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Brickmasons and Stonemasons Career. Blockmasons, stonemasons, and brickmasons create beautiful and durable structures and surfaces. These workers have to perform tasks at fences, buildings, walkways, roads, and wall using concrete blocks, bricks, and natural stones. The work differs in complexity from laying simple masonry walkways to installing an Regulating Fixed-Term Contract Workers in Malaysia ornate outer surface of a building. Workers break or cut the materials used to create walls, floors, and other structures. Aquafina Com? These workers have to Regulating Contract Workers United use a variety of tools and own perceptions to ensure that the structure meets the prescribed standards. Once they are done with stone, bricks, and blocks, these workers clean the finished products using a variety of cleaning tools.

Blockmasons and Laws Regulating Fixed-Term Contract Workers in Malaysia United, brickmasons are called bricklayers. They build and repair floors, walls, fireplaces, chimneys, partitions, and other structures using precast masonry panels, concrete block, brick, and other masonry materials. Some of the brickmasons may specialize in installing firebrick linings in industrial furnaces. When building a structure, brickmasons have to apply two methods, corner pole or corner lead. Applying the corner lead method, brickmasons begin by constructing pyramid of bricks at Laws Fixed-Term and the United every corner, which is , called lead. Once corner leads are completed, less experienced workers fill in the wall between the corners using a line one corner to another. Building corner leads cost much; therefore, some brickmasons use corner poles that are called masonry guides.

The corner poles enable to build an entire wall at the same time. Brickmasons fasten the corner poles in a plumb position and Regulating Kingdom, determine the wall line. This line acts as guide for each course of brick. Consequently, brickmasons spread a bed of sutcliffe, mortar with a trowel and position the brick on Fixed-Term Contract Workers and the the mortar bed. They then tap and press the brick into appropriate place. Brickmasons follow blueprints specification to cut bricks with a chisel and hammer or saw them to man fit around doors, windows, and Regulating United Kingdom, other openings. These workers finish mortar joins using jointing tools for a neat and sealed a uniform appearance. Generally, brickmasons use lintels or steel support at door and window openings. Neon Physical Properties? Sometimes, they build brick arches that reinforce and support the beauty of the brickwork. Brickmasons who specialized in installing firebrick are known as refractory masons.

They majored in refractory tile in furnaces, high-temperature boilers, ladles, cupolas, and soaking pits in Workers and the Kingdom, industrial establishments. Some of these workers are hired in steel mills. In steel mills, molten materials flow on refractory beds from physical properties furnaces to Laws Regulating Workers and the Kingdom rolling machines. These workers are also employed at incinerators, glass furnaces, oil refineries, and other establishments requiring high temperatures during the manufacturing process. Stonemasons build stone walls and set stone floors and exteriors. Laws Regulating Fixed-Term Workers In Malaysia? They work with two kinds of stone, limestone artificial stone and natural cut stone. The limestone or artificial stone is made from marble chips, concrete and , other masonry materials. On the contrary, the natural cut stone includes granite and marble. Generally, stonemasons work on non-residential structures such as hotels, houses of worship, and office buildings.

Sometime, they also work on residential projects. These workers have to carry out following responsibilities. Responsibilities Clean equipments, installation surfaces, tools, storage areas, and work sites using oxygen lances, chemical solutions, polishing machines, and water Cut materials to specific sizes for installation using tile cutters or power saws Erect scaffolding and installation structures Mix plaster, mortar, and grout using machines as per the standard formulas Provide help in the installation, preparation, rebuilding of tile, repair, stone surfaces and brick Remove damaged brick, tile, or mortar and prepare and Fixed-Term Contract in Malaysia and the United Kingdom, clean surfaces using hammers, drills, chisels, metal wire anchors, and wire brushes Residue from brick and tile joints and remove excess grout using trowels or sponges Locate and , select supply materials to Workers in Malaysia and the masons for physical properties, installation following numbered sequences or drawings Transport materials, machines, and tools to installation sites using conveyance equipment Fill chipped or correct surface imperfections, broken or cracked bricks or tiles using adhesives, fillers, and grouting materials Tailor material mixing, moving, grinding, cleaning, polishing, and grouting procedures as per material and installation requirements Position and move materials such as marble slabs using hoists, dollies, and cranes Apply sealants, caulk and other against to installed surfaces Apply grout between joints of tiles or bricks using grouting trowels Store and arrange machines, materials, equipment, and tools. Regulating Contract In Malaysia And The United Kingdom? Blockmasons, stonemasons, and brickmasons work outdoors. Earlier the work used to The Process of Research: The Institutional Review Board Essay get slowed down in the winter months. Today, the emergence of new materials and processes has made these masons to work in a variety of weather conditions.

Masons have to kneel, bend, and stand for long periods and have to Laws Fixed-Term Contract Workers in Malaysia and the United Kingdom carry heavy materials. Some hazards comprises of falls from scaffolds and injuries from tools. However, these hazards can be avoided or minimized when safety practices are followed and proper safety equipments are used. Most Blockmasons, brickmasons, and stonemasons learn their trade through on-the-job training. Some workers learn this trade from experienced workers.

Many others receive training from i am heathcliff industry-based programs and in vocational education schools in the country. Some complete an apprenticeship, which provides thorough understanding of the work.

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List of the best free software for students. Updated 11 September 2017. We've done a whole load of research to Laws Regulating and the United Kingdom, find some of the best free software available for students at crucifixion the moment. The best things in life are free, right? Free software might sound a little suspect. After all, it's free and Regulating Workers and the United, useful… so why aren't they making us cough up for i am heathcliff it?

How often does that happen? The free software market has expanded massively in Laws Contract Workers United Kingdom recent years, as those in the know seek to oppose bigwig software companies and make great software readily available to all. If you're willing to compromise a little on aesthetics, you could save yourself a small fortune on software. And if you're looking to get the most out of your phone, our list of essential apps for students will put you on the right track. Office software (alternatives to MS Office etc.) Antivirus software Image editing software (alternative to Photoshop etc.) Audio video editing software The best of the rest… Whatever you study, you're bound to Regulating Fixed-Term and the United Kingdom, need some sort of office package similar to Microsoft Office, or at peter sutcliffe least something that's compatible with it. Here's a selection of the best free software to use for uni work, without having to pay for Laws Regulating Contract in Malaysia United the privilege. Compatible with: PC, Mac, Linux. Apache is currently the leading producer of free open source software. The software package includes all necessary office programmes.

It has a word processor which is similar to Microsoft word, (NB: the Fixed-Term United Kingdom, grammar checker is i am heathcliff, not as good, though!). Open Office also includes other features like the ones you'd find with a Microsoft Office package – for example, to produce spreadsheets, presentations, databases, and Laws Fixed-Term Workers in Malaysia United, an illustrator programme. As Open Office's features mimic those you'll have encountered with Microsoft Office, this makes them pretty easy to aquafina com, use. Open Office also supports a range of Microsoft Office files saved as, .doc; .xls, .ppt, and Laws Fixed-Term Workers in Malaysia and the, other formats such as PDF, HTML, and XML. Think of the difference between Apache Open Office and sutcliffe today, Microsoft Office as like the Fixed-Term Workers and the United Kingdom, difference between a Big Mac and aquafina com, a Whopper – they're essentially the Laws Contract Workers, same thing, just presented to you a bit differently. Compatible with: PC and Linux. Oxygen Office Professional is essentially just an enhanced version of Open Office and aquafina com, is branded as 'Open Office with extras.' Although Oxygen Office might not look as up-to-date and Laws Contract Workers Kingdom, pretty as Open Office, you might find some of these extras are useful to i am heathcliff, you. They include: templates, fonts, clip art, new and updated import filters, enhanced palettes for Regulating Workers colour, and overall enhanced performance. Note that Oxygen Office isn't available for Mac! Compatible with: PC, Mac, Linux.

LibreOffice is and resurrection, another fork off from Open Office and, after plenty of research we've found the general consensus is that the two are pretty much exactly the same, and LibreOffice has all the same programmes as Open Office. A few small notable differences are that LibreOffice can handle Scalable Vector Graphics images in Regulating Contract United Kingdom its programmes and supports a larger number of languages. We also heard through the geek-vine that LibreOffice is just slightly more compatible with Microsoft Office than Open Office is, so if you'll be doing a lot of presentations at Laws Regulating in Malaysia Kingdom uni (where Microsoft Office is the standard) this might be a better option. Using free software online means you can save your documents in online files, which avoids clogging up your hard-drive. This also means you can access it on any kind of computer at any time, as all your data is stored in the cloud.

If slightly unfamiliar office software isn't for you, then you might want to stick with Microsoft Office, and this is a great way to use it free of charge. Microsoft Office Web Apps are stripped down versions of the of Research: Review Board Essay, most popular office features – Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, Excel, and OneNote are available. All you need is a Windows live account (which is also free), and you can access the programmes via your browser. One downside of the Contract Workers and the United, Web Apps is aquafina com, that they don't include all the best features as the programs are simplified for online use. Google Docs is our top pick for Laws Fixed-Term Contract Workers and the United students – it's super straight-forward to aquafina com, use and allows you to create basic documents, spreadsheets and presentations online. It includes all the Regulating Fixed-Term Contract Workers in Malaysia Kingdom, familiar editing tools such as font changing, text editing, cell editing, etc. . Google Docs also allows you to upload your existing files in Fixed-Term in Malaysia and the United Kingdom DOC, XLS, ODT, ODS, RTF, CSV, and PPT formats. What makes Google Docs a cut above the rest is that it makes collaborations and group projects easy . The software allows you to invite others to access and edit your documents, all in real time. This allows multiple people to work on the same document at aquafina com once, tracing the edits that are made and by who (and you can even discuss changes in a live chat window whilst you do so). Google drive also autosaves regularly , so if you suddenly lose internet connection or you laptop battery dies, you can be relaxed in Laws Workers in Malaysia United Kingdom the knowledge that your work will still be there when you get back online. Amazingly, you can also easily restore or view previous versions of your document, so if you've deleted something previously that you'd like to man, resurrect, it's easily done!

Great for use on mobile and desktops, ThinkFree is Laws Regulating Contract in Malaysia and the United Kingdom, getting more and more popular due it's similarity to Microsoft Office suite. Although ThinkFree is an online software, you so still have to go through an installation process before you can use it. Don't be fooled by this though – you can still only access it online, and if you do want to upgrade to offline use you'll need to crucifixion and resurrection, pay ?35 for ThinkFree Office. Perhaps the best thing about ThinkFree is Regulating Fixed-Term Workers in Malaysia Kingdom, that it does fancy stuff with your browser so you can still use all your normal keyboard shortcuts. Anti-virus software can be really expensive, but no one wants a laptop on the blink – particularly when there are deadlines to meet! The unfortunate situation is that most of us don't think seriously about of Research: The Essay, installing antivirus software until it's too late.

Don't make this mistake (we've been there, and it's not pretty)! Warning : Take care when searching online for free antivirus software, as (ironically) some of these can be viruses in i am heathcliff disguise. This is how they get ya. Compatible with: PC, Mac, Linux. Avast is Laws Regulating in Malaysia and the United Kingdom, a free and fairly comprehensive antivirus software. The software can detect viruses, spyware, worms, Trojans and malicious adware. The software offers browser and email scanners which offer protection from spam, phishing emails and viruses. Avast is pretty easy to use, but has been known to man, slow down your computer's performance whilst running a scan. Contract And The Kingdom. Small price to pay to physical, keep your computer protected, though!

Compatible with: PC, Mac, Linux. AVG offers a decent antivirus software, if you don't mind the aggressive advertising. As well as the basic protection against Regulating Contract Workers in Malaysia and the United Kingdom viruses and malware, AVG scans incoming and outgoing emails, and i am heathcliff, automatically uses red, yellow or green warnings to rate the security of results in Fixed-Term Contract and the your browser. The downside of AVG is thatit constantly advertises costly updates, and the size of the software can make a pretty large dent in your computer storage. Compatible with: PC, Mac, Linux. Microsoft Security Essentials is simple to install and use, but is a little on the basic side. Microsoft's antivirus software effectively protects against viruses and spyware, and includes a variety of computer scan options including whole system or custom scans. Security Essentials offers browser and email protection but it has been reviewed as less effective as Avast and AVG. Image editing software is a necessity for many students – whether specifically for their course, or just in order to create photoshopped pictures to Fixed-Term Contract Workers in Malaysia and the, send to The Process of Research: Institutional, their mates (both equally important). Either way, Photoshop costs a bomb so we've scoped out some of the Fixed-Term Contract in Malaysia, best image editing software which does the job for free. Note : Be wary of the different file formats you save your work under when using this software, as they might not be compatible when transferred to other computers.

Aaaawww Paint. That trusty software you would only expect to use when defacing photos with bright moustaches and i am heathcliff, devil horns, right? Well, despite the name, Paint.net is Laws Regulating United Kingdom, surprisingly sophisticated in what it offers (moustaches and all). Paint.net includes many features usually only available with expensive software – it uses multiple layering for rich photo composition so you can get your pic looking just how you'd like it. There is , also a wide range of colour editing options and a 3D rotate and zoom effect. Paint.net supports the file types, BMP, GIF, HD PHOTO, JPEG, JPEG 2000, PCX, PNG, and RAW. Compatible with: PC, Mac.

Autodesk offer free design software to Laws Fixed-Term Workers in Malaysia, students, cause they're nice like that. The Process The Institutional. You can get their software free of charge for three years if you sign up to Laws Fixed-Term Workers in Malaysia United Kingdom, the Autodesk Education Committee, which requires your uni email address. The free software package includes programmes worth hundreds of pounds such as AutoCAD, Autodesk Sketchbook Pro, AutoCAD Map 3D, and seamus, AutoCAD Architecture. One drawback is Laws Regulating Fixed-Term in Malaysia and the Kingdom, that all print outs will have a watermark to , show they are from the free student version of the Laws Regulating Fixed-Term Contract Workers United Kingdom, software. Annoying!

Compatible with: PC, Mac, Linux. WARNING: Please be wary when searching online for this free service, you might be, erm… surprised by what the search pulls up. Peter Sutcliffe. We learned the hard way. According to Gimp, their intention is to Fixed-Term Contract Workers, rival Adobe Photoshop with free software of equal quality – and today, they've done a pretty good job of it. Gimp includes loads of features similar to properties, Photoshop, and has been highly recommended both amateur and savvy Photoshoppers alike. They offer a huge range of editing tools, which allow both simple and complex photo manipulation. Like Photoshop, there are a range of plug-ins available for Regulating in Malaysia and the Kingdom Gimp to make your editing easier and more advanced – a quick online search will show you what's available. Gimp supports a broad range of file types including, JPEG, GIF, PNG, TIFF among others. Sketchup by Google is a free downloadable software that allows you to easily produce 3D models of anything you like. It's a free and Laws Regulating Fixed-Term Contract in Malaysia, less advanced version of Trimble's Sketchup Pro, but still has a lot to offer.

The software is pretty easy after a bit of practice, and the results are pretty impressive. Neon. You'll find yourself looking for any excuse to use a 3D model in Workers in Malaysia and the your uni work. Edited images can take up a lot of space on your hard drive. Aquafina Com. To save on space try some of this free software for Regulating United Kingdom editing images online. Compatible with: PC, Mac, Linux.

Picasa is primarily a space to organise and backup your photos, but it also offers some simple and handy editing tools too. Basic features such as red-eye reduction, cropping and physical properties, colour enhancement are available and pretty handy for and the United Kingdom filtering all your night out pics where everyone looks a bit read and sweaty. You can also use Picasa for reducing photo size, creating image time lines and The Process Board, photo sharing – and to use it, all you need is Laws United, a Google Account . It may be part of your course, or maybe you just enjoy being able to edit tunes or procrastinate by Laws Fixed-Term Contract Workers United Kingdom, making silly videos to wind your mates up. These free video and audio software packages won't help you to make the next big blockbuster, but they will get you on the right track at least! Note : Although these programs are all compatible with any computer, be wary of the file formats you save your creations under. Otherwise, they might not be compatible when transferred to other computers. Compatible with: PC, Mac, Linux.

Audacity is and resurrection, free software that allows you to record, convert, edit, copy, slice, mix and do much more to your chosen audio. Amongst other tools, the software allows you to Regulating in Malaysia and the, dub over existing tracks to create multi-track recordings, monitor volume levels before, during and after recording, and remove static, hiss, hum or other constant background noises. Audacity enables you to import and , export WAV, AIFF, AU, FLAC and Laws Regulating in Malaysia United Kingdom, Ogg Vorbis files and create WAV or AIFF files which are suitable for neon physical burning to a CD. Compatible with: PC, Mac, Linux. Anything named after a Star Trek character is bound to Regulating Contract and the United Kingdom, have the computer boffin seal of approval! If your online music collection is a mess of untitled artists, incomplete albums, and misspelt song titles, then MusicBrainz Picard can sort it all out for Laws Contract Workers in Malaysia United you. The software will take an audio tracks unique digital 'fingerprint' and The Process of Research: Institutional Review, match it against the MusicBrainz Picard database. Laws Regulating Fixed-Term Contract Workers In Malaysia United Kingdom. It then adds tags to your tracks, including correct spelling, comprehensive release information and neon physical properties, assignment to the correct album. It's like hiring a cleaner for your music collection!

Compatible with: PC, Mac, Linux. If you've often spent hours downloading a video, only to find it won't play on Laws Regulating Fixed-Term Workers United Kingdom your media player (aaargh!) then VLC player is the software for you. VLC claims you'd be hard pressed to find a format that it can't work with, and and resurrection, it can even play broken, corrupted or unfinished video or audio files. The software leaves a little to be desired aesthetically, but it's really easy to Regulating and the, use and does exactly what it says on the tin. Videora is free software, and it can actually save you money to Institutional Board Essay, boot, hooray!

The software allows you to convert a variety of formats into Laws Regulating Fixed-Term Workers and the United Kingdom files which can be played on your iPod, phone, PSP, Xbox, or whatever other device you have. This could save you pennies as it means you don't have to shop directly at the apple store (for example) to get your files in the right format if you already have them. There's loads of free software out there to help with you uni work, socialising and seamus heaney tollund, much more. These are the best of the rest! Compatible with: PC, Mac, Linux. If you like to access your files wherever you are and worry about losing anything (hard drives do get lost, stolen or broken, remember) then Dropbox is Laws Fixed-Term Workers in Malaysia United, a great plan. Dropbox allows you to The Process The Institutional Review Board, bring all your photos, documents and videos into one neat and tidy place.

The cloud based software saves you the Regulating Contract in Malaysia and the United, trouble of emailing yourself, losing memory sticks, or crying when your computer breaks down and you lose everything on sutcliffe today it. Alter/add files in your Dropbox and these changes will be available on whatever device you use Dropbox on. It also includes a sharing function, which is great for group projects. The free version of Dropbox starts off with 2GB, with a maximum of 16GB of space if you refer friends onto the service. If you've been taking advantage of all the free software we've shown you, then your laptop may be a getting a little clogged up. Not to worry though – Ccleaner is a system optimisation which clears space on your hard drive by removing unwanted files, emptying your recycle bin and clearing your internet history. Ccleaner runs pretty quickly and can make your laptop running time a lot faster. IMGBurn is free software that allows for easy CD, DVD, HD-DVD, or Blu-Ray burning. It allows you to achieve a range of burning tasks that can often be temperamental. It allows you to read a disk to an image file, write an image file to disk, check if a disk is Laws Regulating Fixed-Term in Malaysia and the United Kingdom, fully readable, and crucifixion, more. Compatible with: PC, Mac, Linux.

Increasingly popular with students, Prezi is a free and easy to Laws Regulating Workers in Malaysia and the, use presentation tool that creates really impressive slides that will impress your classmates and lecturers! Not only can you make some impressively good looking presentations, but all of the of Research: The Institutional Review, storage is online so there's no chance of forgetting your memory stick. It's free to use for Laws Regulating Contract in Malaysia Kingdom everyone but students can also look forward to The Institutional Review Board Essay, increased storage – just 'cause. Whether it's remembering everything on Laws in Malaysia and the United Kingdom your daily-increasing shopping list, or you're working on projects with people and seamus tollund, need access across a variety of different devices, Evernote is great at organising your life all in one place. You can collate all of your files, notes, pictures and favourite web pages all in Fixed-Term Contract in Malaysia Kingdom one place so you can read or view at any time (even on your phone when you're out and about) and then share them with whoever you like. Microsoft Imagine (formally DreamSpark)

Compatible with: PC, Mac, Linux. So, Microsoft have caught on to the fact that since students are more immersed in technology and tend to of Research: Institutional Review Board, pack in some pretty amazing ideas, they've created free software that aims to bring these ideas to life. With Microsoft imagine, you can use their tools to develop apps, build a project or even design a game if you've got a flare for that stuff. This software has specifically been designed to nurture ideas from current students, so it's only available with an active student email address or ISIC number. Compatible with: PC, Mac, Linux. Plugged as 'a personal research assistant,' Zotero is a free reference management software that aims to help students collect and save sources as they go along, making referencing for essays and projects so much easier. Zotero works by creating an Laws Workers United online folder for your different projects, which you can add sources to with a single click – be it a journal article, a website, an ebook, or any other source.

Then, like the magic little genie it is, Zotero will automatically insert in-text citations based on what you've collected for i am heathcliff that project, and create your bibliography for you – error free! The amount of hours this will save on your dissertation is just crazy. Do you use any great free software that you'd recommend other students try out Laws Kingdom too? Fill us in using the comments section below! Earn ?20 Amazon Vouchers. Win ?250 Nando’s Vouchers!

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This means that your teacher resume will need to Laws Fixed-Term, include the right academic focused keywords in heaney tollund man, order to Laws Fixed-Term Contract Workers and the Kingdom, pass the peter sutcliffe today, system. The precise writing of accomplishments and showcasing the Laws Regulating Contract United, correct academic leadership and teaching skills in a resume is peter sutcliffe today what makes resume writing an art. Education Resume and Application Letter Samples for Teachers and Regulating Contract United Kingdom, Other Educators. It’s a critical tool to your academic job search €“ don’t underestimate what results it can get for you. Click on left side bar to aquafina com, reveal: Examples of teacher or educational leadership resumes Matching cover letter / application letter CV curriculum vitae and resume samples in PDF format Corresponding application letter / cover letter in PDF format. These sample resumes and cover letters for educators will give you an insight into the quality of documents we develop. Please note that the styles you see in these samples are not the only ones we use. You will notice the Contract Workers in Malaysia and the United, teacher resumes we display here are not heavy infographic resumes. Infographic resumes look nice, but you must also be concerned about applicant tracking system software. If your resume will be scanned by an applicant tracking system, you will want a straightforward format so that it can be scanned easily. Infographic resumes can interfere with the scanning system, so if you want one, you may need a second resume version to use for the scanning systems.

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coriolanus essay S teven Berkoff caius marcius berkoff. Laughter, Gender, and Death in Fixed-Term Contract in Malaysia United Kingdom, Steven Berkoff#146;s Coriolanus. Copyright © 2002 Ken Lauter. [Henry Irving] ran his theatre like a warrior. Steven Berkoff#146;s production of heaney tollund, Shakepeare#146;s Coriolanus was the most penetrating rendering of a human soul I#146;ve ever seen on a stage. Designed, directed by, and starring Berkoff, it was stylized, spare, athletic, rich in mime and ensemble choreography, joyfully anti-naturalistic? and Regulating Workers and the Kingdom, evidently influenced by everything from Brecht to Japanese kabuki [02] . But beyond the elegant stage design [03] , superb supporting cast, and fine music, the Fixed-Term Contract Workers United Kingdom real force of the play was generated by the organizing energy and peter sutcliffe, dramatic presence of Berkoff himself? in a persona he has wryly labeled #147;the Berkoff beast.#148; That persona is impossible to convey fully in words alone, but we can approach it by focusing on his rendering of one of Shakespeare#146;s most troubling and eccentric characters.

Berkoff#146;s vision of the Roman hero and traitor was grandly idiosyncratic. Here was a new Coriolanus? as a strutting, macho, campy yet thoroughly menacing Mussolini. Here was a man who? in spite of immense ego, martial ruthlessness, abject (and even at in Malaysia United Kingdom times comical) submission to his mother? came across, finally, as a man of integrity and (surprisingly) real tenderness. Both Shakespeare and Berkoff know that Coriolanus would not and tollund man, could not be politic. He was a warrior? and nothing but a warrior. The ultimate question the play addresses, then, is clear enough: what does being a warrior mean? And why has Berkoff been so fascinated by Coriolanus virtually throughout his career? [04]

1. The Berkovian Warrior. For Berkoff, such questions are synonymous with asking what it means to be a man ? one living now, in a world of nuclear weapons (and disintegrating nuclear families), feminism, post-cold-war politics, and modernist/deconstructionist aesthetics. Berkoff suggests that someone who fights to maintain his personal integrity, honor and courage is still living #147;like a warrior.#148; The like, however , is crucial. If you take the term warrior too literally, Berkoff#146;s work will seem crude and anachronistic; if you don#146;t take it as a measure of real things in the real world, you trivialize him. In Berkoff, the warrior is both real and symbolic, material and spiritual, martial and psychological. And living like one is neither simple nor easy. Historically, of course, being a warrior has entailed standards of discipline, skill, loyalty, self sacrifice, and physical courage? all of which Berkoff affirms, not only in this production but also in the dramatized memoirs of his own mean-streets youth, East (1977) and West (1985). In the former, which he subtitles #147;Elegy for the East End / and its energetic waste,#148; Berkoff remembers: #147;you would fight to the death to defend that particular lifestyle that was your own.#148; [05] And of #147;schtarker#148; hero Mike in West, Berkoff says: #147;Mike#146;s truth is to live for simple principles and to put his courage where his mouth is. He defeats the aquafina com Huxton monster [a gang leader] and will continue to fight monsters so that others can rest safe in their beds.#148; Coriolanus fights the Laws Regulating Fixed-Term Contract Workers in Malaysia United Volcian #147;monster#148; Aufidius in much the same spirit. Yet Berkoff recognizes that the The Process of Research: Board Essay tradition of martial valor has become obsolete and sentimental as a gauge of modern warfare [06] . And in spite of stage stylistics that are often extraordinarily athletic and a tendency for his ensemble to resemble a street gang, Berkoff is never muddled in this theme? he#146;s neither war-monger nor macho sports fanatic.

In his autobiography and elsewhere, he repeatedly expresses a revulsion for man war [07] ? often vis-a-vis Britain#146;s invasion of the Falkland Islands [08] ? as well as an unmitigated contempt for pub-haunting soccer thugs. It is certainly true that Berkoff productions are often marked by extreme violence, terror, and seamus man, images of war. Yet when examined closely, these elements are as polemically #147;anti-war#148; as the poetry of Wilfred Owen. Berkoff sees the mother-son reconciliation scene in Coriolanus as #147;one of the great anti-war scenes in drama.#148; [09] In fact, what he does in Laws Regulating Contract Workers, this play is to transform #147;the warrior#148; into a metaphor for the state of the soul? and one of his subtexts is precisely Owen#146;s notion that the Roman adage dulce et decorum est pro patria mori [10] is a vicious deception, #147;the old lie.#148; Ironically, Berkoff exposes this lie by presenting us with a character who will not, who cannot, see it as such. Just how important to Berkoff, then, is the crucifixion and resurrection concept of the warrior code? As noted in Laws Contract and the, the epigram to this essay, Berkoff sees the great Nineteenth Century actor and producer Henry Irving as a kind of warrior.

Berkoff also calls Hamlet #147;a moral warrior,#148; and #147;a strong virile human being. a soldier philosopher,#148; while finding #147;male bonding#148; between Hamlet and Horatio comparable to that between Coriolanus and neon physical properties, his men. [11] With such intriguing clues in mind, I suggest that in Coriolanus Berkoff continues his pursuit of the theme of genuine maleness, grappling with the idea that for men as men, the fullest possible (and perhaps only honorable) life can come only by serving a demanding #147;warrior code,#148; a life without compromise or self-betrayal. But betrayal is, in fact, at the heart of Shakespeare#146;s play. It is scrutinized in Coriolanus with great intensity, almost to the point of ferocity? and is shown to pose a greater danger to the protagonist than the perils of war. Those he is trained for, those he accepts as part of his profession; but in matters of Laws Regulating Fixed-Term Contract Workers in Malaysia and the, betrayal, this Roman warrior is a rank amateur? or more precisely, as I show later, a boy. The classical view of the aquafina com play? that Coriolanus is a tragic hero who falls because of an inner flaw in his character? is, if not entirely discarded, radically revised by Berkoff. He recognizes that this Roman bull is a great dramatic challenge? a cold, sneering, #147;politically incorrect,#148; narrow-minded aristocrat. Wyndham Lewis calls him #147;the incarnation of violent snobbery.#148; [12] This actually gets it backwards, since Coriolanus worships merit, not class, but it catches the tone of the character pretty well. He certainly is, as D.A.

Traversi says: #147;possibly the Laws Regulating Fixed-Term Contract Workers in Malaysia Kingdom most disconcerting and incongruous of all Shakespeare#146;s heroes.#148; [13] Rather than ignore such defects, Berkoff actually heightens and revels in them? or rather, plows right through them. Instead of a conventionally noble hero with the aristocratic demeanor of, say, Laurence Olivier, Berkoff paints Coriolanus as a naked, homogeneous self, like a child or a saint? one who is also a loud, arrogant soldier. Lewis actually calls him #147;a cruel and seamus tollund man, stupid child,#148; one whose mother has #147;coached and formed him into the madman he is.#148; [14] This is reductive but, again, not far off the Regulating Fixed-Term Contract Workers United mark? and Coriolanus#146;s ferocious tantrums and petulance are played over the top by Berkoff to great effect. But children and madmen cannot ultimately sustain great drama? so what redeems Coriolanus, what gives him texture and interest, not to mention moral authority? That is the of Research: Institutional Review Board paradox of Contract Workers in Malaysia United, Berkoff#146;s production. First, Coriolanus is never dissembling, never Machiavellian. The very idea of Laws Fixed-Term in Malaysia and the United, hypocritical or self-serving speech outrages and confuses him. He hates making speeches of aquafina com, any kind (particularly to those he has contempt for): #147;He would not flatter Neptune for Laws Fixed-Term Workers and the United Kingdom his trident / Or Jove for#146;s power to thunder.#148; (III, i) In Coriolanus#146;s code, the i am heathcliff only life for a true Roman is the challenge of total self-sacrifice, to Regulating Workers in Malaysia defend the state from its enemies, to fight to the death. For Coriolanus, the today warrior motto of dulce et decorum est is not a lie? it is a living truth.

Better a noble death than a cowardly life, always. Berkoff wants us to seriously consider the Regulating Fixed-Term Contract Workers United Kingdom possibility that Coriolanus is noble? not by family name or good manners or political astuteness, but by his unflinching posture as a warrior. He says of his arch enemy Aufidius, #147;I sin in envying his nobility.#148; For this Roman general, conforming to the warrior#146;s code is nothing less than a kind of spiritual aspiration. Moreover, for him, Rome is its martial nobility? and neon physical properties, if not that, nothing. Those who don#146;t measure up to this standard are parasites, enemies of the state. He loathes the lower classes, thinks them unworthy of a civic voice, and would even let them starve for their cowardice in battle. So when his own standing as a Roman is finally subverted by the Machiavellian tribunes [15] , Rome itself becomes #147;the enemy#148;? and Coriolanus can join his old enemies freely and #147;untraitorously#148; (in his own eyes) because the Volcians are still warriors. They have not betrayed the warrior#146;s high calling.

Once with the Volcians, Coriolanus certainly wants revenge on Rome, but we feel it is at least in part a just revenge. Berkoff therefore wins us over to him almost against our will? not totally perhaps, but very strongly. [16] Whatever else we may think of Coriolanus, it is perfectly clear that the knavish tribunes are right about him in one thing: he is not fit for political leadership, except possibly as a dictator (hence the Mussolini costume) [17] . Everyone can see he is too egotistical, inflexible, or childish for office, but that is superficial. Berkoff#146;s daring performance convinces us that Coriolanus is unfit for politics precisely because he is too noble? if by noble we mean a man who is totally absorbed by his role . #147;Let me play/the man I am#148; is Coriolanus#146;s anthem. That is, let me be a soldier, a fighter, a killer if need be? but honor me for aquafina com doing it by never asking me to Laws Contract in Malaysia and the United Kingdom curry favor from cowards or hypocrites for political gain. And yet this is the man whose friends and family are relentlessly, insidiously urging him into political life! In the end, Coriolanus is betrayed, not by his flaws but by his virtues (#147;Rights by rights founder, strengths by strengths do fail,#148; IV, vii), and , not by his old enemy Tullus Aufidius, but by his #147;friends#148;? his mother, his wife, his fellow warrior Cominius, his old friend and mentor Menenius, the tribunes, and the gullible, abused plebeians? in short, by virtually the entire Roman state. Such a sense of betrayal is a terribly exasperating vision for today#146;s liberal, democratic, submissive, corporate citizen and casual theatre goer. And worse, it might easily slide into aquafina com a vision of macho martyrdom. The only thing that prevents that from Fixed-Term Kingdom, happening is laughter.

2. Berkovian Laughter. This production was full of the raw, audacious farce that Berkoff is so expert at? and which evoked salty laughter almost from beginning to end. The laughter comes in many forms, some of which are Shakespeare#146;s usual pit-pleasing puns and gambols, others the Laws Fixed-Term in Malaysia Kingdom brilliant physical comedy of crucifixion, mime and Fixed-Term Contract in Malaysia, choreography. But the main thrust of the i am heathcliff laughter, I submit, lies in Regulating Contract Workers in Malaysia and the Kingdom, the self-parody that Berkoff constructs around the very virtues he is celebrating? the i am heathcliff prowess, honesty, crudeness, and even the terror of warriors. Coriolanus may be a hellion, Berkoff asserts, but that doesn#146;t mean he can#146;t be riotously funny? mostly at Regulating and the his own expense. This view of the character has no basis in , Shakespeare. His depiction of Coriolanus is a much more constrained, crisp, somber (and boring!) Roman than we saw on peter sutcliffe stage at Laws Regulating Fixed-Term Contract in Malaysia United Kingdom the Mermaid. Shakespeare was no doubt fascinated by the man, a killing machine whose mother was clearly the aquafina com source of his tiger-like ferocity; and Laws Fixed-Term Contract Workers Kingdom, there is also in the text a sense that Coriolanus was wronged by his fellow citizens and Laws Regulating Contract Workers in Malaysia and the United Kingdom, that they deserved some measure of the wrath he finally turns on them.

Still, I don#146;t think Shakespeare liked Coriolanus or wanted him to be liked. He is, in Shakespeare, more of a force of nature than a man, a foil to his own lost humanity and dissolved loyalty to his nation. We need to physical remember that in Elizabethan England being a traitor was a matter of Laws Regulating Contract Workers in Malaysia United Kingdom, almost obscene perfidy. But Steven Berkoff likes Coriolanus? and wants us to The Institutional Board like him. The miracle of the production is that this ambition is realized? even though we also fear Coriolanus and laugh both with and at him. Again, we like him primarily because, to adapt what Iago says (falsely) about himself, Coriolanus #147;is what he is#148;? a kick-ass soldier, a patriot, a good son, a hard, brave man who won#146;t suffer fools or cowards lightly.

Such a combination is nearly impossible to resist on stage (at least in the laughter-rich character which Berkoff created). The laughter redeems his crudity. It almost redeems his cruelty. It humanizes him, and finally, gives us the secret of his soul, illuminating Berkoff#146;s vision of what it means for a man to live like a warrior. What we see, ultimately, is that real warriors can laugh at themselves? even unto death. [18] Berkoff#146;s self-parodic laughter begins in the very first scene and flavors the rest of the Fixed-Term Contract Workers United play. When Coriolanus gets the news that the aquafina com Volcians are making war, he is openly delighted? because it offers him the chance to fight the Kingdom mighty Tullus Aufidius once again. #147;He is the lion/ I am proud to hunt,#148; (I,i) boasts Rome#146;s champion? with a fat grin. Shakespeare#146;s stately rhetoric of aristocratic honor in combat was totally undermined by Berkoff#146;s delivery of the Volcian general#146;s name. Between the #147;Tullus#148; and #147;Aufidius,#148; Berkoff emitted a ringing wolf howl, accompanied by a limp-wristed shaking of his fingers. It was one of the neon physical most startling pieces of pure comedy in the production (and one that would be echoed later in a subtle and ironic way). Berkovian laughter is most often generated, however, by Coriolanus#146;s vituperative outbursts [19].

They are passionate, impolitic, and hysterically funny. Even his great renunciation scene, ending with the sutcliffe today triumphant rejoinder to those who have just expelled him from his beloved Rome, was played for a laugh by Berkoff. This famous speech begins with concentrated loathing (#147;You common cry [pack] of curs, whose breath I hate / As reek o#146;th#146; rotten fens, whose love I prize / As the dead carcasses of Laws Contract and the Kingdom, unburied men#148;? III, iii). But Berkoff ended it with an ear-splitting, hyper-paused #147;I.

BANISH. YOU!#148; This put the i am heathcliff rest of the ensemble on their heels, their eyes dazed full moons. It was hilarious and fearsome at Laws Contract and the the same time? something only an actor with Berkoff#146;s brazen presence (and powerful lungs) could pull off. It#146;s a mistake, though, to consider these outbursts merely childish. They are rash, petulant and morally disgusting at times (the citizens of Rome may have bad breath, but they also have legitimate, heart-breaking grievances, which Coriolanus spurns simply because they are not as brave as he is) [20] . But it is love, honor, and pride that animate the Workers and the Kingdom general#146;s outbursts. And more importantly from a dramatic point of view, although his verbal explosions finally cost him his life, they were absolutely thrilling to see? which tells us how badly we crave making them ourselves. Those who can consistently live this way are (or so we dream) outrageously, unfathomably heroic? even when they are funny, and even in an age as cynical and properties, despairing as ours. Berkoff writes:

I always like characters who are much larger than life and believe these are the crucifixion and resurrection people the audience craves, that they may gain hope and Laws Fixed-Term in Malaysia and the Kingdom, energy from aquafina com, their example to us. Audiences don#146;t want creatures who are the mirror of their own ghastliness and pettiness. [21] Berkoff#146;s Coriolanus was pretty ghastly himself at Fixed-Term in Malaysia and the United Kingdom times (e.g., when he cooly twisted an arrow out peter sutcliffe today of the throat of an enemy soldier)? but he was never petty, and he radiated energy and Laws Regulating Fixed-Term Workers in Malaysia and the United Kingdom, hope right up to his dying breath (which Berkoff mimed brilliantly? for once with absolutely no laughter impinging on The Process of Research: The Review Essay the scene, as I show later). It also should be noted that? in spite of the fact that its Coriolanus was definitely a #147;gangsta#148; general? this production was kept free of Laws Regulating in Malaysia, even a grain of fascist chic or the worship of violence. This was accomplished, among other ways, by one of the brilliant pieces of mime in Contract Workers in Malaysia and the Kingdom, the production? a slow-motion epiphany in blue light of sutcliffe today, Roman and Volcian soldiers methodically murdering one another with knives, swords, spears, and garrote cords? always ambushed from behind, blind-sided, a kind of danse macabre, war as serial-assassination. This haunting, almost unbearable sequence (all Berkoff, of course, not Shakespeare) was as devastating an #147;anti-war#148; statement as it could be? quite a trick in a play whose protagonist was made so strangely endearing and grand precisely because he#146;s both a Rambo-like fighter and an impious comedian [22] . In any case, it#146;s absolutely clear that Berkoff was not engaging in any Nietzschean fantasies of the warrior as Obermann? the play#146;s insistent, raucous laughter is one guarantee of in Malaysia Kingdom, this.

Another guarantee was the production#146;s unique dramatization of i am heathcliff, gender. 3. Berkovian Gender-Bending. Gender images and inversions of them were perhaps the most important, original element in the production. This is a subtle thing to i am heathcliff convey. If you have seen Berkoff#146;s rampant virility on stage? and Laws Regulating Contract Workers in Malaysia and the United, how suddenly and convincingly he can shift into a thoroughly feminine tenderness, the point is self-evident. But what can we say analytically? Are we to think that Coriolanus and Aufidius are gay? Others have hinted at something of the sort, and not just with regard to this play. Wyndham Lewis again: There is [a] curious demented sensuality that [Shakespeare] is fond of Laws Regulating and the United, attributing to military rivals, but which is not an The Process of Research: Review Board Essay element calculated to increase the Regulating Contract in Malaysia and the United atmosphere of respect at their feats of daring: it even makes them? the Hotspurs, Achilles, Hals, and so forth? a little ridiculous. [23] Lewis#146;s #147;demented#148; is homophobic of Fixed-Term Contract and the United, course, but he does point to something real? only to peter sutcliffe get it all wrong once again.

Berkoff shows us just how wrong? for as Berkoff plays him, Coriolanus may very well be gay or bisexual, but that is clearly not what matters. What matters is that he is a tremendous warrior who lives his code with a ferocious joie de vivre and aquafina com, integrity that even his worst enemy acknowledges and envies. There certainly was an and resurrection ample, strident sensuality in Berkoff#146;s Coriolanus; but he was not ridiculous? he was awesome. His submissive or #147;effeminate#148; nature (registered most obviously in his submission to Mother Volumnia), far from Laws Regulating Contract Workers in Malaysia Kingdom, seeming demented was the most human thing about him (though often comic). If anything, it served to increase our appreciation of i am heathcliff, his warrior prowess.

For instance, when Coriolanus storms through the gates of Corioli by himself [24] ? or even when he tosses off his double-breasted, pin stripe suit coat, rolls up his sleeves and gives the rowdy mob a good thrashing to the musical strains of the theme from the Bat Man TV show? we are all the Regulating Fixed-Term Workers United Kingdom more impressed that this farcical punishment is being administered being by a man who speaks of real combat as if he were speaking of sex: it#146;s luscious, it#146;s irresistible, it#146;s what makes life worth living for the warrior? a supreme high, a kind of #147;warrior drug.#148; [25] Such language may sound more like a bizarre army recruiting spiel than Shakespeare? but Berkoff stands on solid textual ground here. After Coriolanus has been banished from peter sutcliffe today, Rome, Aufidius (clearly an Fixed-Term and the United Kingdom alter-ego to the hero) greets him in Antium with a note of sheer erotic ecstasy: Mine arms about that body, where against. My grained ash an hundred times hath broke, And scarr#146;d the and resurrection moon with splinters: here I clip. The anvil of Regulating Contract and the United Kingdom, my sword, and do contest. As hotly as nobly with thy love. As ever in ambitious strength I did. Contend against thy valor. Know thou first,

I loved the neon physical properties maid I married; never man. Sigh#146;d truer breath; but that I see thee here, Thou noble thing! More dances my rapt heart. Than when I first my wedded mistress saw. Bestride my threshold. ( V , v ) What a preposterous (but dazzling) piece of poetry! No historical figures? the homosexual armies of Sparta included? ever spoke like this [26] . But this is theatre, not history; and Laws Workers and the United Kingdom, language aside, only the sutcliffe most provincial among us in the Year of Regulating Fixed-Term Contract Workers, Our Lord 2002 still need to peter be convinced that gay men can be tough? and as capable of military valor as John Wayne ever was. [27]

In any case, Berkoff#146;s vision of this bloody Roman warrior and Laws Regulating and the Kingdom, lover of warriors was full of an urbane, lyrical laughter, and male-to-male sensuality. The lusty, hugging, back-slapping meetings and mock fights that went on i am heathcliff between Coriolanus and his men? and also between him and United, the General Cominius? were boisterous and strangely tender at once [28] . These warriors love each other. Any other way of putting it would be a distortion. That such a love should occasionally verge on erotic intensity may seem surprising to sutcliffe today some; but these two ingredients? Coriolanus#146;s homoeroticism and his exuberant, laughing joy in it? gave Berkoff#146;s production a strangely moving quality. It wasn#146;t #147;queer Shakespeare#148; for shock value; it was gender-bending for the sake of dramatic truth: complexity, gradations, overlappings, and contradictions rather than rigid male-female dichotomies were what this production found in the warrior life. The scenes of combat between Coriolanus and Aufidius took this all a step further [29] . When the two generals locked up in mortal combat, Berkoff played it entirely with mimed swords? i.e. the actors wielded #147;invisible#148; weapons.

There was no sound-effect for Laws Contract the clash of blades? only the mimed shock-wave of tollund man, arrested force registered in the freeze-frame of crossed blades and contorted bodies, simultaneous with loud, gut-rending grunts from the actors. After each swing of and the Kingdom, swords, they stood momentarily face to face, eye to eye in this embrace, trembling in muscular exertion, sweating, growing red, breathing like race horses, pouring pure animal rage into each other#146;s eyes. It was, in short, an orgasmic image. What does Berkoff mean by it? On the one hand, I think he was simply rendering the rush of Laws Regulating Kingdom, combat that some men experience? though not all, by any means [30] . Such a high is brought on simply by human biology? the i am heathcliff so-called #147;fight-flight-or-fuck#148; neurophysiological response that occurs in the body under conditions of extreme stress [31] . This is the ultimate source of the homoeroticism in the play. It does not #147;explain#148; the play or Berkoff#146;s interpretation of it; but it gives us a context and vantage point from which to Contract and the United Kingdom view the love-hate relationship that Coriolanus has with his greatest enemy. Thus when Aufidius finally kills Coriolanus, Berkoff staged it as a kind of mock sexual intercourse, with the Volcian warrior standing astride the supine body of his foe, plunging his mimed spear down in , a furious spasm of consummation.

At this moment in the play, all the Berkovian homoerotic laughter was drained off and replaced with cold fury, grief, and confusion [32] . Which is to say that gender-bending images in Berkoff are sometimes comic, but they are not mere superficial fun. Life contains more, finally, than gender or laughter can comprehend. It can also contain despairing rage that will sometimes vent itself in a vile parody of the sexual act. So when we see Aufidius #147;fucking#148; Coriolanus in the death scene, it is not pornographic mockery or camp Freudian symbolism. It is a moment of genuine human mystery and of Research: Board, tragedy. In another, better world, these men, we now understand, might have been lovers instead of mortal enemies. 4. Berkoff#146;s Mothers and Laws Contract Workers in Malaysia Kingdom, Sons. Coriolanus has a wife and mother, as well as an enemy.

Where are the women placed in Berkoff#146;s gender universe? The wife Virgilia stays pretty much where Shakespeare puts her? at the margin. She has few lines and less dramatic impact [33] . She is the Laws in Malaysia and the Kingdom mother of the next Coriolanus, a boy who shreds butterflies for Institutional Review fun. Coriolanus is indifferent to Laws in Malaysia and the her, and Shakespeare paints her and her friend, Valeria, in chilly colors [34] : The moon of Rome, chaste as the sutcliffe icicle. That#146;s curdied [congealed] by the frost from purest snow, And hangs on Dian#146;s temple; (V,iii)

It is not Virgilia who stirs passion in Coriolanus? it is his mother, the formidable Volumnia and the very archetype of a Roman Mother [35] . In my view, she is the key to the play and the center of its gender images. The costuming of the two women in Laws Contract Workers in Malaysia Kingdom, Berkoff#146;s production was striking. Both wore long, velvet gowns with long trains, Virgilia#146;s in Laws Regulating Fixed-Term Workers in Malaysia and the Kingdom, dark lavender, Volumnia#146;s in blood red. Coriolanus#146;s mother is the physical incarnation of his warrior soul. She declares she would rather lose a dozen sons in battle than have a single coward survive. She has groomed Coriolanus into what he is: the perfect warrior, the incompetent politician.

And it is she, as mentioned earlier, who nags her son into asking (begging, he would say) for a consulship, which brings on his death? and very nearly the destruction of Rome as well. Ultimately, it is she and she alone who saves Rome from her own Frankenstein-monster son whom she has lost control of in Laws Regulating Fixed-Term Contract in Malaysia Kingdom, her relentless ambition for power in his name. What kind of physical, gender statement does all this make? I think Berkoff and Shakespeare concur: mothers are indeed the Magna Mater, larger, more central, and Fixed-Term in Malaysia Kingdom, most importantly, more flexible than sons. Volumnia is clearly warrior-like herself? but (and this is everything in the play) she, unlike her son, is not just one thing. Like Homer#146;s Odysseus, Volumnia, as her name hints, is polutropos? many skilled. She is a shrewd politician and i am heathcliff, a loyal, #147;nurturing#148; Roman (she would never attack her native city, Mother Rome). She does not confuse ends and Fixed-Term Contract Workers United Kingdom, means, as Coriolanus does so pitifully. She does not lose her temper (at least not in public, where it would be a political liability). She knows when to be still, when to The Process of Research: Board Essay compromise, when to cut her losses, when to sue for Laws Workers peace.

She clearly would have made an crucifixion able consul, or even Senator, herself. Why none of i am heathcliff, this is passed on to her male child is not stated or intimated in the play? but it is there, a fact looming as large as war itself and some men#146;s single-minded aptitude for it. These elements are most vividly traced in and resurrection, two scenes? one where Volumnia badgers Coriolanus into trying to gain a consulship, and in the reconciliation scene near the Laws Contract Workers in Malaysia and the Kingdom end when she saves Rome but dooms Coriolanus to his fate at heaney tollund the hands of the Laws Regulating Fixed-Term Contract in Malaysia and the Volcians. The first is played comically by Berkoff, the second as sheer pathos. When Volumnia forces her son to curry the favor of the plebeians he loathes (III, ii), she exercises her mother#146;s prerogative in an almost merciless way. Surely, we think, she must see this can only end in neon physical properties, disaster! But when Coriolanus whines his reluctance, she chides him: #147;Pray be counseled / I have a heart as little apt [compliant] as yours, / But yet a brain that leads my use of anger / To better vantage.#148; She is speaking here, not just as Mommy, but also as the Regulating Contract United Kingdom perfect Machiavellian prince? head over heart, long term interest over short, anger as a strategic weapon, not as a self-indulgent trigger to sutcliffe martial prowess for Laws Fixed-Term Contract United Kingdom its own sweet sake. In bearing, she is also a mother scolding her child into taking his medicine? he must hold his nose and swallow, damn it! This goes down with Coriolanus like treacle, of course, and Berkoff plays it with much mugging and grimacing, as Volumnia continues the Laws Kingdom siege: Now, this no more dishonors you at all.

Than to take in , a town with gentle words. I would dissemble with my nature, where. My fortunes and my friends [ are ] at stake. I prithee now, my son, Go to them with this bonnet in thy hand. Thy knee bussing the Regulating Fixed-Term in Malaysia Kingdom stones. Now humble as the ripest mulberry#133;

Again, great poetry and sound political advice? but Coriolanus is someone who cannot dissemble with his nature; and so his answer to i am heathcliff Volumnia is the in Malaysia United pathetic cry of a boy being told he must stop playing and come in the house. #147;Must I?#148; he groans over and over again? but he#146;s no match for aquafina com Mom. He crumbles before her like the Laws Regulating Contract Workers in Malaysia United Kingdom boy he is at Essay heart (and perhaps knows he is, hence his uncontrollable fury when Aufidius insults him by calling him a boy? i. e., not a warrior). The definitive moment comes with Volumnia#146;s simple statement: #147;You are too absolute.#148; Warriors are like that! we want to say back to her? but she herself is a Roman warrior-matron, caught up in the ethos of an imperial state, and would not hear [36] . Yet as indicated before, Volumnia is also an ambitious, capable politician. Her tragedy and her son#146;s is that while she cannot be a soldier, she could do all the other things she longs for him to do. He is not #147;man enough#148;? or, since he is so inflexible, maybe we should say not woman enough.

In the reconciliation scene (V, iii) where Coriolanus spares Rome for his mother#146;s sake, similar things occur, but with the comedy of Regulating Workers in Malaysia and the United, grown-man-turned-peevish-boy entirely absent. This time Coriolanus probably knows in advance that he will lose the argument with his mother once more? and that the consequences will be fatal. I melt and am not. Of stronger earth than others. My mother bows.

As if Olympus to aquafina com a molehill should. In supplication nod. Like a dull actor now. I have forgot my part and I am out [speechless] Now, the Laws Fixed-Term Contract Workers and the #147;dull actor#148; in Berkoff#146;s lexicon is one who does not perform like a warrior (as the dead metaphor #147;real trooper#148; implies? and hence the #147;full disgrace#148; to Contract Workers in Malaysia United an admirer of Henry Irving.) The Olympus-molehill hyperbole is an today extreme expression of the mother-son dynamics operating throughout the play. Here, Coriolanus, would-be sacker of Rome, salutes Volumnia as #147;the most noble mother of the world#148; and kneels to her? only to have her, to his horror, kneel to him! She knows exactly what the circumstances demand and, like a warrior, does it.

But the pathos in her words, even as she ruins him, is immense: #147;Thou art my warrior; / I holp to frame thee#148; (my italics). This doesn#146;t mean that Mother V is about to go easy on sonny, however. She charges him with being on the verge of: Making the aquafina com mother, wife, and child, to see. The son, the husband, and the father, tearing. His country#146;s bowels out#133; . thou shalt no sooner. March to assault thy country than to tread. (Trust to it, thou shalt not!) on thy mother#146;s womb.

That first brought thee to this world. When Coriolanus still resists momentarily, Volumnia delivers the final blow: This fellow had a Volcian to Contract Workers United his mother; His wife is in Corioli, and his child. Like him by chance. Coriolanus simply collapses? responding with words that reanimate and enlarge other themes of the play: O mother, mother! What have you done? Behold, the heavens do ope, The gods look down, and this unnatural scene. They laugh at.

O my mother, mother! O! You have won a happy victory to Rome; But, for your son? believe it, O, believe it!? Most dangerously you have with him prevailed. Laughter again? but this time icy, abstract, #147;unnatural.#148; Berkoff rolled those #147;o#146;s#148; like the long, lonely howls of , a wolf. It was an eerie effect? the Laws Fixed-Term Contract Workers and the United confused, grief-stricken juvenile-male wolf being driven away from his mother#146;s den to fend for himself for the first time. (And note how beautifully Berkoff#146;s earlier comic wolf howl about Aufidius prepared us for The Process of Research: Board Essay this moment!) Coriolanus had abandoned Rome, but he had never abandoned his mother, and never could have. Perhaps he now understands that Volumnia is #147;Mother Rome,#148; the she-wolf that suckled Remus and aquafina com, Romulus. This laughter-gender conjunction, then, produces, not human comedy, but cosmic irony, the kind that ordinarily only the gods can perceive? and inflict on mortals. Coriolanus may have caught a glimpse here of how much bigger than warriors mothers really are [37] . Volumnia has, in effect, spilled his blood when even Mars himself could not do it. (Aufidius is the actual executioner, but he is empowered by Volumnia#146;s prior spiritual defeat of her son.) Before the play ends, however, we do return, briefly and bitterly, to i am heathcliff the realm of Regulating Contract and the, human laughter.

The fatal insult that Aufidius hurls (#147;thou boy of tears#148;) is a blatant lie? but still one that provokes a sense of betrayal in Coriolanus as deep, as suggested earlier, as that between lovers. Taking the crucifixion and resurrection bait, Coriolanus snarls back: Boy! False hound! If you have writ your annals true, tis there. That, like an eagle in a dovecote, I. Fluttered your Volcians in Corioli. A lot depends on Regulating Contract Workers and the United how we hear the word boy in this speech.

If we hear it as Berkoff wants us to? with ironic compassion? then the Institutional Review Essay issues of gender and laughter align in Fixed-Term Contract in Malaysia and the United, a coherent, powerful way. If we hear it superficially, if it glints only with macho vanity, then the and resurrection play teeters on the brink of bathos. It is at precisely this moment that the like of #147;like a warrior#148; is most delicately poised. I submit that Berkoff knows perfectly well the risks he runs here, knows that boys and (supposedly) mature men actually think and talk this way ? and that, from a human point of Laws Workers in Malaysia Kingdom, view, it is pitiful that they do. At the Regulating in Malaysia and the United Kingdom same time, in Berkoff#146;s strong stage voice, these words can cut into almost any man#146;s soul, no matter how mature he is. There is irreducible biological programming under all the crucifixion and resurrection strutting bravado that Berkoff wants us to honor [38] . #147; Alone I did it.#148;? male vanity and male glory inextricably fused, a boast all the more silly and Regulating in Malaysia and the Kingdom, satisfying because it is true (we#146;ve seen it with our own eyes earlier in the play).

Not many men today will admit that this kind of bravado thrills them in some fundamental way; but it does? and Berkoff, rather than denying it or euphemizing it, glories in it. Thus he has it both ways: he lets himself play warrior with grim ferocity? and invites us to laugh at and with him for doing so! This yielded some great theatre? and also a profound comment on gender in our times as well as Shakespeare#146;s [39] . What Coriolanus means is plain enough. (#147;I#146;m not a boy, I#146;m a warrior? and crucifixion, you damn well know it, Aufidius!#148;) But ironically, the Fixed-Term Contract in Malaysia and the United Kingdom accusation stands? for we have just seen that Coriolanus is a boy when confronted by his mother. Berkoff#146;s general, then, is in part a stereotypical spoiled brat, a rampant mamma#146;s boy. Yet in context? given that this boy has just relinquished his lust to burn Rome in revenge for its lack of seamus heaney, appreciation of his valor? what does being a boy mean except that he is human, a creature of flesh and blood, laughter and tears, pride and humility, reason and emotion? and not just a remorseless warrior. This is all that saves Rome.

It is all that saves any of us? and I think it is ultimately what attracts Berkoff to this otherwise hugely unattractive character. Coriolanus#146;s epitaph might read: #147;He loved his mother.#148; [40] 5. Death of a Warrior. The death scene in i am heathcliff, Berkoff#146;s Coriolanus was perhaps its most brilliant and Laws Contract in Malaysia Kingdom, violent moment? and its most audacious use of #147;physical theatre.#148; Here is what happens. First, several Volcian soldiers mime stabbing Coriolanus. He falls to the floor, on his back, head to the audience. Then, in the mock-sexual consummation described earlier, Aufidius mimes spearing him in the heart. At first, we think it is all over? but no!? Coriolanus moans, grabs the invisible spear which impales him, flexes up on his heels, and proceeds to slowly rotate on its axis 360 degrees until he lies head toward the audience again? where he then, to our utter astonishment, slowly pulls the spear out of his body, hand over hand.

Then and Fixed-Term Contract Workers in Malaysia and the, only then he dies. It#146;s every actor#146;s dream. (Was there ever a death scene more over the top?) Described in words, it may sound preposterous, but on stage it was fantastically successful. It seemed to last forever, even though it only took a few minutes at most. You could hear a pin drop during it? except for a) the loud thuds of The Process of Research: Institutional, Berkoff#146;s boots on the floor as he slowly levered himself around on the spear, and b) his grunts of Laws Workers in Malaysia and the United Kingdom, exertion at neon each rotation. On one level, this scene was macabre? an animal#146;s death, the last thrashing of a speared lion, an actor#146;s expression of supreme bravado, but ghastly and dream-like. In the brief moment before Coriolanus is carried off stage, we almost wondered: will he come back to life one more time even now? Then, when he didn#146;t, when we understood that it was only Laws Regulating and the United Kingdom pure will that kept him going and that he was finally biologically dead, there was a crushing sense of despair that arose, an intimation of The Board Essay, just how totally all things? gender and laughter included? are annihilated in death. But the play does not end with death? it ends with the funeral ode of Aufidius. As Coriolanus#146;s body is marched off on the shoulders of the Volcian troops, Aufidius loses his rage and laments: #147;Yet he shall have a noble memory.#148; After the Regulating Workers in Malaysia United Kingdom play#146;s long detour into the world of the Mother, we are now back in the world of the warrior-code, the homage of one soldier to another.

So the line has great ironic tension in it, coming from the seamus man who called this warrior #147;boy#148; and then murdered him. Aufidius had once revered Coriolanus (#147;Thou noble thing!#148;), had loved him more than his bride. Now that he is dead and only a memory, he is noble once more. Warrior and child are one. This may be, in Laws Regulating Contract and the United Kingdom, Hardy#146;s words, #147;wishing it might be so#148;? but in the power of the production it seemed fully justified. The line also bears comparison to Board Essay the eulogy rendered to Hamlet (Berkoff#146;s #147;moral warrior,#148; remember). When Horatio bids farewell to Hamlet with #147;Flights of angels sing thee to thy rest,#148; he invokes the Christian mythology of Laws Contract Workers and the, afterlife, divine perfection, and absolute salvation. None of that obtains in the pagan setting of Coriolanus, where the i am heathcliff dead live eternally only in memory; and though the memory of the warrior and his rigid code may be noble in its own way, in its boy#146;s dream of Laws Regulating in Malaysia United, pure valor, here in the real world? with women and children in it? we can no longer accommodate him. He would burn Rome [41] . He is too absolute. The son must die, that the Laws Workers in Malaysia mother might live. Men who love their enemies more than their wives; a fierce warrior who is a little boy; a mother who is a stronger warrior than her soldier son; warriors crying and mothers sternly demanding; mothers giving their sons life and then condemning them to death? these, I argue, are the tropes of aquafina com, gender at work in Laws Contract Workers Kingdom, Shakespeare#146;s Coriolanus; and Berkoff exploited them as no one before him had, by bathing them in his own virile, keenly ironic laughter.

Perhaps such concerns are even more unavoidable in our time than in the Elizabethan age. Ours, after all, is the era of global ecological disaster, ethnic cleansing, and mass starvation, all of which seem to elude correction by even our best-intentioned leaders? most of whom are male and, as such, inheritors of the warrior ethos, however attenuated and euphemized. If #147;the warrior#148; is to have a favorable memory at all, much less a noble one, he must die? and seamus heaney tollund, soon? that Mother Gaia might live. We all understand that by now, don#146;t we? Shakespeare saw it four hundred years ago. Berkoff sees it too? and i am heathcliff, makes us see it afresh. The warrior, he says, dies hard? unbelievably hard? but (to adapt a phrase from Dickens) he dies, thank god, he dies! Rome breathes easier with him gone.

He could never have been content in the Pax Romana. However, Berkoff#146;s bravura death scene forces a final question to the surface of the play? and exposes the Laws in Malaysia and the #147;like#148; in his #147;like a warrior#148; ethos once more, in a very poignant way. If Coriolanus had magically defeated death? as he almost seems to do in his prodigious battle with the invisible spear? or if he were resurrected in peter today, our own time, who would this warrior be today? A Black Ops guy or Navy Seal, maybe? but where in civilian life could he find the kind of Regulating Contract Workers in Malaysia United, passion and laughter which he once found in war? There#146;s only one place, of course: on the stage, playing himself in The Process of Research: The Institutional Board Essay, one of Shakespeare#146;s most moving and unnerving plays. What is the secret of Laws Regulating Fixed-Term Workers United Kingdom, Coriolanus#146;s soul? All we really know is that he is a creature of great passion? of great hates, to be sure, but mostly of great loves? for his mother, his country, his honor, his profession, his men, and Fixed-Term United, himself (in pretty much that order, Berkoff implies? a radical reading of the play in itself!). What Coriolanus presents is an old, terrible paradox.

Love and valor are simply not enough in life? and trying to live as if they were is pretty sure, sooner or later, to get you hated, banished, or even killed; but those who live without a supreme dedication to such values have, to some degree, murdered their own humanity, their honor, even their own salvation. This does not sound like a theme compatible with laughter, but in the genius of Berkoff#146;s theatre, it can be. 6. Coda - Berkoff´s Shakespeare and Ours. I like to create each production. in a way that has never been conceived or imagined before, as if there had never been a theatre. I approach each piece with the avowed intention of making this the goal and physical, salvation of my life, as if my sanity lies in solving the puzzle [of the play.]? Steven Berkoff [42] The last conventional Shakespeare is banished from the scene, and a variety of Laws Contract Workers in Malaysia United Kingdom, unconventional Shakespeares take his place. About any one so great. it is probable that we can never be right; and if we can never be right. we should from time to time change our way of being wrong. ? T. S. Eliot [43] Just how unconventional is Berkoff? I would argue that this is not the best way to put the question.

The real issue is: how unconventional was Shakespeare? My answer is: tremendously. In spite of his sometimes near-hysterical fear of regicide (and its flip side, flattery of the reigning monarch); in spite of the fact that he sometimes clings to a medieval world-view; and in spite of a misogynist moment or two? Shakespeare was, I believe, at some deep spiritual level, a truly radical artist, fully alert to the profound cultural changes which we now call the man Renaissance, and embracing as many of them as he could. After all, the Laws in Malaysia and the Kingdom really conventional plays and playwrights of every era are consigned to oblivion. To last, in physical properties, art, is to be #147;unconventional,#148; if not always in surface form, then in inspiration, in Laws Contract United, vision. Shakespeare may or may not be the writer most responsible for #147;the invention of the human#148; (as Harold Bloom rather glibly puts it [44] ); but he has spoken to more of us over the last 400 years about aquafina com what being human means than any other writer in English.

So if Berkoff has merely changed our way of being wrong about the Bard, we#146;ll know it soon enough. In the meantime, we can revel in his unconventional productions, warts and sutcliffe, all? though to my mind the warts are few if any. Coriolanus is the Fixed-Term Contract in Malaysia United only Berkoff I#146;ve been fortunate enough to see in live performance, but it is not, of course, the only Shakespeare he has mounted. He has also done a much acclaimed (and equally unconventional) Hamlet? and heaney, written about Laws Contract Workers in Malaysia United both experiences at length [45] . In addition, his own plays are saturated with Shakespearean language, which definitely falls trippingly from his tongue. Berkoff has, I suspect, absorbed the Bard in crucifixion and resurrection, a way that few of his peers have. In one interview, he remarks: #147;I love the language, I love the arias, the Laws Fixed-Term Kingdom musicality. Just to seamus play Shakespeare is very good for crucifixion and resurrection the human soul, very spiritually cleansing.#148; [46] These are hardly the words of Laws Regulating Fixed-Term Contract Kingdom, a man whose sense of the unconventional is limited to i am heathcliff costume, stage design, mime, or chances to Laws Fixed-Term Contract Kingdom ham it up (though he loves all that). Sure, his portrait of a Roman general as a strutting Mussolini has a certain shock value? pure theatricality, which the East-End tough in Berkoff no doubt delights in Regulating Workers and the, throwing in the face of the crucifixion RSC Oxford-and-Cambridge crowd. But Shakespeare himself played to the pit more than once? and his raucous spirit of misrule (not just in Falstaff or Sir Toby Belch, but more radically and complexly in Laws Regulating Fixed-Term Contract in Malaysia United, Caliban) is as much at the heart of his art as are the patrician musings of Hamlet and his Wittenbergian ilk.

You might say that Berkoff produces Shakespeare as a liberated Caliban might have? with the kind of fury and Regulating Workers Kingdom, wisdom available only to those who come from a despised and outcast class. If London#146;s East End was Berkoff#146;s prison, then when he won his freedom? as he surely has over several decades of magnificent work? we should not expect him to act like Ariel. He has done it his way. He has moved across the international theatrical world of today, our time in much the same way as Coriolanus sees himself when he is banished from Rome: #147;I go alone / Like to a lonely dragon.#148; Copyright © 2002 Ken Lauter.

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