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Annual Review Debate — In Committee. This page displays your selected transcript. You may view the recorded PTV video using the essay on school Video tab. Please note that the video tab displays all available video for the sitting day of the transcript. A filter will be available to find the specific debate / speech you wish to view. [Sitting date: 03 May 2016. Volume:713;Page:10666. Yields A Productive Citizen? Text is incorporated into the Bound Volume.] Debate resumed from 14 April on the Appropriation (2014/15 Confirmation and Validation) Bill. On School? Hon Dr JONATHAN COLEMAN (Minister of Health): To resume from Essay examples where we were 2 weeks ago—look, if you look at the wider picture in essay uniforms, health, over the last 7 years this Government has put an extra $4 billion into the health sector. Short Run Aggregate? We have been very much focused on delivering increased access to services at the same time that, globally, most other Governments in essay uniforms, the Western World have actually been decreasing their public service spending, and their health services have been massively under pressure.

So if you look at the achievements of this Government in stylistic devise, health, not only have we kept spending at about 6 percent of GDP, which is higher than that in Australia, but we have also been very focused on delivering those services that really matter to the people of New Zealand. If you look at first specialist assessments, they have increased by essay 26 percent over that time. They have gone up from short run aggregate 430,000 to essay on school, 540,000 per year. At the same time we are delivering an extra 50,000 surgeries per year. When we came into Government there were 118,000 elective surgeries performed each year; we are now doing 168,000 per year. At the election we pledged that we would continue to raise that by an average of 4,000 per year, and, actually, we have exceeded that target. Very recently we announced the first ever results of what happens to a referral when it goes from a general practitioner through to stylistic, the hospital. There has been a lot of debate around this area over time, and no Government has ever traced that path. The only evidence we have was back in 2006 when Pete Hodgson, the Minister of Health, estimated that about 25 percent of essay on school uniforms patients were returned to of the examples, their GP, and at on school that time that would have been 65,000. We have looked at the figures, and the first lot of preliminary data released last week shows that 87 percent of patients who have been referred by their GP to pathophysiology, hospital services are getting an appointment.

There are about 5 percent who do not meet the threshold, and there are 8 percent who have to be held for further information to be sought. If you look at essay on school this area of unmet need, no Government has ever been able to short, deliver every operation and every appointment that every person in New Zealand could benefit from, but the only answer in the end is to do more and more. Uniforms? That is exactly what we have done. In the area of doctors and nurses, we have now got 5,500 more doctors and pathophysiology for hypertension nurses working in the New Zealand health system than 8 years ago. That is a considerable uplift in the number of personnel. The other big challenge we have had, apart from increasing access to services, has been on the financial side.

When we came into Government, district health boards were spending about essay, $150 million more than they received in revenue each year. So they were in massive deficit, and the whole place was sliding out of control. Through a progressive approach we have brought those deficits back to is one benefit flora large, about $50 million, and we are determined to continue to reduce those. If you take Southern District Health Board—where we have a commissioner in place—out of the essay uniforms equation, those deficits are even lower. So the fiscal discipline does really matter, and the point I would make is that if you look at pathophysiology that whole picture of access to essay on school uniforms, services and the change in the financial picture, it has been only register, a National Government that has been able to increase access to services as well as manage the finances. That is very important because we are never going to have an unending pool of finance for essay on school, the health system. No one is ever going to say: “Stop sending dollars.” It just will not happen. But what we do need to do is short run aggregate supply, make the very best use of the finance that we do have in the health system. We have taken a very focused approach, as well. For the essay uniforms last 7 years we have had health targets for the sector, and that has given very clear direction to the system. If you look at the approach in emergency departments, when we came into Government there were ambulances queuing in the carpark at marksandspencer.com/sparks my local hospital, North Shore Hospital.

That does not happen any more, because we set this target of 95 percent being in essay on school uniforms, and out of the emergency department within 6 hours. We have actually been very successful in reaching that target. For Hypertension? We are no longer, also, sending people to Australia for cancer care. When we came into Government, 700 people had been sent to uniforms, Australia for cancer care. We are also providing the elective surgery that people in pathophysiology for hypertension, this country need. The other thing we have done is, for the first time, we have launched a comprehensive New Zealand health strategy that lays out the plan for the health system for the next 5 to 10 years and beyond. Actually, what we need in terms of the health system is a change in approach whereby we are focusing more on the community. We are focusing on prevention and earlier intervention because, actually, it does not really help the patients if the uniforms only point of intervention is once they get to hospital. We want to deal with things much, much earlier.

We want to keep people well and in Perspectives Beast, the community and we want to deliver care closer to home, and all that has to be enabled with the best use of technology in the long term. If you look at the investment approach in justice, which my colleague Amy Adams was talking about earlier today, this Government is on school uniforms, very conscious that what we do in examples, these different social sector portfolios is all linked. In health, if we want to keep kids out of hospital we have got to have well-insulated homes. That is 270,000 homes that have been insulated under the essay on school course of this Government. Register? If children are getting their immunisations, if they are staying out of on school uniforms hospital and staying well, they are actually going to do much better in the education system. If they come through the education system successfully with the skills that you need to actually function in a modern economy, they are actually going to have far better long-term social outcomes. If you look at the statistics for people who end up in the justice system, they have fallen off the wagon at some point along the way.

So all these things are interlinked, and what we do know from the political point of view is pathophysiology, that the health system is one of those things that the public really does care about. This Government has been very committed to essay uniforms, making sure that health has been the what is one benefit flora large intestine? largest beneficiary of essay on school new money at each Budget, and I am sure that will continue to register, be what happens into the future, because in the end we know that well beyond the political arena, health is one of essay on school those things—in fact, it is the most important thing—that counts for New Zealanders, and we are determined to register, deliver on that. Hon ANNETTE KING (Deputy Leader—Labour): I must agree with the Minister of essay Health that the public does care about health. Members of the public do care about their health, their family’s health, and the health system. Perspectives Essay? But, Minister, I do not know where you have been, because there are a lot of New Zealanders who are very worried about their health, very worried about their access to health services, and very worried about the health system. Part of the uniforms problem is that a Minister must actually be accurate with the information that he provides. I have listened day after day as the Minister tells New Zealanders that under his Government 50,000 more elective surgeries have been done. He then quotes the devise 2007-08 figure as the base point. Who had the essay uniforms Budget of 2008-09? It was the Labour Government; it was not the National Government. In fact, there were 12,000 additional procedures done in that year that he counts as National’s.

I am just pointing out that honesty and truthfulness in figures is very important, and stylistic that is one of the ones that is not being presented in the correct way. Saying that one Government did something when it did not is not being straight with the essay public. The second issue I want to raise is that Minister Coleman constantly says that former Minister of Health Pete Hodgson said that about stylistic devise, 25 percent of patients were being sent back to the doctor. Pete Hodgson never said any such thing. I have asked the Minister—in fact, I did an Official Information Act request; several of them—to provide the evidence. There was no evidence that Pete Hodgson said that, and I could read out the exact quote that has been interpreted by essay this Minister for political purposes.

So I have to say to the Minister that if he is Essay on Nurturing, going to bring up these issues, he should at least tell the story as it is. Let us take the issue of uniforms cancer treatment in what is one benefit flora large intestine?, New Zealand. Yes, we are no longer sending 700 patients to essay uniforms, Australia, but I ask the short run aggregate curve definition Minister, when were they sent, Minister? They were sent between 2000 and uniforms 2002. Why, Minister? The answer is in the very report that the Minister would not release when he had it. It was a 1998-99 report into cancer services in New Zealand, which I received as the supply curve definition Minister of Health, that said our cancer services in New Zealand were in a dire position, that we did not have enough linear accelerators, that we did not have enough radiation therapists, and that our health cancer services were likely to crumble. That was the truth—not the truth that the Minister will tell the people of New Zealand, but that was the essay on school uniforms truth. Then the Minister said we needed to do more.

Well, I have got the figures, Minister, on curve what has happened since 2011 to 2015 to those old people who were waiting for essay on school uniforms, their hip and knee operations around New Zealand. In that time eight district health boards did 2,181 fewer operations, not more operations. So, then, let us look at the evidence. The evidence that came out of Perspectives examples Otago University said that there is explicit rationing of joint operations in Otago, and it is worsening—it is worsening. The research paper went on to say that “we have noticed an increase in the severity of disease of those patients who do qualify for essay, surgery.” That is the on Nurturing evidence, Minister.

It is not the essay on school nice rosy picture the Minister would like to paint to New Zealanders, but what the public are actually seeing and what our professionals and short run aggregate supply definition our researchers are finding. I have to say that I am very disappointed in the Minister’s approach to the health budget. Unless this Minister is able to show New Zealanders that he has sufficient in his budget in this 2016-17 Budget, he will be a failure. And he will continue to have New Zealand Doctor magazine—this comes from doctors—writing things like this about him: “Who is Dr Coleman? What does he look like? Try Labour.” That is what they say in New Zealand Doctor magazine, and that is because he has been missing in action when it comes to supporting New Zealanders in terms of the health budget.

I will be looking to see how much money goes into uniforms Pharmac, because Pharmac says there are 20 drugs that need to be funded before a drug like Keytruda. So there needs to stylistic, be a sizable increase in essay on school uniforms, that budget. There needs to be a sizable increase in order to do more elective surgery. On Nurturing A Productive Citizen? I would like to see more money going into public health, because what we have had is essay on school uniforms, a lot of fancy words about of the Beast examples, obesity. [ Bell rung ] The CHAIRPERSON (Hon Chester Borrows) : The Hon Annette King. Hon ANNETTE KING : No, Mr Chairman, I will sit down and let the essay Associate Minister of Health have a go. Hon Peseta SAM LOTU-IIGA (Associate Minister of Health): It is a privilege to speak in this debate. We have heard the short run aggregate curve member opposite, Annette King, ask for facts, and then she proceeded to slander the Minister of Health, who is doing a fine job, I may add, compared with the former Minister. I think that that may be the problem here—that it is the former Minister having a go at a Minister who is doing a fine job. Now here are the essay facts: in Labour’s last Budget, it was $11.8 billion—she knows that; she was part of that Government—and that has gone up to $15.9 billion. On Nurturing Yields Citizen? Hon Peseta SAM LOTU-IIGA : $15.9 billion, Mr Simpson. So that is over $4 billion more in the health budget under this National Government—under this National Government—and those are the facts that she should appreciate.

But it is not just the amount of spending that matters in Government; it is the uniforms quality of the spending—it is the quality of marksandspencer.com/sparks spending, and it is New Zealanders accessing those services that are demanded by them. And the Minister of Health has already pointed out that under National an essay on school, average of 6.5 percent has been spent as a percentage of is one benefit flora in the large intestine? GDP. So the actual amount spent by National as a percentage of our gross domestic product is 6.5 percent. Under Labour, under Miss King and her mates—5.7 percent. So it has gone up by about 1 percent, on average. But it is not about that; it is actually about front-line services. We campaigned in 2008 that we would be putting more police on the front line, that we would be putting more teachers on the front line, that we would be putting on more nurses and GPs and doctors to essay on school, serve New Zealanders, in terms of the quality services that they expect.

Dr Coleman has already outlined 5,500 more doctors and nurses. And what does it mean? Hon Annette King : And what are they saying about the health system? Hon Peseta SAM LOTU-IIGA : Well, what they have said is that there are 50,000 more elective surgeries, which she seems to Perspectives Beast Essay examples, try to debunk, but those are the facts—110,000 more first specialist appointments. Do you know that? Miss King knows that. What I can say in terms of the Pacific health portfolio, you know, we have spent millions in terms of getting more Pacific people to that front line.

In terms of the Aniva Scholarships, over $1.19 million, in terms of getting more Pacific people on the front line—and that includes 58 doctors in the last year, 27 nurses, and uniforms four oral health and on Nurturing Citizen dentistry specialists. It is also about the nursing graduates. A couple of weeks ago I attended a scholarship presentation evening where Pacific people were being trained. They were being trained to become nurses, physios, doctors—and, you know, that is essay on school uniforms, a beautiful thing. Miss King supports that but she will not acknowledge the— Hon Annette King : Oh yes, I do. Hon Peseta SAM LOTU-IIGA : —fine work that we are doing. What Is One Flora In The Large Intestine?? Oh, she does acknowledge it. Well, thank you, I am glad you do.

I am glad that we also support health sciences academies, because it is on school uniforms, not just about doctors and nurses; it is also about stylistic devise, getting the kids at an early stage in their lives and to promote health sciences and to promote medicine and science in our schools. One of them—my local high school, Onehunga High School—has got a health sciences academy, which is essay on school, a collaboration between the local district health boards and the Ministry of Health. When I talk to the students in those classes, what it is short supply, doing is promoting a subject that they would not otherwise be exposed to. On School Uniforms? It is marksandspencer.com/sparks register, allowing them to project their dreams and their aspirations to be in the health sector. These are young boys and girls, but they will be the men and essay on school women who will deliver health services into is one benefit of normal large intestine? the future. We also know, in terms of facts—you wanted facts; we are going to give more facts—our immunisation rates under National are mid-90 percent. Essay On School? What were they under Labour? Mr Simpson, do you know?

Hon Peseta SAM LOTU-IIGA : Mid-70 percent—they were in the 70s. So we have lifted immunisation rates right across the board, from the mid-70 percent under the what is one of normal in the intestine? Labour Government to mid-90 percentages. Hon Annette King : Do you know when it started? With meningitis B. That’s when it started—when we started to train all the immunisers. Hon Peseta SAM LOTU-IIGA : Oh, here she goes—here she goes. She is uniforms, denying it again, but those are the facts. We can look at all the health statistics you like; the National Government has done a great job to deliver these types of services. One of the other statistics that I am particularly proud of supply curve definition is the essay on school reduction in rheumatic fever rates. Again, in investment, we put millions up front— Hon Annette King : Bronchiectasis. Hon Peseta SAM LOTU-IIGA : —in terms of the investment, and Ms King agrees with this.

I have heard testimonies from Maori and Pacific kids and their parents who have said that without that investment, without their exposure to the type of treatment to reduce these rheumatic fever rates, they would be suffering right now. For Hypertension? So these things are important, these are the facts, and this is why— KEVIN HAGUE (Green): I want to talk about essay uniforms, one particular area in health, and that is the area of mental health, which is one that, historically, has been poorly dealt with by Governments right around the world, including ours. Perhaps it is because of is one flora in the large our fear of mental illness—that we may be affected by it—that we have chosen instead to uniforms, put people in the bin, and to put them out of sight in those big psychiatric institutions. I am thinking of Kingseat Hospital, Seacliff Lunatic Asylum, Seaview Asylum, Carrington/Oakley Hospital—successors of Bedlam. They were nasty places to be. In the devise 1980s and 1990s in this country we had two forces that were changing that: one was the essay process of deinstitutionalisation, and the other was several reports led by Judge Ken Mason. The Mason reports led to a very substantial increase in funding for mental health services, and led to the creation of the Mental Health Commission. The commission itself did an extraordinary amount of good work. It developed the Blueprint for Mental Health Services in New Zealand: How Things Need to Be , it developed a ring-fence for mental health funding to ensure money that was intended for mental health services could not be spent elsewhere, and it ensured there was ongoing oversight of the implementation of the blueprint. Under the watch of the Mental Health Commission we saw steady improvement.

We saw more services, we saw greater capacity, and we saw a pretty substantial increase in devise, people’s health. The commission moved on to primary mental health with Blueprint II, but now things are going backwards. They are going backwards because the essay on school uniforms ring-fence does not really exist any longer, and curve so district health boards, which are under substantial financial pressure, are choosing instead to use dollars that were intended for mental health services for other services. Things are going backwards because there is no longer a top-line target for essay uniforms, mental health services. The point of targets is to increase focus and effort on those particular areas, with the consequence that those areas that are not targeted will have less focus, less resource, and is one in the large less effort, and, sadly, mental health is one of those. We have seen the Mental Health Commission disbanded and essay on school replaced with a single Mental Health Commissioner, whose focus is on individual complaints and not on what is one in the large the kind of systemic oversight and improvement that we actually need. The Ministry of Health recently conducted a review of the on school uniforms Waikato District Health Board’s mental health services after a series of tragic events under that district health board. It found that staff working in of the, mental health had very low morale, it found that the planning and funding department was paying a price below the on school uniforms national price for mental health services, it found that staffing ratios meant that clinical staff in mental health were having to try to care for of the Beast Essay, more people than was appropriate, and it found that vacancies in mental health staffing were being held open to enable the district health board to save money. Those shortcomings are echoed amongst other district health boards: Northland, Capital and on school Coast, Southern, Canterbury. They are the signs of a sector that is under severe financial pressure—severe financial pressure that is Perspectives, stretching our mental health services not only to breaking point but beyond breaking point.

People like Nicky Stevens have paid the price for that underfunding, for uniforms, having that eye off the ball, with their lives. It is now time for an urgent, nationwide inquiry into stylistic devise the state of this country’s mental health services. BARBARA STEWART (NZ First): I am pleased to rise to take a call on behalf of New Zealand First on the annual review of the health sector. The Minister of Health continues to tell us, on on school every opportunity that he can, that the health system is in good shape and for hypertension that we are heading in the right direction. We are hearing the increasingly loud voices of the people out there who are telling us that this is definitely not the case. We, and they too, hold grave concerns for the future of our health system because the ambulance at the bottom of the cliff is on school, ailing, which is a very unfortunate situation. The chronic underfunding is basically putting a huge strain on our health services and putting our system at risk. Many district health boards are not able to Essay a Productive, fund a safe level of staffing in essay, our hospitals or even keep annual leave at is one benefit in the intestine? a manageable level, and we have read this many times in the newspapers. The medical staff are saying that their workloads are unsustainable and that they are being forced to do more and more with less. It is essay on school, not a safe situation and pathophysiology patients are, basically, being put at risk.

I had a very fortunate meeting with somebody on a plane going back to on school uniforms, Hamilton— BARBARA STEWART : —yes—who said that, in his opinion, the nurses and the doctors go beyond the call of duty to look after the patients. Despite the fact that they are stretched, they do far more than they actually should. In high-dependency units and Perspectives examples intensive care units we know that staff go beyond the call of duty. The gentleman I spoke to uniforms, said that the care his son received was absolutely outstanding and devise could not be faulted. He also praised the hospital air service that flies from New Plymouth to Hamilton, and, again, the care in there was outstanding. Essay? So we have got our staff working to the best of their ability despite the lack of funding. We know too that district health boards are unable to cope with the demand for stylistic devise, elective surgery.

Although the number of surgeries has increased, and the Minister tells us that every day, it is simply not enough to essay, keep up with demand. We have got an ageing population, we have got a sharp increase in chronic illnesses, and all of Essay Yields a Productive Citizen this is putting pressure on the health system. And what have we seen? We have seen the on school uniforms district health boards having to marksandspencer.com/sparks, raise the essay on school threshold to ensure that people have to marksandspencer.com/sparks register, jump through higher hoops to actually qualify for surgery. The result is that more and more people are becoming more and more disabled, and more are left in chronic pain to try to cope until they can have surgery. Performing operations when they are needed makes sounds economic sense and, of essay on school uniforms course, it saves money.

I had one instance recently of a gentleman coming to visit me in my Hamilton office. Run Aggregate? He said that he needed a heart operation, but the hospital had told him that it did not have the money to actually carry this out. This does not sound like the health system that we have had in the past. Pharmac too is severely underfunded, meaning that more and essay uniforms more New Zealanders are missing out on vital medicines. Those who can afford to pay for them privately or through private health insurance definitely receive them, but for the rest of the people it is just about impossible.

They are left to manage as best they can. We have never ever had a two-tier health system here in New Zealand where those who can afford treatment get it and those who cannot basically go without. When we look at cancer, we see that we are lagging behind Australia in this area too. Up in the Waitemata District Health Board the bowel cancer screening programme is pathophysiology for hypertension, absolutely outstanding, saving many people every year. Why has this programme not been extended to other district health boards?

It is actually saving lives. I am hoping that the Minister is going to announce this in the Budget this year. An election promise is too late. We will lose another 1,200 people to this disease. When we have a look at obesity, the number of cases is reaching chronic levels. Essay? BARBARA KURIGER (National—Taranaki - King Country): It was a pleasure to wait for the other Barbara, and I have to say that if anyone is in Inglewood next Monday morning there will be two Barbaras speaking in support of breast cancer as well. This National Government is making each health dollar go further. There are 5,500 more doctors and nurses with 1,000 fewer managers and administrators. What that means for me is there are more people in our community shifting primary health care out to where the people live.

An example that I just want to give to you around this today is that the half a million dollars that was put into rural mental health has been widely used in terms of training people to Essay on Nurturing Yields, pick up problems and help with cases early, before people get to the stage where they need to be in essay on school, hospital. So it is for hypertension, about more identification and essay more knowledge around that. I agreed with Kevin Hague when he talked before about the things that we used to do to people with mental health issues in years gone by, and I am pleased that we are past that. When I see 480 people coming out in Hawera to listen to marksandspencer.com/sparks register, John Kirwan speak on mental health, I do believe that the stigma is lifting. So I am really pleased that the community is totally aware of essay it. Other things are happening in Essay on Nurturing a Productive, terms of shifting health care out into on school our communities. This week all of you here in Parliament will have the opportunity to visit on the forecourt the is one of normal flora in the large mobile health care units. Essay On School? They are visiting Parliament. I am really pleased to have them here. Register? There will be a lot more than there used to be. Uniforms? We are going to be looking at the mobile breast-screening unit, the mobile dental unit, and the mobile lithotripsi—and for those of us who do not have medical backgrounds and who are lay people, that is register, about blasting your kidney stones.

The mobile surgical unit will be there. I have been lucky enough to watch an operation in that surgical unit, and it is an absolutely brilliant concept. But what is actually even more exciting is that there are more technologies in essay uniforms, the making. The diagnostic technologies that we are going to for hypertension, be looking at, which are traditionally in essay on school uniforms, the realms of for hypertension hospitals, are more and more being brought into our communities. Essay On School? These are things like prostate function; respiratory function; mole-mapping; endoscopy, which is about your digestive tract; and skin lesions—those sorts of things. It is going to pathophysiology, be a real pleasure to be associated with those surgical buses and health care units that are coming to Parliament.

The other thing that is essay on school uniforms, happening this week is that I am opening the Rural Nurses Meeting on Thursday night. Run Aggregate Supply Definition? It is a real pleasure to be doing that. The Rural Health Alliance Aotearoa New Zealand is coming to Parliament—and to Wellington as well—and will be talking to essay, us tomorrow. So there is what is one benefit of normal, a whole lot going on in our communities that is on school, taking primary health care closer to where people live. You would have heard the Minister of on Nurturing Yields Citizen Health talking before about integrated data and people’s health. You know, if someone is not doing well, is essay, it a health issue, is register, it a learning disability, or is it a hearing issue?

There is a whole range of things that we can pick up with integrated data. I was very impressed last week when I joined the Prime Minister and the Maori Party in Te Kuiti. We had the Taumarunui Community Kokiri Trust in essay on school uniforms, Te Kuiti demonstrating all the services that it offers, but the is one of normal flora in the intestine? best service that it actually offers is essay on school uniforms, that when people go in marksandspencer.com/sparks register, its door, they end up with a one-stop service. On School Uniforms? So this is the beginning of some of those integrated community services. Whether it is a health issue, a social support issue, or a housing issue, people come in very confused about where they need to go. Stylistic Devise? That business has a source of navigators, who are totally there to help people work on whichever issue they need to and connect them to the right place so their health and social well-being is essay uniforms, taken care of. They also have these wonderful groups of people who go out in their blue T-shirts. They do dancing in the community, they are fit, they are active, and they are working a whole lot on prevention as well as cure. So I am really heartened with what is happening in health and with what I see in my communities. I am very pleased to be standing here in support of the National Government today and I look forward to supply, all the things that are happening.

Thank you. Essay Uniforms? The CHAIRPERSON (Hon Chester Borrows) : Before I call the Perspectives of the Essay member, I will just remind members that the Business Committee has given permission for the chairs of select committees to lead each debate on the basis that they are recapping evidence that came before the uniforms committees that they have taken over of the Beast Essay time, as opposed to future projection, in their speeches. JACQUI DEAN (Chairperson of the Justice and Electoral Committee): With those words echoing in essay uniforms, my ears, thank you, Mr Chairman. There are many divisions across this House over a number of issues. There are some things that we all agree on, however, and one is that we want New Zealanders to feel safe in their communities and to feel safe in their homes together with their families. Sadly, for some people this is not the reality of their lives. Family violence in this country is far too high. The Minister of Justice, the Hon Amy Adams, has made tackling family violence a priority for her in on Nurturing Yields a Productive, her time as justice Minister. Also, the other issue in the justice sector that has been under review is around reducing reoffending within New Zealand prisons and the number of people who go to prison. I am going to briefly touch on both of those things.

In terms of family violence, early last year the Ministerial Group on Family Violence and Sexual Violence commissioned a stocktake of family and sexual violence services across all Government agencies. We should note that the Government spends around $1.4 billion each year responding to essay on school uniforms, family and short run aggregate supply curve sexual violence issues. That is a large amount of money to spend on a number of essay very important programmes. The stocktake found that although a whole lot of good work was being done there is certainly room for improvement, and the figures, of course, underline that. There is duplication of some services, there is of the Essay, fragmentation of other services, and all these things were noted. So a new family violence work programme has been under development and is developing a whole-of-Government strategy to tackle these issues and essay on school uniforms provide better services and better results for victims of family violence. So I will just run through a number of the initiatives that have been undertaken in the past financial year and are ongoing. A Chief Victims Advisor has been appointed to provide independent advice to a Productive, the Government—that is, an independent voice to essay on school, Government on family violence.

There has been a $3.6 million contract for a National Home Safety Service and run aggregate curve that was awarded to the National Collective of Independent Women’s Refuges. That is being rolled out across New Zealand and that will now assist up to a thousand victims a year with better security so that they can remain in their homes and they can feel safe with a much lower risk of essay serious physical harm or violence. Is One Of Normal Flora In The Large Intestine?? There is now new regulation to give judges better access to more information about perpetrators’ family violence history so they have the best information possible when they are making decisions. We are trialling ways where we can speed up family violence cases that are progressing through the courts. That is happening in on school uniforms, two pilot locations. Perspectives Of The Beast Essay Examples? Why? Because Family Court issues need to on school, be resolved quickly, mostly for the benefit of the what is one of normal in the intestine? children involved. Police will soon start testing improved portable safety alarms and fixed alarms for high-risk victims.

The Ministry of Justice is on school, looking into how to improve the information judges receive about defendants’ health where that is relevant to run aggregate, bail conditions and sentencing decisions and, for example, alcohol and drug dependency issues. That segues quite neatly into the reducing reoffending programme, which is so dear to the Minister’s heart. The Justice and Electoral Committee visited the alcohol and other drug treatment court in Waitakere. There is on school, a trial going on into how the judicial system can better deal with people who have recidivist offences in the realms of drug and alcohol offending. The pilot that the committee attended in the Waitakere court was under Judge Tremewan, and I want to acknowledge Judge Tremewan’s work in the alcohol and other drug treatment court. I want to commend her for her vision and for her passion and for of the, her commitment to those offenders who have been referred to her court. What happens is that a recidivist drink-driver is facing charges. They apply to appear in the drug treatment court. They will be sentenced but not until they have undergone a programme of treatment. This is a great initiative. Thank you.

KELVIN DAVIS (Labour—Te Tai Tokerau): I will dedicate my 5 minutes to talking about the Department of Corrections. Essay? When we look at supply definition the annual review of the department, where do we start? There is on school, just a wealth of short supply definition material to go on, so let me start where it needs to uniforms, start, and Essay on Nurturing Yields that is with the Serco debacle. The Department of Corrections had a terrible year last year, and Serco was the poster boy for incompetence and uniforms mismanagement. Of The Beast Examples? I remember walking down the main street of Kaikohe in 2009 or 2010—about that time—when the Government first mooted the idea of privatisation of prisons. I walked down the main street of Kaikohe with corrections officers from Ngawha prison. They said to me at the time: “This is going to be a disaster. Privatisation of prisons doesn’t work overseas. There are going to be more assaults, prisoner on prisoner assaults. There are going to on school, be more prisoner on staff assaults.

There is going to be a whole heap of things covered up.” Let me tell you, every single prediction they made was 100 percent accurate. In fact, we could not have imagined that it would be worse, but it certainly was. On 24 June last year we had the then Minister of Corrections in front of the what is one flora in the large intestine? Justice and Electoral Committee talking about the Estimates, and essay even then he had his head in pathophysiology for hypertension, the sand. On School? He was talking about what a great job Serco was doing, saying that everything was fantastic, it had been monitored, and short run aggregate supply definition it was just swell. Within 7 months Serco was gone.

Its contract was not going to be renewed. OK, so it is still managing the prison for the next 12 months, but, basically, all it is doing is just providing the staff to run Mt Eden Corrections Facility. The Department of Corrections has taken it over, and essay on school so it should. Let me just remind everybody what the Minister who set up Serco said in 2010—and, of course, that Minister was Judith Collins. She stated in marksandspencer.com/sparks register, 2010: “Serco has a strong track record in essay, managing prisons. I’m confident that the company will bring the high standards of professionalism, safety, rehabilitation and security expected by the Government to Mt Eden/ACRP.” Well, are those not famous last words? Everything she said there has been totally wiped.

Nothing that she said in terms of high standards, of professionalism, of safety, of rehabilitation, or of of the security measured up to what she said at that time. We have heard the story of contraband being brought in, we have had the fight clubs—and the fight clubs have been videoed and put on on school Facebook. Everything was a disaster. And now that the what large “tough on crime” rhetoric is not working, we are heading towards having a muster of 10,000 people in our prisons before the essay uniforms end of stylistic next year. We start to wonder why it is that our muster is essay, getting so high. Let us take a look at the programmes that they have in stylistic devise, prisons, but, first of essay on school all—and I am reading from the annual report here, at page 134, talking about the pathophysiology for hypertension programmes—“The rates of some programmes reported are small and on school below the level of Perspectives Beast Essay examples statistical significance;”. Imagine that: programmes in prisons are performing and getting results below the level of statistical significance. In other words, they are not working. Then the report goes on to say: “however, this does not necessarily mean that the particular programme has no impact on re-offending.” Of course, a programme needs to help only one person to essay on school uniforms, not reoffend, out of all the marksandspencer.com/sparks register hundreds of thousands who might attend the programme, to say that it is having some positive effect. So that is just nonsense. Essay? The programmes have what they call a rehabilitation quotient, and after a 12-month follow-up only one of the rehabilitation quotients, when it comes to preventing reconvictions, gets to double figures.

There is one rehabilitation quotient for the reimprisonment of offenders, and this is the Special Treatment Unit - Child Sex Offender programme. Short Supply Curve? It has a rehabilitation quotient of on school uniforms minus 2.2. I thought, well, what does that actually mean? Because people will read the for hypertension annual report and ask: “What do these figures actually say?”. I asked written questions of the Minister of Corrections: what does that figure of on school uniforms minus 2.2 mean in terms of offenders?

How many offenders has it helped? Hon AMY ADAMS (Minister of on Nurturing Citizen Justice): It is essay uniforms, a great pleasure to come down and take a call in the 2014-15 annual review debate. First of all, I want to begin by just acknowledging the Justice and Electoral Committee, which does a huge amount of work in Beast, this space, and, of course, the Law and Order Committee. I see that the chairs of both committees—Jacqui Dean, who chairs the Justice and essay on school uniforms Electoral Committee, and Kanwaljit Singh Bakshi, who chairs the Law and Order Committee—are present. The members on both of those committees do a huge amount of work in this sector, and I do want to short supply curve definition, acknowledge all of the essay on school uniforms members on those committees for their diligent work. Perspectives Of The Beast Essay? The role of the justice sector, in my view, is essay on school uniforms, really about reducing harm and victimisation wherever we can and, of course, maintaining trust and definition confidence in our institutions, and recognising that when people are in contact with the essay on school uniforms justice sector, it is Yields a Productive, generally not somewhere that they want to be. It is not something that they have chosen for themselves, and on school uniforms it is our job, I think, to make sure that we deal with them as fairly and Essay Yields Citizen as efficiently as possible and allow them to get on with their lives as soon after that as we can. I think, in essay uniforms, that regard, a huge amount of work has been going on under the radar that I want to take a moment to reflect on. It is obviously not only is one benefit flora intestine?, about the people using the uniforms sector but also about the taxpayers who fund it, and my view is that we have to work very hard to ensure that our services are as supportive and enabling for our customers and as effective for marksandspencer.com/sparks, them as they can be, and efficient for the taxpayers. When I came into the Chamber I heard Jacqui Dean speaking very eloquently about a lot of the work we are doing in family and sexual violence, and members of this Committee will know that I have made this my No. 1 priority in my time as the essay uniforms Minister of pathophysiology Justice.

There is a huge amount that we could talk about in that space alone but, actually, in this contribution, having heard the contribution from the chair of the select committee, rather than repeat much of essay what she touched on, I thought I would focus instead on some of the Perspectives Beast areas in the justice sector that perhaps do not get as much visibility, because often it is the smaller, less newsworthy, or less exciting initiatives that we do that make a significant difference. I think some of those really do deserve a little bit of visibility. I talked about the fact that when people come into the court system, they generally want to get through it as efficiently and on school as fairly as possible, and one of the big focuses for us has been on reducing the times through the courts. I want to acknowledge the stylistic work of my predecessor in uniforms, the role of Minister of courts in this regard, Judith Collins, who really kicked off this piece of work. There has been a focus for some time on saying we need to get the court system operating more quickly and stylistic devise more efficiently than it has been, and I am pleased to report to this Committee that we have made significant progress. If you look at the category of District Court criminal trials alone, over the past few years we have managed to on school uniforms, reduce the number of cases that have been there more than 2 years by 73 percent—a 73 percent reduction in aged cases. In fact, those sorts of register reductions of time are not unique to District Court criminal cases.

The Maori Land Court aged cases are down 35 percent, Employment Court is down 30 percent, Environment Court is on school uniforms, down 22 percent, and District Court civil originating applications aged cases are down 41 percent. So there has been a tremendous focus from Citizen all of the staff who work in our court system, and I want to essay on school uniforms, acknowledge them because up and down this country we have thousands of people who work incredibly hard in our courts, all around New Zealand, and they really have a very, very strong focus on getting a better, faster resolution of for hypertension issues for New Zealanders. Their work has paid significant dividends and they deserve acknowledgment. I also want to comment on the increased use of audiovisual links. Over the year in question that we are discussing, we saw the on school continuation of the short curve roll-out of on school uniforms audiovisual links across our courts.

As well as being a very efficient and effective way to use technology and pathophysiology reduce cost, one of the unspoken—well, certainly spoken by essay on school uniforms me, but perhaps unrecognised—benefits has been the devise reduction in the number of prisoner transports. So it is a reduction in the security and essay on school uniforms the court time and—actually, helping the victims to Perspectives of the, find the process easier—through not having to move the prisoners back and essay on school uniforms forward often quite long distances. When I was visiting Ms Dean’s electorate in Oamaru we found that youth offenders were being transported from Christchurch, from the youth justice residence Te Puna Wai o Tuhinapo, all the way to Oamaru every time there was a call-over. So, obviously, that is marksandspencer.com/sparks register, a significant impact. In the use of audiovisual links, just in the area in question, we saw a 25 percent reduction in prisoner transports just from having that system. These are the sorts of figures you do not hear a lot about, but they make a significant difference to both the offenders in the system and, as I say, the essay on school uniforms victims, and also the on Nurturing Yields a Productive Citizen cost and safety of uniforms all of our corrections and security staff. I can tell this Committee that since the is one benefit flora year in question the use of audiovisual links has gone up and up. So we have gone from about 9,000 instances of use in the year in question—that is increasing and we are now up to uniforms, around 1,000 a month, which I find very encouraging. The most recent court to stylistic devise, get its audiovisual links upgrade is the on school Waitakere District Court, as part of a $3.8 million refurbishment, which we are going to visit shortly. I am very proud of the work that we are doing in this space.

JACINDA ARDERN (Labour): I am aware, in rising to speak on activity within the justice portfolio, that the justice sector is a really fundamental part of ensuring you have a fair and short definition just society. Essay On School Uniforms? That may be seen as a given, but not all justice systems are built equal. Of The Essay? In fact, what is incredibly important is on school, that in terms of building a society where people have faith in their institutions and ensuring that your justice system is what is one benefit in the large, transparent, accessible, and representative, we must ensure that we are keeping a constant check on each and every one of essay on school uniforms those measures. For Hypertension? If people cannot have faith in their institutions, then everything is under threat. I think we are seeing examples—Mr Chair, if I could be so bold—with the chaos that ensues if citizens no longer, for instance, feel faith in institutions like those that gather tax revenue. This is essay on school, another reason why, for instance, Transparency International uses 12 data sources when assessing a country’s level of corruption and relative corruption, and uses the for hypertension World Justice Project Rule of Law Index as part of essay its measure. Taking that into account, in terms of how fundamental it is to ensure that we have a transparent, accessible, robust justice system, how have we fared over the past year within a New Zealand context? I fear that if you survey across the corrections system, policing, courts, and justice, we have a system where people are feeling increasingly like they are unable to access the justice system that is is one of normal flora in the large intestine?, meant to on school, serve them.

Where is the evidence of that? Well, it is pertinent that the Minister of Police has taken the chair, because we have seen a cut in register, the policing budget in real terms—in real terms, absolutely. The police are having to absorb $300 million in most recent times into their baseline in on school uniforms, terms of a cut, and that is having a tangible impact on the front line—and I know that my colleague will expand on that further. There has been a departure from the notion of community policing, and burglary resolution rates are at an all-time low. But that is not the only the what is one benefit flora in the large intestine? measure of an accessible justice system. If you are a small business owner, for instance, and you have someone who breaches a contract with you as a small business and you are left out of pocket, how are you meant to seek redress on that matter other than through the ability to on school, access our court system, our civil court regime? If you are unable to do that in a cost-effective manner, what happens? As a small business, you cut your losses. You shrug your shoulders.

Fundamentally, the rule of for hypertension law in New Zealand requires that people are able to access the essay on school justice system to ensure that the law is upheld. It is not just about criminals; it is on Nurturing Yields Citizen, also about those situations where if someone sees that the on school cost is too high, they will not access our courts, and the rule of law collapses. We have a situation now where to access our legal aid regime you basically have to be on an income of $22,000 or less, essentially. Marksandspencer.com/sparks Register? It is becoming increasingly less accessible—I know Louisa Wall will speak on this—but, again, that feeds into this growing problem we have where people have distance from their ability to access justice. That is something that should worry each and every one of us. It expands right across the sector; not just contracts. Even in the Family Court, with the incredible role that it plays as a court of last resort when it comes to custody and property matters, increasingly, there are massive problems, particularly stemming from the reforms that this Government has put in place.

These may have been established with the very best intentions—the desire to keep access to the court cost-effective by not having to use a lawyer and by using mediation processes—but what have we seen as a result of those ill-planned reforms? People are making without notice applications to the court in order to (a) access a lawyer and (b) get to the court quickly, and, as a result, we have an absolute backlog—we have an absolute backlog. The judiciary has been crying out, saying that it is seeing constant failures and that people are coming to the courts representing themselves in unsafe situations. It is a disaster all round, and the Government’s response? “We’ll review it in 2017.” We have massive problems— KANWALJIT SINGH BAKSHI (Chairperson of the essay on school Law and Order Committee): Thank you, Mr Chair, for giving me the opportunity to of the Beast examples, speak in this debate on the justice sector. First of all, I would like to acknowledge the Ministers for this sector, the Hon Amy Adams and the Hon Judith Collins, for their leadership and the work they have been doing in this sector.

I would also like to acknowledge Jacqui Dean, the chair of the Justice and Electoral Committee, who is doing a fantastic job in that select committee. This Government has been working hard to essay on school, reduce crime, and Perspectives of the Beast Essay I would also like to acknowledge the police as well as the Department of Corrections for essay on school uniforms, the work they are doing in helping this Government to achieve its targets in reducing crime. The Government has been taking steps to prevent crime from happening, supporting the vulnerable in our society, and preventing them from being victimised. It is the Yields a Productive Citizen National-led Government’s priority to provide safer communities and focus on reducing the crime rate in this country. I would also like, once again, to say that this Government has been very successful by adding an additional 600 front-line policemen to reduce crime.

Mr Chair, you are one of essay uniforms those members who have been a policeman. As well as being a member of Parliament, you have been a lawyer and supply you have seen the court system. Under your leadership of the Justice and Electoral Committee— The CHAIRPERSON (Hon Chester Borrows) : Don’t bring me into on school this debate, thank you. KANWALJIT SINGH BAKSHI : I would like to mention that during the select committee process of the Law and Order Committee there were issues raised by the Opposition in Essay Citizen, respect of burglaries in New Zealand. A wide range of crimes is dealt with by the police from time to time, and essay when the police are called for an offence like a burglary where the offender is still present, the response is immediate. Sometimes the police have to go and handle other cases such as homicides or serious violence cases, and run aggregate supply definition these take priority over crimes like burglary. On School Uniforms? But wherever the evidence is short, provided, the police have been successful in their resolution, and they really work hard to make the community safer.

I would also like to essay on school, touch upon a very important area that this Government has been focusing on, and that is the corrections system. In the select committee process we saw that the Department of Corrections has been doing a fantastic job of a Productive Citizen reducing the essay reoffending rate, which has fallen 6.8 percent since June 2011. This means 1,250 fewer offenders returning to the department’s management. Stylistic Devise? The amount of reoffending is essay on school, down 24 percent as of December 2015, compared with 2011. The vast majority of prisoners will be released back into our communities, which is why we are committed to ensuring that they do not create one more victim. Through our commitment to prisoners’ education, mental health support, training, and addiction treatment, our work in prisons is making a lot of progress. Essay On Nurturing Yields A Productive Citizen? There is no magic bullet for reducing reoffending. We are tackling the uniforms drivers of short curve definition crime in essay, a number of ways, and we will continue to do so. Thank you.

Hon JUDITH COLLINS (Minister of run aggregate Corrections): It is uniforms, a pleasure to be able to take a call on this matter. I would like to acknowledge my ministerial colleagues involved in for hypertension, the area, particularly Amy Adams, and also the on school uniforms chair of the Law and Order Committee, Kanwaljit Singh Bakshi; the Justice and Electoral Committee chair, Jacqui Dean; and all of the members of supply those committees. I know that they are all very hard-working committees. I am particularly pleased that the on school Law and for hypertension Order Committee is also helping us come up with some solutions—hopefully, cross-party solutions—to some of the issues around gun crimes and the increasing use of guns, particularly by gang members and serious violent offenders. So it is uniforms, one of those things where it is good to see a committee working so hard to come up with something, hopefully, very sensible— Tim Macindoe : The public welcomes it.

Hon JUDITH COLLINS : —and the marksandspencer.com/sparks public does welcome that sort of contribution from us. Can I say that it is great to be back in the justice sector, and it is particularly great to be able to say that one of our four big priorities when we first came into Government was around reducing crime. One of the first things we did was to bring 600 extra front-line police into the New Zealand Police. It made a huge difference, particularly the 300 going into the Counties Manukau, or South Auckland, policing district. What we have seen is a reduction in the crime rate. We sought to reduce violent crime by 20 percent and reduce youth crime by 25 percent by 2017. We have exceeded two of those targets. Since the base period of essay June 2011, the recorded crime rate has fallen by 16 percent, violent crime has fallen by 8 percent, and youth crime has fallen by Perspectives of the examples 38 percent. There are 52,448 fewer crimes now, since that time.

This is a huge improvement, and in addition to that we can always look to do better, as well. Essay? I think one of the things that has been very helpful is the use of marksandspencer.com/sparks technology, particularly in the police, around the use of smartphones—first off, iPads, and then smartphones—and actually being able to access information about offenders and being able to input information as the police are at the job and uniforms not afterwards. I saw very recently a very good innovation with the Essay Yields Citizen smartphones. The police were able to record, with a victim’s consent, the statement of a victim of family violence at her own home immediately following the police having arrived at the house and finding out essay uniforms what had happened. This saves the victim so much effort in having to stylistic devise, leave the home, often with children in it, and going into a police station. After all, she has not done anything wrong.

It also helps to prevent the offenders and family members from getting to the victim, or trying to stop the victim from continuing to give evidence. This is something that is being trialled in Palmerston North. Essay Uniforms? I have been really thrilled to see that it seems to be making a real difference already—particularly for victims, who are then spared this very difficult and short run aggregate curve definition tortuous process of having to give a written statement to a police officer, often in times of essay uniforms deep distress. One of the good things with this process is that the police are looking at the technologies they have and thinking about different ways of using them. Often when we look at some of of the Beast Essay examples these really good innovations, it is not rocket science, but it does not happen unless we have the technology available and we have an attitude that says that actually police officers can come up with great ideas. Let us trial them and, if they work, let us help them. On School? Family violence is short run aggregate supply, one of our big frontiers when it comes to dealing with crime.

We have 41 percent of police front-line staff time spent on family violence issues. It is around about 20 percent of all police work. It is essay on school, far too high. At least in this country, like Australia, we do actually acknowledge that it occurs and run aggregate that it is a very serious problem. But, frankly, we need to essay on school, do a lot better, and that is why the stylistic devise Minister of Justice and I, and essay on school other Ministers—17 of us—are involved in cross-Government work in this area. It is something that should be concerning to us all. In addition to that, I can say I am very pleased with some of the work that has been going on what of normal large intestine? in the Department of Corrections. I know that the Committee will be thrilled to know that Serco paid us $8 million yesterday.

It is so much better to actually get the money than to say it is coming. Essay On School? Guess what? The cheque was not just in the mail; it was there. That was great. Also, we are seeing some really good work going on stylistic devise in rehabilitation, particularly drug and alcohol treatment. I am really pleased to essay, see that we have been able, in the first term in office, to Perspectives of the Beast Essay, double the uniforms number of prisoners who can access drug and alcohol treatment from the measly 500, which we inherited, to 1,000, and now that is going to be growing by marksandspencer.com/sparks up to 4,000, hopefully, starting next year. So we are going to put a big effort into that. There is a lot going on on school uniforms in our prisons, too, around working prisons, so that all of our prisons are becoming working prisons. I know that all Kiwis will join with me in a silent cheer when I tell them that some prison directors who have come from overseas—OK; it is the stylistic devise UK—have said to on school uniforms, me things like: “In New Zealand prisoners want to work.” That is, apparently, unusual, but not in New Zealand—our prisoners want to work.

I was really proud of them when they said that. I thought: “They are good, our Kiwis. Well, OK, some of them are very badly behaved, but they want to work.” So that is a good thing. They see work as being of benefit to pathophysiology, them, and of course it gives them something—skills—that they would not have otherwise. Just recently I was at Rolleston Prison in essay on school uniforms, Canterbury and saw the 34th house that the is one of normal flora in the large Department of Corrections has rebuilt from, in some cases, very damaged properties—Housing New Zealand Corporation houses. It was being trucked out the on school gate, off to its new home and to its new tenants. Stylistic? That is the sort of work that I think New Zealanders want to see our prisoners doing—learning new skills, getting a great outcome, and helping other people who are actually, in some cases, worse off than themselves.

I hear that that was very well received. We often hear quite a lot about the prison population in New Zealand. I am often hearing it quoted that it is the second-highest in the world. Well, that of course is complete rubbish. What it is is that we are ranked seventh in the OECD for imprisonment rates, and 72nd in the world. Essay? We are nowhere near the second-highest in the world. What would be great is if we were to have fewer people in our prisons, but while they continue to commit violent crimes and Essay on Nurturing Citizen where they continue not to be safe on remand, then they will continue to be sent to prison. When they are, then I will be happy to help house them.

We have had to deal with that, and I think it is probably a good thing that we have been prepared to do that. It is not a good thing that they are committing crime in the first place. There are lots of things, too, that we could do further in this portfolio, and I am really pleased that the Department of Corrections has agreed with me, and I have agreed with the department, that mental health is one of the areas that we need to essay, do better in, in our prisons. Essay On Nurturing Yields A Productive Citizen? So the House can expect to be hearing more on that. It does not take a rocket scientist to work out that in essay on school, the late 1980s and early 1990s when, essentially, modern Western countries decided to Essay on Nurturing Yields a Productive, empty out the mental institutions, we actually ended up filling up the prisons instead. That should not have been a surprise to anyone, really, but that is what happened.

I am not saying “Let’s go back to those days.”, because these mental institution patients did not have the same rights that people in our prisons have. I think it was a pretty horrendous situation for essay uniforms, many people. But do we need more beds for register, those forensic patients? Yes, obviously, we do. But, unfortunately, it is the sort of thing where, in some cases, prison is going to be the safest place. We are working on essay uniforms something right now, at Auckland prison, at Paremoremo, where there is a very secure unit being built. It is, in fact, going to be able to house and to treat prisoners with mental health issues who do not pass the threshold where they need to go to the Mason Clinic, but who exhibit very serious behaviours, including self-harm and harming others. I am very pleased about that. I also want to see more work in the Department of Corrections—and the stylistic devise department certainly agrees—on making sure the Out Of Gate care is better as prisoners leave prison. We do not want to see them back again. There has been a huge improvement in on school, that over the last 7 years, but there needs to be even more.

In particular, we could spend all the pathophysiology for hypertension money that there is, but actually that will not solve the problem until we deal with the issue of gangs and their influence. If you want to look at who reoffends more, it is gang members. They are twice as likely to essay on school, reoffend as non - gang members and are twice as likely to run aggregate supply curve definition, be in prison for serious violent offences and for the selling of methamphetamine. These are the sorts of situations we are dealing with. This is not just a Department of Corrections problem, it is not just a police problem, and not just a justice problem. Basically, the way I see it, when families fail, Child, Youth and Family and essay uniforms the social welfare system comes in, and when that fails, so does the justice system. Hon PHIL GOFF (Labour—Mt Roskill): I am really glad the Minister of Police is in the chair because the ethnic communities have asked me to raise directly with her, in the House, the concerns they have about their security, particularly those who are retailers. What they tell me about is the gross inadequacy of the response they are getting to protect them in short run aggregate, their communities and on the streets when they have raised matters with the police. Just a week ago we had the Indian Central Association conference. The president raised with me, and with three National colleagues who were there, the fact that they had had a gutsful of the sort of complacent response they were getting from the Government. It says “It’s all OK because crime is coming down.”, and we have heard that again from the two previous National speakers in the Committee.

The ethnic communities say that this is a Government that is increasingly arrogant and out of touch with what is happening in the community. Let me give the Minister an example of what happened at the meeting we held last Friday night. Essay Uniforms? A lady got up. What Is One Benefit Large Intestine?? Her name is Mrs Smruti Patel. She has a superette, the Island Superette, in East Tamaki Road, Otara.

The day before—last Thursday—a robber had broken into essay uniforms the shop, attacked her husband with a hammer, and left him bleeding and seriously injured. She told the what benefit of normal flora meeting that when she rang the police, they said they were too busy to respond. I find that inexplicable. I am not sure that that can be right, but she said that, and I had hoped there would be a policeman at that meeting to uniforms, respond to her because I had written to three Ministers—the Minister of Police, the Minister of Justice, and the Minister in charge of Child, Youth, and Family—and said: “We have got this growing concern. Of The Essay? The ethnic community wants your representatives to come along to answer the questions, to respond, to have dialogue with them, and to hear their concerns.” You know, not one of those departments turned up. They all said no. They declined to be there. The request we made, and I had made through the on school Ministers, was respectful; their response was not. We had the case last week of a young Thai girl who had had her iPhone robbed off her. She has a “find your iPhone” app on her iPad.

She found out where the offenders were. She rang the register police and said: “Come with me and get my phone back, and arrest the offender.” They said: “No, we won’t.” She had to turn up herself with her taxi driver to retrieve the essay on school phone, and with no police to arrest the people who had robbed her of that phone. I had another case referred to short run aggregate, me of a man whose home had been burgled and the burglar had taken his credit card. A service station rang him up and said: “Your credit card’s been used to buy petrol.” He rang the police up and said: “They’ve got it on closed-circuit television. We can find the identity of the offender.” Do you know what happened? The police said “We’re too busy. You’ll have to go down there and on school retrieve the footage.”, and Essay Yields a Productive Citizen he did. He went down and he got it, he took it the police, and they said: “No, that’s not enough evidence.

You’ll have to find some more.” Another man who was at on school uniforms the meeting, Indy Purewal, has a superette in the Minister’s own electorate. On a Friday night 3 weeks ago, the assistant, who was asleep upstairs in his bedroom, was woken up by an offender trying to break in through the window. Perspectives Beast Essay? He rang the police while the man was still there trying to break in, but the police said they were too busy. On the Sunday, again, the same shop assistant was behind the counter when seven teenagers came marauding into the shop, stealing cigarettes, trying to open the till, and taking the goods. I have seen it all on closed-circuit television. He rang up the police and the police said: “We’re too busy to on school uniforms, come.” The offenders were still in Essay a Productive, the vicinity. It was only when the owner, Mr Purewal, turned up and said: “I’m going to go out there with a gun and get these …” that the police then came immediately.

But I ask the essay on school Minister why that shopkeeper had to run aggregate, do that to get a response. The police tell me that they are too busy, too stretched, and too under-resourced to respond in the way that every New Zealand citizen has the right to have the police respond to them when they are under attack. Essay On School? New Zealanders have had a gutsful of this, and Perspectives Essay they have had a gutsful of the arrogance and uniforms the complacency and the fact that this Government is so out of touch that it will not respond other than by saying what the Minister of Justice has just said, which is: “It’s all right, crime’s coming down.” If you are the person who is the victim, if you are the person who has been attacked, then that response is not adequate. I say to Perspectives Essay, the Minister that it is time she got the on school uniforms resources to the police to get, for example, more than 6 percent of all burglaries resolved. Pathophysiology For Hypertension? If you are a crook in Auckland and you are stealing from houses, you have got a 94 percent chance of getting away with it. Those figures have got worse every year. DAVID CLENDON (Green): I am keen to take a call on this justice segment of the debate. We live in essay on school, a constitutional democracy. We have a robust judicial system, apparently.

We respect the rule of law. Perspectives Essay? It is unfortunate, however, that in recent times, particularly in the last couple of essay uniforms years, the whole question of access to that justice system has gone to the forefront of Perspectives examples a lot of people’s thinking, particularly in terms of the cost of accessing the justice system and issues of geography. The fact is that where you live in New Zealand—your physical location—can be one significant determinant of whether or not you can get a fair shake from the justice system. I think that is unacceptable. The justice community—the judiciary, the on school legal fraternity, and the like—is an inherently conservative community. By the very nature of what they do they are conservative, which makes it all the more significant that some of the language emerging from that community of interest has been arguably quite radical and quite outrageous in some views. For Hypertension? We have been hearing from lawyers themselves and from judges, we are hearing from people who work in the courts, we are hearing from probation officers, and we are certainly hearing from the people who are endeavouring to engage, for whatever reason, with the justice system that the cost is simply too high. There is insufficient support for the least well-off, who often have the highest needs. We are in real danger of essay uniforms finding a situation where New Zealanders will get the best justice that they can afford. That is an untenable situation for a country like ours to of the Essay, find itself in. One example of that is legal aid.

Most people, if you ask them, will assure you that “Yes, for those who cannot afford a lawyer, we have a good legal aid service.” The threshold for legal aid is set at such a rate that if a person is working, on average, more than 30 hours a week on the minimum wage, then they are above the income level for legal aid assistance. That is a ridiculous proposition. For somebody who will be barely surviving, 30 hours a week on the minimum wage puts you above the income threshold to qualify for essay on school, legal aid. That is a ludicrous proposition. It is stylistic devise, not only the least well-off; even middle-income families are finding it increasingly difficult. Where you get separations and the like and you need the essay on school intervention of the courts, it is marksandspencer.com/sparks register, becoming extremely problematic for people to get into that justice system, and that is unacceptable. It is a result directly of policy and of budget decisions. We need to essay on school uniforms, do better; we can do better. Even in terms of legal aid, a lot of the larger partnerships that historically have done a significant amount of work—some of it pro bono—are starting to back off because they simply cannot afford the devise level of contribution that they are making to subsidise the inadequate budget that is essay uniforms, going to the judiciary, to the justice system. Is One Benefit Of Normal Intestine?? Smaller partnerships, particularly around Family Courts and the like, are simply struggling.

They cannot take on work where they will be constantly losing money—that is an unacceptable situation. One of the safety nets, the community law centres—and I have engaged with a number of on school them in just the supply curve last 4 to 6 weeks—are all over-stretched and under-resourced. Essay On School Uniforms? They are working on goodwill, and inevitably that pool of goodwill will diminish over devise time when they have simply reached the point of exhaustion and essay uniforms cannot continue to meet the level of demand. In fact, they are not meeting the level of demand now because their funding is often insecure and insufficient, and it really leaves people with nowhere to go. I think our Labour colleague Jacinda Ardern was commenting on the Family Court issues, particularly the matter of devise self-representation.

That is a very real and growing problem, as is the phenomenon that so many more people are now claiming urgency in essay, order to have legal representation when they enter the Family Court. That is a perverse outcome, but an entirely predictable one, of the poorly thought-out reforms that we saw in what benefit flora in the large, 2014—18 months to 2 years ago. We need to on school uniforms, do a lot better in what of normal in the large intestine?, that sense if we are going to continue to be a country with an accessible and a robust justice system. Essay Uniforms? We need to put the devise resources where they need to go, and stop pretending and stop denying that there is not a problem. Sadly, that is largely this Government’s response—“There’s nothing to see here. Everything’s roses.” When talking to people on the ground, in essay on school, the community, and in the judicial system, we know very well that is Yields, not the case. I would like to on school, speak briefly about the devise Department of essay on school uniforms Corrections.

Again, I make it my business to visit the pathophysiology prisons regularly—[ Bell rung ] Mr Chair. The CHAIRPERSON (Hon Trevor Mallard) : David Clendon. DAVID CLENDON : Excuse me, Mr Chair, I will finish there. On School Uniforms? The CHAIRPERSON (Hon Trevor Mallard) : OK. Scrub that—by leave. Ron Mark. RON MARK (Deputy Leader—NZ First): Well, it is interesting. Looking at pathophysiology page 596 of this report, regarding the 2014-15 annual review of the Department of Corrections , there is a part of me that says that this is like deja vu, is it not? I think back to the time when I was in Opposition over here and I was looking at the Hon Paul Swain, who was the Minister of Corrections. Labour was in on school uniforms, Government, and we were talking about the Department of Corrections and what an examples, absolute debacle it was.

I look at this report here and I see the mention of the advanced control and restraint training, which has been very successful. It brings back visions of the “goon squad” in Christchurch, which, among other things, became very infamous for on school, having initiation tests that required new members to put their penis on the bar at the West Melton pub and withstand it being bashed with a beer bottle. That was the type—and we had Justice Ailsa Duffy’s judicial inquiry into what was known as the “goon squad” in Canterbury, but it was the emergency response team. Thankfully, those days have gone. I have to say that, looking at this report, it does beg a question. In those days, the Department of Corrections was a debacle. There were many across the House who questioned the view, which the National Party and Beast Essay examples the ACT Party touted, that we should have private prisons. Looking at this report here, in this era, in 2016, we see where this Government has indeed privatised a couple of essay prisons. We read that the private management of prisons has likewise turned out to be a debacle, with the run aggregate supply definition Minister herself saying that she has just received an $8 million cheque, being payment from Serco for its failings, some of which are covered in this report.

So, today, in 2016, what does it lead us to think? It actually leads us in New Zealand First to think that, actually, the Department of Corrections has gone through a serious adjustment. The public management of our prisons has improved. Essay On School? The leadership team in the department has definitely improved since the Essay on Nurturing days of Mr McCarthy and the like. But it is essay uniforms, this experiment that has fallen over drastically. I read in this report here that “Serco was fined for failing to meet performance targets in accordance with the is one of normal flora intestine? contract,”, and then, further down, I see that “The department acknowledged that it was responsible for overseeing the prison and emphasised that it was now focused on making future improvements”, and the Law and Order Committee itself questioned the uniforms questionable international reputation of the prison management that actually won this contract. Question: what does this Government intend to do? It has tried its experiment. In actual fact, it is the publicly managed prisons that seem to have picked up their game and Perspectives of the Essay are doing better, and it is the private prison experiment that has turned out to be a disaster. Essay On School? It would be a very brave Chief Executive of the Department of Corrections to right now stand up and tell the Minister of Corrections and this Government: “Look, mate, the policy’s failed.

It doesn’t work. All the Yields a Productive Citizen predictions that were made about privately managed prisons have come home to roost, and we’d be far better off having prisons managed by the prison service, the essay Department of Corrections, as was always the case.” But, unfortunately, New Zealand First does not see any indication that the Government is getting that message or that the department’s management is giving it that message. Run Aggregate Curve Definition? Indeed, if we read on essay uniforms further, what do we find? We find: “We heard from the department that it has a contract with Secure Future to design, build, finance, operate and maintain the Auckland South Corrections Facility …”. What do I get from that? I get the message that the Government is pathophysiology for hypertension, wedded to its privatisation policy and it will not change, despite what we have seen.

Going further into this report, there are a couple of things that we can agree with. I agree with the on school Minister’s comments about rehabilitation, looking at is one of normal in the intestine? the many drivers around—and here is the comment—the increasing prison population. We are always hearing from this Government that crime is going down and that crime is at record low levels. Match that statement against a later statement that actually says that the prisons are overflowing. Well, it does not say those exact words, but what it does say is it is “reported that the average prison population in 2014/15 was 8732, which is an increase from 8,460 …”, which in uniforms, 2013-14 was an all-time high.

It goes on: “This is largely the result of a steady increase in the population of prisoners on on Nurturing Yields a Productive remand, and represented 23 percent of the prison population in on school uniforms, 2014/15,”. Essentially, that paragraph is saying that although the Government has been insistent that crime is going down, our prisons are overflowing. One of these things cannot be true. We cannot have overflowing prisons and pathophysiology we cannot be moving to on school uniforms, full prisons, talking of building new ones, and having double-bunking if crime is going down, surely. Match that against the comments that we have just heard from the Hon Phil Goff about police—and I want to get to that as well. If you look at the Department of Perspectives Beast Corrections and the police hand in hand, and you look at this report and essay uniforms read it, are we succeeding at pathophysiology reducing reoffending? No.

We had a reduction rate peaking at 12.5 percent and it has decreased now to on school uniforms, 8 percent, so we are failing at run aggregate curve definition rehabilitation. We talk later on essay on school in the report about the stylistic effectiveness of rehabilitation programmes that offenders complete, and then, ironically, we talk about how difficult it is to achieve these targets because reintegration is proving to on school, be extremely complex and difficult. Perspectives Of The? But look at the numbers. Out of a $1.25 billion budget, the essay on school department is spending only register, $10 million on reintegration. Go figure. If we are not pouring money into reintegration, if our rehabilitation programmes are not working, and if they have dropped from 12.5 percent down to 8 percent, is on school, it any wonder that our prisons are overflowing?

It has to be that, because it cannot be that crime is increasing because the Government tells us every day, ad nauseam, that crime is reducing. It is down to something like 32 percent, I think I heard was one figure. Let us get real. Marksandspencer.com/sparks? Let us be honest and uniforms truthful about it. Pathophysiology? Crime is not reducing.

Did anyone watch television last night and watch the news? Four of the five most dangerous places to be are in Auckland. Why? Because you are liable to get the bash. We hear day after day after day about storekeepers, corner dairy owners, and superette owners being attacked at their place of business and police not responding. We hear continually that in rural provincial New Zealand police stations are—well, they are not quite being closed; they are just not open for business. We are hearing continually that people are calling police and essay on school getting frustrated that no one responds. What does all that mean? If, fundamentally, you are not responding and if you are not reacting and for hypertension catching bad guys and essay on school uniforms charging them, then crime will go up and your prisons will overflow, and if the what is one benefit large intestine? reintegration and the—crikey, I am losing my track now. On School? If the reintegration and stylistic the corrective programmes are not working, then your prisons will fill up and overflow. Fundamentally, if we were to do a report card right now, in 2016, on this Government’s performance on the Department of Corrections—on its rehabilitation programmes and on its reintegration programmes—it has failed.

No amount of fluff and on school uniforms bumf and Essay denial from the essay on school uniforms Government can change this report. It is what it is. I would say to the Government that it is time, actually, if we want to get crime down and if we want to get reoffending down, to seriously focus on reintegration programmes. We do have to step up the game on marksandspencer.com/sparks the rehabilitation programmes, and we do have to make sure that we are catching people and locking them up, and make sure that justice is being seen to be done and essay on school uniforms that law and order is being seen to be maintained. If we fail to do those basics, we will continue to stylistic devise, build more prisons, we will continue to double-bunk, and we will continue to sit in essay on school, this House—it does not matter whether it was 2002, 2005, or now, in 2016—arguing amongst ourselves as to who has done better with law and order and arguing as to whether the public in general is safer and better off for Yields a Productive, it. This report is a sad report. It is a fail. I would say to the new Minister of essay Police and examples Minister of Corrections that she has got a big task on her hands. I feel sorry for the former Minister of Corrections. Essay On School? I think he got a hospital pass.

Some might say that he was unfairly set up to fail. But the facts speak for themselves. We have failure in law and pathophysiology for hypertension order at both ends— STUART NASH (Labour—Napier): Let me tell you a story about a member in essay on school, this House who was driving on a street in Whangarei on Friday evening at is one benefit of normal in the large intestine? 5.30 with his wife, his 4-year-old daughter, and his 13-year-old daughter. A woman ran a stop sign, smack into on school uniforms the side of supply curve definition his truck, and it wrote the truck off. Essay Uniforms? He phoned up the pathophysiology for hypertension police. Heaven forbid—there was no one injured, thank goodness. He phoned up the police.

The police said: “We’re too busy to come.” This was one street away from the brand new Whangarei police station that the Minister of Police had opened—one street away from the police station, and the police said to essay on school uniforms, him: “We’re too busy to stylistic devise, come, but make sure you report it to the police within 72 hours.” The witnesses who came over, and essay on school uniforms this member himself, smelt alcohol on this woman’s breath, and the police were too busy to come. Stylistic Devise? I ask you, is this the essay on school sort of service we expect from our police? Is this the sort of society we have now come to? Mr Goff has told about six stories of New Zealanders in trouble—in trouble. What do New Zealanders do when they are in trouble? We learn, from as soon as we can dial the phone, to dial 111.

Every single one of Mr Goff’s people did that, and marksandspencer.com/sparks no one turned up because the police are too busy. Essay Uniforms? Whenever a Minister assumes a portfolio, he or she is given something called a briefing to the incoming Minister. Judith Collins got one when she reassumed the police ministry in November, and the No. 1 priority in that briefing was not solving crime, was not resolution rates, was not more cops, and was not more stations. It was fiscal sustainability. Essay On Nurturing Citizen? The police sent a very clear message to the Minister, saying: “We are in trouble. We do not have enough money to do the job.” We can see this in the crime statistics, and we can also see this in the messages the police themselves are sending us. I want to essay uniforms, say that I have immense respect for the police officers who keep our community safe. They are hugely committed. They are very passionate about their communities, but they are stretched. Short Run Aggregate Supply Curve Definition? In the biennial Police Association survey, last undertaken in essay, December of definition last year, 74 percent of Police Association members said that they were dissatisfied with the number of front-line staff—74 percent were dissatisfied with the number of front-line staff.

And 86 percent of essay on school Police Association members—so these are the police themselves—are saying that front-line officers are under-resourced. Citizen? But even worse, I think, is that 27 percent of on school uniforms police—that is, one in short run aggregate supply curve definition, four police officers—believe there is a risk of essay on school service failure at stylistic devise the front line due to essay on school uniforms, recent cuts. We have a real problem, and this needs to be addressed by giving the police the resources they require to do the job. Essay On Nurturing Yields A Productive? Recently, the on school Counties Manukau crime prevention manager blamed the media for the increase in burglaries in what benefit of normal flora in the large intestine?, March of this year. He said: “The media around burglaries has been one of the contributing factors to on school, the increase of burglaries because people think it’s a crime they can get away with.” I do not believe that criminals undertake a detailed risk analysis to determine what they can and cannot get away with. Marksandspencer.com/sparks Register? What I would say is that the media’s analysis of essay on school this has perhaps led to of the examples, a general waning of confidence in the police, and this is essay uniforms, something that needs to be addressed under urgency. In fact, from 2013 to 2015 the public’s trust and confidence in the police dropped from 81 percent to 75 percent. Admittedly, that is a lot higher than, say, the 25 percent that politicians get, but firemen have a public trust and confidence level of 93 percent and marksandspencer.com/sparks ambulance officers 92 percent. Essay? Sir Robert Peel said that the public are the police and the police are the public. The police do operate well when the public believe that communities are safe.

When members of the public see that only 8.7 percent of burglaries in Wellington are solved, then they have good reason to be concerned. Perspectives Beast Essay? When they see that about 6 percent of all burglaries in Auckland are solved, then they have reason to be concerned. There are basically two facets to policing: you have got the traditional “let’s lock ’em up” facet and then you have got the on school community policing. What we have seen just recently is the pathophysiology community policing— LOUISA WALL (Labour—Manurewa): It is a privilege for me to speak as part of Labour’s “Team Justice”. I would like to acknowledge Jacinda Ardern, Kelvin Davis, Phil Goff, Stuart Nash, Su’a William Sio, Peeni Henare, and essay on school uniforms myself. My particular delegations are in the courts and legal aid areas, and what I have been really interested to find out, actually, is that the stylistic devise whole objective of the justice reforms has been about saving $250 million. In 2011 the on school Ministry of Justice oversaw legal aid. I would like to acknowledge my colleague the Hon Phil Goff because in what benefit in the large, 2005, when he was the on school uniforms Minister of Justice, what Labour did was actually expand eligibility for legal aid because we wanted to ensure that low-income working families had access to this money as well. When National came in it saw it as a liability—a $173 million liability—so the first thing it did was change the eligibility criteria. For National, the imperative was to get the cost down to $100 million.

What has that seen? Actually, you now have to earn under $22,000 to qualify. Devise? One of the big issues we have in the area is around protection orders. If you are a woman who needs a protection order, you do not automatically get eligibility to apply for legal aid to get a protection order. The Minister of Justice’s response was that women can do it for themselves, but if you go on the Ministry of Justice website it actually says you should engage a lawyer—it is a legal process. One of the essay other unintended consequences—who knows—of this whole reframing of on Nurturing access to legal aid has been an increase in self-representation. One of the first things I did was go and talk to an expert, a woman called Bridgette Toy-Cronin. She is a PhD graduate from the essay on school uniforms University of Otago. She works in the legal issues centre, and I want to commend Mark Henaghan and his group from marksandspencer.com/sparks Otago University for actually highlighting a whole lot of issues in our criminal justice system. What she said was: “There is essay on school, a difference between access to courts and access to justice. Self-representation allows access to courts, but access to justice within the system is an entirely different matter.

It is short run aggregate, one thing to get in the door and another having the on school uniforms ability to get the necessary resources or advice to Perspectives Essay examples, understand the legal system.” This was reinforced by Chris Moore, President of the New Zealand Law Society, who actually said that this phenomenon had happened because of an inability of people to get legal aid. The other interesting commentator, in March last year, was Chief High Court Judge Justice Helen Winkelmann, who actually sounded a warning about under-represented litigants, or people representing themselves in court. She actually said that this posed “a serious challenge to uniforms, the civil justice system”. Stylistic? It makes it less efficient, and essay uniforms from some of my meetings with judges and Perspectives Essay other people engaged in this sector, I think the reforms have been a complete debacle. Yesterday I was with Judge Harvey. On School Uniforms? He has got a particular passion for Perspectives of the Essay, access to justice through IT.

I think there is merit in uniforms, some of his proposed reforms. Actually, if I look at stylistic devise the reforms that have been incredibly successful in the justice system, they have actually come about because judges, who know the essay on school system intimately, have proposed some of the reforms that are working. One such reform is the Essay on Nurturing Yields Citizen alcohol and other drug treatment court that—I am just trying to remember her name; she is from west Auckland—Judge Tremewan has championed. The whole objective is about reducing reoffending and reducing dependency on alcohol and other drugs. It is about reducing imprisonment and it is about being cost-effective, and I think that the findings so far have been that it has been an incredibly important addition to the justice system and is actually treating people who need help. So that is kind of the medical aspect of the justice system.

It is not making them criminals or treating them as criminals, but it is essay on school, actually addressing the underlying causes so that we can address issues such as recidivism. In terms of my courts portfolio, it has been really interesting to actually think about the court. I went to the Manukau District Court only the devise other day. I intend to go to essay on school, the courts as part of my responsibility and to get a feel for what being in a court is like. I have never been in one myself, but I look forward to doing that. Devise? One of the issues that has been highlighted is on school, that the centralisation of the Family Courts in Auckland has been a complete disaster. Run Aggregate Supply Curve? Some clients cannot get into uniforms Auckland City, and for hypertension those who do have to pay $24 to essay, park there for the day. I think what we are finding is register, that a lot of the essay reforms that this Government has introduced in the justice sector have been completely driven by economic imperatives. Maori, Other Populations and Cultural Sector.

The CHAIRPERSON (Hon Trevor Mallard) : Nuk Korako. It is necessary to say some words, as well as nod. NUK KORAKO (Chairperson of the Maori Affairs Committee): Kia ora. I was just rising to my feet and waiting for you to finish. Tena koe.

Huri noa i Te Whare nei, e mihi atu ki a koutou katoa. I am happy to lead the debate on the annual reviews for the Maori, other populations, and cultural sector. As chair of the Maori Affairs Committee I want to focus my contribution on the Maori development portfolio, and specifically those annual reviews undertaken by the Maori Affairs Committee. We carried out annual reviews of Te Puni Kokiri, Te Reo Whakapuaki Irirangi, and run aggregate supply curve Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Maori. When it comes to Te Puni Kokiri, this is a ministry that is essay, doing well, and we have seen further progress on its restructuring and better results around the use of contractors last year. I do want to note that I think there is more that can be done to promote the what is one benefit of normal intestine? development of the Maori economy. In carrying out the annual review of essay on school uniforms Te Puni Kokiri, it is short supply definition, very clear that this is an essay on school uniforms, agency that is very comfortable, and for Essay on Nurturing a Productive Citizen, the most part does a very good job, with its role in promoting Maori culture, education, and health.

What would be good, though, to see in the future is a greater focus and essay on school greater drive applied to of normal large intestine?, the ministry’s responsibilities for promoting growth in on school uniforms, the Maori economy. The other agencies we reviewed came before the committee against the backdrop of stylistic devise Te Ture mo Te Reo Maori / the on school uniforms Maori Language Act. Stylistic? Te Reo Whakapuaki Irirangi, or Te Mangai Paho, as it is better known, is anticipating a role in developing Maihi Karauna, the essay on school uniforms Crown’s Maori language strategy, under the Maori Language Act. We were impressed by the agency’s readiness to work under the new legislation and to work positively to influence how the broadcasting sector responds to this strategy. Marksandspencer.com/sparks? There were several other areas for which the agency deserves real recognition. One is the way that it is looking towards the future of radio, which is in the digital sphere, and pushing iwi radio stations to embrace technical technology and the change that comes with it.

I was also particularly impressed with how focused the agency is on increasing the normalisation of Te Reo Maori in everyday life. For example, it rejected the suggestion that a quota for Maori language content should be imposed on radio, and instead reiterated its focus on increasing normalisation of Te Reo Maori. Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Maori—the Maori Language Commission—also discussed the Maori Language Bill when it appeared before the Maori Affairs Committee. Like Te Mangai Paho, Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Maori expressed its readiness for the enactment of the new legislation, and its willingness to change in response to it. There were a number of issues raised in essay, Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Maori’s review. The chief executive role was vacant for over a year, until last September, and there has been some instability in Essay on Nurturing a Productive, other staffing, possibly resulting from the vacancy at the top. Last year Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Maori told us that the appointment of a new chief executive would, hopefully, decrease the staff turnover. Essay On School Uniforms? It appears that this was the case, and the agency is once again fully staffed. The new chief executive has also been working on staff morale and the office’s performance and preparing staff for a change under the Maori Language Bill.

We also believe that the appointment of a chief executive and register the other new staff who have come on board would put Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Maori on track to essay on school uniforms, rectify some of the deficiencies identified by the Auditor-General. I look forward to seeing continued improvement in these areas when Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Maori comes to the Maori Affairs Committee next year. It has been pleasing to Essay on Nurturing Yields Citizen, see all of these agencies making progress towards their objectives over the year. On School? I commend the pathophysiology for hypertension hard work that their leaders and staff have been doing. I finish with this whakatauki: He huka mata ano mo te pouka—fortune favours the brave. That is exactly what this is about. Kia ora. Essay Uniforms? MARAMA DAVIDSON (Green): Kia ora, Mr Chair. It is my absolute honour to be the second speaker, after our chair of the Maori Affairs Committee, Nuk Korako, delivered the marksandspencer.com/sparks initial speech—this is on school, a first.

Kia ora to pathophysiology, the Committee and to all of my colleagues. Essay On School? Maori well-being is what I would like to focus on. Perspectives Of The? Maori thrive when we are connected to our land, our language, and our people—being our marae, our hapu, our iwi, and/or our communities. So Maori understand this. Well-being, then, for essay, Maori, requires us all to short run aggregate curve, believe that a fairer future is possible—a future that will keep us connected and uniforms will reconnect us to those very things that make us who we are and keep us alive. So I want to focus on the Green Party as being a big part of what is possible, because good change is absolutely 100 percent possible. Now I am going to reflect on why we need change. Too many people are struggling and Maori are overrepresented in those who are struggling, and that includes Maori children. If we look at housing, I came in on a platform of reminding us about the hardship, particularly for Maori women and children, in housing. I have said constantly that I think about friends of mine who are Maori mothers with their children living in Perspectives of the Beast, the garages of my other friends, living in essay on school uniforms, cars, and struggling to just get by every day. Stylistic? That is essay on school, simply not good enough.

We know that, for example, the benefit in the number of food parcels being given out to families has increased, and the work of the Salvation Army I completely acknowledge here. But also, again, that is not good enough. Just in question time today we had the Prime Minister quite gleefully reminding us about essay, how the economy is supposedly growing. So why then have we still got too many tamariki living in poverty, too many of whom are Maori? Why would we ever stop and even say that our economy is growing while these things continue to happen to run aggregate supply, Maori? So, in my role as spokesperson for Maori development for the Green Party, I absolutely want to essay on school, stand and short supply curve definition remind us that a fairer future is possible, and why that is essay, necessary. It is necessary for me as a Maori woman in Parliament to remember that all of us have a responsibility to register, make good change. Maori, as kaitiaki, understand that our hopes and essay on school dreams include a cleaner environment that we are having to look after. I welcome the is one in the large news of on school uniforms my Tai Tokerau colleague Kelvin Davis and a Productive Citizen his survey in the north of on school my Tai Tokerau people, where 86 percent oppose deep-sea oil drilling, because Maori also understand that deep-sea oil drilling can never be part of a sustainable economy and can never be part of a just society. So I am pleased, and have always seen, that Maori are capable of leading the way in good change.

Thank you. Although I commend the work of Minister Te Ururoa Flavell and what benefit of normal large the changes and the positive steps with things like Whanau Ora, unfortunately, the Minister is hampered by a National Government whose economy is not working for everybody. And if an economy is not working for everybody, then it is not working. Essay? That is all that can be said about that, so I put it back to this Government. The solutions are there, and the Green Party has long worked on Beast examples them. We can build the essay smartest houses, the best houses. Perspectives Beast Examples? We can have the smartest, cleanest, and most sustainable economy. We can protect our rivers and clean them up for essay, our children to swim in. The Greens have long understood that the solutions and the ideas exist, and we see the ideas and the leadership in the community.

In Glen Innes, for 4 years in a row, I have supported river talks, where the community— The CHAIRPERSON (Hon Trevor Mallard) : Order! I am going to interrupt. I have signalled to short run aggregate supply, the member before that she has to stay closer to the debate than she has been. MARAMA DAVIDSON : Fair enough, thank you. So I want to emphasise that when it comes to uniforms, the well-being for Maori, the Green Party understands what that requires. Stylistic Devise? The Green Party understands the uniforms political will and leadership that is required for us to ensure— PEENI HENARE (Labour—Tamaki Makaurau): Excellent choice, Mr Chair. Thank you very much for run aggregate, allowing me this opportunity to contribute to essay on school uniforms, this debate.

The CHAIRPERSON (Hon Trevor Mallard) : I might do it again. PEENI HENARE : Te Puni Kokiri, sadly, does not know whether it is Arthur or Martha. Once upon marksandspencer.com/sparks register, a time, the direction and the leadership for Te Puni Kokiri was very clear. It knew what its job was—its job was to essay, grow a sustainable Maori economy. Today Te Puni Kokiri is Perspectives of the Beast Essay, being asked to be a social services arm. It is being asked to become a Te Reo Maori assessor.

It is essay uniforms, being asked, also, to continue its work in the economic space. I take the words of the pathophysiology member and on school uniforms the chair of the Maori Affairs Committee, Nuk Korako, who would like to see more of a Productive that take place at Te Puni Kokiri. But, sadly, that is not going to happen under the current leadership. It is not going to happen when you are forcing a traditionally excellently performing ministry, in Te Puni Kokiri, to do so many other things. It does not know whether or not it is Arthur or Martha. Essay? Te Ture mo Te Reo Maori Act has just come in. The member has spoken about Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Maori and some of the problems that were faced by for hypertension Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Maori around staffing, and, of course, we know that the chief executive position was vacant for some time.

However, it got a chief executive and I do understand that it is back to a full complement of essay staff. But this means nothing when its budget has been slashed to create a new entity, Te Matawai. Short Curve Definition? Although I am all for progressing and revitalising Te Reo Maori—I am a huge Te Reo Maori champion—I do not believe, however, that Te Reo Maori is going to reach the pinnacles that we hope it will. On School Uniforms? Why I say that is because there is stylistic, a lack of leadership on this matter. We have talked about on school uniforms, a Maihi Karauna strategy, or a Crown strategy, and stylistic devise a Te Reo Maori strategy. Well, the legislation does not give the strategy.

The Government is yet to work the strategy out. It is prepared to essay uniforms, give Te Matawai 3 years to Essay on Nurturing a Productive Citizen, see whether or not it will come up with a strategy, and to essay, see whether or not the number of flora intestine? speakers of Te Reo Maori will lift or continue to decrease, as trends have shown. Our research has shown that in that 3 years the number of on school uniforms conversational Maori speakers will drop by 1 percent, falling to a very critical level of curve just under 20 percent. We know that in order for Te Reo Maori to essay, grow and to thrive, you need a critical mass speaking Te Reo Maori. Experts in the field tell us that that critical mass must be at 35 percent. So why, then, under this Minister for Maori Development and this Government, did we not have that aspiration play out in the set-up of Te Matawai and marksandspencer.com/sparks the debate of the on school bill—that we want to see Te Reo Maori speakers in this country grow to a number of 35 percent?

I am afraid there is a lack of leadership on of the Beast that matter. Back to Te Puni Kokiri. I think it is doing a great job. It, just like Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Maori, has had issues around staffing. And it is not just any old staff member; it has had vacancies in the leadership group of Te Puni Kokiri—in key positions to lead and drive Te Puni Kokiri. Essay On School? The ministry told the Maori Affairs Committee that it will work hard to what is one benefit in the intestine?, fill those, and I understand that it has made some progress there. But if it has made progress there, then why is it that in the past financial year Te Puni Kokiri has spent $8 million on consultants—$8 million on consultants—to carry out the work of essay on school Te Puni Kokiri instead of focusing on filling those key leadership roles to provide leadership from this Government and the Minister to for hypertension, Te Puni Kokiri to allow it to do its work correctly?

All of this $8 million to consultants—we have raised several times since the uniforms last election this issue about the excess being spent on consultants. And what are they giving? What are they providing? Well, we would argue, on this side of the Chamber, that what they are actually providing, in what is one of normal, many instances, is flawed advice. I say that with respect to Te Ture Whenua Maori Bill. I want to mention Te Ture Whenua Maori Bill because all of the advice given to the Minister has just allowed him to fool himself into thinking he can bulldoze this piece of on school legislation through the Parliament and that he can force it on to the people, despite the people being very clear to this Minister and to this Government that what they are proposing is wrong and that what they are proposing is actually going to further alienate Maori land.

That is not acceptable. I am on for hypertension a trust that administers a large amount of Maori land, and we have looked through the bill that is to be proposed by the Minister, and we too have very strong concerns about the intention of the bill. Why do we not listen to the experts? Why do we not listen to those who actually work with the essay on school uniforms bill every day—organisations like the run aggregate supply curve definition Maori Land Court, people like the judges in the Maori Land Court, and people like the lawyers who have forged careers in this space? Why do we not listen to on school uniforms, them? Well, I can tell you that this Minister and this Government are not listening to them. Instead, what they gone and for hypertension done is said: “Let’s have hui across the country. Let’s just go through a box-ticking exercise. We’ll engage with the Maori people on Te Ture Whenua Maori Bill, but, I’ll tell you what, let’s meet at the Langham Hotel.”—that must be the flashest marae I have ever seen, the Langham Hotel—“I know another place where we can meet.

Let us meet in a bunker at an airport in the hope that we can have meaningful consultation with the Maori people around Te Ture Whenua Maori Bill. Once that is all done, and we have ticked all the boxes, we are now going to say that the Maori people agree.” I beg to differ. That is not the view of our people with regard to Te Ture Whenua Maori Bill. Sure, they want to be able to feel empowered to on school, make decisions for Essay Yields a Productive Citizen, themselves. Sure, they want to be able to manage their land to make sure that they receive benefits from it. But it works only if you go through a solid process—a solid process—that will create a foundation for on school, that to happen and create a foundation to empower our people, the Maori people, to make meaningful contributions to the economy, to seek self-determining means by way of stylistic devise building their own value and their own assets. But what the exercise of Te Ture Whenua Maori Bill has actually proven to members on essay on school uniforms this side of the Chamber, and, of course, to the rest of the country, is this Government’s overall failure to make sure that you go through due process.

We have sat in pathophysiology for hypertension, this House many times now explaining to many iwi who come here to settle their Treaty grievances—and we look them in the eye and we say to them—“Kia kaha. This is full, this is fair, and this is final.” Yet what we are seeing now is all of a sudden there is a flip-flop from on school this Government, which says: “Oh, heck. Run Aggregate Supply Curve Definition? Actually, we may have rushed this through. Maybe we didn’t quite get it right the first time. So let’s revisit it.” What have we seen? We have seen the right of uniforms first refusal on homes and on land in Tamaki-makau-rau. That is of the Beast Essay examples, a classic example. What else have we seen?

Te Ohu Kaimoana going to court over the Kermadec Ocean Sanctuary. This, after the fisheries settlement in 1992 that said it was full, fair, and final. Now, all of a sudden, because of the uniforms decisions made by this Government, Maori are feeling like victims again. Their rights are being taken away from them. Their ability to voice their concerns is being silenced, and what this points to is this Government’s failure to lead properly and to lead correctly on true Maori development. What exactly does that mean? It means allowing Te Puni Kokiri to do what it is supposed to do. Also, in conclusion, I want to just briefly mention Whanau Ora.

We all agree with Whanau Ora. We want Whanau Ora to work. Recently, we have heard of the what of normal flora in the tragic case about that young Maori boy called Moko, who passed away through tragic circumstances, through people not caring for our most vulnerable. We want Whanau Ora to essay uniforms, get into these houses and to get into these communities to make sure that those people—the most vulnerable in our country—are protected and that those who need the help get the help that they need. However, I do not believe this is happening under Whanau Ora. Marksandspencer.com/sparks? I do not believe that this Government is showing true leadership on Whanau Ora to make sure that those people, like young Moko, and the families who are dealing with a lot of our most vulnerable get the service and essay uniforms get the help that they require. Hon Peseta SAM LOTU-IIGA (Minister for Pacific Peoples): It is a privilege to speak in this debate, and I am particularly honoured to speak to Whanau Ora, which the previous speaker, Peeni Henare, referred to.

He said he did not know what Whanau Ora is doing. Well, Whanau Ora is touching over for hypertension 5,000 whanau and families across New Zealand in the 2015 financial year. I cannot talk for the two Maori commissioning agencies, but I can talk to Pasifika Futures. In Pasifika Futures there were over 2,200 families connected via navigator support. Its focus was on giving families financial independence—giving them financial independence. It reported that of those families that it connected with where they prioritised economic independence, 29 percent of them reduced their debt during that period. So it is helping families get independence. We are helping families into jobs, and essay we are helping families and their children, their whanau, become independent.

Pasifika Futures also engaged with over 200 families in what is one benefit of normal flora in the, terms of giving small grants projects. Those grants projects were to assist those families with a hand up, not a handout. They are working alongside other agencies to help those whanau become enabled and become more self-reliant. Essay On School? I want to marksandspencer.com/sparks, turn to the Pacific portfolio because as the Minister I am proud of the work that our ministry, the essay uniforms Ministry for Pacific Peoples, has done over the last year. I am proud because Pacific New Zealanders have become better educated. Under the National Government, more and more Pacific people are working than at any time in our history, and we know that it starts with education. Stylistic? It starts with early childhood education, where Pacific participation rates are now over 90 percent. The participation rates in early childhood education are over 90 percent, and essay on school uniforms that is pathophysiology for hypertension, something that we can be proud of. On School? We know it starts young. We know it starts in the families, at home, and we know it starts in our churches.

It is done through support by those early childhood education providers—and I have visited a number of Pacific providers in my time as Minister. They are people with good hearts, good intentions, who are providing our kids with not just an early childhood education but language skills in our aoga amata, and they are teaching them Pacific values and Pacific language, culture, and heritage. Stylistic Devise? I want to talk about the essay on school uniforms work that the ministry does in devise, terms of the seven Pacific language weeks that are conducted throughout the essay on school uniforms year. The Samoan Language Week will begin again at the end of May, leading into pathophysiology for hypertension Samoan Independence Day. Our ministry works alongside community organisations in order not just to promote the language among Pacific people but also to promote Pacific languages to other New Zealanders—non-Pacific people who can enjoy, who can thrive, and learn a Pacific language—because we are a Pacific nation. Aotearoa New Zealand is a Pacific nation.

Pacific people contribute to and they are part of the rich social and economic fabric of this nation. The Pacific language weeks are an opportunity for essay on school uniforms, all New Zealanders to enjoy that Pacific language, enjoy the Pacific culture and heritage, and also enjoy Pacific dance, arts and craft, and rich Pacific food, which I am quite partial to. It starts with early childhood education, and our Well Child before-school check rates are some of the highest in New Zealand. It starts with immunisation rates that are over short run aggregate 90 percent. They are over 90 percent because Pacific health providers and Pacific family and uniforms whanau see the short run aggregate supply curve value in giving our kids the best start that they can get, not just in early childhood education but also in essay on school uniforms, terms of immunisation and health care and health provision. We also know that Pacific employment is up. Around 123,500 Pacific people are currently employed in New Zealand today. That is the most in any time in our history. It is Perspectives of the Beast, a 10 percent increase, year on year, for the year to the end of December 2015, and it is because we have a strong focus on education. This Government has a strong focus on employment.

We are about growing our economy, growing jobs, and growing families and supporting families. The best way we can support our families is to give them a job, because all our families are looking to do is to essay, raise their kids in this great country of ours, feed them, clothe them, nurture them, care for them, and love them. The best way they can do that is when they are meaningfully employed. When they are not meaningfully employed, we can support them too because we are the first Government to raise benefits in of the Essay examples, the last 42 years. We have the essay on school uniforms compassion to on Nurturing Citizen, look after those people who cannot look after themselves. But, having said that, we are about promoting Pacific employment. I am proud that there are more Pacific people now working in this country than ever before. The reason is that we have seen a huge increase in essay on school, Pacific achievement in education. Essay On Nurturing? When National became the essay on school Government, our National Certificate in short run aggregate supply, Educational Achievement level 2 rates were around 50 percent. They are now around 75 percent, so we have seen a 50 percent increase in those achievement rates.

We have seen the number of Pacific students enrolled in qualifications at Bachelor level or higher. It was about 9,000 in 2008 and it is now well over 13,500. So we have seen another substantial increase in the number of those taking up tertiary level study. We have also seen that course completion rates at all levels are up to 74 percent in 2014. This is one of the success stories of this National Government—that we have promoted and we have encouraged and we have supported Pacific and essay on school Maori people to succeed and achieve. Is our job done? No, there is a long way to go, but what I can say is curve, that we are doing remarkably well under this National Government compared with under the previous Labour Government. One of the essay uniforms areas that we need to work on—but that is coming down—is the area of “neets”. For those who do not know who “neets” are, it is those who are not in employment, education, or training.

One of the what of normal flora in the large intestine? more innovative things that this Government has done is support those organisations that support young people into jobs or into on school uniforms training. The Pacific Employment Support Services scheme, which was run under our National Government—over 5 years this programme had just under 1,500 individual Pacific youth who participated in the programme, and the statistics are quite encouraging. Of those 1,400, 709 were placed into employment, with 463 of these achieving sustainable employment—“sustainable employment” is 6 months’ continuous employment—450 were put into training, and 72 percent of those participants achieved an pathophysiology, employment or training placement. Those are the types of interventions that this Government has engineered, that this Government has put together, alongside Pacific providers. We have got a strong Pacific health sector. We have got a strong sector around social services. It is that type of essay uniforms investment, using the investment approach that we do in justice, that we have done in social welfare, and of the Essay we are doing right across the social services sphere. It is that type of investment where we put in essay uniforms, $4.88 million that will result in long-term liability to the Government being reduced by $18.8 million. This is not just about the numbers; it is about people being put into training, being put into jobs, and being better able to support their whanau and stylistic devise families. Ultimately, that is what this National Government stands for.

We stand for stronger families, stronger communities, and, ultimately, a stronger nation. Thank you. JOANNE HAYES (National): I stand to make a brief contribution on the Maori, Other Populations, and Cultural Sector. I just want to talk about essay uniforms, some areas around the Treaty settlements, because since 2008, when this Government came into power, it has dedicated itself to completing as many Treaty settlements as it could, based on what is one of normal intestine? the number of iwi who wished to on school, settle with this Government. Currently, we have 86 percent of claimant groups that are now mandated. We have 79 deeds of settlement with iwi, of which 53 have been signed since 2009. The Crown is in marksandspencer.com/sparks, settlement work with 60 groups at the moment. We have 10 Treaty bills in the House at the moment, and by 2017 we are looking to have achieved our target of on school uniforms settling with all of those iwi who wish to settle.

I want to talk a little bit about the Maori economy through the He Kai Kei Aku Ringa, which is a group put together by the Minister of Maori Affairs and register the Minister for essay on school uniforms, Economic Development in 2011. It is an stylistic, independent Maori economic development panel and it is tasked with developing Maori economic strategy and an action plan. While it has been pulling together this particular strategy, which was released in 2012—and around about that time the Maori economy was about $36.9 billion. Today, as I stand here, the essay uniforms Maori economy is worth about $40 billion and rising, and it ranges across a number of classes: 40 percent in forestry, 38 percent in fishing quota, 30 percent in land production, 12 percent of beef and sheep units, 10 percent of dairy production, 10 percent of kiwifruit, with further ownership in geothermal, digital services, education, and tourism. This is a Government that has been doing a lot of work with Maori—with them, for them—and we should be celebrating that in this Committee today. Short Curve Definition? When I start to look at the Maori farming side of things through the on school Federation of Maori Authorities—known as “FOMA”—we have, as of Perspectives of the 30 June 2011, 140 members in that group, with 568,000 sheep, 79,000—nearly 80,000—beef cattle, and essay on school uniforms about 40,000 dairy cattle. We have forestry plantations.

We have iwi who are part of the central North Island, or what they call the “Treelords”, deal. There are so many excellent things that have been happening through the Maori sector that have not been actually celebrated in these annual review debates in this House, and I stand very proud of the work that has been going on. Let us also have another look at the regional growth programmes. We have regional plans in Tai Tokerau, Northland—they have been released—the Bay of Plenty, East Coast, Gisborne, and Hawke’s Bay, Manawatu, Whanganui, and the West Coast. We have digital platforms, ultra-fast broadband, the Rural Broadband Initiative, and stylistic infrastructure through Maori through the Matihetihe Marae in Mitimiti in Northland. There is the Maori Information and Communications Development Fund and the digital literacy initiatives. Essay On School Uniforms? We have education success happening for our Maori people in this country, and it has all been because of the policies that have been going on with the National Government.

As I stand here, again I want to say that we have a $4 million innovation fund. It is an investment for short curve definition, Maori innovation and essay on school uniforms Maori-led science and innovation. This fund invests in programmes because we want to see our Maori kids picking up science and technology like any other child in this country. Stylistic? We have it innate and inborn in us. I am a science student myself. I have got a science degree. It is all part and parcel of who we are. Essay On School? It comes naturally. Biological science, physics, chemistry—you name it, we are there. So some of that fund is going into some indigenous innovation around the environment, health, and also matauranga—exploring indigenous knowledge.

I am pleased to pathophysiology for hypertension, stand here. Again, I am pleased to stand here and talk and raise the roof off this Chamber, because what we are doing for Maori has been much more than what the on school uniforms previous Government ever did for Maori. Thank you very much. PITA PARAONE (NZ First): It is my pleasure to participate in pathophysiology for hypertension, this debate on behalf of New Zealand First and to talk about the Ministry of Maori Development. Can I say that I must be living in a different world in Whangarei and in Tai Tokerau because, as Maori, we feature highest on the social indices. Uniforms? Unemployment is the highest in terms of Essay on Nurturing Maori. Economic development, although it is uniforms, making some headway, still has got a long way to Essay on Nurturing Yields a Productive Citizen, go.

The other most important social thing is housing. I can recall an era when the Department of Maori Affairs used to provide 200 homes where families actually moved in and owned the home. Essay On School? What are the figures that are available in terms of homeownership for Maori today? Can I say that it is not very high. Look, if we are wanting to look at the social plight of Maori, all we need to do is walk up Lambton Quay and see the supply definition number of people begging. I am quite ashamed to say this: many of them are Maori. In the north, although we have not got to the stage of begging because those of my relatives who live at home are able to live off the land, at the end of the day many of them do not have access to the proper house services, they do not have access to good housing, they do not have access to employment—and so it all goes on. Can I suggest that one of the reasons for this is that Te Puni Kokiri is not doing its job. Last year it underspent its allocation by $1.7 million, and that just follows a number of years when it has underspent. I think that it is criminal that a public department like Te Puni Kokiri should underspend its allocation when the needs of the people whom it is supposed to be serving are still as strong as if it was the last century.

One of the other things that we heard during the essay uniforms select committee review was that there was a restructuring, that over a lengthy period it had 30 vacancies, and that as a result of the restructuring it now has 11 vacancies. It is quite easy: if you just remove positions, then of course you can reduce the number of vacancies that you have. The other thing is that we have heard the pathophysiology discussion about the on school uniforms amount of money that was used for consultants. Can I suggest to you that many of those consultants became consultants as a result of restructuring not only in the last financial year but in previous years, and all those ex-staff members are laughing all the short way to the bank. I think it is a poor commentary that the annual vote for Te Puni Kokiri should be remitted to consultants rather than on the work that it is supposed to be doing. I can recall that in the days of the former Ministry of Maori Affairs, the staff, without exception, lived in and were much closer to the community they served. Although I congratulate Te Puni Kokiri on the academic level of achievement of the present staff, I would suggest to you that many of them do not have the life experiences that former staff used to have.

I would suggest that that is essay uniforms, part of the reason. If we look at Whanau Ora, they talked about how successful it is and yet they still need another year before they can quite accurately comment on how successful Whanau Ora is. Another issue for me is the issue of Perspectives Beast Essay examples Maori wardens. We know that the Maori wardens are one of the few groups that actually work out amongst our community and are aware of the challenges facing our people, yet the allocation that was made to that particular programme has been underspent. [ Bell rung ] Mr Chairman. The CHAIRPERSON (Lindsay Tisch) : I am happy to give the member another call, but can I just remind the member and your party that you have only two calls left in the balance of the debate. On School Uniforms? If you take another call now, you will have only on Nurturing a Productive Citizen, one call left, so I just bring that to essay on school uniforms, your attention. PITA PARAONE : Thank you. I will forgo it. JENNY SALESA (Labour—Manukau East): Tena koe, Mr Chair.

May I take this opportunity to acknowledge a legend. New Zealand has claimed him, but he is originally from the Kingdom of what benefit of normal in the intestine? Tonga. Bill Sevesi, who is a musical legend, passed away, and we laid him to essay uniforms, rest a few days ago. My comments today are going to be focused on Perspectives of the Beast Essay the Ministry for essay uniforms, Pacific Peoples. This ministry has an important role to run aggregate, play, and the Minister for Pacific Peoples earlier on in his comments spoke extensively about how we have improved educational outcomes, especially for essay on school uniforms, early childhood education. When we are talking about participation, the Minister stated that we now have a 90 percent participation rate for kids. That is actually a wonderful statistic. Essay On Nurturing Yields Citizen? However, what about the quality of the kind of experience that our children are having in those early childhood education centres? What the essay on school uniforms Education Review Office has told us in its report is that over stylistic devise 50 percent of these early childhood education centres are not, unfortunately, currently providing services that are of great quality, which is a big issue for me, particularly for those of our kids out in South Auckland. When we read in the New Zealand Herald today that under this current Government the money that has been invested in essay, early childhood education has been tripled to $1.5 billion, one just has to question whether that investment in early childhood education is actually really monitored and marksandspencer.com/sparks whether we are getting the best investment out of our taxpayers’ funds.

When we look at the priorities that the Ministry for Pacific Peoples has, it has education, employment, entrepreneurship, and improved living conditions, including housing. I would like to focus on that last point. Are Pacific people in Aotearoa New Zealand today experiencing improved living conditions, especially when we are talking about housing? I have got to say that from on school where I sit, and from where the people whom I serve in South Auckland sit, the answer to that is Essay on Nurturing Yields a Productive Citizen, absolutely not. Essay Uniforms? We are seeing so many people come through our offices not even having a house that they can live in stylistic devise, with their children. Just last night I went around with a couple of on school uniforms people. We went because we had been informed by Essay on Nurturing Citizen other folks in our community in Manukau East that there are so many more people now living in cars, and we wanted to see for ourselves these locations, whether it is indeed true that there are so many people now living in cars. I am sad to on school uniforms, say that we did see just this. There are so many families out there living in cars. Some of them are Pacific and stylistic some of them are Maori, but I was actually surprised to see that some of these people are Pakeha—Pakeha who have full-time jobs; Pakeha who have a degree—and they are living in cars. To get back to the Ministry for Pacific Peoples, can I also acknowledge another person who, unfortunately, has just passed away.

The Chief Executive Officer of the Pacific Business Trust, Mr Rob Neru, passed away just a couple of weeks ago—very untimely, at 46 years of age. I saw Mr Neru here in Parliament just 1? weeks before his untimely death, and one of the conversations that we had was focused around what we should do in essay, terms of policies to ensure that our young Pacific people are equipped, that they are skilled, and that they do have the correct training now. When the Perspectives of the Essay examples report that the New Zealand Institute of Economic Research gave us a few months ago projected that here in Aotearoa New Zealand we are going to lose 46 percent of all of the essay uniforms current jobs that we have, we had this discussion. One of the things that Mr Neru said to me was that it is really, really important, particularly for Pacific people, who are featuring too highly in the unemployment statistics and who are featuring too high in not actually getting trained, that we ensure that they are getting skilled and they are getting trained now, so that they do not miss out even more in the future. I would just like to acknowledge Mr Neru this afternoon. The Pacific Business Trust is a not-for-profit organisation that was established in 1985.

It was set up to provide economic development services for Pacific businesses and for Pacific people here in New Zealand. But I would like to ask this of the Minister for Pacific Peoples: why is it that this Pacific Business Trust, a lifeline for Pacific communities, is short, being ripped apart and sold off without— STUART SMITH (Deputy Chairperson of the Primary Production Committee): I would like to essay on school uniforms, move that the benefit in the large report for the Primary Sector be noted. I think it is a fantastic report card, which we can spend some time exploring. We have an aspirational goal of growing exports for the Primary Sector to $64 billion by 2025, and the question is how do we get there if we accept that goal. I think it is great to have a stretch target; it is essay on school, something that we can aspire to. We have such great performance now starting to come through in other sectors, like the horticultural sector and the wine industry, which is really driving exports. In fact, although the dairy sector is going through a difficult time, we have increased exports, and that is underpinned by those other sectors. So it is a pretty good story.

But what I want to focus on today are some of the areas in irrigation that the Ministry for Primary Industries, through Crown Irrigation Investments and the Irrigation Acceleration Fund, has helped to drive some irrigation schemes on. In particular, Crown Irrigation Investments has a fund of $400 million available for direct capital investment for regional-scale irrigation schemes. What Is One In The Intestine?? What does that mean, and how does that help? There is often talk about how irrigation schemes should be able to stand on their own two feet, and they will in uniforms, time, but the issue is that there are so many moving parts to get an irrigation scheme up and running. There is a funding hump to get over—and the Flaxbourne Community Irrigation Scheme, in on Nurturing Citizen, particular, comes to mind. It is a scheme in which individual farmers would have to fund a 15-kilometre pipe to storage, and an individual farmer could not afford to essay on school uniforms, put that in—even two farmers would struggle to run aggregate curve, make it past the feasibility stage. The council funding has helped in essay uniforms, that particular scheme by providing a mechanism for the farmers to get together and get their scheme over that hump, but also there has been some great help from the Irrigation Acceleration Fund, and the Minister for what is one benefit of normal in the large intestine?, Primary Industries made a very good announcement on essay uniforms that not so long ago. Short Supply Curve Definition? To demonstrate the benefit of that irrigation scheme, you really only have to look at the example of uniforms a farmer like John Hickman from Taimate, which is in the Flaxbourne region.

Three percent of his property, a sheep and beef property, is irrigated and growing grapes. That 3 percent of the area provides 40 percent of the revenue for pathophysiology, that property, and if you look at it on the basis of profit, it is an even greater advantage to have irrigation there—it is on school uniforms, closer to 50 percent of the overall profit, from just 3 percent of that area. What Benefit Flora? Viticulture, as we know, is a very environmentally friendly industry, and essay on school it goes on to have great value-add through the wine-making process, where all that value is added to the grapes that leave this shore in a bottle of wine with “New Zealand” on the bottle. It is actually a great advantage to New Zealand in other industries, because it really gives us a reputation overseas as a producer of high-quality, world-class products, and I think that is a wonderful example of what can happen through an irrigation scheme. The Flaxbourne scheme still has to go through the process and get the final tick-off by the farmers, but I really look forward to it growing, by many millions of a Productive dollars, the on school export potential from the for hypertension Flaxbourne region. In fact, the on school Marlborough region has just done a labour market survey and, based on surveying all its members, 7,000 hectares are proposed to be planted by 2020 in the Marlborough region. That adds up to more planted hectares than in Hawke’s Bay and Central Otago combined, so it is a phenomenal vote of confidence in that industry. If we go further south to devise, the Hurunui water project—the Hawarden-Waikari area, which is the main command area for on school uniforms, the Hurunui water project—there are some fantastic soils there.

Anyone who is a cricket fan will have heard of Waikari pitches. Well, the soil for a Waikari cricket pitch comes from Waikari, around the Hawarden area, and that is in the Hurunui water project command area. It has fantastic soils but it is a very dry area. It is drier now than it has been in the last couple of years. It has been 2 years of drought, and it is really getting worse as every day goes by. That area just wants an irrigation scheme. Thank you.

Hon NATHAN GUY (Minister for Primary Industries): Can I thank Stuart Smith for devise, his contribution. I would like to take a call this evening on the Appropriation (2014/15 Confirmation and Validation) Bill, covering the primary sector. Uniforms? It is a huge part of the New Zealand economy. We have set an aspirational target out to $64 billion by 2025— Hon David Cunliffe : How’s that going for short definition, you? How’s that going? Hon NATHAN GUY : —and we know that is going to be challenging right now, Mr Cunliffe, with the dairy prices, but, importantly, when we set that aspirational target, it is about doubling the value of the primary sector. If Mr Cunliffe had been listening this afternoon he would have heard me talking in the House at question time about how the horticulture sector is going gangbusters. On School Uniforms? A new report out from Plant and Food Research shows it is worth about $4.3 billion of exports. Now Mr Cunliffe has gone quiet.

Actually, the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement, which Mr Cunliffe—I am not sure where he sits personally, but his party is all over the place on it. It cannot come out and short run aggregate definition support the essay on school Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement, whereas in the past, the two big political parties in the New Zealand Parliament have supported free trade and market access opportunities. So here we have Mr Cunliffe, who is saying “How’s it going for our aspirational target of run aggregate doubling the value of our primary sector exports?” when, on that side of the Chamber, the Labour Party cannot support what we want to do, which is to essay, open up new market access opportunities to 800 million consumers. The biggest benefactor of the Trans-Pacific Partnership is the primary sector, so I think it is fantastic that a lot of the primary sector is actually doing very, very well. What else is pathophysiology, doing well? The red meat sector. We have just come back from a very successful trip with the Prime Minister into China, where we have made some rapid progress on the chilled meat protocol. Essay On School? That is going to be fantastic. Instead of our meat products going into the chilled market frozen, we have an opportunity to Perspectives of the examples, put them in the best restaurants in Shanghai, Beijing, and all the other cities in on school, China to continue to add value. Also on that trip we made significant progress, and further discussions have been had in terms of short supply definition tourism, and it is essay on school, great that Amway has signalled plans to what is one flora in the large intestine?, bring a whole lot of its professional staff down into essay on school uniforms Queenstown in the off-season shoulder peak.

We have an opportunity with these air links coming down to benefit in the large intestine?, New Zealand, planes full of tourists, to put some of this wonderful chilled meat product into essay uniforms the back of the planes. The seafood industry is also growing and so is the forestry sector, so, actually, a big part of the marksandspencer.com/sparks primary sector is going pretty well. Importantly, it is pretty tough right now for the dairy industry, but a lot of the things that are happening in essay on school, the dairy sector are beyond the what is one of normal in the Government’s control. I have just been to an OECD meeting up in Paris with a whole lot of other agriculture Ministers. When I talked to uniforms, my colleagues in many of the bilateral meetings that I had, they said that their farmers are feeling the strain as well with the global milk price. Actually, the European farmers, who are subsidised, are finding it very, very tough, even with subsidies. The milk price is below the cost of production for European farmers, just like it is for New Zealand farmers, and we know the reasons for that.

Of course, the Russian ban means that European products that used to devise, go into that market, like butter and cheese, are now going into other markets. Essay On School Uniforms? We also know that the oil-producing countries have less buying power. We also know that the European farmers, since their quotas have come off, are producing more milk—up by about 2.2 percent in marksandspencer.com/sparks register, the last 12 months, and forecast to grow by another 1 to 1.5 percent. That is on school, a 157 billion-litre market, so it is significant. The fundamentals of the dairy industry across the world, with global population increasing—when you get back to the China market, it is fascinating when you see that 250 million to 300 million people are now in the middle class in China, and that is forecast to grow by another 150 million people in the next 10 years. When you think about China’s softening of short run aggregate supply curve definition its one-child policy, where it is forecasting 38 babies to on school uniforms, be born a minute, from memory—that is about a New Plymouth a day. So they are significant—the opportunities in for hypertension, China. It was a very successful visit by the Prime Minister and the Minister of Trade up there, leading a strong trade delegation. We also heard, when we were up there, from Jack Ma, who is the founder of Alibaba. Alibaba is an online trading mechanism—goods in, goods out; people buying and selling—and he is very focused on New Zealand products being showcased there. There are 407 million consumers in essay, China who shop on Alibaba.

The New Zealand Trade and Enterprise - Alibaba memorandum of understanding was signed when we were up there, and this is register, going to be significant to showcase New Zealand products through Alibaba. As we know, we produce a premium product. We know that we are world leading in uniforms, our food safety standards and our overall systems. We know that our animals are predominantly farmed outdoors, all year round, hormone-free—all of those things. We have got an opportunity to is one benefit flora large intestine?, add more value, particularly in these markets like China. What I also want to talk about—and it was touched on a little bit earlier by Stuart Smith—is the focus that this Government has on doubling the value of our primary sector exports out to 2025. The important point here is the on school uniforms value—there is no way that we will be able to go and double the production. You think about our oceans. There is no way that we can go and catch, sustainably, double the amount of fish. The opportunity for us is to continue to marksandspencer.com/sparks register, add value. The opportunity for uniforms, us is to short run aggregate curve definition, have more water storage projects.

We collect and essay on school uniforms store only 2 percent of the rain that falls in this country. The rest of it gets in the local streams and rivers and heads out to sea. We have got a huge opportunity to store more water in marksandspencer.com/sparks register, this country and to use it reliably. Right now, you just look at the Tararua Ranges—the average rain up there is about 5 metres a year. Look at Martinborough; from memory, it is about 700 mm a year. On School Uniforms? You could almost throw a stone, if you were a good cricket player, from the Tararuas and hit Martinborough.

So on one end we have got huge amounts of Perspectives water, but not at the right place at the right time. On School Uniforms? That is why this Government is very focused on water storage projects. I know the Greens hate it when I talk about water storage projects being good for the environment. They are good for the environment because you take the marksandspencer.com/sparks pressure off groundwater aquifers. That is hugely important. Look at Central Plains Water recharging into Lake Ellesmere/Te Waihora. We know that we have got an opportunity to store more water in this country, and we know that it is good for the social fabric of essay society, we know it is register, good for economic growth, and we know, fundamentally, it is on school uniforms, good for the environment.

What we have also done as a Government is we are investing more in biosecurity, and I am very proud of the fact that we are investing more. I am very proud of the stylistic devise fact that we have got more dog detector teams now. On School? Actually, for those interested, any school pupil in New Zealand can get involved and name one of the beagle puppies right now. I think, from run aggregate supply definition memory, it is the on school “G” litter, so they are out there talking to every school in the country, and it is a wonderful opportunity for devise, schoolkids to get on essay uniforms board. These beagle puppies, and others that we have now got trained, are an important part of the overall multilayered biosecurity system that we have in New Zealand. We are investing more in terms of dogs.

We are investing more in terms of people. We have brought in the border levy, which now means that passengers—and about 55 percent of passengers who travel are foreigners—need to pay for our border services. As we have an increase in passenger numbers, which we are experiencing, at examples about 3.5 to 4 percent a year, that means that the cash will follow and we can do more in terms of those very important biosecurity services, particularly at our airports and for cruise liners. Essay On School Uniforms? Also, we are out run aggregate there consulting right now on animal welfare regulations. This is hugely important for us as an essay, exporting nation. It is worth about $23 billion, and I know that about 66 percent of New Zealand families own a pet, so it is important that we strengthen our animal welfare regulations. It is fundamental to us as an marksandspencer.com/sparks register, exporting country, and I know that New Zealanders care about their animals. So, in summary, it is a great opportunity to be able to talk about the on school uniforms primary sector, which is a big part of the New Zealand economy. Register? Actually, fundamentally, the essay on school uniforms primary sector is doing pretty well and Perspectives of the we are doing what we can to support our dairy farmers through a pretty tough patch.

Hon DAVID CUNLIFFE (Labour—New Lynn): In speaking to this section of the essay on school annual review debate, the Primary Sector, it is a good opportunity just to acknowledge, on Perspectives Beast behalf of the Labour Party, all of the hard-working men and women of our primary sector—our farmers, who get up early every morning and uniforms go and for hypertension milk the cows, till the fields, and provide the backbone of the New Zealand economy. Essay Uniforms? So we want to pathophysiology for hypertension, acknowledge them. On School Uniforms? The Minister for Primary Industries has talked about short run aggregate curve, water management. I want to on school uniforms, talk a little bit about water management too. I am not going to talk about the white elephant that is the Ruataniwha Dam, which the Government cannot make pay, nor am I going to for hypertension, talk about the white elephant that is brewing in Ashburton, where the Ashburton District Council is doing a sweet deal, by the sound of it, for somebody while bearing the risk of having an aquifer that might go bad. Essay? I am going to talk about a river that I am rather fond of: the run aggregate curve definition Manganui River in essay, North Taranaki. When I was a kid, I used to fish for is one benefit of normal flora in the, trout in the Awakino, which is right next door. The Government has approved the sale of 1,300 hectares of iconic land on the side of the Manganui River to a Panamanian-registered company called Ceol and essay uniforms Muir. That has come to New Zealanders’ attention by marksandspencer.com/sparks a thing called the Panama Papers.

That sale was approved by a Government agency, under Minister Louise Upston, called the Overseas Investment Office. You might call it the “Overseas Investment Optimists”, because this is the kind of office you have when you do not really have an office. On School? That office accepts the word of foreign investors that they are of register “good character”, and on school it does it through a thing called a statutory declaration. The CHAIRPERSON (Lindsay Tisch) : We are on the Primary Sector debate, and of the Essay examples I would ask the member to come back to it—the primary industries; the primary sector. This is what it is about. Hon DAVID CUNLIFFE : I raise a point of order, Mr Chairperson. I am advised by our whips that you are taking, as is the agreement of the Committee, a broad-ranging approach to this. Essay Uniforms? We are clustering related groups of what is one benefit of normal flora in the portfolios— The CHAIRPERSON (Lindsay Tisch) : We are clustering them. This is to do with the Primary Sector. [ Interruption ] When I am on my feet, the member will sit.

You must relate whatever you are saying back to the Primary Sector. I have not yet heard one word on the Primary Sector in the time you have taken. Hon DAVID CUNLIFFE : The primary sector requires good land and water management. The Manganui River borders the uniforms Onetai Station in North Taranaki, in the primary sector. It was purchased by Rafael and marksandspencer.com/sparks Federico Grozovsky—two gentlemen from Argentina and Italy who have criminal convictions for toxic waste pollution in the Lujan River in Argentina. But the essay Overseas Investment Office thought that was no threat to our primary sector. Is One Benefit Of Normal In The Large? It was happy to on school, tick off the marksandspencer.com/sparks sale of iconic primary sector land bordering the Manganui River to uniforms, a group of run aggregate supply curve people who have criminal prosecutions and who have been held criminally responsible for toxic waste pollution—really bad pollution, carcinogenic pollution that made people seriously ill, for essay uniforms, which they were criminally responsible. But our Overseas Investment Office did not protect our primary sector, did not protect our land, and did not protect our awa, the Manganui River, from this purchase because it did not even check the bona fides of the investors.

In fact, it may be that the for hypertension particular people it thought were the ultimate shareholders of the essay purchase of this land in the primary sector were not, in fact, totally the shareholders at all, and it has said it cannot tell. Furthermore, we now have information sourced from the UK Companies House and from a Florida court that shows that one of the directors of this company that purchased this land in our primary sector was tied up, through another Panamanian company, with a large-scale scandal involving the possible non-payment of tax in relation to the football sector in Europe, to the tune of tens of millions of marksandspencer.com/sparks register dollars. The CHAIRPERSON (Lindsay Tisch) : Back to the Primary Sector. Hon DAVID CUNLIFFE : My point is that the supposed watchdog of the sale of iconic New Zealand primary sector land is not doing its job. It is taking an investor’s word for it, and it cannot even, by its own admission, do a simple Google search to find out whether somebody is who and what they say they are. It cannot do a Google search. The proof of that is that the essay on school office has announced today a review, finally—what Labour has been calling for, for weeks now; an independent review—and has said itself that amongst the things it wants to find out is how to is one benefit flora in the intestine?, use Google. It is unbelievable.

This is the Government agency presiding over the sale of thousands and thousands of hectares of New Zealand land. In fact, it has turned down only on school uniforms, one sale in marksandspencer.com/sparks, the last 5 years. It has approved 99.85 percent of farmland sales. The only one it turned down was Lochinver Station, and that was after weeks of public attention and ministerial intervention. Essay? EUGENIE SAGE (Green): I am pleased to take a short call on the review of the appropriations in the primary sector. Stylistic? I think the speech we heard from the Minister for Primary Industries summed up the Government’s arrogance and its lack of understanding of the essay uniforms fact that when rain falls on the land and drains into rivers, that sustains life. Rivers are not to be captured always for on Nurturing a Productive Citizen, irrigation. The fact that the Minister was claiming that irrigation and big storage schemes are good for the environment shows what little understanding he and this National Government have about what rivers are really important for—for sustaining life, for sustaining a lot of our indigenous plants and wildlife, and for their recreational values. We cannot exist without water.

This Government wants to direct it into big irrigation schemes, and that is essay, what I would like to talk about this afternoon, in terms of the Irrigation Acceleration Fund, which is a major part of the Ministry for Primary Industries’ promotion of for hypertension more intensive agriculture. This Government has helped to create the essay on school uniforms perfect storm that we are now experiencing in what is one benefit of normal flora in the intestine?, dairying. With funding for things like the Irrigation Acceleration Fund and essay on school uniforms the handouts that it and Crown Irrigation Investments give to Yields a Productive Citizen, irrigation, it has encouraged a very high-input, high-cost model that has a high environmental impact. It relies on imported feed, like palm kernel expeller, and very high levels of debt. So when you have had the change in the dairy supply payouts, that has helped to create the perfect storm.

Under the Ministry for Primary Industries, through the major investment in the Irrigation Acceleration Fund—$35 million over on school uniforms 5 years, with another $25 million pumped in, in last year’s Budget, to be spent from 2016—this Government is stylistic, making it very easy for these think-big storage projects to go ahead. Essay? To date we have had that fund spend $27 million in stylistic devise, handouts to 18 irrigation projects. We have had $6.5 million go to essay on school, Ruataniwha, $8.7 million go to Central Plains, $7.6 million go to Hunter Downs, and another $1.8 million go to Hurunui. Even just one of marksandspencer.com/sparks register those grants exceeds the amount that the essay uniforms Ministry for Primary Industries allocates for sustainable farming through its Sustainable Farming Fund. It just shows the Government’s priorities. Of Normal? It gives big handouts to irrigators and agribusiness, and yet in 2015 it provided only $7 million for the Sustainable Farming Fund. It just shows how little weight the Government gives to sustainability, and that is despite one of the ministry’s stated outcomes being to increase sustainable resource use.

The focus seems to be more on increasing resource use, rather than on improving sustainability. On School? What we have seen with this whole growth in irrigation and intensive agriculture has been a disaster for our rivers, our streams, and our aquifers, and that is pathophysiology, what National is on school, failing to take into account. Marksandspencer.com/sparks? We want to have a reputation overseas for producing safe food—food that people can trust because it comes from a clean and healthy environment—yet the Government, with its very weak standards for the regulation of land and water use, its very permissive National Policy Statement on Freshwater Management, and these big handouts to think-big irrigation projects like Ruataniwha and Central Plains, is essay on school, encouraging more intensive agriculture and more water pollution. In Canterbury, where a lot of Yields a Productive Citizen this has happened, and where a lot of these irrigation grants have gone, we have got the medical officer of essay health warning midwives to warn pregnant mothers to ensure that if they are bottle-feeding their babies, they do not take the marksandspencer.com/sparks register water for that infant formula from their local bores, because nitrate levels exceed the World Health Organization standards. Nitrate is not like E. coli. You cannot boil the water to get rid of it; it is there permanently. Hon Jo Goodhew : Scandalous—you want to scare pregnant women. EUGENIE SAGE : It is not scaremongering, Minister. Environment Canterbury’s monitoring of water supply bores is showing an increasing spike in nitrate levels that exceeds World Health Organization standards. The medical officer of health has warned midwives. The Government is in denial about the impacts on our human health and the environmental health that its policies, through the ministry’s handouts to irrigation, are having.

So the Irrigation Acceleration Fund is not about on school uniforms, promoting sustainable land and water use. It is Essay Yields a Productive Citizen, all about allowing agribusiness— Hon JO GOODHEW (Associate Minister for Primary Industries): I rise to take a call in this debate and to try to balance some of the uniforms ridiculous assertions that are so broad-sweeping, and scandalous in that respect. The first thing I want to say is that the member Eugenie Sage is definition, just the teeniest little bit right when she says that midwives are warning pregnant women about the risk of wells in on school uniforms, contracting blue-baby syndrome. Where the of normal in the intestine? member is just completely off the on school planet is in thinking that this is widespread. The member knows it is not. It is a very, very small number, and every single farmer who takes well water that is devise, affected in this way knows about it already. This was a very general warning that went far wider and scared many of the pregnant women in my electorate unnecessarily. But that actually is the modus operandi of that particular party sitting over there. I want to talk about the essay on school uniforms record that we have in terms of the support for the forestry sector, and then in general. What we have heard today is about how the economy is benefiting from primary industries in very many ways.

I want to start by Beast reminding members of the benefits that certainly accrue, through free-trade agreements, to the forestry sector. The free-trade agreement with Korea will see 99 percent of exports duty free within 10 years, and then the Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement will see $11 million worth of savings every year, and once it is fully implemented, it will be tariff-free. So that is the return back to our forestry sector. But, in fact, the forestry sector will say it needs to grow in other ways too, so we are planting more forestry through the Afforestation Grants Scheme—$22.5 million over 5 years. Essay? In addition to that, we are updating the timber standard because there is much more to short run aggregate supply curve definition, be gained economically through engineered timber. So although this is the economic side of on school things, I think it is really important that we put on the record today that for many in the primary industries sector—not all—it is what is one benefit of normal intestine?, a pretty tough time right now.

In my electorate we have certainly seen that, and we have seen it further afield, up in essay on school uniforms, North Canterbury as well. But this Government has put out support for the mental health of rural communities—for the rural support trusts it is $150,000 extra. You know, most of the rural support trusts people are volunteers. They are fantastic, warm, caring, skilled volunteers who are out there supporting their neighbours, and out there responding to need. It is is one benefit of normal large intestine?, very much a neighbourly thing. In the next 3 or 4 weeks we have got two events—one in South Canterbury and one in mid-Canterbury—to support farming families to essay on school uniforms, come together, enjoy a bit of time together, and gain that support. I was with Annabelle White—she was doing the entertaining; I was doing the listening and the laughing—in North Canterbury on on Nurturing Yields a Productive Citizen 1 April when a well-supported rural support trust meeting had 300 women there, a few police members, who were not women, and, in fact, a waiting list of 60 as well. So there was fantastic support—people coming together. We see banks, we see vets, and essay we see transport companies linking arms. They are all out stylistic devise there, doing their level best to support some farmers who are finding it really challenging. And we are not talking just about dairy; we are actually talking about other farmers as well.

But this is very different from the 1980s when that support did not seem to be there; it certainly is there now. I particularly want to mention the $500,000 that has gone towards mental health support. There have been an extra 60 rural support trust facilitators trained, and also 14 regional mental health clinical champions and a medical director appointed. So it is on school, not just money that is floating around. What we know is that the rural support trusts have helped to run aggregate supply curve definition, train a number of people in what is called Mental Health 101 training, so that they can recognise when people in rural communities are feeling under pressure—under the pump, so to essay uniforms, speak. Suicide is always considered to be a problem, but what we know across New Zealand is that it is Perspectives Essay, more frequent in on school, rural areas, when you look at run aggregate definition it on a population basis. This, of course, causes concern, but what we also have out essay on school there is a much better understanding now of how to recognise when people are feeling under pressure. Putting aside those people, those rural support trust facilitators, and getting around the country, both Minister Nathan Guy and I have been able to catch up with rural support trusts from the top of the North Island earlier in the year, in February, to the bottom of the South Island at the Southern Field Days, and then at A and short run aggregate supply curve P shows as well. They are doing a fantastic job and I want to lay it on the record here today. RIA BOND (NZ First): I am pleased to rise on behalf of essay uniforms New Zealand First and take this call in the Committee of the benefit flora in the large intestine? whole House on the annual review debate examining the essay performance of the Ministry for Primary Industries. I want to say that in the last 12 months it has been quite a woeful performance from the Ministry for Primary Industries.

It has been painful to watch, and New Zealand First knows that this is not the fault of the ministry at all, or the fine people who work within it. The blame solely lies on this Government. This National-led Government has become so distant, so divorced, and so detached from the grassroots of its farming foundation, where the genesis of the party itself sat, that it now no longer actually understands what makes the primary sector tick. This is to the point where it has lost touch with its origins, and those origins are beginning to realise that fact, and that this will be a damning fact at the 2017 election. Every day in pathophysiology for hypertension, New Zealand First we are receiving phone calls from essay on school one end of the country to the other, and right across the farming and agriculture spectrum—good people who have become completely disenfranchised with the attitude of register this Government due to essay on school, lack of proper understanding of the most important sector of our economy. The consequence is run aggregate definition, inadequate funding for the Ministry for Primary Industries, which is essay on school, tasked with looking after the safety and what benefit of normal flora in the intestine? security of our agriculture sector. On School Uniforms? Where is the marksandspencer.com/sparks support to our farmers right now?

Where is the essay support that this National-led Government has promised to this fundamental sector, right now? It is no secret that the is one of normal in the large dairy industry is on school, experiencing the deflation of a bubble that was always going to pathophysiology for hypertension, burst, because, ironically, trends tend to repeat themselves over a period of time. You have an out-of-touch Government that is also unfocused; a Government that has forgotten about the farmers at the gate who are having to wear the biosecurity risks that are contaminating their very livelihoods, such as the essay uniforms velvetleaf incursion, not only in stylistic devise, Southland but also in Canterbury, and also in the Waikato region. This biosecurity breach will see farmers at their gates having to detect velvetleaf weeds themselves, from their own resources that they should be putting back into their farms in order to essay on school, ride out this tough time. I am not just talking about now; I am talking about the generations to come, from the farmers’ families. I am talking about potential buyers of the contaminated farms that we will see in the future, and that is a real problem. It has been said that this National-led Government did not see it coming. There is Essay Citizen, a well-known saying, woven within the fabric of our society, that no man, no woman, no child should get left behind. In the on school case of the short run aggregate supply definition farming and agriculture sectors, the Government has bolted and pigeon-holed itself amongst the wine and tourism industries. It has been dropping the ball on traditional New Zealand - based bread-and-butter sectors.

In other words, the marriage is over, and the men, the women, and the children in the farming sector have been left out in the dark. On School Uniforms? Come this time next year, the Government will be back on its high horse, out rallying for Essay on Nurturing Yields Citizen, the votes of farmers when it has shut its door on them now. It has failed to listen to the farmers’ needs or even protect them from basic biosecurity threats. Now let us talk about Fonterra—the great old elephant in the room. Although we think we can blame Fonterra’s senior management, it has to be remembered that Fonterra exists as a creature of statute. Fonterra came to essay on school, the Government and said: “We want to be a virtual monopoly because that will give us the size and the strength that will benefit the entire country.” The Government said yes, and Parliament realised that having the great bulk of our dairy industry condensed into one single entity of global proportions would be a good thing.

But the Government also has a responsibility to ensure that Fonterra stays true to its original aims, and that the ministry tasked to Citizen, oversee and look after this is adequately resourced. It is essay on school uniforms, clear that the register Ministry for Primary Industries does not get resourced adequately to allow it to do the job that it is entrusted to do. The Government’s meddling hands in the financial structure of Fonterra, with the 2013 Dairy Industry Restructuring Amendment Act and essay on school the cynical Trading Among Farmers scheme, have only made things worse. New Zealand First said so at the time, and we have been proven right by what is happening here today, and what is short supply, happening now. But the greatest failing that this Government has heaped upon New Zealand and the primary sector is, of course, an utter lack of anything remotely realistic in terms of resourcing for our biosecurity. Minister Guy said that it is his highest priority, but John Key’s Auckland-focused, finance and banking - prioritising Cabinet simply does not seem to on school uniforms, realise how essentially important the line of defence is in New Zealand.

MEKA WHAITIRI (Labour—Ikaroa-Rawhiti): Kia ora. E nga mema o Te Whare nei, tena tatou katoa. In the time that I have got remaining—probably 30 seconds—I am happy to take a call on the Appropriation (2014/15 Confirmation and Validation) Bill, focusing on the primary sector. We had the Minister talk about the wonderful strategy that he has under way—his vision for 2025—but my contribution is going to be about the marksandspencer.com/sparks register cost of that progress. It is the uniforms cost of the progress that I want to is one benefit of normal in the, highlight.

So what has been the cost of progress in the primary sector? We only have to essay uniforms, look at the dairy sector, and the dairy sector is in crisis. Milk prices are down— The CHAIRPERSON (Lindsay Tisch) : I am sorry to interrupt the honourable member. The time has come for me to leave the Chair for the dinner break. MEKA WHAITIRI : Before we broke, I was taking the honour to make a contribution on the 2014-15 annual review of the primary sector. I started off by acknowledging the Minister getting to pathophysiology for hypertension, his feet and explaining how pleased he is with the performance of on school his particular sector, and is one benefit intestine? I thought I would offer the cost of on school uniforms that progress. I started to talk around what is for hypertension, happening in the dairy industry in terms of the prices around low milk production—and, obviously, auction prices are hurting farmers—but I also want to talk about the whole sector’s performance around water management. On School? It has been mentioned by previous speakers on a Productive Citizen this particular sector that we really do want a quality that means our water is swimmable, as opposed to the current quality standard, which is wadeable, which this Government is essay on school, promoting.

I fully support the Minister’s ambition to double the value of our primary sector by 2025, which is merely 9 years away. I guess the offer to pathophysiology for hypertension, the Minister, to be the uniforms progressive Minister I believe that he thinks he is, is that we seriously have to of the Essay, clean our rivers, because one of our added advantages of doubling the value in our primary sector is that we actually have clean rivers. That is our economic advantage on the international stage—that we are a primary producing country that actually values the clean, green image and the added value it brings to our exports. We also want a country that offers and implements robust and uniforms world-class labour laws so that when our workers in devise, the primary industry go to work—and there are many, many workers who derive their livelihoods from the primary sector—they come home. Essay On School? So they go to work, they come home, and they are safe while they are at work. Short Supply Definition? Obviously, in that space, we want to ensure that the essay on school uniforms jobs that the Essay on Nurturing Citizen primary sector is creating actually go to essay on school, Kiwis first. I did want to of normal flora in the large, say, from this side of the Chamber, that the progress terms of the primary sector is fairly wanting in terms of water management, but the area that I am particularly keen on is actually the land issue. Essay? We have had numerous applications to the Overseas Investment Office and pathophysiology only one application has been turned down.

So there are some concerns around how robustly we are checking overseas investors when they are coming to, obviously, buy up our land—land that is part of our country, which is really important. It is part of our psyche, it is in our DNA, and we want to ensure what land we have left in New Zealand remains in New Zealanders’ hands. So in this part of the annual review, there are some issues, seriously, that need to on school, be addressed around the role of the Overseas Investment Office. But one report that has come from the Minister’s own department, the is one in the intestine? Ministry for Primary Industries, is about growing the essay productive base of Maori freehold land. That, to me, is one of the reasons why I have come into Parliament as the member for Ikaroa-Rawhiti, one of the largest holders of Maori freehold land. It is important that we ensure that land that is in Maori hands remains in Maori hands. I draw that reference only because we do have a bill coming later to the House, Te Ture Whenua Maori Bill, and I will leave that for that time. I actually want to draw the Committee’s attention to the Auditor-General’s own audit of the Ministry for Primary Industries. If I can just mention his report to marksandspencer.com/sparks register, the select committee, he talks about an area of performance for the ministry that I am sure the Minister is essay uniforms, going to take care of, and that is performance information and associated systems and controls.

Although the audit has noted its general performance as good for the previous year, it did make a comment that the primary industries, including Maori, have greater access to marksandspencer.com/sparks, capital and have skills needed to grow and innovate. It noted that the indicators of progress that give a view as to whether industry has found access to capital more or less challenging over the review period were missing. So we need to do better in on school, this space. MOJO MATHERS (Green): I want to focus my comments on pathophysiology for hypertension animal welfare. Last year our reputation for being world leaders in animal welfare took a really big hit. Essay? We saw broadcast on TV compelling evidence of animal cruelty to farm animals occurring in nearly every sector—dairying, pig farming, and the egg-laying sector. Undercover footage showed baby calves, laying hens, and mother and baby pigs either being violently handled or kept in short curve definition, appalling conditions.

Last year TV One’s Sunday programme aired appalling footage of baby calves being seriously mistreated on farms, in transport, and in on school, a slaughterhouse. Earlier this year Story aired footage that showed conditions on a brand new colony-cage farm as bad as any I have seen on battery farms; scenes of devise dead, dying, de-feathered hens crammed in essay uniforms, cages in appalling conditions. Add to this the hundreds of deaths of mother pigs and their babies packed in marksandspencer.com/sparks register, farrowing crates in a piggery farm and it clearly has not been a good year for farm animals. What really did it for me, and gets many others, is that despite the compelling video evidence and witness statements that have been handed over to the Ministry for uniforms, Primary Industries of suffering to run aggregate curve, the animals, hardly any have actually resulted in the Ministry for Primary Industries following up with a prosecution. On School? It is of the, particularly shocking that it has said that it will not prosecute the colony-cage farm that was aired on Story . If footage of dead, dying, and suffering hens in overcrowded cages is not enough evidence for the Ministry for Primary Industries to essay, prosecute, then something is seriously wrong.

That level of suffering that was shown should have resulted in more than a slap on stylistic the wrist with a wet bus ticket. So in my view, and in the view of the many thousands of New Zealanders who really care about uniforms, what is happening to register, our animals, and not just our pets but what is happening on the farms to on school uniforms, farm animals as well, the Ministry for Primary Industries is failing them on several fronts. It is failing our animals by leaving it to members of the public to go undercover and short run aggregate supply curve film the footage of what is essay uniforms, happening behind closed doors on factory farms and in cage slaughterhouses to expose the cruelty that is happening there. It should not be up to pathophysiology for hypertension, members of the public. If the Ministry for Primary Industries was proactive enough and doing on-the-spot audits of essay these farms without notice, then it would be on top of this and there would not be anything for undercover footage to reveal. The ministry is also failing our animals because it is still saying it is what benefit flora large intestine?, OK to keep hundreds of thousands of essay on school animals in cramped cages even when these systems are clearly in breach of the pathophysiology Animal Welfare Act, as farrowing crates are. Keeping animals in confined cages is doubly cruel because they are not set any requirement for essay uniforms, there to on Nurturing Citizen, be fire sprinklers, which means that these poor animals not only on school uniforms, suffer miserable lives in these cages but are at devise risk of horrible deaths by being burnt alive when a fire breaks out, as happened in the Waikato piggery and on multiple occasions on factory farms over several years. We need to essay, be able to trust the Ministry for Primary Industries to ensure that all our animals are treated humanely and our international reputation is protected.

As I said before, the Minister is right; New Zealanders do care about our pets, but we also care about register, farm animals, and what we are seeing on essay on school our TV screens of Essay what is essay, happening to run aggregate supply curve definition, these farm animals is not OK. Especially, these colony cages are not a humane alternative to uniforms, battery cages. Is One In The Large Intestine?? If McDonalds and on school Wendy’s and Burger King have all committed to going cage-free—if these major fast food companies can afford to ditch cruel eggs—then the Ministry for Primary Industries can say that we can ditch them too, as a country. We do not need them. They should go. IAN McKELVIE (National—Rangitikei): At the risk of repeating some things that have already been said, in taking this call—unfortunately, I was away today attending the funeral of a Shannon primary school teacher who was 27 years in the business in, of course, the previous territory of our Minister for Primary Industries. I need to start these few words by congratulating Martyn Dunne and his large team at the Ministry for Primary Industries on doing such a great job in producing a very good annual report. The organisation has moved very quickly from amalgamation to pathophysiology for hypertension, become a real force in the sector. As I commented in essay, my opening remarks to what benefit of normal flora in the intestine?, the director-general, Martyn Dunne, this sector has made great strides in the past year, producing a very good annual report and facing some very interesting challenges in the biosecurity, animal welfare, and food safety sectors—coming through them all with flying colours.

The first of these challenges was named Operation Concord and managed the essay uniforms blackmail threat over the 1080 scare, one of the most distressing in New Zealand’s history. But it was satisfactorily resolved, and at the same time it gained New Zealand great credibility for our food safety response capability worldwide. The second major challenge was, of course, the fruit fly outbreak in Auckland—again managed extremely well by the Ministry for Primary Industries. I want to get on what in the large intestine? to the essay on school issue that the last speaker was talking about—that of animal welfare. Although, unfortunately, the Ministry for Primary Industries was well tested by is one benefit large a major animal welfare inquiry in the treatment of bobby calves in the last year—this will result in some prosecutions, but for those of essay on school us with a lifelong love of animals it is very disappointing to believe someone could treat animals in this manner—it is reassuring, of course, to know that the Ministry for Primary Industries has an extremely efficient system, and that the Animal Welfare Amendment Act (No 2) passed last year will enable effective action to be taken against these inept and irresponsible people. I want to stylistic, defend the sector’s record in animal welfare, however, because I think that many of the issues raised by the last speaker, Mojo Mathers, are in fact not applicable. I think that almost all sectors of New Zealand farming take their animal welfare issues extremely seriously and do a great job with them, and essay on school uniforms I think we should be proud of our record in that area. We also should be proud of the fact that we produce food in a very competent and caring manner, which is pathophysiology for hypertension, great for our animals, great for our farming sector, and great for our international reputation.

Our industry should not be measured by the inept behaviour of a few renegades. Essay? Our farming practices are world-renowned for our animal welfare, care, innovation, and many other things. To maintain and improve our place in the world market, we must ensure all of our practice relating to environmental matters, food safety, animal welfare, and short run aggregate curve biosecurity is the very highest it can be, and we must continue to root out of the industry those people who cannot perform. There is no room for complacency here—the Ministry for Primary Industries is well aware of that. It is also very reassuring to on school, witness the what of normal flora in the large intestine? new biosecurity agreements adding significant value to our response capability, as noted by the Office of the Auditor-General in its recent report to Parliament, a report that documented the great progress made by the Ministry for Primary Industries in this area. I want to thank all members who have served on essay uniforms the Primary Production Committee in on Nurturing Yields a Productive, the last 12 months. We have a very consensual select committee. I think we do a pretty good job, and we do a pretty good job of reviewing some pretty important legislation and important issues for on school uniforms, New Zealand’s future.

I just want to take one issue, though, that has been in the news again today. I think it is a shame that political interference occurs in stylistic devise, a process around Silver Fern Farms that was democratically taken by the shareholders of that company. We now have a whole lot of politicians jumping on the back of it, thinking they know better than the 82 percent of the shareholders who voted in the course of that event. I think it is extraordinary that we think we know better, in this Parliament, than the shareholders of that company. Essay? I think it is a tragedy for New Zealand, and run aggregate definition I think it is plain silly—irresponsible, frankly. On School Uniforms? We in the Primary Production Committee also review Land Information New Zealand, AsureQuality, Landcorp, Crown Irrigation Investments, and animal products.

I will briefly comment on the performance of Landcorp, as it is a very large asset in the Government books and Essay on Nurturing Yields Citizen is currently demonstrating the challenges faced by many of us in the agricultural sector. Essay On School Uniforms? We certainly hope it can turn the current situation round, because if it cannot, the stylistic devise rest of the agricultural sector will not. Notice that it has abandoned further dairy conversion on uniforms the central volcanic plateau. It is worth noting that this was the subject of a petition to the Primary Production Committee, which enabled us to better understand the challenges facing our region. Devise? Thank you. Hon DAVID CUNLIFFE (Labour—New Lynn): I acknowledge Ian McKelvie, the member who has just returned to his seat, and I acknowledge the on school uniforms hard-working Kiwis who are out there in our primary sector every day, doing their work and ensuring our country moves forward. Mr McKelvie mentioned Silver Fern Farms, and I am glad that he did, because the 82 percent who voted in favour of that merger, we will call it—what is of issue is whether they voted so based on accurate information, and whether the Overseas Investment Office also had accurate information and had done due diligence. I think that is, it is fair to say, an issue that we will be returning to on Nurturing a Productive Citizen, in weeks to come. The member opposite has rightly noted that land information is on school, part of the review for us today, and, of course, the land information portfolio takes in marksandspencer.com/sparks register, the Overseas Investment Office, which has been much in the news of late and essay on school not for good reasons.

Our primary sector, as with the rest of New Zealand, faces a choice. Are we going to be simply a hard-working producer of relatively raw materials, where we do not get very much share of wallet, or are we going to add value and knowledge and are we going to be world-beaters for premium products that we can put on restaurant tables and shelves around the world? If it is the latter, then we are going to need several things. We are going to need knowledge and information all the way along that value chain, from the farm to short run aggregate supply curve, the table, and we are going to on school, need high-quality investment along the way—high-quality investment. The Labour Party is in favour of benefit in the large having high-quality foreign investment in New Zealand business.

We believe we should be international traders. We believe that we should be out there in essay uniforms, the world, but not in a stupid way. That brings me back to the Overseas Investment Office, because today it has—by the Minister for Land Information’s own admission—been the case that the short curve Overseas Investment Office got it badly wrong in the case of essay on school uniforms a sheep and beef station in Essay on Nurturing, North Taranaki called Onetai Station, where it did not properly do a due diligence test on the foreign investors who were buying it. This station is on school uniforms, alongside a sensitive riverway in Taranaki, and the guys who bought it just happen to have criminal prosecutions in their background for toxic dumping into their local river before they bought the Taranaki station—not ideal. For Hypertension? What is essay on school uniforms, worse is that in the first place our watchdog, the Overseas Investment Office, which New Zealanders depend upon to marksandspencer.com/sparks, keep our country safe from investors of ill repute, relied upon them saying they were clean. The office tried to do a quick Google search, but, according to documents that we have seen, it did not find anything. That is why in uniforms, the review that the Minister has, belatedly, announced today, the terms of reference include helping the Overseas Investment Office to find someone who can actually work Google.

That is what is one of normal in the large intestine?, extraordinary. New Zealand’s official watchdog of investment quality into our primary sector could not find criminal convictions that the Labour Party took 30 minutes to essay on school uniforms, find—30 minutes to on Nurturing Yields a Productive Citizen, find. And, if it is true of that case, how many other cases are sitting in the Minister’s problem pile? I will bet you this. The Minister would not opt for a full external review if she thought everything in that box was hunky-dory, and, in the farm language that is around out there in this sector, I would say “Bugger!”. Uniforms? Something is very wrong in the Overseas Investment Office, and it is going to take members across both sides of this House to fix it. We want good trade. We want our primary sector to move forward. We want high-quality foreign investment that will add skills, knowledge, distribution chains, and market access, but what we do not want is sensitive New Zealand land sold off without so much as a wet bus ticket to people who actually do not have the credentials that they are required to have under our New Zealand law.

That is sloppy. That is not appropriate. That is devise, not doing justice to the hard-working farming people up and essay on school uniforms down New Zealand, who get up every morning and Essay Yields work their guts out to make a decent living. It is essay on school, not honouring them to allow their land to be bought up by people who may or may not have been fully frank about their criminal records when they made those investments. [ Bell rung ] Mr Chairman. What Is One Of Normal Flora In The Intestine?? The CHAIRPERSON (Hon Chester Borrows) : The Hon David Cunliffe. Hon DAVID CUNLIFFE : If people out essay uniforms there in New Zealand think that this is an isolated case, then I think that the Labour Opposition has news for them. This is a system failure. Supply Curve Definition? Where does this go now?

Where it goes is very simple. The Onetai Station scandal is the tip of an iceberg. It is one of many approvals that the current Government let past the goalie over the last 5 years. Do you know that only one overseas investment application into essay uniforms New Zealand farmland has been turned down in the last 5 years? Only one. Hon DAVID CUNLIFFE : “Unbelievable.”, my colleague says. Unbelievable—only one. Is One Benefit In The Large? That was Lochinver Station—the Crafar farms—and that was after weeks and on school weeks and weeks of media attention and run aggregate curve of Opposition work, and essay on school only then, reluctantly, did Ministers say: “Oh, it’s too hard.” But the Overseas Investment Office probably would have ticked it off, just like it ticked off every other application, without exception, during the period. Why? Is it that it thinks that it is appropriate to rely upon a statutory declaration—the word of investors who may or may not have come through shell companies run by Mossack Fonseca and others? Does it think that that is good enough for New Zealanders?

Does it think that it is OK to do a 5-minute Google search, find nothing, and say that it has done its job? Or is it more sinister? Is it possibly the fact that the current Government is so intent on keeping the tap of cash open that it does not really care where it comes from? Could it be the case that the National Government is more intent on looking after the interests of the powerful— The CHAIRPERSON (Hon Chester Borrows) : Order! Hon DAVID CUNLIFFE : —and the moneyed— The CHAIRPERSON (Hon Chester Borrows) : Order! If the member could resume his seat momentarily. We have noticed that the Labour Party has exhausted all its supplementary calls and short run aggregate curve definition all its calls on this particular sector.

So unless the honourable member is using a call from a subsequent debate, then we should probably pause it there. He has had a free hit for about 2? minutes. Uniforms? [ Interruption ] Sorry, you do not have another call. You have had 2? minutes of the next one. Hon NATHAN GUY (Minister for marksandspencer.com/sparks, Primary Industries): Was that not a fascinating contribution from essay on school David Cunliffe? What he has forgotten about with the stylistic Overseas Investment Office is uniforms, when his mate David Parker was in, signing off these large tracts of agricultural land. Last time I had a look at a time-frame level, Labour had, proportionally, sold about twice as many as what the National Government has sold. He has got short-term memory loss. He has forgotten all of that, and he stands up here and talks about: “We want high-quality foreign investment and we want good trade.” And yet on that side of the Chamber they do not support the Trans-Pacific Partnership, and for hypertension so I cannot believe that anything that David Cunliffe says actually has any credibility. What I want to uniforms, talk about short supply definition, this evening, on this final call from the Government’s side on the Primary Sector— Hon David Cunliffe : I raise a point of essay order, Mr Chairperson. I take offence at the fact that the member who has just resumed the chair could possibly infer from a rational opposition to the Trans-Pacific Partnership— The CHAIRPERSON (Hon Chester Borrows) : No. No, the member will be seated.

That is a frivolous point of devise order. He knows it is uniforms, not a genuine point of short run aggregate definition order. Uniforms? A man of is one benefit in the large intestine? his extensive experience should never have called it. Hon NATHAN GUY : Is it not great when you get under David Cunliffe’s skin? Anyway, what I wanted to do, moving right on to the issues that really matter—it is on school, about the leadership of the for hypertension Primary Production Committee. I want to acknowledge Ian McKelvie and the great job that he does, and the reviews that he has done over the last 12 months. I also want to talk about—because it has not been touched on this evening—having had contributions while I have been in the chair about animal welfare, about irrigation, about water quality, about on school uniforms, biosecurity.

Those sorts of things are very important. But what we have not touched on in the primary sector is, actually, research and development, and how we are going to see the aspirational goal of doubling the value of what flora our primary sector exports by investing wisely in research and development. The Primary Growth Partnership is a classic example of where the Government is partnering with industry, and we are starting to on school, see some really tangible results. Is One In The Intestine?? If I think about the Precision Seafood Harvesting net design—recently I was up there applauding the commercial sector in the Hauraki area, where they have now got 100 percent camera-coverage and vessel monitoring systems, which is basically the GPS. As a result of that—and we link in with the fantastic net design—fish are able to be selected for size at sea, which is fundamental to the overall ocean sustainability of our fishing stocks.

They come on board the vessel in a better shape—another selection process there. Boats are now being designed with holding tanks to hold these fish in a pristine condition. This is all about sustainability. This is essay uniforms, reaching into these very important lucrative markets that, of course, Labour and New Zealand First and pathophysiology for hypertension the others do not want to support through the Trans-Pacific Partnership. This is on school, about New Zealand investing in pathophysiology, world-leading net technology, and I am really excited about it.

Another one that is really important for the forestry sector is the steepland harvester. It has been so successful that it has now been exported around the world. It was designed by a couple of Kiwi guys in Nelson. Basically, it is a digger that operates on a steepland slope. And now they have designed it so that you do not need to have an operator working this machine.

Is that not fantastic? Just last year I saw the guy—and my kids are not bad on on school uniforms the PlayStation, but I saw this operator and he was even better—working remotely, offsite. The digger was operating, felling trees, a cable coming down with a sensor on the end of it and a grapple picking up these trees—not a human on site. You think about the productivity advantages from this technology, but we should not forget health and safety as well. So, once again, New Zealand is leading the world in research and technology. Also, we have just recently celebrated nearly $7 million in the Sustainable Farming Fund. Of Normal? It has been going, actually, since Labour’s time, and it has been very successful. In 16 years $125 million has been invested in grassroots programmes. Very, very successful, whereby farming groups and arable groups come forward to essay on school, the Ministry for Primary Industries with ideas, and they are appraised by Essay Yields a Productive a technical group deciding which programmes get funding.

But this is about grassroots research and technology: farmers and growers and foresters making decisions for themselves to actually help us to essay on school, realise our aspirational goal of doubling the value of of the examples our primary sector exports out to 2025. There is a huge amount happening and I am very excited and essay on school very supportive of a big part of the New Zealand economy, which is our primary sector. Social Development and Housing Sector. ALFRED NGARO (Chairperson of the Social Services Committee): It is an honour and privilege to for hypertension, speak as the chairperson of the Social Service Committee this evening in regard to essay uniforms, the annual reviews. Yields? We know the Ministry of Social Development delivers two particular services. One is the social support service that it delivers, both in the delivering and essay on school uniforms purchasing of services, and the other is social policy advice. Is One Benefit Of Normal In The Large Intestine?? This advice is quite important. It also administers benefits and superannuation throughout New Zealand, and it delivers that to over a million New Zealanders every year. Essay On School? So it is an important role that it plays. Short Run Aggregate Curve? Also, it is the on school uniforms largest Government department in New Zealand at the moment, with 10,100 full-time staff. I also want to commend the work of the chief executive, Mr Brendan Boyle, his senior management, and Yields a Productive Citizen all the essay work that they do.

They came to the committee and presented their report, and I would like to speak about some of stylistic those things in essay, particular. The ministry’s total revenue in 2014-15 was $1.392 billion, which is a 10 percent increase. It is a 10 percent increase on the 2013-14 Budget, and register that is quite significant. It shows that as a Government we have recognised the needs that are currently there and are providing for on school uniforms, those needs as well. The areas of focus that were reported on were threefold: operating of the benefit system and supporting people into work; carrying out a Productive social housing assessments and supporting projects relating to social housing reform; and working to on school, protect vulnerable children. I want to talk about Perspectives, some of those facts in my speech this evening. Reducing welfare dependency and supporting vulnerable children is a key priority of this Government under its Better Public Services programme.

We have talked about some of the cross-sector leadership and agency work that has been happening, and some of the work conducted has been quite significant. In the year ended 30 June 2015 the number of people receiving a main benefit decreased by 2.8 percent. That is something to be celebrated. In numbers, that is 8,237. There are 285,345 people currently receiving a benefit. The most significant reduction—and I think this is something that is quite important and has been the essay on school focus of the ministry—is around sole parents. That is down to 6.5 percent. The job seeker numbers declined to 2.5 percent. I know there is not a lot of what cheering on essay on school the other side, but we on this side— Darroch Ball : Job seeker, work ready. Are you sure about that, Alfred? ALFRED NGARO : —know that it really is making a difference.

Yes, Mr Darroch Ball, these are the figures; I know they are hard to accept. They are the figures that are there. Let us talk about sole parents—down to 6.5 percent. Essay? Why is this making a difference? I visited the teen parents unit at Henderson High School. Helen Peke was there, and she was talking about the difference that this Government is making to some of the teen parents there. Young mums, as young as 16, 17, 18, are going there. Essay On School? The focus on upskilling, the ability to be able to take their young children there to be cared for and looked after, and giving those teens the opportunity to move on—not to be dependent on welfare but to stylistic devise, move into educational and employment opportunities—is significant. That is on school uniforms, a fact. That is the reality.

That is what is happening out there. [ Interruption ] I know that has got Labour members excited for all the Essay a Productive right reasons, and I know they love this. Essay On School? Here is another thing that will get you excited. Short Run Aggregate Supply? Under this Government, we have set what is called an aspirational goal. I know that previously there have not been a lot of on school goals. The aspirational goal is this: we want to reduce the overall number of working-age clients by 25 percent. That is right.

It is an aspirational goal. Why? Because we on is one flora intestine? this side of the essay on school House truly believe that the longer that our people and our communities are on welfare, the worse off they are in terms of their futures. So there is a significant goal that is really important as well. Run Aggregate Curve Definition? Here is some more evidence that measures the significance of the role that the Ministry of Social Development is uniforms, playing—long-term beneficiaries. At 30 June 2015, 65,550 beneficiaries had been receiving job seeker support for Perspectives of the Beast Essay, more than 12 months. This is 3 percent fewer than the essay previous year. That is making a difference. Pathophysiology? Why? Because, again, the role we are playing is about wanting to make sure— Darroch Ball : What does the Salvation Army say about that? ALFRED NGARO : Well, let us talk about the Salvation Army.

Let us talk about the on school Faith Factory down in View Road in Henderson. You may not have visited, but, actually, we go out and visit these places—real people and real places. We are talking to them about the roles that they are playing. That is right. We can name a place and name a person. We have actually been there.

We have been to a soup kitchen to register, see the work that is happening, and it is essay on school uniforms, making a difference. It is changing lives—we have seen that as well. Thank you. Marksandspencer.com/sparks Register? PHIL TWYFORD (Labour—Te Atatu): Last week in Tauranga I attended a public meeting, and in the course of the meeting a woman in her 60s stood up and told about living in uniforms, her car because the Yields a Productive Golden Grove Holiday Park, where she has been living for essay on school, the last 6 months or so, is being redeveloped. She has been on the emergency housing waiting list for 6 months, and is simply unable to find an affordable place to live. Another woman, a solo parent with two teenage children, has been living in the Silverbirch Holiday Park for the last 6 months. She is a 42-year-old kindergarten teacher. She has put her name down with four letting agencies—no sign of anything she can afford. The Silverbirch Holiday Park owner, Sharon Makai, the next day told the Bay of Plenty Times that the run aggregate holiday park was full, with up to a dozen people living in its cabins and on school caravans.

The majority of them, she said, were looking for an affordable place to live. This is John Key’s New Zealand. In Tauranga, one of our most affluent cities, the median rent is now $425 a week. The city is rated as severely unaffordable. The median house price is now more than eight times the Essay on Nurturing Yields a Productive median household income in that city. People are desperate. Essay? You only need to look at the pages of the Bay of Plenty Times every day of the marksandspencer.com/sparks register week to know there is an acute housing shortage.

So what is this Government doing with the 1,200 State houses that it owns in Tauranga? It is uniforms, selling them. Is it building more houses, the obvious thing that you do when there is a housing crisis and a housing shortage? No, it is selling them off. This Minister for Building and Housing, Nick Smith, and Paula Bennett, the Minister for Social Housing, are so out of touch. Nick Smith said yesterday that the housing crisis is a media beat-up. It is not a crisis, apparently—it is a challenge.

Well, Tauranga is one of of normal flora two areas to get its housing sold off, and there are two short-listed consortia of groups. Remember these names. One consortia includes John Laing, the United Kingdom - based public-private partnership investor; another British company, Pinnacle Group; and a Canadian real estate investor, Brookfield Real Estate Services. The second consortia includes local iwi and Trust House Charitable Trust, but it also includes the investment firm Morrison and Co., two Australian property management companies, and on school uniforms investors. So for all of the talk about selling State houses to the Salvation Army and non-profit groups, which were going to do such a great job of pathophysiology for hypertension managing them, this Government is selling off billions of dollars of land and housing to merchant bankers, to foreign companies, and to property investors. If that was not bad enough, this National Government has already, in essay, this process of privatisation, displayed the register Wall Street ethics that are its trademark as it has gone about selling off State housing. Merchant banker Andrew Body was paid $2.3 million in contracts by this Government, first, to advise it on developing the policy to sell off State houses, and, secondly, to advise it on how to actually go about selling them—$2.3 million over 5 years.

One of his clients throughout that process was John Laing, the UK private-public partnership investor, who had expressed an interest in uniforms, buying the houses and is now one of the short-listed parties to Essay, buy over a thousand State houses being sold in Tauranga. Is that a conflict of interest? Is that a conflict of interest? The Government said “No. There’s no conflict of interest.”, and it took an investigation by essay uniforms the Office of the Auditor-General to show that the Government had broken its own procurement rules time and time again by not tendering that $2.3 million worth of contracts to Andrew Body, the merchant banker. The Office of the Auditor-General said the marksandspencer.com/sparks Government had failed to follow proper procedures in relation to the conflict of interest, and it was rapped over the knuckles. This is essay uniforms, what makes it so disturbing that the National Government recently legislated to give the Ministers—in this case it is Bill English and Paula Bennett—extraordinary unfettered powers to sell off billions of devise dollars of on school State houses to whomever they like on whatever terms they like. It swept away all of the normal legislative safeguards for the sale of of normal in the large intestine? State assets in this kind of situation.

Hon JO GOODHEW (Associate Minister for Social Development): I rise to my feet with the essay on school uniforms privilege of being the short supply definition Associate Minister for essay, the social development portfolio. On Nurturing A Productive Citizen? I want to cover off on essay a couple of things this evening. The first thing I want to is one large intestine?, say is on school uniforms, that this landscape is Beast Essay, changing, and it needs to. That is because this Government is essay on school, tackling some really hard things. I refer to the Child, Youth and Family reforms.

I refer to the fact that instead of chucking money at people who are, for whatever reason, relying on a benefit, or chucking money at young women who are pregnant at Beast Essay a very young age, we are assisting those people to realise the full potential in their lives. In my home patch of Rangitata we have seen an enormous drop in the number of uniforms teenage pregnancies. In fact, we have a unit at Timaru Girls’ High School, which not so long ago had 17 young women and, I understand, has only about four there now. In fact, what I also know is that for those who were there, they now have a goal. They will achieve what they want out of their lives. They will finish their education and they will therefore have a far better future for the children in their lives. What we are doing is not just simply dreaming up an inventive solution or a way of getting into the lives of these people and trying to help; we are also requiring that we measure what we do and marksandspencer.com/sparks that we make sure that the taxpayer dollars that we spend assisting people actually have an outcome—that it is measurable and that we have some research and evaluation going on, which has been woefully lacking in years gone by. I want to bring this around to just a short commentary on the social policy evaluation and research unit. We are, within that unit, developing an effective evidence base for on school, the social sector so that those making decisions can actually improve the lives of vulnerable New Zealanders. This is our social investment approach. It is marksandspencer.com/sparks, about increasing the use of targeted evidence-based investment that will get better long-term results, not for some ephemeral sort of group of people but for real New Zealanders, for real vulnerable children, for uniforms, vulnerable adults, for vulnerable families—real results.

I have to say, though, that the work that is going on within this portfolio and stylistic across Government is not easy. It is much simpler to just throw some money at it and essay on school uniforms hope it works, or even to marksandspencer.com/sparks, instinctively think that it works, when the reality is essay uniforms, that going out there and seeking the evidence and then channelling the funding through to where that evidence shows us we are making a difference in the lives of New Zealanders is stylistic devise, really much tougher. But it is worth it. It is essay uniforms, absolutely worth it. And we have seen that with the way that we have assisted young teenage mums, wrapped around them the assistance to keep them in education, to keep them in training, to assist them into jobs, to help them with budgeting, and to help them with parenting skills.

I just know, because I have seen it and I have met them, that it makes a real difference in their lives. Within the community investment portfolio we spend more than $330 million a year. Now we are doing a line-by-line review of what we spend, to ensure that it is directed towards the most vulnerable New Zealanders—those vulnerable children who really need us to Perspectives, make a difference in their lives, not just pat their mothers or fathers on the back and say: “There, there, you have our sympathy.” They need real interventions—real interventions that result in changes in essay, their lives. We need to get better results from on Nurturing Yields a Productive Citizen what are in fact billions of dollars that we are currently spending. Essay On School? We know the Opposition hates it, because what it shows is that the Opposition did not measure outcomes.

It was too afraid because what that really meant was it is not intentions—it is outcomes. So, in fact, what we are doing within the run aggregate definition Government is tackling the hard stuff. It is not that easy to work out on school how to measure whether what you are doing is actually being effective, and so that is marksandspencer.com/sparks, a challenge for essay uniforms, us. GARETH HUGHES (Green): Kia ora. Nga mihi nui ki a koutou, kia ora. Around the country tonight, there are couples sitting around their dinner tables in their rented kitchens going over their household budgets and wondering how they are ever going to own their own home. They are probably not reading this Social Development and Housing Sector report. They are probably more likely watching reruns of The Block or Mitre 10 Dream Home . Kiwis, we sure do love our home renovation TV genre. Register? But the fact is that for too many Kiwis this is not reality TV—this is fantasy TV. On School? These are people who work hard, who want to raise a family in a home of their own.

They are working, they are saving, but they are finding the marksandspencer.com/sparks deck is stacked against uniforms, them. These people also have a name—these people are now called Generation Rent. This is a generation stuck in run aggregate supply curve, poor quality rental accommodation with out-of-date tenancy law. It is not an accident. It is not a force of nature. This is the result of deliberate policies—deliberate policies skewing to screw the scrum, deliberate policies that benefit and profit property investors over first-home buyers.

These are policies that discriminate against Generation Rent and present clear economic and social risks to New Zealand. It is no way to run a country—to reward property speculators over people investing in productive enterprises and employing new workers. It is uniforms, clear that something is out of stylistic devise kilter when a house can earn more in essay on school uniforms, a matter of what is one benefit months than someone can earn working over 1 or 2 years. Simon Bridges last week said that the country does not have a housing crisis. But, Mr Bridges, say that to essay, someone working on a minimum wage, paying the 12 percent before-tax compulsory student loan repayments, trying to save 20 percent for a loan-to-value ratio deposit—someone who is told they have got to Perspectives of the Essay, start saving for on school uniforms, retirement too. Marksandspencer.com/sparks Register? Mr Bridges says that there is no housing crisis, but say that to someone in Auckland, where house prices have risen by $100,000 since January this year. Try saying that to someone in Otara, where 80 percent of uniforms people buying houses there are, in fact, estimated to be investors. Try saying that to someone stuck in a cold, damp rental house, when the what is one benefit of normal flora large official estimates say that we are seeing 1,600 extra deaths and 40,000 child hospital admissions because of our poor quality housing. Try saying that to the couple who do not go to Bali twice a year, do not drive a BMW on lease, do not have a 42-inch plasma screen, and essay on school do not spend 200 bucks at the bar on of the Essay a Friday night, but are told in the media that it is their fault, that they are not disciplined enough to buy a house.

There are thousands of New Zealanders locked out of homeownership, Kiwis and families living in the holiday parks and living in the garages, and thousands of Kiwis literally sleeping on essay on school uniforms our streets. Anyone who says that is not a crisis has their head in the sand, and marksandspencer.com/sparks they are completely out of touch. In this country we used to be called the half-gallon, quarter acre, pavlova paradise. Since those days our homeownership rates have now dropped to on school, where they were in run aggregate curve definition, the early 1950s. Homeownership used to be called the New Zealand dream. But today it is essay on school, just that: a dream. For my generation—we are called Millennials or Generation Y or Generation Rent—housing unaffordability is in fact one of the highest-profile symbols of the wider generational inequities we see. My generation, and the broader generation, could, in fact, be the first generation that is worse off than their parents’ generation. This is a generation that is pathophysiology, burdened with $15 billion of student debt, gifted from a generation that had free education. This is a generation working in an imbalanced and essay on school uniforms indebted economy whose glory days were in fact 50 years in the past.

This is a generation facing and inheriting unswimmable rivers, species going extinct, and the very real possibility of runaway catastrophic climate change. For my parents’ generation there was State support to get into a house, free education, and a job as good as guaranteed for life. Today a good job, an affordable education, and a house to call your own are considered luxuries. These are some pretty big issues facing the devise country, but what is the essay Government focused on? Well, its flags and short curve its foreign trusts. A great president once said that a house divided against itself cannot stand, and what we have seen in on school, New Zealand in 2016 is generations divided by housing. I believe in fair and affordable housing as a basic human right for all New Zealanders. If you work hard and you save, you should be able to get into a house for yourself, even in our biggest city. Of Normal Flora In The Large? The solutions are not rocket science: (1) we need the Government to build a lot of new homes, like we used to; (2) we need a comprehensive capital gains tax, excluding the family home, to remove the unfair tax incentive to essay on school uniforms, invest in property; and (3) we need restrictions on foreign property, as we see in other countries. Stylistic Devise? SUE MORONEY (Labour): Well, for generations it has been the Kiwi way: the right of New Zealanders to be able to raise a family and have a secure place to live. Even through the Depression years that was something that New Zealanders were able to aspire to and to do, but not under John Key’s National Government—no more.

I am not talking about people at essay the lowest end of the stylistic devise income bracket even. I am talking about on school uniforms, people who regularly come to MPs’ offices who are on decent wages, who are in the middle brackets of income, who are telling us that they cannot afford the unaffordable housing costs that are going on under this John Key National Government. The Government members opposite are so out of touch that they have used this debate to explain to benefit of normal flora, New Zealanders that it is not even happening—that their reality is not a reality at all. That Government is arrogant and it is out of touch. We have the essay Government members, in this debate about stylistic devise, social development and housing, celebrating the reduced number of people who are receiving benefits. Well, the essay on school Labour Party members would join them. They would join in devise, that celebration if those people were coming off benefits, to go into paid employment. But they are not, and there is no celebration in celebrating people being denied benefits only to end up at the food bank. Alfred Ngaro in uniforms, his contribution recognised that that is what is happening.

He talked about going to visit the Salvation Army to find out how much the food bank needs are increasing in what benefit of normal flora in the large, the communities that it serves. That is nothing to be proud of. Essay On School Uniforms? Alfred Ngaro : And then you go into National policies. SUE MORONEY : That is nothing to be proud of, Mr Ngaro. Your Government is putting more and more families through the what is one of normal flora large food bank system—off benefits and straight into the food bank. Essay On School? That is not the vision that the Labour Party has for a brighter future for this country. What Of Normal Flora Large? When talking about housing, we cannot ignore the unaffordability that is continuing to creep right throughout New Zealand, under this National Government. It used to be confined to Auckland, but because of that Government’s failure to fix or even recognise the essay uniforms Auckland housing crisis it is ending up in many other communities. In respect of my own community of Hamilton, today the New Zealand Herald announced that in the last year house prices in Hamilton have gone up by 34 percent—in 1 year alone. That is on the back of the previous year, when house prices had jumped 21 percent. So do the maths: 21 percent the year before last and on marksandspencer.com/sparks register top of essay that another 34 percent.

It is no wonder MPs are seeing people coming through their doors in marksandspencer.com/sparks register, droves, saying that they cannot afford to buy into the market and they cannot afford the increasing rents that come off the back of that. On School? But at the same time—and here is the big kicker—the Government is selling off State housing stock. So the people who normally would fall out and drop out of the private rental market now have no safety net with State housing. Those Government members are pretending that they are not privatising; they are absolutely privatising the State housing market and they know it. Here is a cautionary tale. Normally these tales come from overseas, but this is short, a cautionary tale from New Zealand.

The Government is doing exactly what it once did with the essay rest home sector. It pretends to give it to Essay, charitable organisations. Those charitable organisations do it to the best of their ability, but find that they struggle quite quickly, and guess what? Within a decade we found that those rest homes are almost all now in private hands. That is exactly the path that that Government is using to privatise State housing stock and to essay, get it into their private investor mates’ hands. So we continue to see a Government that is of the Essay, focused on actually supporting people who want to hide their money and to essay on school, find taxation loopholes in a country like New Zealand.

We are becoming a tax haven, for goodness’ sake! That is stylistic devise, where that Government’s priority is lying, rather than in actually addressing the issues that are affecting everyday New Zealanders—hard-working New Zealanders who, as I said before, are on modest incomes and on middle incomes, and increasingly are finding it hard to make ends meet on even the higher level of incomes, because of that Government’s failure to act. It is not rocket science. When there is a housing crisis we need more houses. Essay On School Uniforms? We need more decent houses and marksandspencer.com/sparks we need the Government to act. The market is not fixing this one, National.

It is not fixing it. And we know that the National Party members sit on their hands and believe that the market will deliver. DARROCH BALL (NZ First): If we were to listen just to uniforms, the Minister and to the Government benches about Perspectives examples, what was going on in social services and Housing New Zealand, then the public of New Zealand would be led to believe that everything was hunky-dory and tickety-boo. But, as we all know, that is not the uniforms case. I just want to concentrate on one topic, which is Housing New Zealand and the State houses and the state that they are in at the moment. At the moment we are actually entering crisis point and we are going to epidemic levels in regard to the P contamination of flora State houses. The main fact is that this Government has done nothing since it has been in Government, since 2008, and it is still continuing to do nothing about the P contamination of State houses. Essay On School? In the 2013-14 financial year there were 28 State houses found to be contaminated with P. On Nurturing Citizen? In 2014-15 that jumped up to 230 houses found to be contaminated with P. Essay? And in just the first 6 months of this financial year alone that number is 280. That is in marksandspencer.com/sparks register, just the first 6 months of essay this financial year alone. That is epidemic levels.

That is crisis point, but this Government is not even acknowledging that there is a problem with P contamination of Housing New Zealand State houses. Not only that, add the fact that a quarter of all new State houses that were built in Christchurch have already been contaminated. In 2014 of the 196 houses that were tested, 101 tested positive and, like I said before, already 280 in the first 6 months of this financial year have tested positive. If you compare that with the hundreds of people on the waiting list because of these State houses being empty because of the run aggregate supply contamination, then you can see where we are, with the issues with the waiting lists adding to on school, that fact. But how does that translate into costs for the taxpayer? Well, luckily enough we have got a poster here. In 2013-14 it cost $700,000 to the taxpayer, in 2014-15 it cost just over $2 million, and just for the first 6 months alone of this financial year it cost almost $6 million. That is what you call an exponential curve—that is what you call an exponential curve. There are two questions that fall out of this poster. Firstly, what is going to happen next year, 2016-17, if this Government continues to what benefit flora, do nothing? The answer is that it will continue to exponentially increase.

The second question is essay, this: why is there data only to 2013-14? That is because this Government did not even bother to collate the information prior to 2013-14. Even though it knew that the evidence was there that this was going to be a problem, that it was a problem since 2008-09, yet it chose to still do nothing about it. In 2008 to 2012, prior to Housing New Zealand even collating the data about P contaminated State houses, there were no fewer than 16 major stories and articles about P contaminated State houses: from “P labs” to “Scientists telling of P house shock”, “P lab findings”, “Taxpayers carry can for P lab State house tenants”, and “P homes clean-up costly”. That was in 2012. If we talk about official documents that Ministers were given, there were no fewer than five official documents that Ministers were given between 2008 and 2015—the official reports stating the stylistic concerns with the uniforms P contaminated State houses. So the Government has known. But what has been done? What has been done—nothing. It is zero.

The only Essay on Nurturing Yields a Productive Citizen, thing that the Government brought in in 2011 was a stand-down period of up to 12 months for a State house tenant who was caught using or manufacturing P in a State house. Bill English has already said in essay, this Chamber that that is not a firm enough measure and that they are looking at things that are firmer. But nothing has been done. Just out of some written questions—in fact, what I will go to, as I have got only a short time left, is looking at the responsibilities that Housing New Zealand actually has, as the country’s largest landlord. The Government’s own tenancy services state that if landlords rent out property that is contaminated by P they are breaching their obligations under the Residential Tenancies Act 1986, as well as other legislation such as the marksandspencer.com/sparks register Building Act and the Health Act.

This Government has let this crisis occur; it has known it was going to occur since 2008. The only thing it is planning on doing is selling off these houses. Hon ANNE TOLLEY (Minister for Social Development): There has been an awful lot of emotion and accusations thrown around the Chamber in the annual review debate on the Social Development and Housing Sector so far, but, I would have to say, based on very few facts. I want to start off tonight by recognising the outstanding contribution of the staff who work for this Government, and this country, at Work and Income. As I get around the country and meet and talk with staff and the clients sitting in their offices, either waiting for an appointment or working with a case manager, I have to essay on school uniforms, say I am continually impressed by the absolute dedication of those staff in working alongside those people who for one reason or another have found themselves in difficulty, helping them solve what at times seem like completely insurmountable problems. I am always impressed by their enthusiasm, by their compassion, and, most of all, by their professionalism in working alongside those people to support them through the tough times, always with a focus on helping them into work and, therefore, into independence. Because that is what coming off a benefit means: it means you are independent of reliance on the State to maintain you and your family, and you cannot underestimate the benefit of that. The week before last I was absolutely delighted to announce that the number of Yields a Productive Citizen people in this country who were dependent on a benefit had fallen below 280,000 for the first time since 2008. Did we get a celebration in this country from across this Parliament that that was an amazing achievement since the global financial crisis—that all those people have gone, for one reason or another, from essay uniforms relying on a benefit to being independent? All we heard from the Opposition was carping that we could not prove they had gone into work.

Well, let me tell this Committee that most people go into work, but, funnily enough, people do not willingly give up a benefit if they have no other way of pathophysiology surviving. They can alter their circumstances; in fact, some people go to essay, prison and therefore they do not need a benefit, but the vast bulk of them are going into work and that should be celebrated by every single member in this Chamber. If people do not go into work; if they go off the benefit and not into work and there is not a valid reason for them to go off the benefit, then you have to ask why they would do that. I have asked that question of the Work and Income staff. I have asked that question, because the accusation has been made tonight that they go off the benefit into marksandspencer.com/sparks the food banks. Essay? I have asked that question of the Salvation Army, too, and some of the other food bank providers around—and that is nonsense. Perspectives Of The Beast Essay Examples? That is absolute nonsense. Some of those people have gone off the benefit because they have not fulfilled the obligations that the taxpayers have of them.

In other words, they have not been out looking for work consecutively. This is essay on school uniforms, a small number of people, but we do have obligations. If you are supported by the taxpayer, you are expected to do a number of things. What Benefit Of Normal Flora In The Intestine?? In some cases, it is to look after your children well; in some cases it is to be out on school uniforms finding work, but the vast majority of people go off the benefit because they have gone into work. One of the most successful schemes we have been running is supply curve definition, 3K to Christchurch—1,900 people.

I remember when Minister Bennett announced it, and she was targeting 1,000 people, particularly young people, moving down to Christchurch, where there was a huge need for construction workers. Actually, when you talk to them today, 1,900 people have accepted that challenge and moved down to uniforms, Christchurch, and by far the majority are now going into the hospitality sector, are going into the care sector—not construction any more. And that is to be celebrated. Did we hear celebration across this Chamber for short supply curve definition, those people who had moved off benefit and into work? No, of course we did not.

The Opposition went out and found some employer who said they stayed only for 3 months. This Government is working hard and essay uniforms the staff in the Public Service, in of the Beast examples, the Work and Income offices, are working hard to essay, support those people into independence, because we know that work is the best way out of poverty, both for devise, those people and, most importantly, for their children. Every step we take should be celebrated. The CHAIRPERSON (Hon Chester Borrows) : There are no Labour Party calls available at the moment. Essay On School? The Green Party has four left. JAN LOGIE (Green): I believe every family should have enough to sustain themselves, and short run aggregate that all children in this country should be safe and able to develop to their potential. Supposedly to on school uniforms, deliver that goal, this Government’s top-line Better Public Services target is reducing welfare dependency by 25 percent by June 2018. But despite all its media releases telling us how much money it has saved and how many people it has got off benefits, there is for hypertension, no way, on current projections, that it will achieve this target. Work visas match or outstrip new jobs, and on school job growth is projected to slow and unemployment is projected to increase. Government policies do not support beneficiaries getting into the workforce; they just tell them they need to do it. The Government has refused to short run aggregate definition, pick up my member’s bill to provide workplace protections for victims of domestic violence, something that could significantly reduce the need for income support at all.

The reality is that even the chief executive officer of the Ministry of Social Development described this target of 25 percent as aspirational, and essay on school not in stylistic, the sense that the on school Minister in the chair, Anne Tolley, suggested as a positive thing, but rather a “we’ll never make it” sense. Then there is the problem that the evidence does not support the Government’s assertion that getting parents off benefits, using its cruel sanctions system, actually reduces child poverty. The Government does not measure the is one of normal large impact of its interventions on families or children. It cannot even tell us what happens to people once they are off a benefit, and it dismisses the growing number of children in essay, relative poverty as irrelevant. Let me remind you, as we have heard from previous speakers, that this is the pathophysiology for hypertension Government that says it is all about the data. It tells us that it is all about the outcomes and proving it can do it, yet it does not measure the things that matter.

The chief executive officer of the Ministry of Social Development told us that it thinks its case management system will reduce the number of people on benefits, despite the on school evidence that was presented to on Nurturing a Productive, the select committee showing that it was not likely to. So it does not have the targets that are appropriate, it does not have the measures to improve any positive benefit, and then it tells us that a method is essay, going to work to is one of normal flora large, be able to achieve this, which the essay on school evidence says otherwise. Then the Commissioner for Children clearly told us in their hearing that this is the wrong target if we want to improve the Yields Citizen well-being of essay children. He told the is one benefit of normal flora large intestine? select committee that we need to set four targets: (1), reduce relative poverty; (2), reduce material deprivation and hardship; (3), reduce violence; and (4), improve housing quality. If we set those targets, we would ensure that our children were safer and healthier and out of poverty. I think we might also need to add another target to that, if that is not too arrogant of me, to suggest that we have a target of ensuring people are accessing their legal entitlements. Because despite the Minister telling us that when she visits the offices she is hearing that everything is fine, that there is on school uniforms, no problem, we do not actually have evidence to tell us that.

In fact, what we had in this last year was evidence that despite two court rulings over a period of time, Work and Income refused to change its policy to abide by the actual law, that it refused to give people their legal entitlements that had been twice established by the court. We have no ability to be secure that people are able to Essay on Nurturing Yields Citizen, access their legal entitlements. And I think that was reinforced again by on school uniforms the fact that last month in Auckland, community advocates helped over 700 people at just one Work and Income office over 3 days—700 people, at short run aggregate definition one office, who had not been able to access their legal entitlements. Uniforms? That, to me, is an indicator, and, at the very, very least, it is smoke. The Government should be taking that seriously and putting in systems to audit whether people are able to short run aggregate supply, access their entitlements, because we are hearing so many stories, and there is growing evidence that they are not currently accessing their legal entitlements.

If the Government was serious about essay on school, addressing actual social harm and improving the health, well-being, educational outcomes, and life opportunities of marksandspencer.com/sparks our families, it would start by ensuring that people got their legal entitlements. Essay Uniforms? Then, I think, it would start listening to the advocates for children and for hypertension the experts in our society, and follow the advice of the Office of the Commissioner for Children. But it is not serious and, as a result, child poverty remains entrenched. Children keep dying from living in cold, damp houses and from other low-income-related diseases at a rate of more than one child a week, in this country that we used to call the essay land of plenty, where there are so many who still have plenty but who are not sharing. To go back to the Office of the Commissioner for Children, it was deeply disturbing to hear through the on Nurturing a Productive annual review process that the commissioner, who is tasked with the absolutely essential role of monitoring the safety of children in State care, say so clearly that his office does not have the essay on school uniforms resources to be able to do this properly, that there have been negative audit results where there were concerns for the safety of children, and that it is not able to follow up properly. Perspectives Of The Beast Essay? This is in the context of essay on school a 56 percent increase in pathophysiology for hypertension, recorded offences against children in State care since 2009 and on school uniforms a 40 percent increase in sexual abuse against register, children in our collective care, where the absolutely critical role of the watchdog of essay uniforms that system has been so underfunded that it is not able to do its job properly. That is a result of this Government’s policy—a Government that has promised, again and again, that this is not OK and that it would fix this. All we have had is report after report, an expert group, and a reduction in funding, and children have suffered in on Nurturing Yields, our collective care while that has been happening. It is time to move forward. Good change is essay on school uniforms, 100 percent possible. Pathophysiology For Hypertension? It may not be achievable overnight, but it is achievable.

The Green Party would institute policies based on expert evidence and essay uniforms a fundamental belief that family, community, and Beast Essay examples society can thrive when the safety and other basic needs of our children are guaranteed—when our society is in balance. Currently, the policies of this Government are out of balance. I look forward to the Green Party rebalancing the policies in uniforms, this country in favour of our children and pathophysiology the future of this country, to give all our families a decent go to be able to sustain themselves. JONO NAYLOR (National): I know that the essay Labour Party members were keen to take some more calls, and I was almost tempted to actually give them one because I was missing out on my dose of fiction this evening, after two weeks of adjournment and having the opportunity to watch a bit of fiction on television. I was getting a good dose of it from listening to devise, the Labour Party speakers, and it was tempting to listen to on school uniforms, a few more. Can I just say, being able to stand up and talk on this subject as a Government member is marksandspencer.com/sparks register, incredibly heartening. I feel incredibly proud to be able to stand up and uniforms talk about some of these things that have been achieved over the last 12 months in this review process. We have a Government that is pathophysiology for hypertension, not afraid to tackle the hard issues. Essay? We have Ministers in these portfolios who are prepared to face up to for hypertension, where things could be better and to actually do something about it, and I stand here with a sense of pride in being part of a Government that is doing some great work in this area. There are almost too many things to talk about.

Some of them have been touched on, but, actually, there is an incredible number of things that are really great that are going on that we can be proud of. For a start, I just want to touch briefly on the overhaul of Child, Youth and Family. This is a critical thing that needed to be done. It was long overdue, and I think we would all agree that the results of the things we were seeing for children in care simply were not good enough. Over the years, as the Minister for Social Development has said, we have had fantastic people who have worked on the front lines in our social services. They have been doing great work with the tools that they have had, but it is time for us to actually realise that some of the processes that we have got do need to come together and work a little bit better. I have reflected on essay uniforms this when we were talking about other legislation. I remember being a social worker 20 years ago—and I still now have the dilemma in my own head—and, when you uplifted children, wondering whether you were actually, in fact, inflicting more harm on them by bringing them into State care than if you were to leave them in that situation. It is a horrible dilemma to be in, so that is why we have got a Minister who is leading the charge to ensure that Child, Youth and Family will have the overhaul that is required to ensure that we put children at the forefront of what we are doing and that we improve the level of care and we improve the outcome for those children, if they are going to have the State providing them with the role of parent. I am looking forward to what is one benefit flora intestine?, seeing those changes as they come through.

We have heard a lot of talk this evening about housing, and there is this myth that has been put out there that the Government is sort of uniforms flogging off every single State house that is out there. The way it has been talked about— Louisa Wall : Not every single one; just 6,000 of them. JONO NAYLOR : No, but the way it has been talked about is overinflated in terms of proportion. You know, we are talking about approximately 1,500 houses out of the stylistic devise 60,000-odd houses that are in Government stock. I for on school uniforms, one have got to say that just because we had the really good idea some years ago that, actually, there would be a State housing service provided—it has been a good service. It has meant that people have been able to get into housing, and it has done reasonably well. But that does not mean it was the last great idea when it comes to social housing. We are looking to do some other things around social housing. We are looking to improve the service that people receive from the wraparound services that will be provided by community housing providers, and it is just great to see that, actually, some foresight and some forward thinking is occurring.

I went to Auckland the other week because I have heard so much about Auckland housing. Hon Simon Bridges : What were you doing? JONO NAYLOR : Well, it was something that someone has got to do—you have got to pathophysiology for hypertension, go up there and have a look. I had heard so much disgruntled conversation and talk about the Tamaki redevelopment programme. People were saying what a terrible thing this was, and I thought that I should probably go and at essay on school uniforms least have a look to find out what was going on there and to see what the fuss was about. Well, what I saw there was a whole lot of quite rundown, not-fit-for-purpose, old State houses sitting on pretty large sections that were not really necessarily being up-kept because they were too big for people to look after. But actually what is happening now is Essay Yields a Productive, that those 2,500 houses that are sitting there are becoming 7,500 houses over time. There will still be the same amount of community social housing provision there, but there will also be another 5,000 houses that will be warm, that will be dry, and that will be fit for purpose for the people who will occupy them. Essay On School Uniforms? This will ensure that we are starting to address the need for pathophysiology for hypertension, more houses in Auckland.

There are good things going on in this space, and this Government is making sure that we are moving ahead, not stuck in the past, not just sticking to the old ways of doing things— METIRIA TUREI (Co-Leader—Green): A fairer future for essay on school uniforms, this country is 100 percent possible. Fixing the Essay on Nurturing a Productive housing crisis in this country created by National is also 100 percent possible. Solving child poverty, largely caused by National, in uniforms, this country is also 100 percent possible. It comes down to a choice—the choice of having the fairer, cleaner, more sustainable country that New Zealanders want to what benefit flora large intestine?, build, leaving behind the disgraceful record of the National Government, which is driving this country well into the past. It is time for us to move forward, and away from these old policies of the past from National, which drive our families backwards, and into the good green changes that can be made for our families and for our communities. I have to say I found the Minister’s speech tonight disingenuous and disgraceful, frankly.

When she stood up to say how great it was that all these people were moving off the benefit, she could not say where those people have gone. We have asked her for this information before. She does not know whether or not a person who has left the benefit has gone into a great job and is doing well—and we all hope that that is the case; we all want that to be the case—or is now living in a car with their kids, desperate for a place to live, desperate for uniforms, a regular and decent income, and desperate for some respect from the State agencies for which she has responsibility. The thing is, she does not know because her department does not ask, and it does not ask because it does not want to know. It does not want to know because it is interested only in the half measures that make it sound good; meanwhile, our New Zealand families are still living in terrible houses that make them cold and what benefit in the large sick, and living on miserable incomes so they cannot afford to pay the essay on school power bill and the rent, and feed their kids. Marksandspencer.com/sparks Register? That is the reality for New Zealand families under the National Government.

That is what National has driven this country to, but it need not be like that. New Zealand can choose a different way. I want to address two issues out of these reports. The first is the on school Children’s Commissioner’s report and then also the run aggregate supply curve Housing New Zealand report. Let me first congratulate Andrew Becroft on his appointment in the future as Children’s Commissioner. [ Interruption ] That is one of the better decisions made by the Minister—yes, I agree with that. He will be a very fierce advocate for children and young people. He understands—she does not, but he does—how poverty impacts on children, the kinds of choices it constrains them to, and the difficulties they get into because poverty has exacerbated the risks that they face in their lives. He does not judge them and punish them and their families in essay on school, the way that the Minister and her policies do. He is always looking for constructive ways to make sure that these children, these young people, have a path out of the circumstances into which they have been driven.

I am really looking forward to his contribution as Children’s Commissioner. Let me also say that our team in the Greens and I have really enjoyed working with Russell Wills and with his people as well. Russell Wills has played a critical role in making sure that child poverty is on the political agenda. It is on the agenda of New Zealanders, and that is part of the reason why New Zealanders over the years are increasingly saying that the gap between rich and poor, and child poverty, are major issues for them in this country. New Zealanders do not want to what is one benefit of normal large intestine?, live in a country where children are going to school hungry. New Zealanders do not want to live in essay, a country where they can see the gap increasing between them and short run aggregate curve their neighbours and their friends and their families. Essay? They want to live in a country that is of the examples, inclusive, that is supportive of children, that does not judge people on the basis of their income, and on school uniforms that does not punish them when they are poor. That is what National does. That is what intestine?, not what New Zealanders want to do. Russell Wills, through his work with the Expert Advisory Group on Solutions to Child Poverty and through his continual advocacy around the effects of child poverty on New Zealanders, has been exceptional and has really helped to put child poverty on the agenda.

National has traded away the essay potential of thousands of New Zealand children by allowing child poverty and the gap between rich and curve definition poor to stagnate at essay on school uniforms an all-time high. Under National in the 1990s child poverty and Essay on Nurturing Yields inequality rose to record highs, and it has stayed there because National’s policies continue to drive families down. Hon ANNE TOLLEY (Minister for Social Development): I want to essay uniforms, take another call because I think, again, we need to put some facts on the table. A number of my colleagues have said that this Government has not been afraid to curve, face the hard issues, and I concur with that. We have not been afraid to face the hard issues. We have not been afraid to invest early in prevention and rehabilitation.

We have been a brave Government that has done things that other Governments have not been prepared to do. I would have to say that we have not been afraid to essay on school, admit that some things are not working. In fairness, in last year’s Budget we recognised that there were too many children living in this country who were experiencing hardship. Despite the emotive rhetoric of the previous speaker, Metiria Turei, this National Government was the first Government in 43 years to raise the benefit for families—the first Government in 43 years. For Hypertension? That is amazing for on school uniforms, any Government to do. When Labour went right through the 2000s with all the money that it had, surplus after surplus, which it told us about, how much did it put into the very poorest in this country?

Absolutely zip. For Hypertension? This National Government last month started paying $25 a week after tax to those families dependent on essay uniforms a benefit. And, what is more, we did not stop there. We said: “Aha, but there are also families who are working, on the lowest of incomes, who also have children who are not experiencing the sort of New Zealand life we want for all New Zealand children.”, and benefit of normal flora in the we increased their Working for essay on school, Families payments as well. That is what this Government has done, and last month that money started being paid out to those families. I have to say—I do not know about my colleagues, and Perspectives Essay I certainly do not know about the Opposition—that I have had people in my electorate offices saying: “This has made an enormous difference to us. On School? We hadn’t realised how much difference that extra $25 a week will make to us and to our children.” I come back to the fact that you cannot escape the Essay difference it makes in people’s lives when you help them into independence, so they are not reliant on the State for a benefit. What is more, it makes a difference for their children. Essay On School? This Government has not been afraid to tackle the appalling record of Child, Youth and Family in short supply definition, looking after the essay children who need State care. We know that we are in for a complete overhaul of what intestine? that system. This Government has not been afraid to essay on school uniforms, tackle the issue of the harm caused to women, to children, and to what benefit, their communities that gangs impose.

The Minister of Police and essay Minister of Corrections, the Hon Judith Collins, and I have announced a whole range of issues, not just from a law enforcement point of view but as a social development hand as well. I have announced two community pilots where we are trying some stuff to Perspectives Beast, see whether we can make a difference in the lives of mainly the families of gang members who feature too highly in all the deprivation statistics, in on school, all the family violence statistics, in all the notifications to Child, Youth and register Family statistics, and I have to say in all the statistics around arrests, prosecutions, and criminal sentences. I come back to the fact that I say that this Government has not been afraid to tackle some of those hard issues, and accept that some of the tried and true things in the past are not working. They are simply not making a difference in people’s lives, and we should stop doing them. We should try to experiment and try to on school uniforms, find better ways of changing people’s lives, with the taxpayers’ money that we are investing.

This Government will continue to register, do that because we are determined to make a difference in uniforms, the lives of stylistic those New Zealanders who rely on the Government to help them when something untoward happens to them. METIRIA TUREI (Co-Leader—Green): Yet another half-truth about essay uniforms, a half measure from this Minister and short run aggregate curve this Government. Let us make no mistake. Let us talk about the $25 increase in the benefit, shall we? What percentage of beneficiaries is getting the full $25? It is on school, about 50 percent—right? Only 50 percent of of the Beast Essay those who are entitled to that $25 are actually getting $25, because this Government has given with one hand and has taken with another. And 22,000 of essay on school uniforms those families will be losing money because of the income-related rents.

About 40 percent of beneficiaries will be losing money from that $25 because of other services or other funding they are getting through the devise Ministry of Social Development that they will not be entitled to. So when this Minister stands up and says that beneficiaries get $25 extra, she is not telling the whole truth. That is the essay problem with this Government: yet another half measure that does nothing. Her ministry and Treasury have all said that that $25 will not solve child poverty. So we know that it will not have an appreciable effect on families or bring families out of poverty. Let us talk about another half measure, shall we? This is about housing. As we know, housing—particularly rental housing for poor families—is a key driver to entrenching their poverty because it is expensive, and driving more costs, and because their kids get sick and have to run aggregate supply definition, go to hospital.

We know that a warrant of essay fitness—a proper, comprehensive warrant of fitness—for rental properties, to make sure that those rental properties are safe for the families and for the children who live in them, will save lives. It will save lives. Otago University has just in the last couple of weeks come out with a report saying that insulation to for hypertension, 2008 standards and a heating device saved 19 percent of children in those rental homes from on school going to hospital—a 19 percent reduction in hospitalisations because of high-quality insulation and a heating device. What is this Government going to do with its miserable insulation bill— The CHAIRPERSON (Lindsay Tisch) : I am sorry to interrupt the honourable member but the time for this debate has expired. A party vote was called for on the question, That clauses 1 to 7 and pathophysiology for hypertension schedules 1 to 4 be agreed to.

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40 Useful Words and Phrases for Top-Notch Essays. The secret to a successful essay doesn’t just lie in the clever things you talk about and the way you structure your points. To be truly brilliant, an essay needs to utilise the right language. Essay On School? You could make a great point, but if it’s not intelligently articulated, you almost needn’t have bothered. Developing the Yields Citizen, language skills to build an argument and to write persuasively is crucial if you’re to essay on school write outstanding essays every time. In this article, we’re going to equip you with the pathophysiology, words and phrases you need to essay uniforms write a top-notch essay, along with examples of how to utilise them. Yields? It’s by no means an exhaustive list, and there will often be other ways of using the words and phrases we describe that we won’t have room to include, but there should be more than enough below to help you make an instant improvement to your essay-writing skills – whether you’re a native English speaker or taking your first steps into writing essays in English. Let’s start by looking at language for general explanations of on school, complex points.

Usage : “In order to” can be used to introduce an explanation for the purpose of an argument. Example : “In order to Perspectives Beast Essay understand X, we need first to on school uniforms understand Y.” Usage : Use “in other words” when you want to express something in a different way (more simply), to make it easier to understand, or to emphasise or expand on a point. Example : “Frogs are amphibians. In other words, they live on what is one benefit of normal the land and in essay on school uniforms the water.” Usage : This phrase is another way of saying “in other words”, and can be used in particularly complex points, when you feel that an alternative way of wording a problem may help the reader achieve a better understanding of its significance. Example : “Plants rely on photosynthesis.

To put it another way, they will die without the sun.” Usage : “That is” and “that is to say” can be used to add further detail to your explanation, or to be more precise. Example : “Whales are mammals. That is to say, they must breathe air.” Usage : Use “to that end” or “to this end” in supply a similar way to “in order to” or “so”. Example : “Zoologists have long sought to on school understand how animals communicate with each other. To that end, a new study has been launched that looks at elephant sounds and what of normal in the large intestine?, their possible meanings.” Adding additional information to support a point.

Students often make the mistake of on school, using synonyms of “and” each time they want to add further information in support of stylistic, a point they’re making, or to build an uniforms argument. Is One Benefit Large Intestine?? Here are some cleverer ways of essay uniforms, doing this. Usage : Employ “moreover” at the start of a sentence to pathophysiology for hypertension add extra information in essay support of a point you’re making. Example : “Moreover, the results of register, a recent piece of essay on school uniforms, research provide compelling evidence in support of…” Usage :This is also generally used at the start of a sentence, to add extra information. Example : “Furthermore, there is evidence to Essay on Nurturing Yields suggest that…”

Usage : This is used in on school uniforms the same way as “moreover” and “furthermore”. Example : “What’s more, this isn’t the only evidence that supports this hypothesis.” Usage : Use “likewise” when you want to stylistic devise talk about something that agrees with what you’ve just mentioned. Example : “Scholar A believes X. Likewise, Scholar B argues compellingly in essay favour of this point of view.” Usage : Use “similarly” in the same way as “likewise”.

Example : “Audiences at the time reacted with shock to Beethoven’s new work, because it was very different to what they were used to. Similarly, we have a tendency to react with surprise to on Nurturing Yields a Productive the unfamiliar.” Usage : Use the phrase “another key point to essay remember” or “another key fact to remember” to Perspectives of the Beast Essay introduce additional facts without using the essay uniforms, word “also”. Example : “As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of a closer relationship between humans and short run aggregate supply, nature. Another key point to remember is that Blake was writing during the Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.”

Usage : Use “as well as” instead of essay on school, “also” or “and”. Example : “Scholar A argued that this was due to X, as well as Y.” Usage : This wording is used to add an stylistic devise extra piece of information, often something that’s in some way more surprising or unexpected than the first piece of information. Example : “Not only did Edmund Hillary have the essay uniforms, honour of being the marksandspencer.com/sparks register, first to reach the summit of Everest, but he was also appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the essay uniforms, British Empire.” Usage : Used when considering two or more arguments at a time.

Example : “Coupled with the literary evidence, the Perspectives of the Beast Essay, statistics paint a compelling view of…” Usage : This can be used to structure an argument, presenting facts clearly one after the other. Example : “There are many points in support of essay uniforms, this view. Firstly, X. Secondly, Y. And thirdly, Z. 16.

Not to mention/to say nothing of. Usage : “Not to mention” and what flora in the large, “to say nothing of” can be used to essay uniforms add extra information with a bit of of normal flora in the large intestine?, emphasis. Example : “The war caused unprecedented suffering to millions of people, not to mention its impact on the country’s economy.” Words and phrases for demonstrating contrast. When you’re developing an argument, you will often need to present contrasting or opposing opinions or evidence – “it could show this, but it could also show this”, or “X says this, but Y disagrees”. On School Uniforms? This section covers words you can use instead of the “but” in Beast Essay examples these examples, to make your writing sound more intelligent and essay, interesting.

Usage : Use “however” to introduce a point that disagrees with what you’ve just said. Example : “Scholar A thinks this. Pathophysiology For Hypertension? However, Scholar B reached a different conclusion.” Usage : Usage of on school uniforms, this phrase includes introducing a contrasting interpretation of the same piece of evidence, a different piece of evidence that suggests something else, or an Essay on Nurturing Yields a Productive opposing opinion. Example: “The historical evidence appears to suggest a clear-cut situation.

On the other hand, the archaeological evidence presents a somewhat less straightforward picture of what happened that day.” Usage : Used in a similar manner to “on the other hand” or “but”. Example : “The historians are unanimous in telling us X, an agreement that suggests that this version of events must be an accurate account. Having said that, the archaeology tells a different story.” Usage : Use “by contrast” or “in comparison” when you’re comparing and contrasting pieces of evidence.

Example : “Scholar A’s opinion, then, is based on insufficient evidence. By contrast, Scholar B’s opinion seems more plausible.” Usage : Use this to cast doubt on an assertion. Example : “Writer A asserts that this was the reason for what happened. Essay Uniforms? Then again, it’s possible that he was being paid to what benefit flora say this.” Usage : This is used in the same way as “then again”. Example : “The evidence ostensibly appears to point to this conclusion. That said, much of the evidence is unreliable at best.” Usage : Use this when you want to introduce a contrasting idea. Example : “Much of scholarship has focused on this evidence.

Yet not everyone agrees that this is the most important aspect of the situation.” Adding a proviso or acknowledging reservations. Sometimes, you may need to acknowledge a shortfalling in a piece of evidence, or add a proviso. Here are some ways of uniforms, doing so. Usage : Use “despite this” or “in spite of this” when you want to outline a point that stands regardless of a shortfalling in the evidence. Example : “The sample size was small, but the results were important despite this.” Usage : Use this when you want your reader to for hypertension consider a point in the knowledge of something else. Example : “We’ve seen that the methods used in essay the 19th century study did not always live up to the rigorous standards expected in what of normal flora in the scientific research today, which makes it difficult to essay on school draw definite conclusions. With this in mind, let’s look at a more recent study to see how the what benefit of normal intestine?, results compare.” Usage : This means “on condition that”.

You can also say “providing that” or just “providing” to essay on school mean the same thing. Example : “We may use this as evidence to marksandspencer.com/sparks register support our argument, provided that we bear in mind the limitations of the methods used to obtain it.” Usage : These phrases are used when something has shed light on on school something else. Example : “In light of the devise, evidence from the 2013 study, we have a better understanding of…” Usage : This is similar to “despite this”. Example : “The study had its limitations, but it was nonetheless groundbreaking for its day.” Usage : This is the same as “nonetheless”.

Example : “The study was flawed, but it was important nevertheless.” Usage : This is another way of saying “nonetheless”. Example : “Notwithstanding the limitations of the methodology used, it was an important study in the development of how we view the workings of the human mind.” Good essays always back up points with examples, but it’s going to essay on school get boring if you use the pathophysiology, expression “for example” every time. Essay On School? Here are a couple of other ways of saying the Essay on Nurturing Yields a Productive Citizen, same thing. Example : “Some birds migrate to avoid harsher winter climates. Essay? Swallows, for instance, leave the Essay Yields a Productive, UK in early winter and fly south…” Example : “To give an illustration of what I mean, let’s look at the case of…” When you want to demonstrate that a point is particularly important, there are several ways of highlighting it as such. Usage : Used to introduce a point that is essay loaded with meaning that might not be immediately apparent.

Example : “Significantly, Tacitus omits to register tell us the essay on school uniforms, kind of gossip prevalent in register Suetonius’ accounts of the same period.” Usage : This can be used to mean “significantly” (as above), and it can also be used interchangeably with “in particular” (the example below demonstrates the essay on school, first of these ways of using it). Example : “Actual figures are notably absent from Perspectives of the Essay Scholar A’s analysis.” Usage : Use “importantly” interchangeably with “significantly”. Example : “Importantly, Scholar A was being employed by X when he wrote this work, and was presumably therefore under pressure to portray the situation more favourably than he perhaps might otherwise have done.” You’ve almost made it to the end of the essay, but your work isn’t over yet. You need to end by wrapping up everything you’ve talked about, showing that you’ve considered the arguments on both sides and on school uniforms, reached the most likely conclusion. Here are some words and phrases to what is one benefit large help you.

Usage : Typically used to on school introduce the curve definition, concluding paragraph or sentence of an essay, summarising what you’ve discussed in a broad overview. Example : “In conclusion, the evidence points almost exclusively to Argument A.” Usage : Used to essay uniforms signify what you believe to be the stylistic devise, most significant point, and essay on school, the main takeaway from the essay. Example : “Above all, it seems pertinent to of the examples remember that…” Usage : This is a useful word to essay on school use when summarising which argument you find most convincing. Example : “Scholar A’s point – that Constanze Mozart was motivated by financial gain – seems to me to be the most persuasive argument for her actions following Mozart’s death.” Usage : Use in the same way as “persuasive” above. Example : “The most compelling argument is presented by Scholar A.” Usage : This means “taking everything into is one benefit flora in the account”. Example : “All things considered, it seems reasonable to assume that…”

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3 Easy-to-Use Tools to Count Your Words. So you need to essay on school uniforms get a word count for Perspectives of the Beast Essay examples the latest chapter of essay on school uniforms your novel or an essay assignment for school? Don#8217;t worry, here are three easy-to-use tools to count your words. Need to get a word count on your latest writing project? Here are three tools that can help. If you#8217;re an experienced writer, this might already be obvious to you. What Is One Of Normal In The? However, if you#8217;re new to writing, you need to know that keeping track of your word count is a central habit of on school uniforms a writer. You count words for stylistic two main reasons.

In school, writing assignments are usually measured by page length (e.g. please turn in a three-page essay on Jane Austen#8217;s use of satire in on school uniforms, Emma by Friday ). However, measuring by page-length is inaccurate and, in many cases, unhelpful. Font, spacing, and formatting changes can alter the number of pages, and if you#8217;re writing a newspaper, magazine, or book, the pages will be in a variety of Essay on Nurturing different sizes anyway. Measuring by word count, on the other hand, is consistent. Furthermore, publishers often pay on a per-word basis, and so it makes sense for professional writers to keep track of how many words they write. But what if you#8217;re not a professional writer?

Why should you count words then? 2. Counting Words Can Motivate You. Many famous writers have kept daily word count goals. Ernest Hemingway is reported to have written 500 words per day. Essay? Stephen King writes 2,000 words per pathophysiology for hypertension, day, even on holidays.

Victorian novelist Anthony Trollope wrote 3,000 words per day. Setting a daily word count goal can inspire you. One of the on school uniforms, best known word count goals is marksandspencer.com/sparks NaNoWriMo (or National Novel Writing Month). Uniforms? Every November, thousands of writers challenge themselves to write 50,000 words in of the examples, a month (that#8217;s 1,667 words per day, by the way). Essay On School Uniforms? Another resource for writers is my friend Jeff Goins#8217; 500 Words a Day Challenge, which is a 31-day writing challenge that over a thousand writers have participated in.

How do you keep an accurate word count? 1. Count Words With Microsoft Word. The most-widely used word processor makes it easy to count your words. On Windows , there are two ways to see the word count. On the Review tab, just next to Spelling and what in the large, Grammar Check, and on the home ribbon beside the page number. On Mac , you can find the word count under Tools - Word Count. 2. Take Word Counts to the Next Level With Scrivener.

While Microsoft Word is a decent word processor for writing essays and articles, if you#8217;re writing a novel or book, you need a more powerful tool. Scrivener is a perfect tool for finding your word count because it not only uniforms, keeps your word count visible, it allows you to track your daily word count and the word count for your entire project. Essay On Nurturing A Productive Citizen? You can learn more about Scrivener on our review here. To track your daily word count on Scrivener, go to Project Show Project Targets (?+ +T, on Mac). This will open a popup that updates automatically as you type. Isn#8217;t that cool? In Scrivener, you can set the project targets to your daily word count and on school uniforms, track your progress. Also, notice the word count visible at the bottom of the application. If you don#8217;t have access to either of these tools, you can find, free online word counters.

One of the best, in devise, my opinion, is on school WordCounter.net. Word Counter is a free, online word count tool. Devise? Challenge Yourself to Write 1,000 Words Today. These tools can change your life. How would your life be different if you challenged yourself to write 1,000 words a day? (Share that challenge on Twitter) Even if you took the weekends off, in just a month, you would have 22,000 words. In six months, you would have written 132,000 words, easily enough for a long novel. Essay On School? After the first year, you could have written two books. It starts by taking just a few seconds to pathophysiology track your words. Do you have a daily word count goal?

What is it? Write 1,000 words today. Keep track using one of the tools above. Essay? When you#8217;re finished, share your best 250 words in the comments section below. And if you share, please be sure to give feedback on a few practices by other writers.

I participated In NaNoWriMo myself. My novel concluded before I reached the word count but it was still a great experience. I#8217;ll have to post my practice later when I have time. (WOOT FIRST COMMENT) Nice, Miriam. That#8217;s a huge accomplishment. Also, way to get in first! #128578; The following is EXACTLY 250 words: I never lied before I worked here. Run Aggregate Supply Curve Definition? It started with little comments, like telling a caller the boss, Robert, wasn’t in, when he was on a personal call. Next I found myself assuring a caller that our Director of Marketing had sent out the requested materials the previous Friday, when in fact Hannah had returned from lunch drunk, passed out in essay on school, the lobby, and we called her husband and told him to take her home. People tell you, “The watched pot never boils”, meaning some things happen so imperceptibly, that if you dedicate yourself to watching for the smallest advance, you’ll never see it.

The lesson, I suppose, is pathophysiology that it won’t do any good to watch a process. too closely, as there is essay uniforms nothing to see. I wonder if maybe people are getting this lesson backwards. What Of Normal Flora In The Intestine?? If something can happen. slowly and essay on school uniforms, nearly undetectably to the naked eye, then shouldn’t we watch it very, very vigilantly, to catch it before it boils over? That’s how the lying exploded. Over time Robert and Hannah escalated their expectations of us, that we say any damn. thing they wanted us to say, to get them out of their chronic bungling. That is how, today, I found myself insisting to that nice man, Tom Contreras, that. Robert could not meet with him. I gave him my best “trust me, would I lie to you” smile, and definition, convinced him he had made a grievous error, and on school uniforms, his appointment had been for the prior day. This is so true. What Benefit Large Intestine?? After a while and after being asked to do it over and over, we are able to block even the slightest twinge of guilt. I like your line: #8230;trust me, would I lie to you.

Nice piece. Wow this is so good, Avril. Essay On School? I loved the what flora large intestine?, way you combine story with psychological observation so deftly. And I really like the way you bring us into the lives of these characters so completely in just a few paragraphs. Great job! Thank you for the compliment and encouragement Joe.

Wow this is really good Avril. Uniforms? I love the way it sounds when I read it. Great job! Thank you Miriam. The feedback from you and Joe today is especially helpful as I hone in on my #8220;voice.#8221; It is only 811 words.

Hope that#8217;s enough. Thanks for yet another great prompt. Pacific Avenue in register, downtown Santa Cruz, California, is a tri-era promenade: pre-earthquake, early post-quake, and essay on school, now. What Is One Benefit Flora Large Intestine?? Something to note as you look up and down the stretches of the Pacific Garden Mall. Parts of essay uniforms each era remain and shoulder up, intermingled and interwoven, in a. strange dichotomy of style and sensibilities, palpable to six senses senses. that must include “feel.” Before the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake, old family. businesses struggled against a fluctuating economy and decay – Leask’s, Ford’s, the stately Cooper House, the Hihn Building – only to disappear into quake. rubble and oblivion. From the earthquake ruins, the silent overgrown lots have. slowly and painfully risen, Phoenix-like, to house modern replicas and. What Is One Benefit? buildings, saved from demolition, clothed in new paint, giving concrete. testament to essay on school the power of Mother Nature’s onslaught. It looks somewhat new, somewhat tidy, with new business owners, full of marksandspencer.com/sparks register dreams, bringing new energy, unaware of the strange angles. It’s all here, the very Gen.

X storefronts of The Gap, Border’s, Starbuck’s, Cinema 9 and the upper-storied. upper-classed condos to essay on school uniforms old fringe establishments – Logo’s, The Avenue Bar, Book Shop Santa Cruz – and the eminent Santa Cruz elder statesmen Del. Williams, The Del Mar Theater, The Palomar Hotel, Annieglass. The sun has. slipped below the rooflines of the benefit of normal in the intestine?, Cooper House across the street, giving the. street a bluish cast, and the wind swirls, scuttling the on school, dry leaves of Essay a Productive late. summer and wafting in the briny smell of the essay uniforms, sea. On Nurturing Citizen? From my vantage perched high on on school uniforms, a coffee shop stool, I pull on my sweater and watch. and reflect. While much has changed in the last twenty-four years, much remains. the same in this funny, strangely odd little place on Planet Earth. The city. fathers have looked to pathophysiology upscale the look of this funky street, yet the fringe. folks looking for attention or a handout – homeless street people, mentally ill. who have slipped through the cracks, angry young people, savvy panhandlers remain entrenched, some living in alleyways, doorways, and the lush underbrush. of this tourist mecca by night and by day claiming a butt-sized patch of. sidewalk. With hats and essay on school, instrument cases open wide, ragged street musicians, some phenomenally talented troupes of short curve definition drummers from some other cultures and guitar players belting protest songs, stake out street corners and make this city inhale and exhale.

I remember the on school uniforms, tiny ancient fiddler who played off-key, who died last year, and I wonder about the strange man in for hypertension, the pink tutu and tights, with matching umbrella, who, in scuffed ballet shoes, shuffled up and down the sidewalk in slow motion, his. gaze unwavering, daring you to look away first. Fast forward to today. September 2014. Border’s is no longer. Forever 21, in. eight-foot letters, is now emblazoned on the storefront. Del Williams Jewelry. is but a memory. They were always able to on school locate the elusive replacement for. broken treasures.

Other business, too, are no longer a presence on the Garden. Essay Yields A Productive Citizen? Mall promenade. The economy has taken its toll here and everywhere. Starbuck’s. and Peet’s, along with some local coffee beaneries, have customers bulging from. their sticky doors, while the protesters of conditions and wages sport signs. outside. The pan-handlers still hassle the diners who shovel in ethnic foods. served in sidewalk cafes. The street musicians remain, despite the white-washed. facade put on the buildings rimming the street, and on school, they produce some of the best. music you’ll hear.

Life vibrates through the tree-named streets that surround. the Garden Mall – Cedar, Walnut, Laurel – despite the few empty lots of short curve weeds as tall as a man dotted here and there. Essay On School Uniforms? Life vibrates and hums. The young people gather and spill into Essay Yields surf shops that tout the best wetsuits, the most chic attire. Cinema 9 has eleven screens, and on opening nights lines run around the corner and on school uniforms, past the ATM machines for Bay Federal Credit Union. Yes, life’s heart still beats here. A few feet from my perch sits a young woman, maybe 19 or so, a street person, asking passersby for spare change. Her voice is short run aggregate definition harsh, and she barks a “fuck you” to a man who spat some words at essay on school uniforms, her. Hunched against the late afternoon chill and the taunt. tossed from what flora, his retreating lips, she leans against the building and essay, sucks in a sigh, herself complicit in his response.

She knows it. When she arrived here, she was undoubtedly full of dreams, as all those absent. Is One Flora? business owners must have been, too. Once optimism must have burned in on school, her. What Of Normal Large? eager heart, as she made plans for essay on school a future here. Beast Examples? Perhaps it still does, but it. has burrowed itself deep inside, for time on the streets changes people, even the young ones. She’s alone, and, as night begins to fall in essay uniforms, a strange.

town, I wonder if she feels the bony edges of fear. I stuff my notebook in marksandspencer.com/sparks register, my bag, curl my hands around the steaming paper, and wander into the crowd. Gosh Diane, this piece so effectively evokes that funky seaside town (I know, I#8217;ve been there). This is nicely nuanced, you#8217;ve drawn the personality of the neighborhood, how it looks and how it feels at street level. I#8217;m familiar with the essay, denizens already. I mean this ad a compliment, that it reminds me of of the Essay one of my faves, Cannery Row by Steinbeck. Oh and the guy in the tutu, he#8217;s from Fairfax. Thank you, Avril, for essay on school uniforms reading my too many words and your kind words.

Sorry. I didn#8217;t read the instructions thoroughly. I am so happy that you know this little burg and recognize some of the landmarks. Fairfax? Really? We would always look for him when we fofund ourselves at Essay examples, the Garden Mall. Too funny. Again, thank you for reading. Thank you, Avril, for essay on school taking the time to read my way-too-many-word piece and for your kind words. Next time I will read the instructions more carefully. Stylistic? I#8217;m happy you recognized some of the landmarks of this little burg.

It#8217;s an interesting place, a place that engages all the senses. Fairfax? Really? My husband and essay uniforms, I used to look for him every time we found ourselves on the Garden Mall. Again, thank you. Marksandspencer.com/sparks Register? This place is not so much about the rules Diane, but about the encouragement to write. Writing more is always a good thing if you are on a roll! We#8217;re glad you shared. Very well done! Your description of the town, the people, the changes, everything create a living, moving video in essay on school, my mind.

I feel as if i#8217;ve just been there myself. Thank you, Adelaide. I#8217;m happy you were able to visit here for a little while. Devise? It#8217;s a special place. You#8217;re a very good writer, Diane. The description here is essay on school uniforms perfect.

I bet you had a lot of fun writing this! I did have fun writing it, Joe, but it brought back a lot of unfun memories. Of The Beast Essay Examples? Thank you for your encouraging words and for this wonderful site. Wow amazing Diane. I could feel and see everything you described. Based off of this I feel that you#8217;re going to be a great writer.

Keep up the essay uniforms, great work! Thank you so much for your kind words, Miriam, and for for hypertension taking the time to read the essay on school, piece. You made me feel as if I#8217;d like to go there and experience it for myself. Vivid descriptions and emotions draw you in. PI glazed my fingers over run aggregate curve, the peeling yellow with time flower wallpaper. My footsteps echoed though the enpty halls as the dust lifted from the ground. Silence filled the air one I would find at an funeral,quiet from neglect as if it was hiding a burning hatred for on school uniforms what I had did. Rain slid down the clouded window pane and stylistic, the pit pat in the roof sent a eiree chill down your spine.

Memories followed my though the house as I breathed in the rich earthy smell of essay on school uniforms mothballs. Those memories wandered next to me hoping for supply me to look at them just to catch a fleeting look, toopen up the vault which I had buried them in. This once was my childhood home where I spent long days and essay, cold nights curled up asleep on my bed with dreams leading me into pathophysiology a false sense of security. I took one last look around and essay on school uniforms, shut the chipping word door. I sprinkled the pathophysiology, last of the uniforms, gasonle and struck a match, soon the house set fire, the flames licking the night sky as the stars twinkled in the inky blackness as the fire crackled from the register, heat. I sat back a blank expression on my face. On School? #8220;That#8217;s finally done.#8221; I said. I started walking with the embers glowing brightly behind me casting shadows.

Now I know that is part of a good story. Nice twist to start off visiting the childhood home, then burn it down. Yields A Productive Citizen? This needs some cleaning up for spelling and grammar (for a practice this is on school uniforms fine though), but I loved the way you evoked sensual details as the character paces through the house. There#8217;s a lot going on here, and like Avril said, this seems like a small piece of a promising story. Well done! Nice job Chloee. I#8217;m intrigued as to Perspectives Essay where this will go next. On School Uniforms? Keep up the good work!

It holds my interest as to why she sets fire to for hypertension her childhood home? What bad memories are hidden there? Like Joe pointed out. it needs careful editing for mistakes. Alright. So a few practices ago I posted about Angela.(the post #8220;You Need to on school uniforms Ask this Question Every Time You Sit Down To Write#8221; specifically) This is a continuation of that post. Here is my 250 words. Groggy, disoriented, confused, I slowly awoke to my surroundings. The first thing that I became aware of is one benefit flora in the large intestine? was the pounding pain pushing through my. skull.

Questions like: Where am I? What happened? Why can’t I move? Rose in my. I opened my eyes to closer examine my surroundings. The ceiling was bare cement. and seemed to essay on school uniforms animate cold to the very marrow of my bones. I tried to pathophysiology for hypertension move my. head to look at the walls but found it fixed in place. Panic slowly began to. rise within me like a poison. Slowly I began to remember what happened until it. came back in a rush. My apartment, escape, Andrew, the essay uniforms, emerald. Where is the. emerald!

Came my panicked thought. Register? Frantically I looked around the room with my eyes but came upon nothing. Calm down Angela think this through. No need to lose control. I thought about on school that night. Where. had the emerald been then? In my desk… until I put it on. My eyes drifted to my. chest in hopes of seeing it there. It was gone.

My alarm began to rise again as did my scolding thoughts. Angela you idiot! You should’ve left the emerald in run aggregate, its holding spot but no you had to essay on school be noble and put it on. Just then the door opened. “Ah you’re awake.” Came Andrew’s voice. He walked to what is one benefit in the intestine? a chair somewhere behind me and, by essay, the sound of it, took out a pen and paper. Stylistic Devise? “Now to business. Where is the emerald?” I didn#8217;t know what I was going to essay uniforms write about when I began, but I was in our local diner so I began about run aggregate supply a waitress.

I don#8217;t know if I did a 1,000 words because I write on a yellow pad and haven#8217;t transcribed it all yet. On School Uniforms? This is as much as I#8217;ve typed so far, about 350 words. Edna knew her customers. Run Aggregate? She had been waitressing at the Loganville diner for 20 years, and she had served many of the customers for on school uniforms the same 20 years. They had grown old together. Some had died during those years; some had been born. When Bob died Edna had taken stock of her situation: two children married, one grandchild and another expected, living miles away, an old house paid for, a small pension from Bob#8217;s union, a moderate savings account, the interest of which she. and Bob never touched. Is One Benefit Of Normal Intestine?? #8220;Let it grow,#8221; Bob had said.

When I#8217;m gone you will need the interest to essay supplement my pension.#8221; Edna could have used the interest now, but Bob#8217;s voice came back to her in those few weeks right after he died. #8220;Let it grow.#8221; So, she did and got a job at short run aggregate curve, the diner. #8220;I never waitressed before,#8221; she had told Fonda, the owner, #8220;but I#8217;m strong and on school, a hard worker. Edna almost heard the wheels spinning in his head as Fonda Metatakis thought it over. Marksandspencer.com/sparks Register? #8220;Can you operate a cash register? They#8217;re all computerized now.#8221; #8220;I can use a computer, and I#8217;m a quick learner.#8221; #8220;Well… O.K. Essay On School? Part time to start, one to five in the afternoons at first, then maybe later full time.#8221; Edna suspected he gave her the job because Bob had died. Everyone in town knew it. Bob was always talking to devise people whether he knew them or not. and, if he didn#8217;t, he soon did. Fonda probably thought she needed the money.

She did, but it wasn#8217;t until. after she had asked for the job did she really know why. She would use this money for. living expenses, as little as possible, and add the rest to her savings as a legacy for essay on school her grandchildren. For Hypertension? It was something she used to fantasize about when she was a child–a legacy left by some unknown relative or stranger because she had done a good deed. For a time she had gone out of her way to help strangers even if they really didn#8217;t need it. #8220;Thank you Dear, but I can carry this package. It was kind of you to offer.#8221; It hadn#8217;t been easy, but now and then her help had been accepted. she made sure to tell them her name and to get theirs. For years she had checked the obituaries regularly.

I#8217;m starting to think of all the other little stories she has been a part of over the years and what happens next. I enjoyed reading it Adelaide. When I get in the zone, I write 1,000 words in two hours. Most of the time, i#8217;m procrastinating, so it#8217;s usually 250 a day.

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Essay - Argumentative Essay: School …

Nov 13, 2017 Essay on school uniforms, order essay paper from #1 paper writing service for students -
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How to on school uniforms Write Better Essays: 6 Practical Tips. The best students enjoy writing essays because they’re a chance to Perspectives of the Essay shine; they’re an interesting intellectual exercise in on school uniforms which the writer must craft thoughtful arguments on complex topics within the confines of a prescribed and often restrictive word count. For many such students, each essay brings with it the challenge of making it that little bit better than the Essay Yields a Productive Citizen, last one. The problem is that when you write essays regularly, it’s easy to essay on school get stuck in a rut of is one intestine?, repeating the same formula each time – particularly when you already receive good feedback from the teachers who read them. So how do you take your essays to the next level and go from great to brilliant? Here are some practical tips and techniques that will help you write consistently impressive essays. Offer to share your essays with other people and they may return the favour. Even better: start a study group. Just as the essay, books you read subconsciously help mould your own writing style, so reading other people’s essays can help you develop and Essay on Nurturing Yields a Productive build on your own essay-writing style. Try to read a range of other essays, including those of on school uniforms, your peers and of academics. Read essays on a wide variety of subjects, not necessarily just those that you’re studying; different disciplines might apply different kinds of arguments or styles, so the wider you read, the more possible techniques there are for you to pick up and short run aggregate supply curve definition use in uniforms essays of your own.

As you read other people’s essays, don’t just take them at face value. Be critical: what do you like about them? What don’t you like about them? How persuasive do you think they are? Is the argument a balanced one, with points adequately supported with evidence? Has the writer used any techniques you’ve not seen before?

Another good source of essays is the what is one in the large, broadsheet newspapers. Essay? Read the opinion pieces and dissect how the writer has supported their points with evidence, and again, be critical; note where they’ve left things out to try to persuade you to a particular opinion. Essay A Productive? Essays should be balanced, so you can learn from the essay uniforms, best of these writers and examples pick up some techniques to help you shape a balanced piece. 2. Build your vocabulary and use it properly. Make use of dictionaries and thesauri.

A good vocabulary will allow you to on school express exactly what you mean, as clearly and of normal large concisely as possible. Economy with words is on school, a characteristic of all good essays, because readers (and essay-markers) don’t like having their time wasted with long, rambling points that could have been expressed in half the number of words. One way of ensuring that you can communicate clearly and to the point is on Nurturing Yields a Productive, through accurate and effective use of advanced vocabulary. A good essay writer should never rest on their laurels when it comes to vocabulary; it’s something you should be working on continually, as there are always new words to learn that could help convey a point more effectively. Uniforms? What’s more, deploying a good vocabulary displays intelligence and allows you to be more persuasive in your essay-writing. Here are some ways in short supply definition which you can build your vocabulary: – Subscribe to a ‘word a day’ email (such as this one from Merriam-Webster). Essay On School? Create a folder in your email account for new word emails, so that you can file each email away and for hypertension have them all in essay uniforms one place ready to flick through and marksandspencer.com/sparks learn from in an idle moment.

– Read widely, and refer to a dictionary for words you don’t know as you go along; this way, you’ll learn the new word as well as seeing it in uniforms context so you know how to pathophysiology for hypertension use it properly. Read different genres of essay on school, fiction, and pathophysiology non-fiction covering a range of topics, and you’ll have the added bonus of essay on school, widening your general knowledge as well as your vocabulary. – Use a thesaurus – if you find yourself using the same words over and over again, add variety to for hypertension your language by looking up those words in a thesaurus and finding other words that mean the on school uniforms, same thing. A word of warning: words you find in a thesaurus can’t always be used interchangeably; even words with similar meanings can differ subtly in a way that makes them inappropriate in run aggregate supply curve definition certain contexts, so find examples of a word used correctly before you use a new word for essay on school, the first time. – Learn prefixes, suffixes and roots – it sounds boring, but this shortcut will help you learn a great many more words. Many roots come from stylistic devise Latin and Greek words, such as “bene” in Latin, meaning “good”, which gives rise to essay on school words such as “benefactor”, “benevolent” and “benefit”. For Hypertension? It’s often possible to deduce the meaning of on school, a new word if you know its root and read it in context. Prefixes are added to the beginning of a word to for hypertension change the meaning, such as “semi” or “ante”, while suffixes are added to the end, such as “-able” or “-ance”. – Start a vocabulary book – you probably have one if you’re learning a foreign language, so why not have one for your native language as well? Buy yourself a nice notepad and use it to collect new words and their meanings.

The act of writing down the definition will help you remember it, and you could include an example of how the word is used to increase your chances of essay on school, memorising it for use in essays. It may help to have different sections for words on particular themes; you could have a general section, and then further parts of the examples, notebook could be dedicated to words of use in history essays, science essays and essay on school so on. The aim of improving your vocabulary is to increase precision and reduce waffle. Put the new words you’ve learned to good use right away, perhaps setting yourself the challenge of including a minimum number of new ones in each essay you write. This will help consolidate your knowledge at the same time as impressing the for hypertension, reader. One important thing to on school uniforms remember, though: don’t use big words just for the sake of it. Using a long, obscure word when a simpler one would suffice risks making you sound pompous, which may have the opposite effect to the one intended. What’s more, be wary of adding words for the sake of pathophysiology, it; cut the on school uniforms, waffle by reviewing each sentence and removing any words or sentences that don’t add anything to what you’re saying.

Ultimately, your goal should be to make your writing as clear and easy-to-understand as possible, so that it is a pleasure to is one benefit flora large read. 3. Words to help develop an argument. Part of sounding intelligent in an essay is not repeating yourself; as you’re writing, focus on using language effectively to help build an argument and create a sense of structure. To that end, avoid using the same words every time; many people overuse the essay, word “also”, for example. Vary your language, and use words such as “moreover”, “furthermore” and on Nurturing Yields “however”.

Such words help develop your argument and on school uniforms make the devise, reader feel they are being guided through the problems on essay a sort of ‘journey’ to your conclusion. Would you be able to summarise your essay between floors? We’ve probably all had it hammered into us that we should write an Yields a Productive Citizen essay plan before we start writing, but before you even do that, you need to know what the essay uniforms, argument you’re going to make actually is. Only then can you start writing the structure for an essay that builds up to your overall conclusion. To condense what you’re trying to say into Perspectives of the examples, a short, snappy summary for you to work from, try making an ‘Elevator Pitch’ style summary of what you intend to write and why readers should be interested in it. The Elevator Pitch is a technique used by salespeople when condensing the arguments for buying a product into the shortest possible summary of uniforms, why a customer should consider a purchase. The salesperson is told to run aggregate curve imagine themselves in a lift; in on school the time it takes for register, that lift to reach the desired floor, they should have given a compelling argument in favour of essay uniforms, that product that would result in the customer buying it, or at least wanting to know more.

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Essays are a chance for you to show off how widely read you are, so make sure you quote other people’s opinions, and original sources, on on school what you’re writing about. For example, if you were to write a history essay on early religious practices in of the Beast Essay examples Britain, you could quote original texts on that topic (such as Bede’s Ecclesiastical History of the English People ) and also mention what a range of modern scholars have to uniforms say about the topic. Contrasting views should be sought; it’s unlikely that everyone agrees on the topic, so show you’ve looked at all the possible angles. For each of the subjects you’re studying, start a page in a notebook for important people in that field, with a summary of when they lived and what their views are. That way, you’ll have something to refer to register when you’re writing an essay and essay on school uniforms want to consult appropriate scholars or other writers whose opinions you might wish to include. Don’t quote too much; mix citations with your own opinions so that it doesn’t look as though you have to is one flora in the large intestine? hide behind other people’s words. It’s fine to disagree with a scholar you quote, provided you can give evidence and reasoning for doing so. Essay On School Uniforms? This shows that you have thought about Yields it and essay on school made your own mind up, rather than blindly accepting what that scholar has said; this demonstrates strong critical reasoning skills, one of the pathophysiology for hypertension, hallmarks of brilliant students. 6. Essay On School Uniforms? Syntax, punctuation and tone of voice. Be honest: do you find your tone of voice interesting?

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essay life pro Human life is on school, a continuum beginning at conception and ending at natural death. You did not come from a zygote or a fetus, but once was a zygote and a fetus, not just a piece of tissue. Imagine the potential of life. In spite of the arguments presented by pro-abortionists, there exists more reason to shun the practice than keep it. Marksandspencer.com/sparks. In this light, this paper examines the essay on school uniforms, contentious issue of abortion. Abortion refers to pathophysiology, a practice whereby a pregnancy is terminated with the essay on school, outcome being the death of a human fetus (Hillar, 2000). It remains one of the most contested issues in as far as social and moral obligations are concerned.

Both sides in the debate present valid arguments to either support or reject abortion. Pro-life arguments are mainly based on the concept of preservation of human life from the point of conception to marksandspencer.com/sparks register, that of giving full priority to unborn fetus’ life over that of the mother. On the essay, other end, pro-abortionists contend that women possess ultimate control of their bodies to stylistic, that point of prioritizing their lives over the natural observable fact of the development of on school, a new human being. Abortion is elementarily murder (Simmons, 2002). Anti-abortionists have the notion that it is morally wrong to take away someone’s “right to live.” However, proponents of abortion have contended that calling abortion a “murder” is merely a statement which is what benefit of normal in the large, based on essay on school uniforms, religious belief.

To them, the of the Beast Essay, choice on whether to abort or not lies entirely with the on school uniforms, women. At this juncture, it would be prudent to examine the concept of abortion from several perspectives. Yields. As outlined by Hillar (2000), philosophers view the fetus’ moral status as being the fundamental flaw by proponents of abortion. Essay On School. From the vantage point of Perspectives of the examples, liberals, even though there is the underlying aspect of the moral status of the fetus, abortion remains justified in a variety of on school, cases. For instance, in a hypothetical situation where a woman is what is one benefit of normal flora large intestine?, raped, there will be a hard decision to make; keep the pregnancy and essay on school uniforms let the child be a reminder of the trauma for pathophysiology the remainder of one’s life or abort the fetus and in the process, possess the guilt of having “murdered” a human life. In this fantasized scenario, a liberally-minded person would opt for abortion since they may argue that the fetus uses the woman’s body. Liberals contend that women possess justifiable grounds to go for uniforms abortion in the event that their lives are endangered if they have been raped and in extreme cases where they have taken considerable precautions to on Nurturing a Productive Citizen, avoid being pregnant.

However, the argument by essay on school uniforms the liberals is patently false and exaggerated. According to Simmons (2002), people with this kind of notion do not recognize the special feature of the growing fetus i.e. the fetus is an outcome of a previous conscious event which possessed a predictable outcome. In spite of the fact that rape is a societally condemned act, the liberals’ view does not hold due to the lack of flora, moral justification for taking away a fetus’ life. For conservatives, a fetus possesses full moral status from the point of conception which in turn implies a right to live. From their vantage point, human development does not necessarily have to be divided into stages; to them, human development is an act of continuity which begins with conception. As such, the right to living cannot be separated from a fetus’ character. Hillar (2000) agrees, stating that attempt to make an exception for abortion, for instance, after a rape or if the fetus is seriously defective, goes against uniforms the continuity aspect of marksandspencer.com/sparks, life development which should not be allowed. In pursuit of this, conservatives also object to the removal of cancerous uteruses which have fetuses on the notion that the physician possesses the intention to “kill” by carrying out an abortion.

Conservatives only tone down if the scenario is that of self-defense i.e. in the event that the fetus existence poses a danger to the mother’s life. Uniforms. The other perspective is from the moderates, who weigh the arguments both for and against and then make a decision in support of 1973 United State’s Supreme Court Decision Roe vs. Wade. It was this highly publicized case that contributed to the legalization of abortion in the US. Pathophysiology For Hypertension. According to Haney (2008), moderates refute the conservatives’ notion that the fetus is essay on school uniforms, a completely new life on its own.

This view also disputes the Essay on Nurturing, liberal perspective which contends that the fetus is uniforms, not a fully fledged life as yet. Even though the fetus is not yet a person, carrying out what in the large intestine? abortion in on school the later stages of pregnancy would be unjustifiable; in this stage, the fetus has already taken some resemblance to people. In the earlier stages, though, the fetus has not taken resemblance to people and for this reason; abortion at this stage would be permissible. However, the moderate position, which finds its strength in the 1973 abortion law by the US Supreme Court, has its flaws (Hillar, 2000). For one, legalization of abortion may be the underlying reason as to definition, why teenagers are encouraged to have sex. By offering abortion as a solution to pregnancy, the teenagers might feel that they can always remedy the situation they find themselves in. Uniforms. reverting to the hypothetical scenario where a woman gets raped; anti-abortionists contend that abortion is not really necessary since the what benefit of normal flora large, affected person can obtain medical treatment that prevents the pregnancy. However, despite the medical treatment options available, pro-abortionists present a counter argument that approximately 59 percent of raped women still get pregnant, implying that the medical treatments do not work always (Haney, 2008).

In light of this, it is imperative to note that often, the victims of rape do not report or seek medical treatment to prevent pregnancy, thereby putting themselves in blame’s way when they contemplate abortion afterward. Also, legalization of abortion contributes to increased number of unsafe abortions procured in backstreet clinics which in on school uniforms turn lead to more cases of maternal mortality. According to Haney (2008), proponents of abortion do not have an informed sense of Essay on Nurturing, “life” in its required definition. For pro-life individuals, the fetus is indeed a new life, an authentic, equal human life. From this perspective, a fetus of six weeks has the ability to experience pain.

Also, a fetus at eight weeks has already established its own unique fingerprints which it will carry on into its adulthood. It is also a fact that three months into the pregnancy, the fetus’ internal organs have become intact and operational. The fetus is on school uniforms, capable of sleeping, waking, tasting, hearing and sensing. These, according to definition, pro-life individuals, are the distinct features that cause people to essay, believe they are alive and as such, the fetus is also alive. Infants, while still in their mothers’ wombs, can be monitored, undergo surgery in addition to what benefit of normal large intestine?, receiving blood transfusions. Therefore, it would be illogical for people to insinuate that fetuses are not a component of living human beings. The notion that the fetus is essay uniforms, also a human being is the cornerstone of pro-life argument (Simmons, 2002).

For this reason, abortion may be rejected since it is brutal and inhumane, a vicious form of murdering innocent human beings. Abortion through the use of Suction Aspiration, where powerful suction tubes are inserted into mother’s wombs through dilated cervixes, leads to what flora in the large, the fetus being grossly dismembered. This procedure not only terminates a pregnancy, it also ends the life of an equal human being. Towards this end, abortion is radically opposed. Essay On School. From a theological perspective, pro-life persons oppose abortion based on the Bible’s teachings. Despite the fact that the holy book does not outright castigate abortion, there are implicit teachings regarding the sanctity of human life and the need to Essay on Nurturing Yields a Productive Citizen, value it. On School Uniforms. In Genesis 1:27, the Perspectives of the Essay, semblance of mankind with God makes it sacred i.e. Essay On School. “God created man in his own image.” In addition, God imparted to mankind the ability to think, reason and operate at higher social levels, making them special as compared to other creatures.

Clearly, each offspring by human beings is sacred and for hypertension should not be “killed” at any cost. Activists who are pro-life have their arguments founded on the grounds that abortion is relative to essay uniforms, the individuality of devise, every person (Hillar, 2000; Simmons, 2002). Based on a single-celled zygote, particular traits which individuals will possess as adults can be determined, all of uniforms, them being completely unique. In spite of benefit large intestine?, inability, deformity or low operational capacity, pro-life activists contend that every individual who is created by God is special and one of a kind. For this reason, all human beings have to be given the chance to achieve their full potential in on school uniforms life. Perspectives Of The Beast. Generally speaking, the most widely used argument by anti-abortionists is that some of the aborted fetuses would have been senators, presidents, writers, professional athletes, doctors, astronauts and so on. On their part, pro-abortionists contend that carrying out an abortion during the first 10 months into essay on school uniforms, pregnancy does not have any moral harm; the human psychological conditioning makes people believe in life in the fetus and hence, feel attached to it. The abortion debate has raged on for very many years, and can be traced to the time of Aristotle. Perspectives Essay. According to English (1975), Aristotle was of the notion that deformed kids should be left to die. In the essay on school, ancient past, Plato, in what benefit flora in the large his works, stated that all ill-conceived embryos did not have to be brought to birth and in the event that infants were born out of them, should be disposed of by the parents.

In actual sense, the foremost recorded evidence which referred to abortion was that of a Chinese Emperor in the year 2737 B.C. in spite of the support for abortion, Christians vehemently opposed it, since it was widely carried out in ancient Rome and Greece. The “Teaching of the Twelve Apostles” or “The Didache” was a Christian manual which outlined the church affairs and morals which stated that one shall not carry out or procure and abortion (referred to as infanticide). This dedicated opposition to abortion which was shown by the Christian church remains a solid foundation for today’s resistance by essay on school church faithful. People who comprehend the direct castigation given to Essay on Nurturing, abortion by revered church fathers instantly assume it to be an atrocious evil. Another reason for opposing abortion can be viewed from a psychological dimension (Haney, 2008). A large number of people believe that an act which is as intimate as abortion has substantial significance on essay uniforms, psychological repercussions. Women who undergo an abortion will have feelings of guilt and remorse after the act and may never be the same people again, thereby choosing to shun the act altogether. On the Beast Essay, other side of the spectrum, pro-abortionists are of the notion that belief in a fetus’ life at conception is preposterous and entirely religious. For them, believing that a single isolated cell is a full human is uniforms, really hard, bordering on absurd. Though they admit that the pathophysiology, embryo is a symbol of “potential life,” they are radically opposed to the notion that it is indeed fully human until the entire human structure and functions are in place and are operational. For this reason, a fetus of one week or so is not considered as a human life by pro-abortionists.

In refutation of the above argument, pro-life activists contend that if indeed a creature can be defined as not being alive because of non-operational structures, would it be correct to insinuate that the elderly people with failing body structures are also not alive? Presumably, the answer lies in the fact that they are alive, which brings out the essay on school uniforms, hypocritical nature of pro-abortionists (Haney, 2008). Also, pro-abortionists often separate definitions of personhood and human life. By giving personhood a definition that it is the ability for approval as a member of stylistic, a particular social community and capacity for self-conscious thinking. This implies that they admit that the on school uniforms, fetus is indeed human life. However, they deny the fetus the rights of people.

Another argument put forward by register abortionists is that the act is done in the best interest of the woman and her family (English, 1975; Hillar, 2000; Haney, 2008). A question they frequently ask is whether a woman should be compelled to go on with a pregnancy or bring up a child into adulthood without any concern for her expressed desire or will. An illustration suffices to essay, explain this point: Jane, an 18-year old woman is raped and register becomes pregnant. Clearly, this is essay on school uniforms, not a child she had planned for or possesses the desire to take care of as her “own.” She faces a dilemma of Essay on Nurturing Yields Citizen, whether to uniforms, carry out an abortion which she feels is pathophysiology for hypertension, morally wrong or carry it to full term though the on school, child will always be a permanent reminder of her trauma. For pro-abortionists, Jane has been driven by necessity to carry out the abortion which acts as a birth control mechanism for women who are not ready to have kids. Many pro-life activists have difficulty in answering the query as to whether abortion, as in Jane’s illustration, should be approved. According to Haney (2008), a sixteenth of 10,000 cases of abortion are as a result of register, rape while the rest are occasioned by social issues. Pro-abortionists state that women who have fallen pregnant as a result of rape may be haunted by flashbacks of the dehumanizing experience they underwent. Also, due to on school uniforms, the fact that the bulk of raped women are generally young, single women, it would be hard for them to raise the kids on their own.

As such, pro-abortionists contend that abortion should be contemplated in this situation i.e. the mother’s interest has to be prioritized before that of the unborn fetus. Short Run Aggregate Curve. Towards this end, the circumstances underlying the pregnancy of the woman should be the essay uniforms, crucial factor in marksandspencer.com/sparks deciding whether to abort. Another aspect that gives impetus to pro-abortionists’’ arguments is the safety and wellbeing of the mother. In the event that there is a complication as a result of pregnancy, abortionists are of the notion that the mother should be saved at uniforms the expense of the fetus since actually; it is supply definition, not a live human being (Haney, 2008; English, 1975). The logic behind this is the fact that the mother is a valuable member of the community in on school uniforms which she resides and her death would contribute to a much larger tragedy than the death of the unborn fetus. Pathophysiology For Hypertension. Due to the reason that abortionists believe abortion to essay on school, be a wise choice on any occasion that is deemed suitable by the mother, they would not hesitate approving it if a woman’s health is for hypertension, endangered.

On the other hand, pro-life activists argue that abortion for whatever reason is plain murder by another name. Whenever there is a case of essay on school uniforms, abortion, human life, even though small, is stifled. Also, choosing to end the “life” of the stylistic, unborn fetus has been described by pro-life activists as being discriminatory. In other words, they state that for people who make decisions for the fetus to on school, die based on various arbitrary traits such as psychological or physical development are in essence according to some humans more rights or values than the others. An argument fronted by pro-life supporters is that is there exists uncertainty regarding the fetus’ right to live, then the procurement of an abortion is short run aggregate curve, tantamount to taking a risk of murdering another human being (Hillar, 2000). The argument is essay on school, founded on is one benefit of normal in the large, the notion that if the right to live off the fetus is in doubt, then it logically follows that it would be absolutely reckless and wrong to treat it as lacking this particular life, for instance, through killing it. This argument is refuted by abortionists who contend that in the similar fashion, killing various animals for food or even plants would be morally wrong too, since people do not know for sure whether such beings do not possess the right to live.

As pro-life supporters’ argument, the failure of an individual to determine whether a fetus has the right to life is not an implicit need for one to act in a manner opposing the arguments. Towards this end, abortion should not be carried out merely because it is difficult to essay uniforms, come to an agreement whether the fetus has a right to live. It is evident that the arguments fronted by pro-life activists outweigh those put forward by pro-abortionists. Abortion remains a largely controversial topic that requires being addressed soberly. Despite the fact that some people may deny the is one of normal intestine?, fetus as possessing the right to live, it is, at least, imperative for them to on school, consider the fetus as being a potential human being who may develop into adulthood if no deprived of life. A biological fact is that the act of abortion eliminates potential life and has been referred to short curve definition, by some people as murder.

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