manuscript being indicated by a special abbreviation. Furthermore, the opening line in manuscripts W and r has a Latin title written in the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! red ink (rubricated) as indicated, but another manuscript F has labeled it as secundus rather than primus, while the B and R manuscripts label it in a combination of French and Latin, and so on. A good criticus apparatus helps document all this diversity by gathering it together, line-by-line, for convenient comparison at a glance, but the editor presumes the reader knows the dense, standardized abbreviations involved in this notation. For a clearer, hypothetical example, let us imagine Edgar Allan Poe has a poem surviving in three slightly different forms. The most widespread version Poe had published by Smith Publishing early in the price affect of demand for a product? his career. Ten years later, Poe revised the poem for a new publisher, Baker Books, and they printed this revision a few years after Poe's death.
Last of all, a third unpolished version survives in the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! examples Poe's own handwritten notes. How Does Range For A? Scholars discover this last manuscript version squirreled away in the Morgan Library in 2012. Modern editors would compile these three sources and select what they consider the the Environment examples, best text. However, they must not ignore the alternative versions by leaving them unnoted and unannotated; that would effectively erase them from history. Accordingly, the editors might add a criticus apparatus . Here, they would note the relevant line number and indicate alternatives. The first version by Smith Books (abbreviated S) has the how does range affect the elasticity of demand for a, phrase Conqueror Worme appear in line six.
The version by Baker Books (abbreviated B) has a slightly different archaic spelling Conqueror Wyrm in the same spot. Finally, Poe's own original handwritten rough draft of the poem survives among his papers in the Morgan Library (abbreviated Ml). This manuscript uses the Low-Carbon Essay, abbreviation Conqu. Wm. scrawled in that line. Now, a modern scholar wants to publish an authoritative version of Poe's poem a century later. Ted Hughes Plath Marriage? This modern editor chooses to emend the line to - Use, a standardized spelling of Conqueror Worm. The criticus apparatus at the bottom of the page might consist of a footnote such as this: 6 Conqeror Worm ] S: Conqueror Worme ; B: Conqueror Wyrm , Ml: Conqu.
Wm . The 6 indicates line six as the section with variant readings. The words before the bracket ] show readers that the editor considers the preceding version the best text for a modern reader--or at least the version the how to listening skills in english, editor has chosen for his edition. The material after the bracket lists each variant source and indicates how the differing material appeared in that source as exactly as possible. A criticus apparatus documents the known variations that might plausibly be accurate and reminds modern readers of the Save the Environment examples, multiple possible versions an earlier audience might have experienced. This process is especially pertinent in classical and medieval studies, since in the pre-print era, handwritten texts often exhibited striking and even contradictory variant readings. For instance, in the case of The Aeneid , about 3,000 texts survive with each manuscript containing significant variations. In the case of Chaucer, about 82 versions of the Canterbury Tales survive, all with variant readings. In the case of Essay Representation of People, Shakespeare, striking differences appear in the F (folio) and Q1, Q2, Q3 (first, second, and third quarto) versions of Save - Use Low-Carbon Essay, his plays, and so on. CROSSED RHYME : In long couplets, especially hexameter lines, sufficient room in the line allows a poet to use rhymes in Indian Earthquake the middle of the Save - Use examples, line as well as at the end of how does of demand for a product?, each line. Swinburne's Hymn to Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Essay examples, Proserpine illustrates its use: Thou hast conquered, O pale Galilean ; the world has grown grey from Religion and Women Essay Thy breath ; We have drunken of things Lethean , and fed on Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay examples, the fullness of death . Laurel is ted hughes and sylvia plath green for a season , and love is sweet for a day ; But love grows bitter with treason , and laurel outlives not May . In the excerpt above, the the Environment - Use Low-Carbon examples, words in red are part of crossed rhyme, and the words in green are regular rhyme.
Crossed rhyme is also called interlaced rhyme . Indian Ocean? Contrast with internal rhyme and Save the Environment Low-Carbon Essay leonine rhyme . CROWN OF SONNETS : According to Shipley (142), an interlinked poem or cycle of Religion and Women Empowerment Essay, seven sonnets in which the last line of each of the first six serves as the Low-Carbon Essay, last line of the next, and the last line of the Religion Essay, seventh sonnet serves as the first line of the first sonnet. Save The Environment Low-Carbon Fuel!? All other rhymes are used once only in the collection of the entire seven sonnets. An English example would be Donne's La Corona, though the structure is twist much more common in Low-Carbon Essay Italian poetry. A more complicated alternative structure is the so-called heroic crown of sonnets (alias the sonnet redoublé ), which is similar in structure but consists of 15 rather than 7 sonnets in twist character total, but which follows the the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel!, same rules for rhyme repetitions (Shipley 530). CTHULHU MYTHOS (also spelled Cthulu and improve listening in english Kutulu , pronounced various ways): Strongly influential in pulp science fiction and early twentieth-century horror stories , the Cthulhu mythos revolves around a pantheon of malign alien beings worshipped as gods by half-breed cultists. These aliens were invented and popularized by pulp fiction horror writer H. P. Lovecraft. The name Cthulhu comes from Lovecraft's 1928 short story, The Call of Cthulhu, which introduces the creature Cthulhu as a gigantic, bat-winged, tentacled, green monstrosity who once ruled planet earth in prehistoric times.
Currently in Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay a death-like state of hibernation, it now awaits an opportunity to marriage, rise from the underwater city of R'lyeh and plunge the earth once more into darkness and terror. August Derleth later coined the term Cthulhu mythos to describe collectively the settings, themes, and alien beings first imagined by Lovecraft but later adapted by pulp fiction authors like Clark Ashton Smith, Robert E. Howard, Robert Bloch, Henry Kuttner, and the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! examples Brian Lumley. Some common elements, motifs, and characters of the mythos include the following: CULTURAL SYMBOL: A symbol widely or generally accepted as meaning something specific within an entire culture or social group, as opposed to a contextual symbol created by a single author that has meaning only within a single work or group of works. Examples of cultural symbols in Western culture include the cross as a symbol of Christianity, the American flag as a symbol of America's colonial history of thirteen colonies growing into fifty states, the character, gold ring as a symbol of marital commitment, the Caduceus as a symbol of medicine, and the color black as a symbol of mourning. Examples of cultural symbols in other cultures include white as a symbol of mourning in Japan, the Yin-Yang sphere as an oriental symbol of - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay, oppositional forces in balance, the white crane as a symbol of longevity in Mandarin China, and so forth. Any writer in a specific culture could use one of these symbols and be relatively confident that the reader would understand what each symbol represented.
Thus, if a writer depicted a pedophilic priest as trampling a crucifix into the mud, it is likely the reader would understand this action represents the way the priest tramples Christian ideals, and so forth. How Does The Price Range Affect? Contrast with contextual symbol and archetype . CYBERPUNK MOVEMENT : (1) A loose school of science fiction authors including William Gibson, Bruce Stirling, Rudy Rucker, and Neal Stephenson who rose in the Environment examples popularity in the 1980s and 1990s. (2) A science fiction subgenre that shares the concerns and features of those works produced by the cyberpunk school. 2004 Ocean Earthquake? Features of their novels and short stories in this period include the following motifs: Common themes include the dehumanization, commodification, and mechanization of the individual; the negative effects of commercialization upon society; and implicit philosophical questions regarding consciousness and sensory reality. These cyberpunk authors have been profoundly influential in late twentieth-century science fiction films (such as Strange Days , Robocop , etc.) and Japanese anime , where cyberpunk elements have become so common as to Save examples, be almost cliché . The metaverse or the Net imagined by these early authors in the 1980s have been seen as prophetic of the Ocean Earthquake, later real-world rise of the internet after 1993. The Environment Low-Carbon Essay Examples? Examples of novels, anthologies, short stories, and other literary works from the cyberpunk movement include Neuromancer , Mona Lisa Overdrive , Islands in the Net , and character Johnny Mnemonic. (The last of these has been adapted into an awful film that bears little similarity to the original short story.) More recently, Neal Stephenson's Snow Crash has put a more satirical spin on the genre . CYCLE : In general use, a literary cycle is any group of closely related works. We speak of the Scandinavian, Arthurian , and Charlemagne cycles, for the Environment Essay examples, instance.
These refer collectively to many poems and stories written by various artists over several centuries. These cycles all deal with Scandinavian heros, King Arthur and his knights, or the ted hughes plath marriage, legends of King Charlemagne respectively. More specifically, a mystery cycle refers to the complete set of Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay examples, mystery plays performed during the Corpus Christi festival in medieval religious drama (typically 45 or so plays, each of Ocean Earthquake, which depicted a specific event in Fuel! biblical history from the creation of the world to the last judgment). The major English cycles of plath, mystery plays include the York, Coventry, Wakefield or Towneley, and Chester cycles. See Corpus Christi play , above. The Environment Low-Carbon Essay Examples? See also sonnet cycle . CYHYDEDD HIR : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry. The octave stanza consists two quatrains of four lines with five, five, five, and four syllables respectively. Essay? The rhyme scheme is AAAx AAAx , with X's indicating unrhymed lines.
See octave and rhyme . CYHYDEDD NAW BAN : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry in which some lines are composed of nine syllables. The Environment - Use Fuel! Examples? The rhyming couplets, when they appear, must rhyme with another line of oliver twist character, identical length. CYNGHANEDD (pronounced kun HAN neth , lit. Welsh for symphony or harmony): A Welsh term that loosely denotes sound similarities peculiar to Welsh poetry, especially alliteration and internal rhyme . - Use Fuel! Essay? Typically, the consonants in one word or line repeat in the same pattern at oliver character the beginning and end of the next word or line--but the vowel sounds between the consonants change slightly. In the English tradition of the Environment - Use, poetry, Gerard Manley Hopkins charmingly refers to such devices as chimes , and he makes much use of them in his works such as Spring and how does the price the elasticity of demand product? Fall. Save Examples? See also awdl and englyn . Indian Essay? For an example of cynghanedd in English, click here. CYNING : A king, another term for the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay, an Anglo-Saxon hlaford . Not to be confused with kenning , an Anglo-Saxon poetic device.
CYRCH A CHWTA : A Welsh verse form consisting of an octave stanza of six rhyming or alliterating seven-syllable lines plus a couplet. The second line of the couplet rhymes with the first six lines. The first line of the how does the price range affect the elasticity of demand product?, couplet cross-rhymes in the third, fourth, or fifth syllable of the eighth line. CYRILLIC : Also called, azbuka , the alphabet used to - Use Low-Carbon Essay examples, write Russian, Serbian, and Bulgarian. Essay Anti-FederalistsвЂ™ Representation Of People? The name comes from the 9th-century Greek missionary Saint Cyril, who traveled from Byzantium to convert Slavic races of Moravia to Christianity. Save - Use Low-Carbon Essay? Folklore credits Cyril at the inventor of this script, though it is more likely he invented the Glaglotic , what Harkins refers to as an the price affect of demand product? abtruse alphabet of obscure origin, which soon lost favor (5). Cyrillic, modeled largely on the Greek alphabet, rose to replace Glaglotic, though Cyril retained credit. The alphabet came to Russia later after its Christianization in 988 or 989. Modern Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Bulgarian, and Serbian alphabets were later offshoots of Cyrillic. Peter the Great simplified the alphabet in 1708, so the lettering required less ornate design, and later modifiers removed four characters as redundant in 1918.
The present alphabet consists of Save Low-Carbon Essay, thirty letters, mostly phonetic, though it does not show the Ocean Earthquake Essay, stress of syllables (5). CYWYDD (plural, cywyddau) : A fourteenth-century metrical form of Save the Environment Fuel! examples, Welsh lyric poetry consisting of rhyming couplets with each line having seven syllables. Character? Traditionally, in Save the Environment - Use Fuel! examples each couplet, the lines end with alternately stressed and unstressed meter. In terms of content, cywyddau traditionally include examples of dyfalu --strings of improve listening skills, unusual comparisons similar to Save the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! examples, metaphysical conceits. The genre is Indian Ocean Essay associated with the poet Dafydd ap Gwilym. CYWDD DEUAIR HIRION : In Welsh prosody, the term refers to a form of - Use Fuel!, light verse consisting of a single couplet with seventeen syllables. The first line has a masculine ending and the last line a feminine ending.
CYWYDD LLOSGYRNOG : A type of Welsh verse consisting of a sestet stanza in which the syllable count is eight, eight, seven, eight, eight, and seven respectively. The first two lines rhyme and 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake Essay cross-rhyme with the middle syllable of the sixth line and the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Essay the third and oliver sixth lines rhyme with each other. - Use Low-Carbon Fuel!? Rime coueé or tail-rhyme has a similar scheme.
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7 Techniques from Creative Writing You Can Use to Improve Your Essays. You wouldn’t have thought that essays have much in common with creative writing. Creative writing, by definition, involves being ‘creative’: making things up, letting your imagination run wild. Essays are about being factual and Save the Environment Low-Carbon Essay objective, communicating ideas and arguments in the clearest way possible and 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake attempting to enhance the reader’s knowledge, rather than their imagination. But while the literary devices and colourful tales we associate with creative writing are indeed out of place in an essay, these two very different kinds of writing actually have a few similarities. Above all, they’re both meant to be read by other people, and that means that they need to sustain the reader’s interest. So, are there any writing techniques you can borrow from creative writing to help make your essays more interesting and original? Yes there are, and in this article, we’re going to show you how. Chances are your teacher or examiner will have a lot to read – so keep them interested. With creative writing, as with any kind of writing, your reader is your most important consideration.
You need to know and understand whom you’re writing for Save the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Essay if you’re to do a good job of keeping them interested. Let’s think for a moment about the kind of person you’re writing for when you’re writing an essay and what you need to Religion and Women Empowerment Essay do to write specifically for them: Teachers or university lecturers – they’re going to be marking your essay, so it needs to answer the question effectively. They’ve set the Save Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay question and they probably have a pretty good idea of Empowerment Essay, how you’re going to Save - Use Low-Carbon Essay examples answer it – so be original and unpredictable; catch them by surprise with an unusual approach or structure. They’re going to be reading many other responses to of People the same question – so they may well be bored by the time they get to yours. Keep them interested! They’re probably going to be pressed for Low-Carbon Essay examples time – so they won’t have time to reread badly written passages to try to understand what you’re getting at. Keep your writing easy to read, succinct and to and sylvia marriage the point. What all these points boil down to is the importance of keeping your reader interested in what you have to say. Since creative writing is all about Save the Environment Fuel! Essay examples holding the reader’s interest, there must be some lessons to be learned from it and techniques that can be applied within the more limited style constraints of the oliver twist academic essay. We’ll now turn to what these are.
Yves Lavandier argues that, although traditionally divided into five acts, Hamlet consists of Save the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel!, three dramatic acts. The three-act structure is a writing device used extensively in modern writing, including for film and television dramas. Essay! These ‘acts’ aren’t as distinct as acts in Save Fuel! a play, as one follows seamlessly on how to skills in english, from another and the audience wouldn’t consciously realise that one act had ended and another began. The structure refers to a plotline that looks something like this: Set-up – establishes the characters, how they relate to each other, and Save Low-Carbon Fuel! the world they inhabit.
Within this first ‘act’, a dramatic occurrence called an ‘inciting incident’ takes place (typically around 19 minutes into 2004 Ocean Earthquake, a film) involving the principal character. They try to deal with it, but this results in another dramatic occurrence called a ‘turning point’. This sets the scene for the rest of the story. - Use Fuel! Examples! Confrontation – the turning point in how to improve skills in english the previous ‘act’ becomes the central problem, which the main character attempts to resolve – usually with plenty of adversity thrown their way that hampers their efforts. In a murder mystery, for example, this act would involve the the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay examples detective trying to solve the 2004 Ocean Essay murder. Low-Carbon Fuel!! The central character – with the help of supporting characters – undergoes a journey and oliver twist develops their knowledge, skills or character to a sufficient degree to be able to overcome the problem. Resolution – the climax of the Fuel! examples story, in 2004 Ocean Essay which the drama reaches a peak, the problem is the Environment Fuel! examples overcome, and Representation of People loose ends are tied up. This structure sounds all very well for made-up stories, but what has it got to do with essay-writing? The key similarities here are: The central argument of your essay is the equivalent of the main character. Save The Environment - Use Essay Examples! The essay equivalent of the in english set-up and the Environment Essay resolution are the introduction and conclusion.
The inciting incident in and Women Empowerment an essay encourages you to get to the point early on in the essay. The equivalent of character development in the second act is developing your argument. The equivalent of the supporting characters is the the Environment examples evidence you refer to in your essay. The tornado is the inciting incident in the Wizard of Oz – so to take the analogy a little further, the ted hughes and sylvia marriage longer you leave your essay before you get to the point, the longer you leave your reader standing around in dull black-and-white Kansas, waiting for something to happen. So, applying the three-act structure to an essay gives you something like this: Set-up – the introduction. - Use Fuel! Examples! This establishes what you’re talking about, setting the scene. The ‘inciting incident’ could be the introduction of evidence that contradicts a common theory, or the highlighting of a central disagreement in how something is interpreted. Confrontation – you discuss the the price affect the elasticity of demand product? different problems surrounding the Save Fuel! topic you’re writing about. You develop the argument using various bits of evidence, moving towards an overall conclusion. Resolution – the conclusion.
You summarise and resolve the argument with your own opinion, by coming down on on The Representation, one side or the other, having weighed up the evidence you’ve discussed. You could perhaps tie up loose ends by offering an Low-Carbon alternative explanation for evidence that doesn’t sit with your conclusion. Using this structure keeps you focused on and sylvia, the central point, and stops you from Save the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay examples, waffling, because everything you write is working towards resolving your argument. On The! The use of the inciting incident in Fuel! examples the first ‘act’ encourages you to get to the point early on in your essay, thereby keeping the reader interested. The principles of good plot-writing are centred around the connection between different events that show cause and listening skills effect, and Save the Environment Low-Carbon Essay examples this central tenet of the oliver character three-act structure has obvious parallels with the way in which essays work through presenting evidence in the Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay support of arguments. A murder mystery novel might start with the murder and the elasticity product? then establish the build-up in flashbacks. An oft-spouted piece of Save examples, advice in creative writing is to use an attention-grabbing opening. One way of doing this is to start with a ‘flashback’, which could disrupt the chronology of events by transporting the reader directly back to the midst of the action, so that the story begins with maximum excitement.
In a murder mystery, for how does affect instance, the writer might skip a slow build-up and instead use the murder itself to form the opening of the novel, with the rest of the story charting the efforts of the the Environment Low-Carbon Essay detective to uncover the improve in english perpetrator and perhaps telling the events prior to the murder in a series of flashbacks. The same principle can be applied to essays, though it’s easier to use in some subjects than others. To take an example, let’s say you were writing about how the First World War started. Rather than building up slowly with the various factors, an attention-grabbing opening could (briefly) describe the drama of the Battle of the Low-Carbon Fuel! Somme, perhaps citing some statistics about the number of men involved and killed, and quoting some war poetry about the horrors faced by the soldiers on the Front Line. Then, to introduce the purpose of the essay and 2004 Indian launch into your argument about what started the war, a phrase such as, “It seems hard to imagine that all this began with…”. Alternatively, a rhetorical question: “But how did these tens of thousands of soldiers end up in the mud and horror of trench warfare? The story begins several years earlier, with…” It may not be the standard way of writing an essay, but you’ll certainly score points for originality and perhaps ruffle a few feathers. Metaphor is used extensively in Romeo and Juliet. Film still from Romeo and Juliet (F. Zefferelli, 1968).
Creative writing often makes use of the Environment Fuel!, extended metaphors. For example, when Shakespeare wrote the passage in Romeo and Juliet referring to “It is the East, and Juliet is the sun!” he was using an extended metaphor. With this in mind, it’s time to revisit a point we made in a previous article about writing more original essays, in which we argued that, rather than battling on with trying to explain a complex concept in a straightforward way, it might be easier to and Women Empowerment Essay use an analogy to convey the meaning by drawing comparisons, which people find easier to the Environment - Use Fuel! Essay understand. Ted Hughes And Sylvia Plath Marriage! A metaphor is a kind of analogy, so the similarities with creative writing are strong here. In our previous article we used the example of radioactive decay. The Environment Essay Examples! An analogy for this is the pressure with which water escapes from a hole in on The Representation of People a bucket. It does so exponentially, just as radioactive substances decay exponentially. In both instances, the rate of the Environment Low-Carbon Fuel! examples, a consumptive process depends on how much there is oliver character left of whatever is being depleted, which results in Save - Use Essay examples an exponential rate of in english, decay. This concept is the Environment - Use examples so much easier to improve listening skills explain using the analogy of water flowing from a hole in a bucket, as you give your reader something familiar to the Environment Low-Carbon Essay examples visualise in order to plath marriage explain a concept with which they are unfamiliar. 5. Interesting details about setting and location. Augustus lived frugally.
Another way of keeping your reader interested is to bring your essay to life with details about setting and location, just as creative writers do. Essays can become quite dry if you focus solely on the academic problems, but you can make them more interesting by peppering them with details. The Environment - Use Low-Carbon Essay! This may not work quite so well for a scientific essay, but it’s certainly relevant for some humanities subjects, in Religion and Women Essay particular English literature, history and archaeology. For example, an Save the Environment - Use Essay essay about the Roman emperor Augustus could mention that he lived a famously modest lifestyle, quoting details from Roman writers and archaeological evidence that support this: Suetonius mentions his “low bed” (interesting because of Religion Essay, what it says about Save the Environment Low-Carbon Essay accepted standards of how to listening in english, Roman beds!) and coarse bread and cheese diet, and the relatively small and non-lavish remains of his house on the Palatine Hill in Rome back up the idea of his having lived a modest life. Incidental details like these can actually prove to be more significant than you initially realise, and Save - Use Low-Carbon you can use them to build your argument; in the case of Augustus, for example, his modest lifestyle is on The of People particularly important when seen in the context of Rome’s troubled history with kings. As he gradually acquired more power and became Rome’s first emperor, he had to avoid coming across as being too ‘regal’, and the little details we know about his way of life are significant in light of this. Save - Use Essay Examples! So, not only have you brought your essay to life, but you’ve raised an interesting point, too. Few writers get it right first time. And Sylvia! Once you’ve written a first draft, read through it and think about whether the order of your points is optimal and whether what you’ve written actually makes sense. Save The Environment - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! Essay! It’s easy in how does the age of Save the Environment Low-Carbon examples, computers to chop and change – you can simply copy and paste part of your essay into 2004 Indian Ocean Essay, another part where it might fit better, and then make minor changes to your wording so that it flows.
After you’ve finished editing, have a final read through and Save - Use Low-Carbon Fuel! check that you’re happy with the wording. Don’t forget to proofread to ensure that your spelling and grammar is impeccable! Keeping a notebook to hand helps you gather good ideas when they come to you. Creative writers swear by having a notebook with them at all times, ready to jot down any ideas that suddenly spring to mind. Listening In English! You can adopt the same principle for your essay-writing, because you never know when the inspiration might strike. The Environment Fuel! Examples! Have a think about how does the price of demand for a product? your essay topic when you’re out and about; you’d be surprised what occurs to you when you’re away from your normal place of Save Low-Carbon Fuel! examples, study. As you can see, there are more similarities between two apparently unrelated kinds of writing than you might have realised. It is, of course, possible to go too far with the creative writing idea when you’re essay-writing: literary devices aren’t always appropriate, and your essay still needs to retain objectivity and conform to the more formal conventions of academic writing.
But there are certainly techniques to be borrowed from creative writing that will help your essays stand out from the crowd and give your teacher or lecturer a welcome break from the monotony of essay-marking. 35 Responses to Indian Essay “7 Techniques from Creative Writing You Can Use to Improve Your Essays” May 10, 2015 at Save the Environment Fuel! examples, 5:29 pm, johny said: that was really helpful thank you very much xxx. June 01, 2017 at 5:03 pm, raphael g. tuppa said: It realy help me on Essay on The of People, my studies.So thanks May 20, 2015 at 6:04 pm, Fabiola said: Very helpful! thank you! September 20, 2015 at 2:43 pm, jasmine said: it was very helpful! thank you, I was set as homework to write about techniques and creative writing so this was perfect. November 10, 2015 at 8:28 pm, nonso said: that was very helpful thanks for the tips (; xxx.
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I really like this idea that our writing is our own academic or story telling performance… very cool. My favorite resource for writing at the moment is similiesmiles.com, its where you are prompted with random words and you make a similie out of it, as creative as possible! This idea of stretching our styles, and weaving some creativity even in essay resonates with me, and the Environment Fuel! examples now I’m playing with using more similies in my essay to see how it can work! August 16, 2017 at Representation, 2:43 pm, TWD said: I loved that you used a cooking metaphor to highlight each point. Even for Fuel! Essay the person who doesn’t cook it works. Earthquake Essay! They know how to eat, or in this case, read and know what good content looks like. What is so often needed is just what you gave, good examples. August 31, 2017 at 3:21 am, Celeste said: This was very helpful because I am practicing to become a better writer, therefore, I am trying to read up as many tips on my free time as possible. I especially love creative writing because it let’s you spill diverse and Save the Environment - Use Fuel! examples original ideas onto the page, not be locked into a single subject.
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